Measurement of the $W$ charge asymmetry in the $W \to \mu \nu$ decay mode in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt s=7$ TeV with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; Abdallah, Jalal ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B701 (2011) 31-49, 2011.
Inspire Record 892704 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.85594

This letter reports a measurement of the muon charge asymmetry from W Boson produced in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV with the ATLAS experiment at the LHC. The asymmetry is measured in the W Boson to muon decay mode as a function of the muon pseudorapidity using a data sample corresponding to a total integrated luminosity of 31 pb-1. The results are compared to predictions based on next-to-leading order calculations with various parton distribution functions. This measurement provides information on the u and d quark momentum fractions in the proton.

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Observation of a Centrality-Dependent Dijet Asymmetry in Lead-Lead Collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=2.77$ TeV with the ATLAS Detector at the LHC

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; Abdallah, Jalal ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 105 (2010) 252303, 2010.
Inspire Record 878733 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.63790

Using the ATLAS detector, observations have been made of a centrality-dependent dijet asymmetry in the collisions of lead ions at the Large Hadron Collider. In a sample of lead-lead events with a per-nucleon center of mass energy of 2.76 TeV, selected with a minimum bias trigger, jets are reconstructed in fine-grained, longitudinally-segmented electromagnetic and hadronic calorimeters. The underlying event is measured and subtracted event-by-event, giving estimates of jet transverse energy above the ambient background. The transverse energies of dijets in opposite hemispheres is observed to become systematically more unbalanced with increasing event centrality leading to a large number of events which contain highly asymmetric dijets. This is the first observation of an enhancement of events with such large dijet asymmetries, not observed in proton-proton collisions, and which may point to an interpretation in terms of strong jet energy loss in a hot, dense medium.

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Measurement of the lepton forward-backward asymmetry in $B \rightarrow X_s \ell^+ \ell^-$ decays with a sum of exclusive modes

The Belle collaboration Sato, Y. ; Ishikawa, A. ; Yamamoto, H. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D93 (2016) 032008, 2016.
Inspire Record 1283183 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.64698
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First measurement of the transverse spin asymmetries of the deuteron in semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering

The COMPASS collaboration Alexakhin, V.Yu. ; Alexandrov, Yu. ; Alexeev, G.D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 94 (2005) 202002, 2005.
Inspire Record 677550 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.48553

First measurements of the Collins and Sivers asymmetries of charged hadrons produced in deep-inelastic scattering of muons on a transversely polarized 6-LiD target are presented. The data were taken in 2002 with the COMPASS spectrometer using the muon beam of the CERN SPS at 160 GeV/c. The Collins asymmetry turns out to be compatible with zero, as does the measured Sivers asymmetry within the present statistical errors.

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Measurement of $K^0_{S}$, $\Lambda$, $\bar{\Lambda}$ production at HERA

The ZEUS collaboration Chekanov, S. ; Derrick, M. ; Magill, S. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C51 (2007) 1-23, 2007.
Inspire Record 734144 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.45796

The production of the neutral strange hadrons $K^{0}_{S}$, $\Lambda$ and $\bar{\Lambda}$ has been measured in $ep$ collisions at HERA using the ZEUS detector. Cross sections, baryon-to-meson ratios, relative yields of strange and charged light hadrons, $\Lambda$ ($\bar{\Lambda}$) asymmetry and polarization have been measured in three kinematic regions: $Q^2 > 25 \gev^2$: $5 < Q^2 < 25 \gev^2$: and in photoproduction ($Q^2 \simeq 0$). In photoproduction the presence of two hadronic jets, each with at least $5 \gev$ transverse energy, was required. The measurements agree in general with Monte Carlo models and are consistent with measurements made at $e^+ e^-$ colliders, except for an enhancement of baryon relative to meson production in photoproduction.

