Measurement of Top Quark Polarisation in T-Channel Single Top Quark Production

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
JHEP 04 (2016) 073, 2016.
Inspire Record 1403169 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.38092

A first measurement of the top quark spin asymmetry, sensitive to the top quark polarisation, in t-channel single top quark production is presented. It is based on a sample of pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 inverse-femtobarns. A high-purity sample of t-channel single top quark events with an isolated muon is selected. Signal and background components are estimated using a fit to data. A differential cross section measurement, corrected for detector effects, of an angular observable sensitive to the top quark polarisation is performed. The differential distribution is used to extract a top quark spin asymmetry of 0.26 +/- 0.03 (stat) +/- 0.10 (syst), which is compatible with a p-value of 4.6% with the standard model prediction of 0.44.

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WEAK NEUTRAL CURRENT EFFECTS IN e+ e- ---> mu+ mu- AT 29-GeV

Fernandez, E. ; Ford, William T. ; Read, Alexander L. ; et al.
1983.
Inspire Record 190846 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.18659
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Tests of the standard model and constraints on new physics from measurements of fermion pair production at 130-GeV to 172-GeV at LEP

The OPAL collaboration Ackerstaff, K. ; Alexander, G. ; Allison, John ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 2 (1998) 441-472, 1998.
Inspire Record 447186 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.47404

Production of events with hadronic and leptonic final states has been measured in e^+e^- collisions at centre-of-mass energies of 130-172 GeV, using the OPAL detector at LEP. Cross-sections and leptonic forward-backward asymmetries are presented, both including and excluding the dominant production of radiative Z \gamma events, and compared to Standard Model expectations. The ratio R_b of the cross-section for bb(bar) production to the hadronic cross-section has been measured. In a model-independent fit to the Z lineshape, the data have been used to obtain an improved precision on the measurement of \gamma-Z interference. The energy dependence of \alpha_em has been investigated. The measurements have also been used to obtain limits on extensions of the Standard Model described by effective four-fermion contact interactions, to search for t-channel contributions from new massive particles and to place limits on chargino pair production with subsequent decay of the chargino into a light gluino and a quark pair.

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Electroweak Effects in $e^+ e^- \to \mu^+ \mu^-$ at 29-{GeV}

Fernandez, E. ; Ford, William T. ; Read, Alexander L. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 50 (1983) 1238, 1983.
Inspire Record 188749 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20560

A measurement of the cross section for production of collinear muon pairs based upon a sample of about 3000 events observed in the MAC detector at the storage ring PEP is presented. From the angular asymmetry Aμμ=0.076±0.018 the axial-vector weak neutral coupling is found to be given by gAegAμ=0.31±0.08.

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Tests of the standard model and constraints on new physics from measurements of fermion pair production at 189-GeV to 209-GeV at LEP

The OPAL collaboration Abbiendi, G. ; Ainsley, C. ; Akesson, P.F. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 33 (2004) 173-212, 2004.
Inspire Record 628491 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.43174

Cross-section and angular distributions for hadronic and lepton-pair final states in e+e- collisions at centre-of-mass energies between 189 GeV and 209 GeV, measured with the OPAL detector at LEP, are presented and compared with the predictions of the Standard Model. The measurements are used to determine the electromagnetic coupling constant alphaem at LEP2 energies. In addition, the results are used together with OPAL measurements at 91-183 GeV within the S-matrix formalism to determine the gamma-Z interference term and to make an almost model-independent measurement of the Z mass. Limits on extensions to the Standard Model described by effective four-fermion contact interactions or the addition of a heavy Z boson are also presented.

