Precise measurement of the e+ e- ---> mu+ mu- reaction at s**(1/2) = 57.77-GeV

The VENUS collaboration Miura, M. ; Odaka, S. ; Arima, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 57 (1998) 5345-5362, 1998.
Inspire Record 452097 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27142

The reaction e+e−→μ+μ− has been measured at s=57.77GeV, based on 289.6±2.6 pb−1 data collected with the VENUS detector at TRISTAN. The production cross section is measured in bins of the production angle within an angular acceptance of |cosθ|<~0.75, according to a model-independent definition. The result is consistent with the prediction of the standard electroweak theory. Although a trend in measurements at lower energies that the total cross section tends to be smaller than the prediction remains, the discrepancy is not significant. The model-independent result is converted to the differential cross section in the effective-Born scheme by unfolding photon-radiation effects. This result can be extrapolated to quantities for the full solid angle as σtotEB=30.05±0.59 pb and AFBEB=−0.350±0.017, by imposing an ordinary assumption on the production-angle dependence. The converted results are used to set constraints on extensions of the standard theory. S-matrix parametrization, and possible contributions from contact interactions and heavy neutral-scalar exchanges are examined.

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Peripheral Dipion Production by Pions of 12 and 18 GeV/c

Jones, Lawrence W. ; Bleuler, E. ; Caldwell, D.O. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. 166 (1968) 1405-1430, 1968.
Inspire Record 944942 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26526

A spark-chamber experiment on the peripheral production of 9245 pion pairs by 12- and 18-GeV/c incident pions is reported and analyzed in terms of a one-pion-exchange model in which the final state at the nucleon vertex contains generally one or more pions. The relevant dynamics and kinematics appropriate to this problem are reviewed, and the experimental and analysis techniques giving good resolution and detection-bias correction are discussed in some detail. From the results, fair agreement is found between the data and the one-pion-exchange calculation of the ρ0 production cross sections and of the associated missing-mass spectra. The ρ0 is found to be consistent with a single peak, and no evidence of peak splitting is observed. A search for a narrow s-wave dipion resonance is made with negative results. Normalizing to the ρ0 meson, the s-wave π+π− scattering cross section is computed from the abundant low-dipion-mass events, giving a cross section falling smoothly from 50 mb (300 MeV) to about 20 mb (600 MeV). No evidence of an s-wave resonance is found in this range of energies. Below 450 MeV, the pion-pion scattering asymmetry favors backward scattering (by 2½ standard deviations), which is consistent with a negative and falling J=T=0 phase shift. The extrapolated forward-backward asymmetry and the s-wave cross section are both consistent with a J=T=0 phase shift near|90°| at about 750 MeV.

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Asymmetry in the Angular Distribution of Inclusive $\Lambda$ Baryons From $e^+ e^-$ Annihilations at $\sqrt{s}=29$-{GeV}

Abachi, S. ; Baringer, Philip S. ; Bylsma, B.G. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 181 (1986) 403-406, 1986.
Inspire Record 18955 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.30215

A forward-backward asymmetry A , consistent with that expected from the γ − Z 0 interference term in the process e + e − → q q , is observed in the laboratory production angular distribution of high-momentum ∧ baryons. The data were collected with the High Resolution Spectrometer at PEP. The asymmetry for ∧ baryons with fractional energy z= 2E s greater than 0.3 is A = (−23± 8 plusmn ; 2)%.

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Measurement of hadron and lepton pair production from $e^{+} e^{-}$ annihilation at center-of-mass energies of 130-GeV and 136-GeV

The ALEPH collaboration Buskulic, D. ; De Bonis, I. ; Decamp, D. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 378 (1996) 373-384, 1996.
Inspire Record 421552 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.47801

Hadronic and leptonic cross-sections and forward-backward asymmetries are measured using 5.7 pb −1 of data taken with the ALEPH detector at LEP at centre-of-mass energies of 130 and 136 GeV. The results agree with Standard Model expectations. The measurement of hadronic cross-sections far away from the Z resonance improves the determination of the interference between photon and Z exchange. Constraints on models with extra Z bosons are presented.