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Asymmetries in the production of Lambda(c)+ and Lambda(c)- baryons in 500-GeV/c pi- nucleon interactions

The E791 collaboration Aitala, E.M. ; Amato, S. ; Anjos, J.C. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B495 (2000) 42-48, 2000.
Inspire Record 531814 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.50150

We present a measurement of asymmetries in the production of $\Lambda_c^+$ and $\Lambda_c^-$ baryons in 500 GeV/c $\pi^-$--nucleon interactions from the E791 experiment at Fermilab. The asymmetries were measured as functions of Feynman x ($x_F$) and transverse momentum squared ($p_T^2$) using a sample of $1819 \pm 62$ $\Lambda_c$'s observed in the decay channel $\Lambda_c \to pK^-\pi^+$. We observe more $\Lambda_c^+$ than $\Lambda_c^-$ baryons, with an asymmetry of $(12.7\pm3.4\pm1.3) %$ independent of $x_F$ and $p_T^2$ in our kinematical range $(-0.1 < x_F < 0.6$ and $0.0 < p_T^2 < 8.0 (GeV/c)^2$). This $\Lambda_c$ asymmetry measurement is the first with data in both the positive and negative $x_F$ regions.

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Measurement of Parity-Violating Asymmetry in Electron-Deuteron Inelastic Scattering

Wang, D. ; Pan, K. ; Subedi, R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. C91 (2015) 045506, 2015.
Inspire Record 1327482 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.72848

The parity-violating asymmetries between a longitudinally-polarized electron beam and an unpolarized deuterium target have been measured recently. The measurement covered two kinematic points in the deep inelastic scattering region and five in the nucleon resonance region. We provide here details of the experimental setup, data analysis, and results on all asymmetry measurements including parity-violating electron asymmetries and those of inclusive pion production and beam-normal asymmetries. The parity-violating deep-inelastic asymmetries were used to extract the electron-quark weak effective couplings, and the resonance asymmetries provided the first evidence for quark-hadron duality in electroweak observables. These electron asymmetries and their interpretation were published earlier, but are presented here in more detail.

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Observation of Transverse Spin-Dependent Azimuthal Correlations of Charged Pion Pairs in $p^\uparrow+p$ at $\sqrt{s}=200$ GeV

The STAR collaboration Adamczyk, L. ; Adkins, J.K. ; Agakishiev, G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 115 (2015) 242501, 2015.
Inspire Record 1357596 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73282

We report the observation of transverse polarization-dependent azimuthal correlations in charged pion pair production with the STAR experiment in $p^\uparrow+p$ collisions at RHIC. These correlations directly probe quark transversity distributions. We measure signals in excess of five standard deviations at high transverse momenta, at high pseudorapidities eta>0.5, and for pair masses around the mass of the rho-meson. This is the first direct transversity measurement in p+p collisions. Comparing the results to data from lepton-nucleon scattering will test the universality of these spin-dependent quantities.

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Measurement of parity-violating spin asymmetries in W$^{\pm}$ production at midrapidity in longitudinally polarized $p$$+$$p$ collisions

The PHENIX collaboration Adare, A. ; Aidala, C. ; Ajitanand, N.N. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D93 (2016) 051103, 2016.
Inspire Record 1365091 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73691

We present midrapidity measurements from the PHENIX experiment of large parity-violating single-spin asymmetries of high transverse momentum electrons and positrons from W±/Z decays, produced in longitudinally polarized p+p collisions at center of mass energies of s=500 and 510 GeV. These asymmetries allow direct access to the antiquark polarized parton distribution functions due to the parity-violating nature of the W-boson coupling to quarks and antiquarks. The results presented are based on data collected in 2011, 2012, and 2013 with an integrated luminosity of 240  pb-1, which exceeds previous PHENIX published results by a factor of more than 27. These high Q2 data probe the parton structure of the proton at W mass scale and provide an important addition to our understanding of the antiquark parton helicity distribution functions at an intermediate Bjorken x value of roughly MW/s=0.16.

