Charge asymmetry of hadronic events in $e^{+} e^{-}$ annihilation at $\sqrt{s}$ = 57.9-GeV

The TOPAZ collaboration Adachi, I. ; Anazawa, M. ; Doser, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 255 (1991) 613-622, 1991.
Inspire Record 314203 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29492

The charge asymmetry of quark jets produced in e + e − annihilations at 〈√ s 〉=57.9 GeV was measured with the TOPAZ detector at TRISTAN. The observed charge asymmetry is +0.091±0.014(stat.)±0.016(sys.). From the measured differential cross section, the axial vector coupling constant averaged over all quark flavors was determined to be 1.09 −0.21 +0.27 . These values are consistent with the standard model predictions. Possible deviations from the standard model were examined in terms of contact interactions, and the lower limits on the compositeness scale parameters were obtained to be 1.2–7.1 TeV at the 95% confidence level.

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A Measurement of the Muon Pair Production in $e^+ e^-$ Annihilation at 38.3-{GeV} $\le \sqrt{s} \le$ 46.8-{GeV}

The CELLO collaboration Behrend, H.J. ; Burger, J. ; Criegee, L. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 191 (1987) 209-216, 1987.
Inspire Record 244835 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.30180

The e + e − → μ + μ − reaction has been studied at centre of mass energies ranging between 38.3 abd 46.8 GeV with the CELLO detector at PETRA. We present results on the cross section and the charge asymmetry for this channel. Combining all the data at the average energy 〈 s 〉=43 GeV we obtain R μμ =〈 σ μμ / σ 0 〉=0.98±0.04±0.04, 〈 A μμ 〉=(−14.1±3.7±1.0)%, where σ 0 is the QED cross section and A μμ is the charge asymmetry corrected for pure radiative effects. These results are in good agreement with the expected values of R μμ =1.01 and A μμ =−14.5% at that energy.

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Charge Asymmetry Measurement in $e^+ e^- \to \mu^+ \mu^-$ and $\tau^+ \tau^-$ Reactions at $\sqrt{s}=52$-{GeV}

The TOPAZ collaboration Adachi, I. ; Aihara, H. ; Dijkstra, H.B. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 208 (1988) 319-323, 1988.
Inspire Record 251920 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29948

The reactions e + e − → μ + μ − and τ + τ − were measured at s =52 GeV and 55 GeV by using the TOPAZ detector at TRISTAN. For the combined data, the observed charge asymmetry is −0.29±0.13 and the total cross section is 27.9±3.0 (stat.)±0.8 (syst.) pb for μ + μ − production, and those for τ + τ − production are −0.20±0.14 and 35.7±4.3 (stat.)±2.4 (syst.)pb, respectively. These values are consistent with predictions by the standard model of electroweak interactions.

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Tau Lepton Production and Decay at {PETRA} Energies

The JADE collaboration Bartel, W. ; Becker, L. ; Cords, D. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 161 (1985) 188, 1985.
Inspire Record 220695 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.30350

The production and decay of τ-pairs was studied with the JADE detector at PETRA at center-of-mass energies of 30 ⩽√ s ⩽ 46.78 GeV. The total production cross section for τ-pairs agreed with QED predictions to order α 3 . Lower limits on QED cut-off parameters of Λ + > 285 GeV and Λ − > 210 GeV at 95% confidence level were ontained. The decay branching fractions into one and three charged particles were determined to be (86.1 ± 0.5 ± 0.9)% and (13.6±0.5 ±0.80)%. In the angular distributions a forward-backward asymmetry was observed, from which the axial-vector weak charge to the τ was determined to be a τ = −0.74 ± 0.22 in agreement with the standard model. An analysis of the process e + e − → τ + τ − γ showed agreement with QED calculations to O(α 3 ).

