Date

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Measurement of the muon charge asymmetry in inclusive $pp \to W+X$ production at $\sqrt s =$ 7 TeV and an improved determination of light parton distribution functions

The CMS collaboration Chatrchyan, Serguei ; Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D90 (2014) 032004, 2014.
Inspire Record 1273570 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.65456

Measurements of the muon charge asymmetry in inclusive pp to WX production at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV are presented. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 4.7 inverse femtobarns recorded with the CMS detector at the LHC. With a sample of more than twenty million W to mu nu events, the statistical precision is greatly improved in comparison to previous measurements. These new results provide additional constraints on the parton distribution functions of the proton in the range of the Bjorken scaling variable x from 10E-3 to 10E-1. These measurements and the recent CMS measurement of associated W + charm production are used together with the cross sections for inclusive deep inelastic ep scattering at HERA in a next-to-leading-order QCD analysis. The determination of the valence quark distributions is improved, and the strange-quark distribution is probed directly through the leading-order process g + s to W + c in proton-proton collisions at the LHC.

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Measurement of the electron charge asymmetry in inclusive $W$ production in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV

The CMS collaboration Chatrchyan, Serguei ; Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 109 (2012) 111806, 2012.
Inspire Record 1118047 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66333

A measurement of the electron charge asymmetry in inclusive pp to W + X to e nu + X production at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV is presented based on data recorded by the CMS detector at the LHC and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 840 inverse picobarns. The electron charge asymmetry reflects the unequal production of positive and negative W bosons in pp collisions. The electron charge asymmetry is measured in bins of absolute value of electron pseudorapidity in the range of abs(eta) < 2.4. The asymmetry rises from about 0.1 to 0.2 as a function of the pseudorapidity and is measured with a relative precision better than 7%. This measurement provides new stringent constraints for parton distribution functions.

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Measurement of the forward-backward asymmetry in $Z/\gamma^{\ast} \rightarrow \mu^{+}\mu^{-}$ decays and determination of the effective weak mixing angle

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, Roel ; Adeva, Bernardo ; Adinolfi, Marco ; et al.
JHEP 1511 (2015) 190, 2015.
Inspire Record 1394859 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.76490

The forward-backward charge asymmetry for the process $ q\overline{q}\to Z/{\gamma}^{\ast}\to {\mu}^{+}{\mu}^{-} $ is measured as a function of the invariant mass of the dimuon system. Measurements are performed using proton proton collision data collected with the LHCb detector at $ \sqrt{s}=7 $ and 8 TeV, corresponding to integrated luminosities of 1 fb$^{−1}$ and 2 fb$^{−1}$ respectively. Within the Standard Model the results constrain the effective electroweak mixing angle to be $ { \sin}^2{\theta}_{\mathrm{W}}^{\mathrm{eff}}=0.23142\pm 0.00073\pm 0.00052\pm 0.00056, $ where the first uncertainty is statistical, the second systematic and the third theoretical. This result is in agreement with the current world average, and is one of the most precise determinations at hadron colliders to date.

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Measurements of the $t\bar{t}$ charge asymmetry using the dilepton decay channel in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 7 TeV

The CMS collaboration Chatrchyan, Serguei ; Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; et al.
JHEP 1404 (2014) 191, 2014.
Inspire Record 1281538 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.64729
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Measurement of the W Boson Production Charge Asymmetry in $p\bar{p}\rightarrow W+X \rightarrow e\nu +X$ Events at $\sqrt{s}=1.96$ TeV

The D0 collaboration Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich ; Abbott, Braden Keim ; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 112 (2014) 151803, 2014.
Inspire Record 1268647 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66256

