Polarization at Small Angles in Anti-proton - Carbon Elastic Scattering at {LEAR} Energies

The SING collaboration Martin, A. ; Birsa, R. ; Bos, K. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.A 487 (1988) 563-590, 1988.
Inspire Record 261245 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37001

A double-scattering experiment of antiprotons on carbon has been carried out at the Low-Energy Antiproton Ring (LEAR) at CERN, to measure the polarization parameter A p C in antiproton-carbon elastic scattering at small angles. The polarization parameter has been inferred from the azimuthal distribution of the antiprotons after the second scattering. Data have also been collected with a liquid-hydrogen target as the second scatterer, thus allowing the sign of A p C to be determined. The experiment has been performed at two momenta of the extracted antiproton beam, 800 and 1100 MeV/c. A small positive value of the polarization has been observed, compatible with energy independence and a linear increase with the momentum transfer q . Parametrizing A p C as a c q , we get a c = +0.72 0.10 +0.09 ( GeV / c ) −1 . This result is compared with potential model predictions for N̄N amplitudes through a Glauber theory calculation.

0 data tables match query

Experimental investigation of transverse spin asymmetries in muon-p SIDIS processes: Collins asymmetries

The COMPASS collaboration Adolph, C. ; Alekseev, M.G. ; Alexakhin, V.Yu. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 717 (2012) 376-382, 2012.
Inspire Record 1115720 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.59732

The COMPASS Collaboration at CERN has measured the transverse spin azimuthal asymmetry of charged hadrons produced in semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering using a 160 GeV positive muon beam and a transversely polarised NH_3 target. The Collins asymmetry of the proton was extracted in the Bjorken x range 0.003<x<0.7. These new measurements confirm with higher accuracy previous measurements from the COMPASS and HERMES collaborations, which exhibit a definite effect in the valence quark region. The asymmetries for negative and positive hadrons are similar in magnitude and opposite in sign. They are compatible with model calculations in which the u-quark transversity is opposite in sign and somewhat larger than the d-quark transversity distribution function. The asymmetry is extracted as a function of Bjorken $x$, the relative hadron energy $z$ and the hadron transverse momentum p_T^h. The high statistics and quality of the data also allow for more detailed investigations of the dependence on the kinematic variables. These studies confirm the leading-twist nature of the Collins asymmetry.

0 data tables match query

II – Experimental investigation of transverse spin asymmetries in μ -p SIDIS processes: Sivers asymmetries

The COMPASS collaboration Adolph, C. ; Alekseev, M.G. ; Alexakhin, V.Yu. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 717 (2012) 383-389, 2012.
Inspire Record 1115721 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.59737

The COMPASS Collaboration at CERN has measured the transverse spin azimuthal asymmetry of charged hadrons produced in semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering using a 160 GeV positive muon beam and a transversely polarised NH_3 target. The Sivers asymmetry of the proton has been extracted in the Bjorken x range 0.003<x<0.7. The new measurements have small statistical and systematic uncertainties of a few percent and confirm with considerably better accuracy the previous COMPASS measurement. The Sivers asymmetry is found to be compatible with zero for negative hadrons and positive for positive hadrons, a clear indication of a spin-orbit coupling of quarks in a transversely polarised proton. As compared to measurements at lower energy, a smaller Sivers asymmetry for positive hadrons is found in the region x > 0.03. The asymmetry is different from zero and positive also in the low x region, where sea-quarks dominate. The kinematic dependence of the asymmetry has also been investigated and results are given for various intervals of hadron and virtual photon fractional energy. In contrast to the case of the Collins asymmetry, the results on the Sivers asymmetry suggest a strong dependence on the four-momentum transfer to the nucleon, in agreement with the most recent calculations.

