Measurements of cross-section and asymmetry for e+ e- ---> b anti-b and heavy quark fragmentation at KEK TRISTAN

The AMY collaboration Liu, F. ; Chinitz, L.M. ; Abe, K. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 49 (1994) 4339-4347, 1994.
Inspire Record 381324 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22547

Using 773 muons found in hadronic events from 142 pb−1 of data at a c.m. energy of 57.8 GeV, we extract the cross section and forward-backward charge asymmetry for the e+e−→bb¯ process, and the heavy quark fragmentation function parameters for the Peterson model. For the analysis of the e+e−→bb¯ process, we use a method in which the behavior of the c quark and lighter quarks is assumed, with only that of the b quark left indeterminate. The cross section and asymmetry for e+e−→bb¯ are found to be Rb = 0.57 ± 0.06(stat) ± 0.08(syst) and Ab = −0.59 ± 0.09 ± 0.09, respectively. They are consistent with the standard model predictions. For the study of the fragmentation function we use the variable 〈xE〉, the fraction of the beam energy carried by the heavy hadrons. We obtain 〈xE〉c=0.56−0.05−0.03+0.04+0.03 and 〈xE〉b=0.65−0.04−0.06+0.06+0.05, respectively. These are in good agreement with previously measured values.

1 data table match query

No description provided.


Measurements of cross-section and charge asymmetry for e+ e- ---> mu+ mu- and e+ e- ---> tau+ tau- at s**(1/2) = 57.8-GeV

The AMY collaboration Velissaris, C. ; Lusin, S. ; Chung, Y.S. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 331 (1994) 227-235, 1994.
Inspire Record 373861 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.38344

With data corresponding to 142 pb −1 accumulated at s = 57.8 GeV by the AMY detector at TRISTAN we measure the cross section of the reactions e + e − → μ + μ − and e + e − → τ + τ − and the symmetry in the angular distributions. For the lowest order cross section we obtain σ μμ = 27.54 ± 0.65 ± 0.95 pb and σ ττ = 28.27 ± 0.87 ± 0.69 pb, and for the forward-backward asymmetry, A μμ = 0.303 ± 0.027 ± 0.008 and A ττ = −0.291 ± 0.040 ± 0.019. These measurements agree with the standard model. Assuming e − μ − τ univrsality we extract the vector and axial coupling constants | gν | = 0.00 ± 0.09 and | g A | = 0.476 ± 0.024. A fit of data to composite models places lower bounds (95% confidence level) on the compositeness scale of 2–4 TeV.

2 data tables match query

Lowest order cross section and forward-backward asymmetry.

Lowest order cross section and forward-backward asymmetry.


Measurement of the forward - backward asymmetry in $e^{+} e^{-} \to b \bar{b}$ and the $b$ quark branching ratio to muons at TRISTAN using neural networks

The AMY collaboration Ueno, K. ; Kanda, S. ; Olsen, S.L. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 381 (1996) 365-371, 1996.
Inspire Record 418709 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.38513

The forward-backward asymmetry in e + e − → b b at s = 57.9 GeV and the b-quark branching ratio to muons have been measured using neural networks. Unlike previous methods for measuring the b b forward-backward asymmetry where the estimated background from c -quark decays and other sources are subtracted, here events are categorized as either b b or non- b b events by neural networks based on event-by-event characteristics. The determined asymmetry is −0.429 ± 0.044 (stat) ± 0.047 (sys) and is consistent with the prediction of the standard model. The measured B B mixing parameter is 0.136 ± 0.037 (stat) ± 0.040 (sys) ± 0.002 (model) and the measured b-quark branching ratio to muons is 0.122 ± 0.006 (stat) ± 0.007 (sys).

1 data table match query

A measurement of $e^+e^- \to b\bar{b}$ forward - backward charge asymmetry between $\sqrt{s} = 52$ GeV and 57-GeV

The AMY collaboration Sagawa, H. ; Lim, J. ; Abe, K. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 63 (1989) 2341, 1989.
Inspire Record 279824 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19996

Using 123 multihadronic inclusive muon-production e+e− annihilation events at an average c.m. energy of 55.2 GeV, we extracted the forward-backward charge asymmetry of the e+e−→bb¯ process and the R ratio for bb¯ production. We used an analysis method in which the behavior of the c quark and lighter quarks is assumed, with only that of the b quark left indeterminate. The results, Ab=-0.72±0.28(stat)±0.13(syst) and Rb=0.57±0.16±0.10, are consistent with the standard model.