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Measurement of the Reactions $e^+ e^- \to \mu^+ \mu^-$ and $e^+ e^- \to \tau^+ \tau^-$ Between $\sqrt{s}=50$-{GeV} and 60.8-{GeV}

The VENUS collaboration Abe, K. ; Amako, K. ; Arai, Y. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 48 (1990) 13-22, 1990.
Inspire Record 294672 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.38414

The angular distributions of the reactione+e−→μ+μ− ande+e+→τ+τ− have been measured between\(\sqrt s= 50\) and 60.8 GeV with the VENUS detector at TRISTAN. The average total cross section and the forward-backward charge asymmetry for μ-pair production are observed to be 28.3±1.4±0.8 pb and (−29.0−4.8+5.0±0.5)%, and those for τ-pair production are 27.6±1.7±1.0 pb and (−32.8−6.2+6.4±1.5)% at\(\langle \sqrt s \rangle \). These values are consistent with the predictions of the standard model of electroweak interactions.

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A Search for substructure of leptons and quarks with the CELLO detector

The CELLO collaboration Behrend, H.J. ; Criegee, L. ; Field, J.H. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 51 (1991) 149-156, 1991.
Inspire Record 301727 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.14981

Differential cross section data of the CELLO experiment on pair production of muons, taus, and heavy quarks ine+e−-annihilation are presented and analysed, together with our data on Bhabha scattering, in terms of compositeness effects characterized by the mass scale Λ. We discuss difficulties in the combination of limits Λ from different experiments. The appropriate parameter to combine different results turns out to be ɛ=±1/Λ2, which is in contrast to Λ Gaussian distributed.

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Measurements of Tau Lepton Production and Decay

The PLUTO collaboration Berger, Christoph ; Genzel, H. ; Lackas, W. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 28 (1985) 1, 1985.
Inspire Record 213241 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.16019

We have studied 419 τ pair events produced in the reactione+e−→τ+ τ− at a c.m. energy of 34.6 GeV. We measure the cross section and angular distribution, as well as the decay branching ratios. The production characteristics are consistent with the Standard Electroweak Model predictions of γ andZ0 interference. The branching ratios are generally consistent with the τ decaying according to standard weak interaction principles, but we observe somewhat more decays resulting in single charged hadrons plus neutrals than are predicted by present theory.

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A Measurement of Electroweak Effects in the Reaction $e^+ e^- \to \tau^+ \tau^-$ at 35-{GeV} and 42.4-{GeV}

The TASSO collaboration Braunschweig, W. ; Gerhards, R. ; Kirschfink, F.J. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 43 (1989) 549, 1989.
Inspire Record 277662 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.15454

We report on total cross section and forward backward charge asymmetry measurements of the reactione+e− → τ+τ− at centre of mass energies of 35.0 GeV and 42.4 GeV using the TASSO detector. Including previous data an analysis in terms of electroweak parameters of the standard model is presented, and lower limits on mass scale parameters of residual contact interactions are given. A combined analysis of electroweak couplings using all our results on leptonic reactionse+e−→l+l− has been performed.

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Measurement of the Reaction $e^+ e^- \to \mu^+ \mu^-$ for 14-{GeV} $\le \sqrt{s} \le$ 36.4-{GeV}

The CELLO collaboration Behrend, H.J. ; Chen, C. ; Field, J.H. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 14 (1982) 283, 1982.
Inspire Record 177216 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.16414

The reaction (e+e−→μ+μ−) has been measured between\(\sqrt S= 14.0\) and\(\sqrt S= 36.4\). The total cross section result is in good agreement with the QED prediction and the following Λ values have been obtained:Λ+=186 GeV,Λ−=101 GeV. The angular distribution at high energy (\(\left( {\left. {\left\langle {\sqrt S } \right.} \right\rangle= 34.2 GeV} \right)\)) shows a fitted charge asymmetry of −0.064±0.064 in agreement with theW-S model prediction of −0.092, corresponding to an axial coupling parametera2=4ga2=0.69±0.69.

