Measurement of the neutral weak form-factors of the proton

The HAPPEX collaboration Aniol, K.A. ; Armstrong, D.S. ; Baylac, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 82 (1999) 1096-1100, 1999.
Inspire Record 478059 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31319

We have measured the parity-violating electroweak asymmetry in the elastic scattering of polarized electrons from the proton. The kinematic point (theta_lab = 12.3 degrees and Q^2=0.48 (GeV/c)^2) is chosen to provide sensitivity, at a level that is of theoretical interest, to the strange electric form factor G_E^s. The result, A=-14.5 +- 2.2 ppm, is consistent with the electroweak Standard Model and no additional contributions from strange quarks. In particular, the measurement implies G_E^s + 0.39G_M^s = 0.023 +- 0.034 (stat) +- 0.022 (syst) +- 0.026 (delta G_E^n), where the last uncertainty arises from the estimated uncertainty in the neutron electric form factor.

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