1 data table match query

Asymmetry in BOTTOM quark production.


Measurement of the dp ---> He-3 eta reaction near threshold

Smyrski, J. ; Adam, H.-H. ; Budzanowski, A. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 649 (2007) 258-262, 2007.
Inspire Record 745085 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31470

Total and differential cross sections for the dp --> 3He eta reaction have been measured near threshold for 3He center-of-mass momenta in the range from 17.1 MeV/c to 87.5 MeV/c. The data were taken during a slow ramping of the COSY internal deuteron beam scattered on a proton target detecting the 3He ejectiles with the COSY-11 facility. The forward-backward asymmetries of the differential cross sections deviate clearly from zero for center-of-mass momenta above 50 MeV/c indicating the presence of higher partial waves in the final state. Below 50 MeV/c center-of-mass momenta a fit of the final state enhancement factor to the data of the total cross sections results in the 3He eta scattering length of a = |2.9 +/- 0.6| + i (3.2 +/- 0.4) fm.

1 data table match query

Forward-Backward asymmetry for the reaction DEUT P --> HE3 ETA.


Measurement of hadron and lepton pair production from $e^{+} e^{-}$ annihilation at center-of-mass energies of 130-GeV and 136-GeV

The ALEPH collaboration Buskulic, D. ; De Bonis, I. ; Decamp, D. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 378 (1996) 373-384, 1996.
Inspire Record 421552 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.47801

Hadronic and leptonic cross-sections and forward-backward asymmetries are measured using 5.7 pb −1 of data taken with the ALEPH detector at LEP at centre-of-mass energies of 130 and 136 GeV. The results agree with Standard Model expectations. The measurement of hadronic cross-sections far away from the Z resonance improves the determination of the interference between photon and Z exchange. Constraints on models with extra Z bosons are presented.

5 data tables match query

Forward-Backward Asymmetry with loose SPRIME cuts.

Forward-Backward Asymmetry with tight SPRIME cuts.

Forward-Backward Asymmetry with loose SPRIME cuts.

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Precise determination of the Z resonance parameters at LEP: 'Zedometry'

The OPAL collaboration Abbiendi, G. ; Ainsley, C. ; Akesson, P.F. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 19 (2001) 587-651, 2001.
Inspire Record 538108 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49855

This final analysis of hadronic and leptonic cross-sections and of leptonic forward-backward asymmetries in e+e- collisions with the OPAL detector makes use of the full LEP1 data sample comprising 161 pb^-1 of integrated luminosity and 4.5 x 10^6 selected Z decays. An interpretation of the data in terms of contributions from pure Z exchange and from Z-gamma interference allows the parameters of the Z resonance to be determined in a model-independent way. Our results are in good agreement with lepton universality and consistent with the vector and axial-vector couplings predicted in the Standard Model. A fit to the complete dataset yields the fundamental Z resonance parameters: mZ = 91.1852 +- 0.0030 GeV, GZ = 2.4948 +- 0.0041 GeV, s0h = 41.501 +- 0.055 nb, Rl = 20.823 +- 0.044, and Afb0l = 0.0145 +- 0.0017. Transforming these parameters gives a measurement of the ratio between the decay width into invisible particles and the width to a single species of charged lepton, Ginv/Gl = 5.942 +- 0.027. Attributing the entire invisible width to neutrino decays and assuming the Standard Model couplings for neutrinos, this translates into a measurement of the effective number of light neutrino species, N_nu = 2.984 +- 0.013. Interpreting the data within the context of the Standard Model allows the mass of the top quark, mt = 162 +29-16 GeV, to be determined through its influence on radiative corrections. Alternatively, utilising the direct external measurement of mt as an additional constraint leads to a measurement of the strong coupling constant and the mass of the Higgs boson: alfa_s(mZ) = 0.127 +- 0.005 and mH = 390 +750-280 GeV.

3 data tables match query

The forward-backward charge asymmetry in E+ E- --> MU+ MU- production corrected to the simple kinematic acceptance region ABS(COS(THETA(P=5))) < 0.95 and THETA(C=ACOL) < 15 degrees, and the energy of each fermion required to be greaterthan 6 GeV. Statistical errors only are shown. Also given are the asymmetries a fter correction for the beam energy spread to correspond to the physical asymmetry at the central value of SQRT(S).