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Study of the muon pair production at center-of-mass energies from 20-GeV to 136-GeV with the ALEPH detector

The ALEPH collaboration Barate, R. ; Buskulic, D. ; Decamp, D. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 399 (1997) 329-341, 1997.
Inspire Record 440218 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.47490

The total cross section and the forward-backward asymmetry for the process e + e − → μ + μ − ( nγ ) are measured in the energy range 20–136 GeV by reconstructing the effective centre-of-mass energy after initial state radiation. The analysis is based on the data recorded with the ALEPH detector at LEP between 1990 and 1995, corresponding to a total integrated luminosity of 143.5 pb −1 . Two different approaches are used: in the first one an exclusive selection of events with hard initial state radiation in the energy range 20–88 GeV is directly compared with the Standard Model predictions showing good agreement. In the second one, all events are used to obtain a precise measurement of the energy dependence of σ 0 and A FB 0 from a model independent fit, enabling constraints to be placed on models with extra Z bosons.

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Precise determination of the Z resonance parameters at LEP: 'Zedometry'

The OPAL collaboration Abbiendi, G. ; Ainsley, C. ; Akesson, P.F. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 19 (2001) 587-651, 2001.
Inspire Record 538108 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49855

This final analysis of hadronic and leptonic cross-sections and of leptonic forward-backward asymmetries in e+e- collisions with the OPAL detector makes use of the full LEP1 data sample comprising 161 pb^-1 of integrated luminosity and 4.5 x 10^6 selected Z decays. An interpretation of the data in terms of contributions from pure Z exchange and from Z-gamma interference allows the parameters of the Z resonance to be determined in a model-independent way. Our results are in good agreement with lepton universality and consistent with the vector and axial-vector couplings predicted in the Standard Model. A fit to the complete dataset yields the fundamental Z resonance parameters: mZ = 91.1852 +- 0.0030 GeV, GZ = 2.4948 +- 0.0041 GeV, s0h = 41.501 +- 0.055 nb, Rl = 20.823 +- 0.044, and Afb0l = 0.0145 +- 0.0017. Transforming these parameters gives a measurement of the ratio between the decay width into invisible particles and the width to a single species of charged lepton, Ginv/Gl = 5.942 +- 0.027. Attributing the entire invisible width to neutrino decays and assuming the Standard Model couplings for neutrinos, this translates into a measurement of the effective number of light neutrino species, N_nu = 2.984 +- 0.013. Interpreting the data within the context of the Standard Model allows the mass of the top quark, mt = 162 +29-16 GeV, to be determined through its influence on radiative corrections. Alternatively, utilising the direct external measurement of mt as an additional constraint leads to a measurement of the strong coupling constant and the mass of the Higgs boson: alfa_s(mZ) = 0.127 +- 0.005 and mH = 390 +750-280 GeV.

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Cross-sections and leptonic forward backward asymmetries from the Z0 running of LEP

The DELPHI collaboration Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; Adye, T. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 16 (2000) 371-405, 2000.
Inspire Record 527605 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49969

During 1993 and 1995 LEP was run at 3 energies near the Z$^0$peak in order to give improved measurements of the mass and width of the resonance. During 1994, LEP o

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Measurement of cross-sections and leptonic forward - backward asymmetries at the z pole and determination of electroweak parameters

The L3 collaboration Acciarri, M. ; Adam, A. ; Adriani, O. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 62 (1994) 551-576, 1994.
Inspire Record 374696 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.48198

We report on the measurement of the leptonic and hadronic cross sections and leptonic forward-backward asymmetries at theZ peak with the L3 detector at LEP. The total luminosity of 40.8 pb−1 collected

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Forward cross-sections for production of D+, D0, D(s), D*+ and Lambda(c) in 250-GeV pi+-, K+-, and p - nucleon interactions

The E769 collaboration Alves, G.A. ; Amato, S. ; Anjos, J.C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 77 (1996) 2388-2391, 1996.
Inspire Record 418771 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42294

We measure forward cross sections for production of D+, D0, Ds, D*+, and Λc in collisions of π±, K±, and p on a nuclear target. Production induced by different beam particles is found to be the same within statistics. Strange and baryonic final states are seen to contribute appreciably to the total charm cross section, which our measurements indicate is larger than but consistent with QCD predictions. The energy dependence mapped out by these and previous measurements is consistent with theory. Leading-particle asymmetry measurements for K and p-induced charm production are also presented.

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A Study of charged D* production in e+ e- annihilation at an average center-of-mass energy of 58-GeV

The VENUS collaboration Hinode, F. ; Abe, K. ; Amako, K. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 313 (1993) 245-252, 1993.
Inspire Record 353854 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28865

We have studied the production of charged D ∗ mesons in e + e − annihilation at an average center-of-mass energy of 58.0 GeV. Charged D ∗ mesons were identified using two independent methods; the mass-difference method and the detection of the low transverse-momentum pion. The forward-backward asymmetry of the charm quark production was measured to be A c = −0.61±0.13(stat.)±0.08(syst.). The cross section of inclusive D ∗ production was found to be σ(e + e − →D ∗ ± +X) = 24.5 ± 5.3 ( stat. )±3.0( syst. ) pb. If we assume the standard model prediction for the charm quark production, we obtain the branching ratio for the charm quark to produce a charged D ∗ meson to be Br (c→D ∗+ + X) = (22±5( stat. )±3( syst. ))% .