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The Production and Decay of Tau Leptons in $e^+ e^-$ Annihilation at {PETRA} Energies

The TASSO collaboration Althoff, M. ; Braunschweig, W. ; Kirschfink, F.J. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 26 (1985) 521, 1985.
Inspire Record 205120 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.16121

We have observed τ pair production at average CM energies of 13.9, 22.3, 34.5 and 43.1 GeV. The cross-sections are consistent with QED, the cut off parameters beingΛ+>161 GeV andΛ−169 GeV (95% CL). The topological branching fraction of the τ to 1 charged particle,B1, is 0.847±0.011 (stat)−0.013+0.016(syst) and no decays to 5 charged particles were observed resulting inB5<0.007 (95% CL). Within the 3 charged track final stateB(τ−→π−π+π−v)/(B(τ−→π−π+π−v)+B(τ−→π−π+π−π0v))=0.37−0.20+0.35

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Coupling Strengths of Weak Neutral Currents From Leptonic Final States at 22-{GeV} and 34-{GeV}

The CELLO collaboration Behrend, H.J. ; Chen, C. ; Fenner, H. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 16 (1983) 301, 1983.
Inspire Record 180756 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.16385

Differential cross sections fore+e−→e+e−, τ+, τ- measured with the CELLO detector at\(\left\langle {\sqrt s } \right\rangle= 34.2GeV\) have been analyzed for electroweak contributions. Vector and axial vector coupling constants were obtained in a simultaneous fit to the three differential cross sections assuming a universal weak interaction for the charged leptons. The results,v2=−0.12±0.33 anda2=1.22±0.47, are in good agreement with predictions from the standardSU(2)×U(1) model for\(\sin ^2 \theta _w= 0.228\). Combining this result with neutrino-electron scattering data gives a unique axial vector dominated solution for the leptonic weak couplings. Assuming the validity of the standard model, a value of\(\sin ^2 \theta _w= 0.21_{ - 0.09}^{ + 0.14}\) is obtained for the electroweak mixing angle. Additional vector currents are not observed (C<0.031 is obtained at the 95% C.L.).

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$\tau$ Production and Decay With the Cello Detector at {PETRA}

The CELLO collaboration Behrend, H.J. ; Criegee, L. ; Dainton, J.B. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 222 (1989) 163-172, 1989.
Inspire Record 276859 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29824

The reaction e + e − → τ + τ − has been studied at centre of mass energies between 14.0 and 46.8 GeV with the CELLO detector at the PETRA e + e − collider. We present results for the cross section σ τ and the charge asymmetry A τ . The results are in good agreement with the standard model. We have also measured the topological decay rates BR 1 , BR 3 and BR 5 for the inclusive decay of the τ lepton into one, three and five charge particles. The results confirm and improve earlier CELLO measurements at other energies. We find for the combined values at all energies BR 1 = (84.9 ± 0.4 ± 0.3)%, BR 3 = (15.0 ± 0.4 ± 0.3)% and BR 5 = (0.16 ± 0.13 ± 0.04)%.

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Cross-sections and charge asymmetries for e+ e- ---> mu+ mu- and e+ e- ---> tau+ tau- reactions at s**(1/2) = 52-GeV - 61.4-GeV

The TOPAZ collaboration Howell, B. ; Koltick, D.S. ; Tauchi, T. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 291 (1992) 206-212, 1992.
Inspire Record 336076 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29061

The process e + e − → μ + μ − and e + e − have been studied in the energy range s =52−61.4 GeV , using the TOPAZ detector at TRISTAN. From an integrated luminosity of L = 74.0 pb −1 , lowest-order cross sections and forward-backward asymmetries are measured to be 〈σ μμ 〈 = 25.4±0.9±1.2 pb , 〈A μμ 〉 = (−32.2±3.1±1.1)%, 〈σ ττ 〉 = 27.1±1.1±1.2 pb , 〈A ττ 〉 = (−33.9±4.9±1.0)% , at an average energy of s 〉=57.87 GeV . From the measured assymetry we derive axial vector couplings of a c a μ =0.96±0.09±0.01,and a c a τ =1.01±0.14±0.01±. These results are consistent with standard model expectations. Lower limits in the range 2–5 TeV (95%CL)are placed on compositeness scale parameters for leptons.