The forward-backward charge asymmetry in E+ E- --> TAU+ TAU- production corrected to the simple kinematic acceptance region ABS(COS(THETA(P=5))) < 0.90 andTHETA(C=ACOL) < 15 degrees, and the energy of each fermion required to be great er than 6 GeV. Statistical errors only are shown. Also given are the asymmetriesafter correction for the beam energy spread to correspond to the physical asymm etry at the central value of SQRT(S).

The forward-backward charge asymmetry in E+ E- --> E+ E- production corrected to the simple kinematic acceptance region ABS(COS(THETA(P=5))) < 0.70 and THETA(C=ACOL) < 10 degrees, and the energy of each fermion required to be greater than 6 GeV. Statistical errors only are shown. Also given are the asymmetries after correction for the beam energy spread to correspond to the physical asymmetryat the central value of SQRT(S).


Cross-sections and leptonic forward backward asymmetries from the Z0 running of LEP

The DELPHI collaboration Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; Adye, T. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 16 (2000) 371-405, 2000.
Inspire Record 527605 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49969

During 1993 and 1995 LEP was run at 3 energies near the Z$^0$peak in order to give improved measurements of the mass and width of the resonance. During 1994, LEP o

10 data tables match query

Cross section and forward-backward asymmetry in the E+ E- channel for the 1993 data. The polar angle is 44 to 136 degrees. Additional systematic error for cross section of 0.46 PCT (efficiencies and backgrounds) and 0.29 PCT (absolute luminosity). Additional systematic error for the asymmetry of 0.0026.

Cross section and forward-backward asymmetry in the E+ E- channel for the 1994 data. The polar angle is 44 to 136 degrees. Additional systematic error for cross section of 0.52 PCT (efficiencies and backgrounds) and 0.14 PCT (absolute luminosity). Additional systematic error for the asymmetry of 0.0021.

Cross section and forward-backward asymmetry in the E+ E- channel for the 1995 data. The polar angle is 44 to 136 degrees. Additional systematic error for cross section of 0.52 PCT (efficiencies and backgrounds) and 0.14 PCT (absolute luminosity). Additional systematic error for the asymmetry of 0.0020.

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Study of the muon pair production at center-of-mass energies from 20-GeV to 136-GeV with the ALEPH detector

The ALEPH collaboration Barate, R. ; Buskulic, D. ; Decamp, D. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 399 (1997) 329-341, 1997.
Inspire Record 440218 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.47490

The total cross section and the forward-backward asymmetry for the process e + e − → μ + μ − ( nγ ) are measured in the energy range 20–136 GeV by reconstructing the effective centre-of-mass energy after initial state radiation. The analysis is based on the data recorded with the ALEPH detector at LEP between 1990 and 1995, corresponding to a total integrated luminosity of 143.5 pb −1 . Two different approaches are used: in the first one an exclusive selection of events with hard initial state radiation in the energy range 20–88 GeV is directly compared with the Standard Model predictions showing good agreement. In the second one, all events are used to obtain a precise measurement of the energy dependence of σ 0 and A FB 0 from a model independent fit, enabling constraints to be placed on models with extra Z bosons.

2 data tables match query

Exlclusive analysis from events with hard ISR.

Inclusive analysis from evvents with no specific selection of hard ISR.


Precise measurement of the e+ e- ---> mu+ mu- reaction at s**(1/2) = 57.77-GeV

The VENUS collaboration Miura, M. ; Odaka, S. ; Arima, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 57 (1998) 5345-5362, 1998.
Inspire Record 452097 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27142

The reaction e+e−→μ+μ− has been measured at s=57.77GeV, based on 289.6±2.6 pb−1 data collected with the VENUS detector at TRISTAN. The production cross section is measured in bins of the production angle within an angular acceptance of |cosθ|<~0.75, according to a model-independent definition. The result is consistent with the prediction of the standard electroweak theory. Although a trend in measurements at lower energies that the total cross section tends to be smaller than the prediction remains, the discrepancy is not significant. The model-independent result is converted to the differential cross section in the effective-Born scheme by unfolding photon-radiation effects. This result can be extrapolated to quantities for the full solid angle as σtotEB=30.05±0.59 pb and AFBEB=−0.350±0.017, by imposing an ordinary assumption on the production-angle dependence. The converted results are used to set constraints on extensions of the standard theory. S-matrix parametrization, and possible contributions from contact interactions and heavy neutral-scalar exchanges are examined.

1 data table match query

Total cross section and forward backward asymmetry results in the effective-Born scheme.