0 data tables match query

Transverse target spin asymmetries in exclusive $\rho^0$ muoproduction

The COMPASS collaboration Adolph, C ; Alekseev, M G ; Alexakhin, V Yu ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 731 (2014) 19-26, 2014.
Inspire Record 1257385 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66743

Exclusive production of $\rho^0$ mesons was studied at the COMPASS experiment by scattering 160 GeV/$c$ muons off transversely polarised protons. Five single-spin and three double-spin azimuthal asymmetries were measured as a function of $Q^2$, $x_{Bj}$, or $p_{T}^{2}$. The $\sin \phi_S$ asymmetry is found to be $-0.019 \pm 0.008(stat.) \pm 0.003(syst.)$. All other asymmetries are also found to be of small magnitude and consistent with zero within experimental uncertainties. Very recent calculations using a GPD-based model agree well with the present results. The data is interpreted as evidence for the existence of chiral-odd, transverse generalized parton distributions.

0 data tables match query

Version 2
Measurement of azimuthal hadron asymmetries in semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering off unpolarised nucleons

The COMPASS collaboration Adolph, C. ; Akhunzyanov, R. ; Alekseev, M.G. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 886 (2014) 1046-1077, 2014.
Inspire Record 1278730 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.64754

Spin-averaged asymmetries in the azimuthal distributions of positive and negative hadrons produced in deep inelastic scattering were measured using the CERN SPS muon beam at $160$ GeV/c and a $^6$LiD target. The amplitudes of the three azimuthal modulations $\cos\phi_h$, $\cos2\phi_h$ and $\sin\phi_h$ were obtained binning the data separately in each of the relevant kinematic variables $x$, $z$ or $p_T^{\,h}$ and binning in a three-dimensional grid of these three variables. The amplitudes of the $\cos \phi_h$ and $\cos 2\phi_h$ modulations show strong kinematic dependencies both for positive and negative hadrons.

0 data tables match query

First measurement of the transverse spin asymmetries of the deuteron in semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering

The COMPASS collaboration Alexakhin, V.Yu. ; Alexandrov, Yu. ; Alexeev, G.D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 94 (2005) 202002, 2005.
Inspire Record 677550 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.48553

First measurements of the Collins and Sivers asymmetries of charged hadrons produced in deep-inelastic scattering of muons on a transversely polarized 6-LiD target are presented. The data were taken in 2002 with the COMPASS spectrometer using the muon beam of the CERN SPS at 160 GeV/c. The Collins asymmetry turns out to be compatible with zero, as does the measured Sivers asymmetry within the present statistical errors.

0 data tables match query

A New measurement of the Collins and Sivers asymmetries on a transversely polarised deuteron target

The COMPASS collaboration Ageev, E.S. ; Alexakhin, V.Yu. ; Alexandrov, Yu. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 765 (2007) 31-70, 2007.
Inspire Record 729695 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.48535

New high precision measurements of the Collins and Sivers asymmetries of charged hadrons produced in deep-inelastic scattering of muons on a transversely polarised 6LiD target are presented. The data were taken in 2003 and 2004 with the COMPASS spectrometer using the muon beam of the CERN SPS at 160 GeV/c. Both the Collins and Sivers asymmetries turn out to be compatible with zero, within the present statistical errors, which are more than a factor of 2 smaller than those of the published COMPASS results from the 2002 data. The final results from the 2002, 2003 and 2004 runs are compared with naive expectations and with existing model calculations.

0 data tables match query

Collins and Sivers asymmetries for pions and kaons in muon-deuteron DIS

The COMPASS collaboration Alekseev, M. ; Alexakhin, V.Yu. ; Alexandrov, Yu. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 673 (2009) 127-135, 2009.
Inspire Record 779473 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.48532

The measurements of the Collins and Sivers asymmetries of identified hadrons produced in deep-inelastic scattering of 160 GeV/c muons on a transversely polarised 6LiD target at COMPASS are presented. The results for charged pions and charged and neutral kaons correspond to all data available, which were collected from 2002 to 2004. For all final state particles both the Collins and Sivers asymmetries turn out to be small, compatible with zero within the statistical errors, in line with the previously published results for not identified charged hadrons, and with the expected cancellation between the u- and d-quark contributions.