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Measurement of the cross-section and forward - backward charge asymmetry for the b and c quark in e+ e- annihilation with inclusive muons at s**(1/2) = 58-GeV

The TOPAZ collaboration Inoue, Y. ; Miyamoto, A. ; Nakano, E. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 18 (2000) 273-282, 2000.
Inspire Record 538542 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.43244

We have studied inclusive muon events using all the data collected by the TOPAZ detector at sqrt(s)=58 GeV with an integrated luminosity of 273pb-1. From 1328 inclusive muon events, we measured the ratio R_qq of the cross section for qq-bar production to the total hadronic cross section and forward-backward asymmetry A^q_FB for b and c quarks. The obtained results are R_bb = 0.13+-0.02(stat)+-0.01(syst), R_cc = 0.36+-0.05(stat)+-0.05(syst), A^b_FB = -0.20+-0.16(stat)+-0.01(syst) and A^c_FB = -0.17+-0.14(stat)+-0.02(syst), in fair agreement with a prediction of the standard model.

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Measurement and interpretation of fermion-pair production at LEP energies above the Z resonance

The DELPHI collaboration Abdallah, J. ; Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 45 (2006) 589-632, 2006.
Inspire Record 699726 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.48590

This paper presents DELPHI measurements and interpretations of cross-sections, forward-backward asymmetries, and angular distributions, for the e+e- -> ffbar process for centre-of-mass energies above the Z resonance, from sqrt(s) ~ 130 - 207 GeV at the LEP collider. The measurements are consistent with the predictions of the Standard Model and are used to study a variety of models including the S-Matrix ansatz for e+e- -> ffbar scattering and several models which include physics beyond the Standard Model: the exchange of Z' bosons, contact interactions between fermions, the exchange of gravitons in large extra dimensions and the exchange of sneutrino in R-parity violating supersymmetry.

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Measurement of hadron and lepton-pair production in e+ e- collisions at s**(1/2) = 192-GeV to 208-GeV at LEP

The L3 collaboration Achard, P. ; Adriani, O. ; Aguilar-Benitez, M. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 47 (2006) 1-19, 2006.
Inspire Record 704275 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.48637

Hadron production and lepton-pair production in e+e- collisions are studied with data collected with the L3 detector at LEP at centre-of-mass energies sqrt{s}=192-208GeV. Using a total integrated luminosity of 453/pb, 36057 hadronic events and 12863 lepton-pair events are selected. The cross sections for hadron production and lepton-pair production are measured for the full sample and for events where no high-energy initial-state-radiation photon is emitted prior to the collisions. Lepton-pair events are further investigated and forward-backward asymmetries are measured. Finally, the differential cross sections for electron-positron pair-production is determined as a function of the scattering angle. An overall good agreement is found with Standard Model predictions.

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Measurement of hadron and lepton pair production at 130-GeV less than $\sqrt{S}$ less than 189-GeV at LEP

The L3 collaboration Acciarri, M. ; Achard, P. ; Adriani, O. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 479 (2000) 101-117, 2000.
Inspire Record 513676 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.48958

We report on measurements of e+e- annihilation into hadrons and lepton pairs. The data have been collected with the L3 detector at LEP at centre-of-mass energies between 130 and 189 GeV. Using a total integrated luminosity of 243.7 pb^-1, 25864 hadronic and 8573 lepton-pair events are selected for the measurement of cross sections and leptonic forward-backward asymmetries. The results are in good agreement with Standard Model predictions.

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Measurement and interpretation of fermion-pair production at LEP energies of 183-GeV and 189-GeV

The DELPHI collaboration Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; Adye, T. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 485 (2000) 45-61, 2000.
Inspire Record 529847 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49937

An analysis of the data collected in 1997 and 1998 with the DELPHI detector at e+e- collision energies close to 183 and 189 GeV was performed in order to extract the hadronic and leptonic fermion-pair cross-sections, as well as the leptonic forward-backward asymmetries and angular distributions. The data are used to put limit on contact interactions between fermions, the exchange of R-parity violating SUSY sneutrinos, Z' bosons and the existence of gravity in extra dimensions.