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A Measurement of Muon Pair Production in $e^+ e^-$ Annihilation at Center-of-mass Energies 35-{GeV} $\le \sqrt{s} \le$ 46.8-{GeV}

The TASSO collaboration Braunschweig, W. ; Gerhards, R. ; Kirschfink, F.J. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 40 (1988) 163-170, 1988.
Inspire Record 261668 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.1897

The reactione+e−→µ+µ− has been studied at centre of mass energies between 35.0 and 46.8 GeV using the TASSO detector at PETRA. We present measurements of the forward-backward charge asymmetry (Aμμ) and cross section σμμ for this reaction at three energies. At 35.0 GeV we obtain a cross section relative to the QED prediction ofRμμ=σμμ/σo=0.932±0.018±0.044 andAμμ=(−10.6−2.3+2.2±0.5)%. At 38.3 GeV we findRμμ=0.951±0.072−0.057+0.063 andAμμ=(+1.7−8.6+8.5±0.5)%. At 43.6 GeV we measureRμμ=0.921±0.037±0.055 andAμμ=(−17.6−4.3+4.4±0.5)%. Our results are in good agreement with the predictions of the standard model. Including previous TASSO data we present improved determinations of muonic electroweak parameters. We also report on lower limits of possible contributions from contact interactions.

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Measurement of $e^+ e^- \to \tau^+ \tau^-$ at High-energy and Properties of the $\tau$ Lepton

The CELLO collaboration Behrend, H.J. ; Chen, C. ; Fenner, H. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 114 (1982) 282-286, 1982.
Inspire Record 177224 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.6667

The e + e − → τ + τ − process has been measured using the CELLO detector at a mean total centre of mass energy of 34.2 GeV using essentially all the decay channels of the τ lepton. The measured cross section yields R τ =1.03±0.05 (stat)±0.07 (syst). Topological branching fraction are given for τ → 1, 3 or 5 charged tracks. The angular distribution shows a clear 1 + cos 2 θ dependance with a forward-backward asymmetry of -0.103 ± 0.052 corresponding to an axial-vector coupling a τ of the τ to the weak neutral current given by a τ =−1.12 ± 0.57.

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Measurements of cross-section and charge asymmetry for e+ e- ---> mu+ mu- and e+ e- ---> tau+ tau- at s**(1/2) = 57.8-GeV

The AMY collaboration Velissaris, C. ; Lusin, S. ; Chung, Y.S. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 331 (1994) 227-235, 1994.
Inspire Record 373861 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.38344

With data corresponding to 142 pb −1 accumulated at s = 57.8 GeV by the AMY detector at TRISTAN we measure the cross section of the reactions e + e − → μ + μ − and e + e − → τ + τ − and the symmetry in the angular distributions. For the lowest order cross section we obtain σ μμ = 27.54 ± 0.65 ± 0.95 pb and σ ττ = 28.27 ± 0.87 ± 0.69 pb, and for the forward-backward asymmetry, A μμ = 0.303 ± 0.027 ± 0.008 and A ττ = −0.291 ± 0.040 ± 0.019. These measurements agree with the standard model. Assuming e − μ − τ univrsality we extract the vector and axial coupling constants | gν | = 0.00 ± 0.09 and | g A | = 0.476 ± 0.024. A fit of data to composite models places lower bounds (95% confidence level) on the compositeness scale of 2–4 TeV.