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Analysis of Z0 couplings to charged leptons

The OPAL collaboration Akrawy, M.Z. ; Alexander, G. ; Allison, J. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 247 (1990) 458-472, 1990.
Inspire Record 297139 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29630

The couplings of the Z 0 to charged leptons are studied using measurements of the lepton pair cross sections and forward-backward asymmetries at centre of mass energies near to the mass of the Z 0 . The data are consistent with lepton universality. Using a parametrisation of the lepton pair differential cross section which assumes that the Z 0 has only vector and axial couplings to leptons, the charged leptonic partial decay width of the Z 0 is determined to be Г ol+ol− = 83.1±1.9 MeV and the square of the product of the effective axial vector and vector coupling constants of the Z 0 to charged leptons to be a ̌ 2 ol v ̌ 2 ol = 0.0039± 0.0083 , in agreement with the standard model. A parametrisation in the form of the improved Born approximation gives effective leptonic axial vector and vector coupling constants a ̌ 2 ol = 0.998±0.024 and v ̌ 2 ol = 0.0044±0.0083 . In the framework of the standard model, the values of the parameters ϱ z and sin 2 θ w are found to be 0.998±0.024 and 0.233 +0.045 −0.012 respectively. Using the relationship in the minimal standard model between ϱ z and sin 2 θ w , the results sin 2 θ SM w = 0.233 +0.007 −0.006 is obtained. Our previously published measurement of the ratio of the hadronic to the leptonic partial width of the Z 0 is update: R z = 21.72 +0.71 −0.65 .

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Experimental limits on extra $Z$ bosons from $e^{+} e^{-}$ annihilation data with the VENUS detector at $\sqrt{s}$ = 50-GeV to approximately 64-GeV

The VENUS collaboration Abe, K. ; Amako, K. ; Arai, Y. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 246 (1990) 297-305, 1990.
Inspire Record 296392 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29664

We have tested extra Z models in the reactions e + e − → μ + μ − , τ + τ − and hadrons in the energy range 50< s <64 GeV using the VENUS detector at the TRISTAN e + e − storage ring. Our data are in good agreement with the standard model prediction ( χ 2 N Df = 2.9 31 ) ). We have obtained 90% confidence-level lower limits of 105, 125 and 231 GeV for the masses of Z Ψ , Z η and Z χ bosons which are expected from the E 6 grand unified theory. We also place a 90% confidence-level lower limit of 426 GeV for the mass of an extra-Z boson whose couplings to quarks and leptons are assumed to be the same as those for the standard Z boson. Our results exceed the previous experimental limits from the p p collider experiments, although there have been some combined analyses reporting the limits better than those obtained in the present analysis.

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Charge Asymmetry of Hadron Jets and Limits on the Compositeness Scales in e$^{+} $e$^{-} \To $q$ \Bar{$q$}$ Reaction at $\Sqrt{$s$}=57$.6-{GeV}

The VENUS collaboration Abe, K. ; Amako, K. ; Arai, Y. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 232 (1989) 425-430, 1989.
Inspire Record 281245 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29751

A charge asymmetry has been measured in hadron jets from e + e − annihilation at energies between 52 and 61.4 geV (〈√ s 〉=57.6 GeV). The measured asymmetry is A =11.4%±2.2%±2.1% and is consistent with the prediction of the standard model of the electroweak theory. By using the differential cross section, lower limits of the compositeness scale in eeqq contact interactions have been determined to be typically a few TeV at 95% CL.

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Measurement and interpretation of fermion pair production at LEP energies from 130-GeV to 172-GeV

The DELPHI collaboration Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; Adye, T. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 11 (1999) 383-407, 1999.
Inspire Record 495462 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.34520
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DELPHI results on the Z0 resonance parameters through its hadronic and leptonic decay modes

The DELPHI collaboration Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; Adami, F. ; et al.
Conference Paper, 1990.
Inspire Record 298840 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.47313
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Measurement of muon pair production at 50-GeV < s**(1/2) < 86-GeV at LEP

The L3 collaboration Acciarri, M. ; Adam, A. ; Adriani, O. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 374 (1996) 331-340, 1996.
Inspire Record 416744 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.47586

Using the data recorded with the L3 detector at LEP, we study the process e + e − → μ + μ − ( γ ) for events with hard initial-state photon radiation. The effective centre-of-mass energies of the muons range from 50 GeV to 86 GeV. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 103.5 pb −1 and yields 293 muon-pair events with a hard photon along the beam direction. The events are used to determine the cross sections and the forward-backward charge asymmetries at centre-of-mass energies below the Z resonance.