0 data tables match query

The Spin dependent structure function g(1) (x) of the proton from polarized deep inelastic muon scattering

The Spin Muon (SMC) collaboration Adeva, B. ; Arik, E. ; Arvidson, A. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 412 (1997) 414-424, 1997.
Inspire Record 448371 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.47369

We present a new measurement of the virtual photon proton asymmetry A 1 p from deep inelastic scattering of polarized muons on polarized protons in the kinematic range 0.0008 < x < 0.7 and 0.2 < Q 2 < 100 GeV 2 . With this, the statistical uncertainty of our measurement has improved by a factor of 2 compared to our previous measurements. The spin-dependent structure function g 1 p is determined for the data with Q 2 > 1 GeV 2 . A perturbative QCD evolution in next-to-leading order is used to determine g 1 p ( x ) at a constant Q 2 . At Q 2 = 10 GeV 2 we find, in the measured range, ∫ 0.003 0.7 g 1 P (x) d x=0.139±0.006 ( stat ) ±0.008 ( syst ) ±0.006( evol ) . The value of the first moment Г 1 P = ∫ 0 1 g 1 p (x) d x of g 1 p depends on the approach used to describe the behaviour of g 1 p at low x . We find that the Ellis-Jaffe sum rule is violated. With our published result for Γ 1 d we confirm the Bjorken sum rule with an accuracy of ≈ 15% at the one standard deviation level.

0 data tables match query

Energy Dependence of the Charge Asymmetry a ($T (\pi$), $\theta$) in $\pi d$ Elastic Scattering

Smith, G.R. ; Gill, D.R. ; Ottewell, D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 38 (1988) 240-250, 1988.
Inspire Record 250814 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26223

Angular distributions of charge asymmetry A(Tπ,θ), have been measured for πd elastic scattering. Data were obtained in the backward hemisphere for pion bombarding energies of 143, 180, 220, and 256 MeV. The results are compared with predictions employing different mass and width parameters for the delta isobars.

0 data tables match query

Inclusive hadron photoproduction from longitudinally polarized protons and deuterons

The E155 collaboration Anthony, P.L. ; Arnold, R.G. ; Averett, T. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 458 (1999) 536-544, 1999.
Inspire Record 495554 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28074

We report measurements of the asymmetry A_parallel for inclusive hadron production on longitudinally polarized proton and deuteron targets by circularly polarized photons. The photons were produced via internal and external bremsstrahlung from an electron beam of 48.35 GeV. Asymmetries for both positive and negative signed hadrons, and a subset of identified pions, were measured in the momentum range 10<P<30 GeV at 2.75 and 5.5 degrees. Small non-zero asymmetries are observed for the proton, while the deuteron results are consistent with zero. Recent calculations do not describe the data well.

0 data tables match query

Measurement of forward - backward charge asymmetry in the process of b quark production in e+ e- annihilation around s**(1/2) = 60-GeV

The VENUS collaboration Shirakata, M. ; Utsumi, M. ; Abe, K. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 278 (1992) 499-505, 1992.
Inspire Record 322085 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29242

We have measured the forward-backward charge asymmetry in the process of b-quark production in e + e − annihilation at TRISTAN. It was made possible by detecting prompt leptons from b-quarks. The obtained asymmetry is A = −0.55±0.15±0.08. If corrected for B-meson mixing effects with the assumptions given in the text, the asymmetry becomes A = f −0.78±0.21±0.11, which is consistent with the prediction of the standard model, namely the assignment of the b-quark to the isospin doublet of the third quark generation.