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New Results on $e^+ e^- \to \mu^+ \mu^-$ From the Jade Detector at {PETRA}

The JADE collaboration Bartel, W. ; Becker, L. ; Bowdery, C. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 26 (1985) 507, 1985.
Inspire Record 204492 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.16141

The production of collinear muon pairs has been studied using the JADE detector at thee+e− storage ring at PETRA. Results for the total cross section and the angular distribution were obtained at centre of mass (cm) energies ranging from 12 to 46 GeV. The data correspond to an integrated luminosity offLdt>90 pb−1, of which 71.2 pb−1 were taken at\(\left\langle {\sqrt s } \right\rangle \)=34.4 GeV and 17 pb−1 at\(\left\langle {\sqrt s } \right\rangle \)=42.4 GeV. The results are compared to electroweak theories, in particular the “Standard Model”.

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Experimental Limits on the Strength of Weak Neutral Currents in Lepton Pair Production at {PETRA} Energies

The JADE collaboration Bartel, W. ; Cords, D. ; Dittmann, P. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 99 (1981) 281-286, 1981.
Inspire Record 156813 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27121

The processes e + e − → e + e − and μ + μ − have been studied at PETRA using the JADE detector. The data, which were collected at s -values of up to 1300 GeV 2 have been analysed in terms of an electro-weak extension of QED to obtain values for the weak vector and axial vector couplings in the lepton sector. The values obtained agree with the predictions of the standard Salam-Weinberg model and the data are further analysed in terms of this model to obtain the limits 0.10 < sin 2 ϑ w < 0.40 (68% CL). The mass of the neutral weak gauge boson is deduced to be greater than 51 GeV/ c 2 .

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Observation of a Charge Asymmetry in $e^+ e^- \to \mu^+ \mu^-$

The JADE collaboration Bartel, W. ; Cords, D. ; Dittmann, P. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 108 (1982) 140-144, 1982.
Inspire Record 168234 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31023

The angular distribution and the s dependence of the total cross section for the process e + e − → μ + μ − have been measured using the JADE detector at PETRA. After radiative corrections, a forward-backward asymmetry of −(11.8±3.8) % was observed at an average centre of mass energy of 33.5 GeV. For comparison, an asymmetry of −7.8 % is expected on the basis of the standard Glashow-Salam-Weinberg model.

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Measurements of cross-sections and charge asymmetries for $e^+e^- \to \tau^+ \tau^-$ and $e^+e^- \to \mu^+ \mu^-$ for $\sqrt{s}$ from 52 GeV to 57-GeV

The AMY collaboration Bacala, A. ; Malchow, R.L. ; Sparks, K. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 218 (1989) 112-118, 1989.
Inspire Record 265797 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.51370

Measurements of the differential cross sections for e + e − →μ + μ − and e + e − →τ + τ − at values of s from 52 to 57 GeV are reported. The forward-backward asymmetries and the total cross sections for these reactions are found to be in agreement with predictions of the standard model of the electro-weak interactions. These measurements are used to extract values of the weak coupling constant g v e g v l and g A e g A l , where l = μ or τ .

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Charge Asymmetry and Weak Interaction Effects in $e^+ e^- \to \mu^+ \mu^-$ and $e^+ e^- \to \tau^+ \tau^-$

The TASSO collaboration Brandelik, R. ; Braunschweig, W. ; Gather, K. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 110 (1982) 173-180, 1982.
Inspire Record 176719 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.6699

We have measured, at an average centre-of-mass energy of 34.22 GeV a forward-backward charge asymmetry in the reaction e + e − → μ + μ − of value −0.161 ± 0.032. This demonstrates the existence of an axial vector neutral current with coupling strength of g e a g μ a =0.53 ± 0.10. We have also obtained a limit on the vector coupling strength of g e v g μ v <0.12. The Weinberg angle is found to be sin 2 θ W =0.29 +0.09 −0.11 . From the reaction e + e − → τ + τ − we have found g e a g τ a <0.34, g e v g τ v <0.55.

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