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Measurement of the Reaction $e^+ e^- \to \tau^+ \tau^-$ at $\sqrt{s}=29$-{GeV}

Gan, K.K. ; Beltrami, I. ; Bylsma, B.G. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 153 (1985) 116-120, 1985.
Inspire Record 212773 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.6571

The reaction e + e − → τ + τ − has been measured using the high resolution spectrometer at PEP. The angular distribution shows a forward-backward asymmetry of −(6.1±2.3±0.5)%, corresponding to an axial-vector coupling if g a τ g a e = 0.28 ±0.11± 0.03, in good agreement with the standard model of electroweak interactions. The measured cross section yields ifR ττ = 1.10± 0.03±0.04, consistent with QED and giving QED cutoff parameters of Λ + >92 GeV and Λ − >246 GeV at 95% C.L.

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Measurements of b quark forward - backward charge asymmetry and axial vector coupling using inclusive muons in e+ e- annihilation at s**(1/2) = 52-GeV - 61.4-Gev

The TOPAZ collaboration Shimonaka, A. ; Fujii, K. ; Miyamoto, A. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 268 (1991) 457-464, 1991.
Inspire Record 319034 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29343

We have collected 122 multi-hadronic inclusive muon events with the TOPAZ detector at 〈 s 〉 = 58.27 GeV with ∫ L d t=40.61 pb −1 . From this event sample we derived the differential cross section for B-hadron productions and determined B-hadron forward-backward asymmetry (A b b ) to be A b b = −0.71 ± 0.34 ( stat ) +0.07 −0.08 ( syst ) . A fit to the differential cross section, after correcting for the effect of B 0 B 0 mixing, yielded the axial-vector coupling constant of the b-quark ( a b ): a b = −1.79 +0.34 −0.32 (stat) +0.15 −0.14 (syst). We also set a 90% confidence level limit of χ <0.37 on the B 0 B 0 mixing parameter.

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Tests of the standard model and constraints on new physics from measurements of fermion pair production at 189-GeV at LEP

The OPAL collaboration Abbiendi, G. ; Ackerstaff, K. ; Alexander, G. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 13 (2000) 553-572, 2000.
Inspire Record 504989 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49123

Cross-sections and angular distributions for hadronic and lepton pair final states in e+e- collisions at a centre-of-mass energy near 189 GeV, measured with the OPAL detector at LEP, are presented and compared with the predictions of the Standard Model. The results are used to measure the energy dependence of the electromagnetic coupling constant alpha_em, and to place limits on new physics as described by four-fermion contact interactions or by the exchange of a new heavy particle such as a sneutrino in supersymmetric theories with R-parity violation. A search for the indirect effects of the gravitational interaction in extra dimensions on the mu+mu- and tau+tau- final states is also presented.

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Tests of the standard model and constraints on new physics from measurements of fermion pair production at 183-GeV at LEP

The OPAL collaboration Abbiendi, G. ; Ackerstaff, K. ; Alexander, G. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 6 (1999) 1-18, 1999.
Inspire Record 473699 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49337

Cross-sections for hadronic, b-bbar and lepton pair final states in e+e- collisions at sqrt(s) = 183 GeV, measured with the OPAL detector at LEP, are presented and compared with the predictions of the Standard Model. Forward-backward asymmetries for the leptonic final states have also been measured. Cross-sections and asymmetries are also presented for data recorded in 1997 at sqrt(s) = 130 and 136 GeV. The results are used to measure the energy dependence of the electromagnetic coupling constant alpha_em, and to place limits on new physics as described by four-fermion contact interactions or by the exchange of a new heavy particle such as a leptoquark, or of a squark or sneutrino in supersymmetric theories with R-parity violation.

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Electroweak Effects in $e^+ e^- \to \tau^+ \tau^-$ at 29-{GeV}

Fernandez, E. ; Ford, William T. ; Qi, N. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 54 (1985) 1620, 1985.
Inspire Record 207555 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.3267

A high-statistics measurement is presented of the cross section for the process e+e−→τ+τ− at s=29 GeV from the MAC detector at PEP. A fit to the angular distribution of our sample of 10 153 events with |cosθ|<0.9 gives an asymmetry Aττ=−0.055±0.012±0.005 from which we find the product of electron and tau axial-vector weak neutral couplings gAegAτ=0.22±0.05.