0 data tables match query

Inclusive Electron Production From Heavy Quarks in $e^+ e^-$ Annihilation at 34.6-{GeV} Center-of-mass Energy

The TASSO collaboration Althoff, M. ; Braunschweig, W. ; Kirschfink, F.J. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 146 (1984) 443-449, 1984.
Inspire Record 202782 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.30507

The production of electrons by bottom and charm hadrons has been studied in e + e − annihilation at 34.6 GeV center of mass energy. It is observed that the b quark fragmentation function is peaked at large values of the scaling variable z with 〈 z b 〉 = 0.84 +0.15 + 0.15 −0.10 − 0.11 . For c quarks 〈 z c 〉 = 0.57 +0.10 + 0.05 −0.09 − 0.06 is observed. A forward-backward charge asymmetry of A = −0.25 ± 0.22 was measured in b production.

0 data tables match query

Production and Muonic Decay of Heavy Quarks in e+ e- Annihilation at 34.5-GeV

The TASSO collaboration Althoff, M. ; Braunschweig, W. ; Kirschfink, F.J. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 22 (1984) 219, 1984.
Inspire Record 194775 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.16252

The production of prompt muons ine+e− annihilation has been studied at centre of mass energies near 34.5 GeV. The measured semi-muonic branching ratios ofb andc quarks areB(b»Xμv) =0.117±0.028±0.01 andB(c→Xμv)=0.082 ±0.012a−0.01+0.02. The fragmentation functions of heavy quarks are hard, <zb>=0.85a−0.12–0.07+0.10+0.02 and <zc> =0.77a−0.07–0.11+0.05+0.03. Limits have been set on flavour changing neutral current decays:B(b→Xµ+µ−) <0.02 andB(b→Xµ+µ− (95% confidence level).

0 data tables match query

A Measurement of the Weak Axial Couplings of the $b$ and $c$ Quark

The JADE collaboration Elsen, E. ; Allison, J. ; Ambrus, K. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 46 (1990) 349-360, 1990.
Inspire Record 282535 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.15241

The forward-backward charge asymmetries of theb andc quarks are measured with the JADE detector at PETRA at\(\sqrt s= 35\) GeV and 44 GeV using both electrons and muons to tag the heavy quarks. At\(\sqrt s= 35\) GeV, a simultaneous fit for the two asymmetries yields the resultAb=−9.3±5.2% (state.) ndAc=−9.6±4.0% (stat.). The systematic errors are comparable with the statistical uncertainties. Combining the measurements at both energies and alternately constraining the weak coupling of thec andb quark to their Standard Model values (ac=1,ab=−1) increases the precision of the measurement of coupling constant of the other quark. Using this procedureab=−0.72±0.34 andac=0.79±0.40, where the numbers are corrected for\(B\bar B - mixing\) and the errors include both statistical and systematic contributions. The mixing parameter for continuum\(b\bar b - production\) is determined to be χ-0.24±0.12 if both heavy quark coupling constants are constrained to their values in the Standard Model.

0 data tables match query

Heavy Quark Charge Asymmetries With the Cello Detector

The CELLO collaboration Behrend, H.J. ; Criegee, L. ; Field, J.H. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 47 (1990) 333-342, 1990.
Inspire Record 282536 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.15243

The production ofb andc quarks ine+e− annihilation has been studied with the CELLO detector in the range from 35 GeV up to the highest PETRA energies. The heavy quarks have been tagged by their semileptonic decays. The charge asymmetries forb quarks at 35 and 43 GeV have been found to beAb=−(22.2±8.1)% andAb=−(49.1±16.5)%, respectively, using a method incorporating jet variables and their correlations for the separation of the heavy quarks from the back ground of the lighter quarks. Forc quarks we obtainAc=−(12.9±8.8)% andAc=+(7.7±14.0)%, respectively. The axial vector coupling constants of the heavy quarksc andb are found to beac=+(0.29±0.46) andab=−(1.15±0.41) taking\(B^0 \overline {B^0 } \) mixing into account. The results are in agreement with the expectations from the standard model.