<p>We present a measurement of the <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:mi>W</mml:mi></mml:math></inline-formula> boson production charge asymmetry in <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:mrow><mml:mi>p</mml:mi><mml:mover accent="true"><mml:mrow><mml:mi>p</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mo stretchy="false">¯</mml:mo></mml:mrow></mml:mover><mml:mo stretchy="false">→</mml:mo><mml:mi>W</mml:mi><mml:mo>+</mml:mo><mml:mi>X</mml:mi><mml:mo stretchy="false">→</mml:mo><mml:mi>e</mml:mi><mml:mi>ν</mml:mi><mml:mo>+</mml:mo><mml:mi>X</mml:mi></mml:mrow></mml:math></inline-formula> events at a center of mass energy of 1.96 TeV, using <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:mrow><mml:mn>9.7</mml:mn><mml:mtext> </mml:mtext><mml:mtext> </mml:mtext><mml:msup><mml:mrow><mml:mi>fb</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mo>−</mml:mo><mml:mn>1</mml:mn></mml:mrow></mml:msup></mml:mrow></mml:math></inline-formula> of integrated luminosity collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. The neutrino longitudinal momentum is determined by using a neutrino weighting method, and the asymmetry is measured as a function of the <inline-formula><mml:math display="inline"><mml:mi>W</mml:mi></mml:math></inline-formula> boson rapidity. The measurement extends over wider electron pseudorapidity region than previous results and is the most precise to date, allowing for precise determination of proton parton distribution functions in global fits.</p>

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Study of the production of $\Lambda_b^0$ and $\overline{B}^0$ hadrons in $pp$ collisions and first measurement of the $\Lambda_b^0\rightarrow J/\psi pK^-$ branching fraction

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, R. ; Adeva, Bernardo ; Adinolfi, Marco ; et al.
Chin.Phys. C40 (2016) 011001, 2016.
Inspire Record 1391317 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.75485

The product of the differential production cross-section and the branching fraction of the decay is measured as a function of the beauty hadron transverse momentum, p(T), and rapidity, y. The kinematic region of the measurements is p(T) < 20 GeV/c and 2.0 < y < 4.5. The measurements use a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3fb(−)(1) collected by the LHCb detector in pp collisions at centre-of-mass energies in 2011 and in 2012. Based on previous LHCb results of the fragmentation fraction ratio the branching fraction of the decay is measured to bewhere the first uncertainty is statistical, the second is systematic, the third is due to the uncertainty on the branching fraction of the decay B̅(0) → J/ψK̅*(892)(0), and the fourth is due to the knowledge of . The sum of the asymmetries in the production and decay between and is also measured as a function of p(T) and y. The previously published branching fraction of , relative to that of , is updated. The branching fractions of are determined.

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Measurement of the $\Lambda_b$ polarization and angular parameters in $\Lambda_b\to J/\psi\, \Lambda$ decays from pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 7 and 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D97 (2018) 072010, 2018.
Inspire Record 1654926 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.83664

An analysis of the bottom baryon decay Λb→J/ψ(→μ+μ-)Λ(→pπ-) is performed to measure the Λb polarization and three angular parameters in data from pp collisions at s=7 and 8 TeV, collected by the CMS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider. The Λb polarization is measured to be 0.00±0.06(stat)±0.06(syst) and the parity-violating asymmetry parameter is determined to be 0.14±0.14(stat)±0.10(syst). The measurements are compared to various theoretical predictions, including those from perturbative quantum chromodynamics.

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Angular analysis of the decay $B^0 \to K^{*0} \mu^+ \mu^-$ from pp collisions at $\sqrt s = 8$ TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B753 (2016) 424-448, 2016.
Inspire Record 1385600 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.17057
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Study of $W$ boson production in association with beauty and charm

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, Roel ; Adeva, Bernardo ; Adinolfi, Marco ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D92 (2015) 052001, 2015.
Inspire Record 1370436 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73718

The associated production of a W boson with a jet originating from either a light parton or heavy-flavor quark is studied in the forward region using proton-proton collisions. The analysis uses data corresponding to integrated luminosities of 1.0 and 2.0  fb-1 collected with the LHCb detector at center-of-mass energies of 7 and 8 TeV, respectively. The W bosons are reconstructed using the W→μν decay and muons with a transverse momentum, pT, larger than 20 GeV in the pseudorapidity range 2.0<η<4.5. The partons are reconstructed as jets with pT>20  GeV and 2.2<η<4.2. The sum of the muon and jet momenta must satisfy pT>20  GeV. The fraction of W+jet events that originate from beauty and charm quarks is measured, along with the charge asymmetries of the W+b and W+c production cross sections. The ratio of the W+jet to Z+jet production cross sections is also measured using the Z→μμ decay. All results are in agreement with Standard Model predictions.