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Weak Neutral Currents in e+ e- Collisions at s**(1/2)=29-GeV

Levi, M.E. ; Blocker, C.A. ; Strait, J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 51 (1983) 1941, 1983.
Inspire Record 191845 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.3281

The differential cross sections for lepton pair production in e+e− annihilation at 29 GeV have been measured and found to be in good agreement with the standard model of the electroweak interaction. With the assumption of e−μ−τ universality, the weak neutral-current couplings are determined to be ga2=0.23±0.05 and gv2=0.03±0.04.

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A Measurement of the Electroweak Induced Charge Asymmetry in e+ e- ---> B anti-B

The JADE collaboration Bartel, W. ; Becker, L. ; Bowdery, C. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 146 (1984) 437-442, 1984.
Inspire Record 203144 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.6565

The forward-backward charge asymmetry for the process e + e − → b b ̄ → μ ± + hadrons has been measured using the JADE detector at PETRA. An asymmetry of (−22.8 ± 6.0 ± 2.5)% was observed at an average center of mass energy of 34.6 GeV. For comparison, an asymmetry of −25.2% is expected on the basis of the standard Glashow-Salam-Weinberg model.

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Tests of QED at 29-GeV Center-Of-Mass Energy

Bender, D. ; Derrick, M. ; Fernandez, E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 30 (1984) 515, 1984.
Inspire Record 199464 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23593

During the initial data run with the High Resolution Spectrometer (HRS) at SLAC PEP, an integrated luminosity of 19.6 pb−1 at a center-of-mass energy of 29 GeV was accumulated. The data on Bhabha scattering and muon pair production are compared with the predictions of QED and the standard model of electroweak interactions. The measured forward-backward charge asymmetry in the angular distribution of muon pairs is -8.4%±4.3%. A comparison between the data and theoretical predictions places limits on alternative descriptions of leptons and their interactions. The existence of heavy electronlike or photonlike objects that alter the structure of the QED vertices or modify the propagator are studied in terms of the QED cutoff parameters. The Bhabha-scattering results give a lower limit on a massive photon and upper limits on the effective size of the electron of Λ+>121 GeV and Λ−>118 GeV at the 95% confidence level. Muon pair production yields Λ+>172 GeV and Λ−>172 GeV. If electrons have substructure, the magnitude and character of the couplings of the leptonic constituents affects the Bhabha-scattering angular distributions to such an extent that limits on the order of a TeV can be extracted on the effective interaction length of the components. For models in which the constituents interact with vector couplings of strength g24π∼1, the energy scale ΛVV for the contact interaction is measured to be greater than 1419.0 GeV at the 95% confidence level. We set limits on the production of supersymmetric scalar electrons through s-channel single-photon annihilation and t-channel inelastic scattering. Using events with two noncollinear electrons and no other charged or observed neutral particles in the final state, we see one event which is consistent with a simple supersymmetric model but which is also consistent with QED. This allows us to exclude the scalar electron to 95% confidence level in the mass range 1.8 to 14.2 GeV/c2.

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The Production and Decay of Tau Leptons

The Mark-J collaboration Adeva, B. ; Ansari, S. ; Becker, U. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 179 (1986) 177-182, 1986.
Inspire Record 230298 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.14556

A study of τ-lepton production in the CMS energy region from 14 to 46.8 GeV at PETRA is reported. The cross section, the decay branching ratio into μν ν , and the electroweak parameters are determined with a total integrated luminosity of 115 pb −1 .

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New Results on the Reaction $e^+ e^- \to \mu^+ \mu^-$ at $\sqrt{s}=29$-{GeV}

Derrick, M. ; Fernandez, E. ; Fries, R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 31 (1985) 2352, 1985.
Inspire Record 212767 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.3935

We have measured the process e+e−→μ+μ− at √s =29 GeV using the High Resolution Spectrometer at SLAC PEP. The forward-backward charge asymmetry is Aμμ=-(4.9±1.5±0.5)% based on 5057 events. A subsample of 3488 μ+μ− events in the angular range ‖cosθ‖<0.55 gives a cross-section ratio of Rμμ=0.990±0.017±0.030. The resulting couplings of the weak neutral current are gaegaμ=0.208±0.064± 0.021 and gvegvμ=0.027 ±0.051±0.089. The QED cutoff parameters are Λ+>170 GeV and Λ−>146 GeV at 95% C.L.