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Measurement of the $Z^0$ line shape parameters and the electroweak couplings of charged leptons

The OPAL collaboration Alexander, G. ; Allison, John ; Allport, P.P. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 52 (1991) 175-208, 1991.
Inspire Record 315269 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.14859
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A measurement of $e^+e^- \to b\bar{b}$ forward - backward charge asymmetry between $\sqrt{s} = 52$ GeV and 57-GeV

The AMY collaboration Sagawa, H. ; Lim, J. ; Abe, K. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 63 (1989) 2341, 1989.
Inspire Record 279824 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19996

Using 123 multihadronic inclusive muon-production e+e− annihilation events at an average c.m. energy of 55.2 GeV, we extracted the forward-backward charge asymmetry of the e+e−→bb¯ process and the R ratio for bb¯ production. We used an analysis method in which the behavior of the c quark and lighter quarks is assumed, with only that of the b quark left indeterminate. The results, Ab=-0.72±0.28(stat)±0.13(syst) and Rb=0.57±0.16±0.10, are consistent with the standard model.

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Final Results on $\mu$ and Tau Pair Production by the Jade Collaboration at {PETRA}

The JADE collaboration Hegner, S. ; Naroska, B. ; Schroth, F. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 46 (1990) 547-554, 1990.
Inspire Record 284560 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.15279

The cross-sections and the forward-backward charge asymmetries of muon and tau pairs produced ine+e− collisions at\(\sqrt s= 35 GeV\) have been measured by the JADE Collaboration. The cross-sections,\(\sigma _\mu(\sqrt s= GeV) = 69.79 \pm 1.35 \pm 1.40 pb\) and\(\sigma _\mu(\sqrt s= GeV) = 71.72 \pm 1.48 \pm 1.61 pb\), are in agreement with the QED α3 prediction. The charge asymmetries areAμ=−(9.9±1.5±0.5)% andAτ=−(8.1±2.0±0.6)% in agreement with the value −9.2% predicted by the standard model, usingMZ=91.0 GeV and sin2θW=0.230.

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Measurement of electroweak parameters from hadronic and leptonic decays of the $Z^0$

The L3 collaboration Adeva, B. ; Adriani, O. ; Aguilar-Benitez, M. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 51 (1991) 179-204, 1991.
Inspire Record 314418 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.14940

From the measured ratio of the invisible and the leptonic decay widths of theZ0, we determine the number of light neutrino species to beNv=3.05±0.10. We include our measurements of the forward-backward asymmetry for the leptonic channels in a fit to determine the vector and axial-vector neutral current coupling constants of charged leptons to theZ0. We obtain\(\bar g_V=- 0.046_{ - 0.012}^{ + 0.015}\) and\(\bar g_A=- 0.500 \pm 0.003\). In the framework of the Standard Model, we estimate the top quark mass to bemt=193−69+52±16 (Higgs) GeV, and we derive a value for the weak mixing angle of sin2θW=1−(MW/MZ)2=0.222 ± 0.008, corresponding to an effective weak mixing angle of\(\sin ^2 \bar \theta _W= 0.2315\pm0.0025\).

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Precision measurements of the neutral current from hadron and lepton production at LEP

The OPAL collaboration Acton, P.D. ; Alexander, G. ; Allison, John ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 58 (1993) 219-238, 1993.
Inspire Record 352696 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.14495

New measurements of the hadronic and leptonic cross sections and of the leptonic forward-backward asymmetries ine+e− collisions are presented. The analysis includes data recorded up to the end of 1991 by the OPAL experiment at LEP, with centre-of-mass energies within ±3 GeV of the Z0 mass. The results are based on a recorded total of 454 000 hadronic and 58 000 leptonic events. A model independent analysis of Z0 parameters based on an extension of the improved Born approximation is presented leading to test of lepton universality and an interpretation of the results within the Standard Model framework. The determination of the mass and width of the Z0 benefit from an improved understanding of the LEP energy calibration.