0 data tables match query

Measurement of the forward - backward asymmetry of e+ e- ---> c anti-c at s**(1/2) = 57.95-GeV

The TOPAZ collaboration Nakano, E. ; Enomoto, R. ; Abe, K. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 314 (1993) 471-476, 1993.
Inspire Record 361662 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28846

Measurements of the forward-backward asymmetry of e + e − → cc events were carried out at a mean √s energy of 57.95 GeV at TRISTAN, KEK. The cc events were tagged either by the full-reconstruction of D ∗± or the inclusive P T spectrum of π s ± from D ∗± → D 0 ( D 0 )π s ± . The forward-backward asymmetry was measured to be A FB c = −0.49 −0.13 +0.14 (stat.) ± 0.06 (syst.), consistent with the standard model.

0 data tables match query

Spin asymmetries from O-16(gamma(pol.),p pi-) near Delta resonance energies

Hicks, K. ; Baghaei, H. ; Caracappa, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 55 (1997) R12-R15, 1997.
Inspire Record 456890 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25766

Spin asymmetries for the 16O(γ→,pπ−) reaction are reported for incident photon energies of 293 ± 20 MeV, proton angles ranging from 28° to 140° (lab), and pion angles of 35° to 115°. The data are compared with calculations in a quasifree plane-wave impulse approximation model. This model is in good agreement with the data at small momentum transfer q, but does not follow the trend of the data at large q. Sensitivity to the Δ-nucleus potential and to modification of the Δ lifetime from nuclear medium effects are explored using a simple modification of the Δ propagator in the calculations.

0 data tables match query

Angular and polarization dependence of Compton scattering from He-4 in the Delta resonance region

Kraus, A. ; Selke, O. ; Wissmann, F. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 432 (1998) 45-50, 1998.
Inspire Record 487231 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28171

Using linearly polarized tagged photons from coherent bremsstrahlung, differential cross sections and beam asymmetries for Compton scattering by 4 He have been measured at MAMI in the energy interval between 150 MeV and 500 MeV for scattering angles of θ γ lab =37°, 93° and 137°, thus largely increasing the available data base. Improved calculations in terms of the Δ -hole model completely fail to describe the data at large scattering angles. The same proved to be true for a schematic model, even after taking into account properties of nuclear photo-absorption in very detail.

0 data tables match query

Measurement of the forward - backward asymmetries for charm and bottom quark pair productions at S**(1/2) = 58-GeV with electron tagging

The TOPAZ collaboration Nakano, E. ; Enomoto, R. ; Iwasaki, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 340 (1994) 135-142, 1994.
Inspire Record 39496 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28532

We have measured, with electron tagging, the forward-backward asymmetries of charm- and bottom-quark pair productions at $\langle \sqrt{s} \rangle$=58.01GeV, based on 23,783 hadronic events selected from a data sample of 197pb$~{-1}$ taken with the TOPAZ detector at TRISTAN. The measured forward-backward asymmetries are $A_{FB}~c = -0.49 \pm 0.20(stat.) \pm 0.08 (sys.)$ and $A_{FB}~b = -0.64 \pm 0.35(stat.) \pm 0.13 (sys.)$, which are consistent with the standard model predictions.

0 data tables match query

Enhanced leading production of D+- and D*+- in 250-GeV pi+- - nucleon interactions

The E769 collaboration Alves, G.A. ; Amato, S. ; Anjos, J.C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 72 (1994) 812-815, 1994.
Inspire Record 361344 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42499

A leading charm meson is one with longitudinal momentum fraction, xF>0, whose light quark (or antiquark) is of the same type as one of the quarks in the beam particles. We report on the production asymmetry, A=[σ(leading-σ(nonleading)]/[σ(leading)+σ(nonleading)] as a function of xF. The data consist of 1500 fully reconstructed D± and D*± decays in Fermilab experiment E 769. We find a significant asymmetry for the production of charm quarks is not expected in perturbative quantum chromodynamics.