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Angular analysis of the $B^{0} \to K^{*0} \mu^{+} \mu^{-}$ decay using 3 fb$^{-1}$ of integrated luminosity

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, Roel ; Abellán Beteta, Carlos ; Adeva, Bernardo ; et al.
JHEP 1602 (2016) 104, 2016.
Inspire Record 1409497 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.74247

An angular analysis of the B$^{0}$ → K$^{*0}$(→ K$^{+}$ π$^{−}$)μ$^{+}$ μ$^{−}$ decay is presented. The dataset corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 3.0 fb$^{−1}$ of pp collision data collected at the LHCb experiment. The complete angular information from the decay is used to determine CP-averaged observables and CP asymmetries, taking account of possible contamination from decays with the K$^{+}$ π$^{−}$ system in an S-wave configuration. The angular observables and their correlations are reported in bins of q$^{2}$, the invariant mass squared of the dimuon system. The observables are determined both from an unbinned maximum likelihood fit and by using the principal moments of the angular distribution. In addition, by fitting for q$^{2}$-dependent decay amplitudes in the region 1.1 < q$^{2}$ < 6.0 GeV$^{2}$/c$^{4}$, the zero-crossing points of several angular observables are computed. A global fit is performed to the complete set of CP-averaged observables obtained from the maximum likelihood fit. This fit indicates differences with predictions based on the Standard Model at the level of 3.4 standard deviations. These differences could be explained by contributions from physics beyond the Standard Model, or by an unexpectedly large hadronic effect that is not accounted for in the Standard Model predictions.

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Differential branching fraction and angular moments analysis of the decay $B^0 \to K^+ \pi^- \mu^+ \mu^-$ in the $K^*_{0,2}(1430)^0$ region

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, Roel ; Adeva, Bernardo ; Adinolfi, Marco ; et al.
JHEP 1612 (2016) 065, 2016.
Inspire Record 1486676 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.75193
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Observation of a Centrality-Dependent Dijet Asymmetry in Lead-Lead Collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=2.77$ TeV with the ATLAS Detector at the LHC

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; Abdallah, Jalal ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 105 (2010) 252303, 2010.
Inspire Record 878733 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.63790

Using the ATLAS detector, observations have been made of a centrality-dependent dijet asymmetry in the collisions of lead ions at the Large Hadron Collider. In a sample of lead-lead events with a per-nucleon center of mass energy of 2.76 TeV, selected with a minimum bias trigger, jets are reconstructed in fine-grained, longitudinally-segmented electromagnetic and hadronic calorimeters. The underlying event is measured and subtracted event-by-event, giving estimates of jet transverse energy above the ambient background. The transverse energies of dijets in opposite hemispheres is observed to become systematically more unbalanced with increasing event centrality leading to a large number of events which contain highly asymmetric dijets. This is the first observation of an enhancement of events with such large dijet asymmetries, not observed in proton-proton collisions, and which may point to an interpretation in terms of strong jet energy loss in a hot, dense medium.

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Measurement of $D_s^{\pm}$ production asymmetry in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} =7$ and 8 TeV

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, Roel ; Adeva, Bernardo ; Adinolfi, Marco ; et al.
JHEP 1808 (2018) 008, 2018.
Inspire Record 1674916 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.82715

The inclusive D$_{s}^{±}$ production asymmetry is measured in pp collisions collected by the LHCb experiment at centre-of-mass energies of $ \sqrt{s}=7 $ and 8 TeV. Promptly produced D$_{s}^{±}$ mesons are used, which decay as D$_{s}^{±}$  → ϕπ$^{±}$, with ϕ → K$^{+}$K$^{−}$. The measurement is performed in bins of transverse momentum, p$_{T}$, and rapidity, y, covering the range 2.5 < p$_{T}$ < 25.0 GeV/c and 2.0 < y < 4.5. No kinematic dependence is observed. Evidence of nonzero D$_{s}^{±}$ production asymmetry is found with a significance of 3.3 standard deviations.