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Determination of $Z^0$ resonance parameters and couplings from its hadronic and leptonic decays

The DELPHI collaboration Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; Adami, F. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 367 (1991) 511-574, 1991.
Inspire Record 317493 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.33016

From measurements of the cross sections for e + e − → hadrons and the cross sections and forward-backward charge-asymmetries for e e −→ e + e − , μ + μ − and π + π − at several centre-of-mass energies around the Z 0 pole with the DELPHI apparatus, using approximately 150 000 hadronic and leptonic events from 1989 and 1990, one determines the following Z 0 parameters: the mass and total width M Z = 91.177 ± 0.022 GeV, Γ Z = 2.465 ± 0.020 GeV , the hadronic and leptonic partial widths Γ h = 1.726 ± 0.019 GeV, Γ l = 83.4 ± 0.8 MeV, the invisible width Γ inv = 488 ± 17 MeV, the ratio of hadronic over leptonic partial widths R Z = 20.70 ± 0.29 and the Born level hadronic peak cross section σ 0 = 41.84±0.45 nb. A flavour-independent measurement of the leptonic cross section gives very consistent results to those presented above ( Γ l = 83.7 ± 0.8 rmMeV ). From these results the number of light neutrino species is determined to be N v = 2.94 ±0.10. The individual leptonic widths obtained are: Γ e = 82.4±_1.2 MeV, Γ u = 86.9±2.1 MeV and Γ τ = 82.7 ± 2.4 MeV. Assuming universality, the squared vector and axial-vector couplings of the Z 0 to charged leptons are: V ̄ l 2 = 0.0003±0.0010 and A ̄ l 2 = 0.2508±0.0027 . These values correspond to the electroweak parameters: ϱ eff = 1.003 ± 0.011 and sin 2 θ W eff = 0.241 ± 0.009. Within the Minimal Standard Model (MSM), the results can be expressed in terms of a single parameter: sin 2 θ W M ̄ S = 0.2338 ± 0.0027 . All these values are in good agreement with the predictions of the MSM. Fits yield 43< m top < 215 GeV at the 95% level. Finally, the measured values of Γ Z and Γ inv are used to derived lower mass bounds for possible new particles.

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Study of the $e^+ e^-\to\mu^+ \mu^- \gamma$ reaction at center-of-mass energies between 54 and 64 GeV

The VENUS collaboration Yonezawa, Y. ; Abe, K. ; Amako, K. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 264 (1991) 212-218, 1991.
Inspire Record 1389624 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29359

The cross section and forward-backward muon charge asymmetry for the e + e − → μ + μ − γ reaction were measured to be σ =2.82±0.35 pb and A =−0.34±0.10 with the VENUS detector at TRISTAN at 〈√ s 〉=59.2GeV for an integrated luminosity of 53.5 pb −1 . The measured cross section agrees with the theoretical prediction. The asymmetry result is consistent with the electroweak prediction but not with the QED prediction at the level of 2 σ .

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NUCLEAR REACTIONS OF TANTALUM WITH 3.65-A/GeV C-12 IONS AND 3.65-GeV PROTONS

Kozma, P. ; Damdinsuren, C. ; Chultem, D. ; et al.
J.Phys.G 17 (1991) 675-690, 1991.
Inspire Record 281499 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.38565

The cross sections of a number of target residues formed in the reactions of 3.65 A GeV 12C ions and 3.65 GeV protons with tantalum have been measured. The measurements have been done by direct counting of irradiated targets with a Ge(Li) gamma-ray spectrometer. Charge dispersions and mass-yield distributions were deduced from these data. The results are discussed in terms of the basic concepts of high-energy nuclear physics. They are also compared with intranuclear cascade and abrasion-ablation model calculations.

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Search for a $Z^\prime$ at the $Z$ resonance

The L3 collaboration Adriani, O. ; Aguilar-Benitez, M. ; Ahlen, S.P. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 306 (1993) 187-196, 1993.
Inspire Record 355489 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28919

The search for an additional heavy gauge boson Z′ is described. The models considered are based on either a superstring-motivated E 6 or on a left-right symmetry and assume a minimal Higgs sector. Cross sections and asymmetries measured with the L3 detector in the vicinity of the Z resonance during the 1990 and 1991 running periods are used to determine limits on the Z-Z′ gauge boson mixing angle and on the Z′ mass. For Z′ masses above the direct limits, we obtain the following allowed ranges of the mixing angle, θ M at the 95% confidence level: −0.004 ⪕ θ M ⪕ 0.015 for the χ model, −0.003 ⪕ θ M ⪕ 0.020 for the ψ model, −0.029 ⪕ θ M ⪕ 0.010 for the η model, −0.002 ⪕ θ M ⪕ 0.020 for the LR model,

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