0 data tables match query

Asymmetries in the production of Lambda0 in 250-GeV/c pi+-, K+- and p - Nucleon interactions

The E769 collaboration Alves, G.A ; Amato, S ; Anjos, J.C ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 559 (2003) 179-186, 2003.
Inspire Record 615414 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.41928

Using data from Fermilab fixed-target experiment E769, we have measured particle-antiparticle production asymmetries for Lambda0 hyperons in 250 GeV/c pi+-, K+- and p -- nucleon interactions. The asymmetries are measured as functions of Feynman-x (x_F) and p_t^2 over the ranges -0.12<=x_F<=0.12 and 0<=p_t^2<=3 (GeV/c)^2 (for positive beam) and -0.12<=x_F<=0.4 and 0<=p_t^2<=10 (GeV/c)^2 (for negative beam). We find substantial asymmetries, even at x_F around zero. We also observe leading-particle-type asymmetries. These latter effects are qualitatively as expected from valence-quark content of the target and variety of projectiles studied.

0 data tables match query

Observation of Transverse Spin-Dependent Azimuthal Correlations of Charged Pion Pairs in $p^\uparrow+p$ at $\sqrt{s}=200$ GeV

The STAR collaboration Adamczyk, L. ; Adkins, J.K. ; Agakishiev, G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 115 (2015) 242501, 2015.
Inspire Record 1357596 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73282

We report the observation of transverse polarization-dependent azimuthal correlations in charged pion pair production with the STAR experiment in $p^\uparrow+p$ collisions at RHIC. These correlations directly probe quark transversity distributions. We measure signals in excess of five standard deviations at high transverse momenta, at high pseudorapidities eta>0.5, and for pair masses around the mass of the rho-meson. This is the first direct transversity measurement in p+p collisions. Comparing the results to data from lepton-nucleon scattering will test the universality of these spin-dependent quantities.

0 data tables match query

Measurement of $K^0_{S}$, $\Lambda$, $\bar{\Lambda}$ production at HERA

The ZEUS collaboration Chekanov, S. ; Derrick, M. ; Magill, S. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 51 (2007) 1-23, 2007.
Inspire Record 734144 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.45796

The production of the neutral strange hadrons $K^{0}_{S}$, $\Lambda$ and $\bar{\Lambda}$ has been measured in $ep$ collisions at HERA using the ZEUS detector. Cross sections, baryon-to-meson ratios, relative yields of strange and charged light hadrons, $\Lambda$ ($\bar{\Lambda}$) asymmetry and polarization have been measured in three kinematic regions: $Q^2 > 25 \gev^2$: $5 < Q^2 < 25 \gev^2$: and in photoproduction ($Q^2 \simeq 0$). In photoproduction the presence of two hadronic jets, each with at least $5 \gev$ transverse energy, was required. The measurements agree in general with Monte Carlo models and are consistent with measurements made at $e^+ e^-$ colliders, except for an enhancement of baryon relative to meson production in photoproduction.

0 data tables match query

Separated cross-sections in pi0 electroproduction at threshold at Q**2 = 0.05-GeV**2/c**2

The A1 collaboration Weis, M. ; Bartsch, P. ; Baumann, D. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.A 38 (2008) 27-33, 2008.
Inspire Record 751930 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.51606

The differential cross sections \sigma_0=\sigma_T+\epsilon \sigma_L, \sigma_{LT}, and \sigma_{TT} of \pi^0 electroproduction from the proton were measured from threshold up to an additional center of mass energy of 40 MeV, at a value of the photon four-momentum transfer of Q^2= 0.05 GeV^2/c^2 and a center of mass angle of \theta=90^\circ. By an additional out-of-plane measurement with polarized electrons \sigma_{LT'} was determined. This showed for the first time the cusp effect above the \pi^+ threshold in the imaginary part of the s-wave. The predictions of Heavy Baryon Chiral Perturbation Theory are in disagreement with these data. On the other hand, the data are somewhat better predicted by the MAID phenomenological model and are in good agreement with the dynamical model DMT.

0 data tables match query