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Measurement of azimuthal asymmetries in inclusive charged dipion production in $e^+e^-$ annihilations at $\sqrt{s}$ = 3.65 GeV

The BESIII collaboration Ablikim, M. ; Achasov, M.N. ; Ai, X.C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 116 (2016) 042001, 2016.
Inspire Record 1384778 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73802

We present a measurement of the azimuthal asymmetries of two charged pions in the inclusive process $e^+e^-\rightarrow \pi\pi X$ based on a data set of 62 $\rm{pb}^{-1}$ at the center-of-mass energy $\sqrt{s}=3.65$ GeV collected with the BESIII detector. These asymmetries can be attributed to the Collins fragmentation function. We observe a nonzero asymmetry, which increases with increasing pion momentum. As our energy scale is close to that of the existing semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering experimental data, the measured asymmetries are important inputs for the global analysis of extracting the quark transversity distribution inside the nucleon and are valuable to explore the energy evolution of the spin-dependent fragmentation function.

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Direct measurement of leptonic coupling asymmetries with polarized Zs

The SLD collaboration Abe, K. ; Akagi, T. ; Allen, N.J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 79 (1997) 804-808, 1997.
Inspire Record 442260 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19552

We present direct measurements of the $Z~0$-lepton coupling asymmetry parameters, $A_e$, $A_\mu$, and $A_\tau$, based on a data sample of 12,063 leptonic $Z~0$ decays collected by the SLD detector. The $Z$ bosons are produced in collisions of beams of polarized $e~-$ with unpolarized $e~+$ at the SLAC Linear Collider. The couplings are extracted from the measurement of the left-right and forward-backward asymmetries for each lepton species. The results are: $A_e=0.152 \pm 0.012 {(stat)} \pm 0.001 {(syst)}$, $A_\mu=0.102 \pm 0.034 \pm 0.002$, and $A_\tau=0.195 \pm 0.034 \pm 0.003$.

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Measurement of the left-right forward - backward asymmetry for charm quarks with D*+ and D+ mesons

The SLD collaboration Abe, K. ; Abt, I. ; Ahn, C.J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 75 (1995) 3609-3613, 1995.
Inspire Record 404272 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19646
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Production and Muonic Decay of Heavy Quarks in e+ e- Annihilation at 34.5-GeV

The TASSO collaboration Althoff, M. ; Braunschweig, W. ; Kirschfink, F.J. ; et al.
Z.Phys. C22 (1984) 219, 1984.
Inspire Record 194775 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.16252

The production of prompt muons ine+e− annihilation has been studied at centre of mass energies near 34.5 GeV. The measured semi-muonic branching ratios ofb andc quarks areB(b»Xμv) =0.117±0.028±0.01 andB(c→Xμv)=0.082 ±0.012a−0.01+0.02. The fragmentation functions of heavy quarks are hard, <zb>=0.85a−0.12–0.07+0.10+0.02 and <zc> =0.77a−0.07–0.11+0.05+0.03. Limits have been set on flavour changing neutral current decays:B(b→Xµ+µ−) <0.02 andB(b→Xµ+µ− (95% confidence level).

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Measurement of the target asymmetry of eta and pi0 photoproduction on the proton

Bock, A. ; Anton, G. ; Beulertz, W. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 81 (1998) 534-537, 1998.
Inspire Record 474492 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19492
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Measurement of the polarized forward - backward asymmetry of Z0 ---> b anti-b using a lifetime tag and momentum weighted track charge

The SLD collaboration Abe, K. ; Abt, I. ; Ahn, C.J. ; et al.
Conference Paper, 1995.
Inspire Record 398301 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.18618
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The Forward - backward asymmetry of e+ e- ---> b anti-b and e+ e- ---> c anti-c using leptons in hadronic Z0 decays

The OPAL collaboration Acton, P.D. ; Akers, R. ; Alexander, G. ; et al.
Z.Phys. C60 (1993) 19-36, 1993.
Inspire Record 356097 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.14320
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A Measurement of the Charmed Quark Asymmetry in $e^+ e^-$ Annihilation

The JADE collaboration Ould-Saada, F. ; Allison, John ; Ambrus, K. ; et al.
Z.Phys. C44 (1989) 567, 1989.
Inspire Record 278937 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.15357
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A Measurement of the Weak Axial Couplings of the $b$ and $c$ Quark

The JADE collaboration Elsen, E. ; Allison, John ; Ambrus, K. ; et al.
Z.Phys. C46 (1990) 349-360, 1990.
Inspire Record 282535 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.15241
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Heavy Quark Charge Asymmetries With the Cello Detector