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Precision Measurement of Electroweak Effects in $e^+ e^- \to \mu^+ \mu^-$ at $\sqrt{s}=29$-{GeV}

Ash, W. ; Band, H. ; Blume, H.T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 55 (1985) 1831, 1985.
Inspire Record 216031 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.3246

A high-statistics measurement has been made of the process e+e−→μ+μ− at s=29 GeV with the MAC detector at the SLAC storage ring PEP. The electroweak forward-backward charge asymmetry for a sample of approximately 16 000 events was measured to be Aμμ=−0.063±0.008±0.002. The ratio of the cross section to the lowest-order QED cross section was measured to be Rμμ=1.01±0.01±0.03. From these results the weak neutral axial-vector and vector couplings are determined to be gAegAμ=0.25±0.03±0.01 and gVegVμ=−0.02±0.03±0.09.

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Experimental Study of Electroweak Parameters at {PETRA} Energies (12-{GeV} $< E_{CMS} <$ 36.7-{GeV})

The MARK-J collaboration Barber, D.P. ; Becker, U. ; Bei, G.D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 46 (1981) 1663, 1981.
Inspire Record 164675 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.3303

We have performed a high-statistics measurement of Bhabha scattering and of the production of hadrons in electron-positron annihilation at PETRA energies (12 GeV<~s<~36.7 GeV). Combining the results with measurements of μ+μ− and τ+τ− production enables us to compare our results with electroweak theory. We find sin2θw=0.27±0.08. This is in good agreement with the value obtained from neutrino experiments which were carried out in entirely different kinematic regions.

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Unique Solution for the Weak Neutral Current Coupling Constants in Purely Leptonic Interactions

The Mark-J collaboration Barber, D.P. ; Becker, U. ; Berghogff, G. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 95 (1980) 149-153, 1980.
Inspire Record 154136 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.6235

By combining results from the MARK-J at PETRA on Bhabha scattering, μ + μ - and τ + τ - production with recent world data from neutrino-electron scattering experiments, we determine unique values for the leptonic weak neutral current coupling constants g V and g A in the framework of electroweak models containing a single Z 0 . In contrast to previous analyses, we only use data from purely leptonic interactions, and therefore avoid the inherent uncertainties resulting from the use of hadronic targets. From the MARK-J data alone in the context of the standard SU(2) ⊗ U (1) model of Glashow, Weinberg and Salam, we find sin 2 θ W =0.24±0.11.

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Measurement of $e^+ e^- \to \mu^+ \mu^-$: A Test of Electroweak Theories

The Mark-J collaboration Adeva, B. ; Becker, U. ; Becker-Szendy, R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 55 (1985) 665, 1985.
Inspire Record 214607 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.3237

We use the reaction e+e−→μ+μ−, in the Mark J detector at the DESY high-energy e+e− collider PETRA, to test the standard electroweak theory and find good agreement. We also set limits on the parameters of several extended gauge theories.

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Measurement of $e^+ e^- \to \mu^+ \mu^-$ Charge Asymmetry

Adeva, B. ; Barber, D.P. ; Becker, U. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 48 (1982) 1701, 1982.
Inspire Record 177308 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.3116

The measurement of the nonelectromagnetic forward-backward charge asymmetry in the reaction e+e−→μ+μ− at s∼34.6 GeV and in the angular region 0<|cosθ|<0.8 is reported. With a systematic error less than 1%, we observe an asymmetry of (-8.1±2.1)%. This is in agreement with the standard electroweak theory prediction of (-7.6±0.6)%. The weak-current coupling constants are also reported.

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