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Measurement of the forward $W$ boson cross-section in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 7 {\rm \, TeV}$

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, Roel ; Adeva, Bernardo ; Adinolfi, Marco ; et al.
JHEP 1412 (2014) 079, 2014.
Inspire Record 1311488 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.11760
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Measurement of forward W and Z boson production in $pp$ collisions at $ \sqrt{s}=8 $ TeV

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, Roel ; Abellán Beteta, Carlos ; Adeva, Bernardo ; et al.
JHEP 1601 (2016) 155, 2016.
Inspire Record 1406555 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.71419

Measurements are presented of electroweak boson production using data from pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of $ \sqrt{s}=8 $ TeV. The analysis is based on an integrated luminosity of 2.0 fb$^{−1}$ recorded with the LHCb detector. The bosons are identified in the W → μν and Z → μ$^{+}$ μ$^{−}$ decay channels. The cross-sections are measured for muons in the pseudorapidity range 2.0 < η < 4.5, with transverse momenta p$_{T}$ > 20 GeV/c and, in the case of the Z boson, a dimuon mass within $ 60 < {M}_{\mu }{{{}_{{}^{+}}}_{\mu}}_{{}^{-}}<120 $ GeV/c$^{2}$. The results are $ {\sigma}_W{{}_{{}^{+}}}_{\to \mu }{{}_{{}^{+}}}_{\nu }=1093.6\pm 2.1\pm 7.2\pm 10.9\pm 12.7\ \mathrm{p}\mathrm{b}, $ $ {\sigma}_W{{}_{{}^{-}}}_{\to \mu }{{}_{{}^{-}}}_{\overline{\nu}}=818.4\pm 1.9\pm 5.0\pm 7.0\pm 9.5\ \mathrm{p}\mathrm{b}, $ $ {\sigma}_{\mathrm{Z}\to \mu }{{{}_{{}^{+}}}_{\mu}}_{{}^{-}}=95.0\pm 0.3\pm 0.7\pm 1.1\pm 1.1\ \mathrm{p}\mathrm{b}, $ $ {\sigma}_{Z\to \mu }{{{}_{{}^{+}}}_{\mu}}_{{}^{-}}=95.0\pm 0.3\pm 0.7\pm 1.1\pm 1.1\ \mathrm{p}\mathrm{b}, $ where the first uncertainties are statistical, the second are systematic, the third are due to the knowledge of the LHC beam energy and the fourth are due to the luminosity determination. The evolution of the W and Z boson cross-sections with centre-of-mass energy is studied using previously reported measurements with 1.0 fb$^{−1}$ of data at 7 TeV. Differential distributions are also presented. Results are in good agreement with theoretical predictions at next-to-next-to-leading order in perturbative quantum chromodynamics.

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Measurement of the forward $Z$ boson production cross-section in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, Roel ; Adeva, Bernardo ; Adinolfi, Marco ; et al.
JHEP 1508 (2015) 039, 2015.
Inspire Record 1373300 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.2114

A measurement of the production cross-section for Z bosons that decay to muons is presented. The data were recorded by the LHCb detector during pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV, and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 1.0 fb$^{−1}$. The cross-section is measured for muons in the pseudorapidity range 2.0 < η < 4.5 with transverse momenta p$_{T}$ > 20 GeV/c. The dimuon mass is restricted to 60 < M$_{μ}$ +$_{μ}$ − < 120 GeV/c$^{2}$. The measured cross-section is $ {\sigma}_{Z\to \mu }{+}_{\mu }-=\left(76.0\pm 0.3\pm 0.5\pm 1.0\pm 1.3\right)\mathrm{p}\mathrm{b} $

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