The CELLO collaboration Behrend, H.J. ; Criegee, L. ; Field, J.H. ; et al.
Z.Phys. C47 (1990) 333-342, 1990.
Inspire Record 282536 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.15243
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Experimental investigation of transverse spin asymmetries in muon-p SIDIS processes: Collins asymmetries

The COMPASS collaboration Adolph, C. ; Alekseev, M.G. ; Alexakhin, V.Yu. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B717 (2012) 376-382, 2012.
Inspire Record 1115720 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.59732
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II – Experimental investigation of transverse spin asymmetries in μ -p SIDIS processes: Sivers asymmetries

The COMPASS collaboration Adolph, C. ; Alekseev, M.G. ; Alexakhin, V.Yu. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B717 (2012) 383-389, 2012.
Inspire Record 1115721 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.59737
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Separated cross-sections in pi0 electroproduction at threshold at Q**2 = 0.05-GeV**2/c**2

The A1 collaboration Weis, M. ; Bartsch, P. ; Baumann, D. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. A38 (2008) 27-33, 2008.
Inspire Record 751930 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.51606

The differential cross sections \sigma_0=\sigma_T+\epsilon \sigma_L, \sigma_{LT}, and \sigma_{TT} of \pi^0 electroproduction from the proton were measured from threshold up to an additional center of mass energy of 40 MeV, at a value of the photon four-momentum transfer of Q^2= 0.05 GeV^2/c^2 and a center of mass angle of \theta=90^\circ. By an additional out-of-plane measurement with polarized electrons \sigma_{LT'} was determined. This showed for the first time the cusp effect above the \pi^+ threshold in the imaginary part of the s-wave. The predictions of Heavy Baryon Chiral Perturbation Theory are in disagreement with these data. On the other hand, the data are somewhat better predicted by the MAID phenomenological model and are in good agreement with the dynamical model DMT.

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Forward - backward charge asymmetry in $e^+e^- \to$ hadron jets

The AMY collaboration Stuart, D. ; Breedon, R.E. ; Kim, G.N. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 64 (1990) 983, 1990.
Inspire Record 283082 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19965
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Asymmetries in the production of Lambda0 in 250-GeV/c pi+-, K+- and p - Nucleon interactions

The E769 collaboration Alves, G.A. ; Amato, S. ; Anjos, J.C. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B559 (2003) 179-186, 2003.
Inspire Record 615414 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.41928

Using data from Fermilab fixed-target experiment E769, we have measured particle-antiparticle production asymmetries for Lambda0 hyperons in 250 GeV/c pi+-, K+- and p -- nucleon interactions. The asymmetries are measured as functions of Feynman-x (x_F) and p_t^2 over the ranges -0.12<=x_F<=0.12 and 0<=p_t^2<=3 (GeV/c)^2 (for positive beam) and -0.12<=x_F<=0.4 and 0<=p_t^2<=10 (GeV/c)^2 (for negative beam). We find substantial asymmetries, even at x_F around zero. We also observe leading-particle-type asymmetries. These latter effects are qualitatively as expected from valence-quark content of the target and variety of projectiles studied.

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Measurement of the forward - backward asymmetries for charm and bottom quark pair productions at S**(1/2) = 58-GeV with electron tagging

The TOPAZ collaboration Nakano, E. ; Enomoto, R. ; Iwasaki, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B340 (1994) 135-142, 1994.
Inspire Record 39496 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28532

We have measured, with electron tagging, the forward-backward asymmetries of charm- and bottom-quark pair productions at $\langle \sqrt{s} \rangle$=58.01GeV, based on 23,783 hadronic events selected from a data sample of 197pb$~{-1}$ taken with the TOPAZ detector at TRISTAN. The measured forward-backward asymmetries are $A_{FB}~c = -0.49 \pm 0.20(stat.) \pm 0.08 (sys.)$ and $A_{FB}~b = -0.64 \pm 0.35(stat.) \pm 0.13 (sys.)$, which are consistent with the standard model predictions.

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