Measurement of Top Quark Polarisation in T-Channel Single Top Quark Production

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
JHEP 04 (2016) 073, 2016.
Inspire Record 1403169 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.38092

A first measurement of the top quark spin asymmetry, sensitive to the top quark polarisation, in t-channel single top quark production is presented. It is based on a sample of pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 inverse-femtobarns. A high-purity sample of t-channel single top quark events with an isolated muon is selected. Signal and background components are estimated using a fit to data. A differential cross section measurement, corrected for detector effects, of an angular observable sensitive to the top quark polarisation is performed. The differential distribution is used to extract a top quark spin asymmetry of 0.26 +/- 0.03 (stat) +/- 0.10 (syst), which is compatible with a p-value of 4.6% with the standard model prediction of 0.44.

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Measurement of $d(\sigma)/dM$ and Forward-Backward Charge Asymmetry for High Mass Drell-Yan $e^+e^-$ Pairs from $p\bar{p}$ Collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Affolder, T. ; Akimoto, H. ; Akopian, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 87 (2001) 131802, 2001.
Inspire Record 558278 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42899

We report on a measurement of the mass dependence of the forward-backward charge asymmetry, A_FB, and production cross section dsigma/dM for e+e- pairs with mass M_ee>40 GeV/c2. The data sample consists of 108 pb-1 of p-pbar collisions at sqrt(s)=1.8 TeV taken by the Collider Detector at Fermilab during 1992-1995. The measured asymmetry and dsigma/dM are compared with the predictions of the Standard Model and a model with an extra Z' gauge boson.

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Lepton asymmetry in W decays from $\bar{p}p$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Abe, F. ; Amidei, Dante E. ; Apollinari, G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 68 (1992) 1458-1462, 1992.
Inspire Record 323033 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19880

The charge asymmetry of leptons from W-boson decay has been measured using p¯p data from the Collider Detector at Fermilab at √s =1.8 TeV. The observed asymmetry is well described by most of the available parton distributions.

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Observation of Charge Asymmetry in Hadron Jets From $e^+ e^-$ Annihilation at $\sqrt{s}=29$-{GeV}

Ash, W. ; Band, H. ; Camporesi, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 58 (1987) 1080, 1987.
Inspire Record 231267 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20184

A charge asymmetry has been observed in final-state jets from e+e− annihilation into hadrons at √s =29 GeV. The measured asymmetry is consistent with the prediction of electroweak theory. The product of axial-vector weak coupling constants, averaged over all quark flavors, is determined to be 〈gAegAq〉=-0.34±0.06±0.05.

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Charge asymmetry of hadronic events in $e^{+} e^{-}$ annihilation at $\sqrt{s}$ = 57.9-GeV

The TOPAZ collaboration Adachi, I. ; Anazawa, M. ; Doser, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 255 (1991) 613-622, 1991.
Inspire Record 314203 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29492

The charge asymmetry of quark jets produced in e + e − annihilations at 〈√ s 〉=57.9 GeV was measured with the TOPAZ detector at TRISTAN. The observed charge asymmetry is +0.091±0.014(stat.)±0.016(sys.). From the measured differential cross section, the axial vector coupling constant averaged over all quark flavors was determined to be 1.09 −0.21 +0.27 . These values are consistent with the standard model predictions. Possible deviations from the standard model were examined in terms of contact interactions, and the lower limits on the compositeness scale parameters were obtained to be 1.2–7.1 TeV at the 95% confidence level.

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The Charge asymmetry in $W$ boson decays produced in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Abe, F. ; Albrow, M.G. ; Amidei, D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 74 (1995) 850-854, 1995.
Inspire Record 379592 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42427

The charge asymmetry has been measured using $19,039W$ decays recorded by the CDF detector during the 1992-93 run of the Tevatron Collider. The asymmetry is sensitive to the ratio of $d$ and $u$ quark distributions to $x<0.01$ at $Q~2 \approx M_W~2$, where nonperturbative effects are minimal. It is found that of the two current sets of parton distributions, those of Martin, Roberts and Stirling (MRS) are favored over the sets most recently produced by the CTEQ collaboration. The $W$ asymmetry data provide a stronger constraints on $d/u$ ratio than the recent measurements of $F_2~{\mu n}/F_2~{\mu p}$ which are limited by uncertainties originating from deutron corrections.

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SYSTEMATICS IN THE TRANSVERSE MOMENTUM DISTRIBUTIONS AND AZIMUTHAL CORRELATIONS IN THE INCLUSIVE K+ p REACTIONS AT 32-GeV/c

Tomaradze, A.G. ; Uvarov, V.A. ; Chliapnikov, P.V. ;
Sov.J.Nucl.Phys. 45 (1987) 70, 1987.
Inspire Record 223219 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.10309
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A Measurement of the Muon Pair Production in $e^+ e^-$ Annihilation at 38.3-{GeV} $\le \sqrt{s} \le$ 46.8-{GeV}

The CELLO collaboration Behrend, H.J. ; Burger, J. ; Criegee, L. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 191 (1987) 209-216, 1987.
Inspire Record 244835 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.30180

The e + e − → μ + μ − reaction has been studied at centre of mass energies ranging between 38.3 abd 46.8 GeV with the CELLO detector at PETRA. We present results on the cross section and the charge asymmetry for this channel. Combining all the data at the average energy 〈 s 〉=43 GeV we obtain R μμ =〈 σ μμ / σ 0 〉=0.98±0.04±0.04, 〈 A μμ 〉=(−14.1±3.7±1.0)%, where σ 0 is the QED cross section and A μμ is the charge asymmetry corrected for pure radiative effects. These results are in good agreement with the expected values of R μμ =1.01 and A μμ =−14.5% at that energy.

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Charge Asymmetry Measurement in $e^+ e^- \to \mu^+ \mu^-$ and $\tau^+ \tau^-$ Reactions at $\sqrt{s}=52$-{GeV}

The TOPAZ collaboration Adachi, I. ; Aihara, H. ; Dijkstra, H.B. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 208 (1988) 319-323, 1988.
Inspire Record 251920 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29948

The reactions e + e − → μ + μ − and τ + τ − were measured at s =52 GeV and 55 GeV by using the TOPAZ detector at TRISTAN. For the combined data, the observed charge asymmetry is −0.29±0.13 and the total cross section is 27.9±3.0 (stat.)±0.8 (syst.) pb for μ + μ − production, and those for τ + τ − production are −0.20±0.14 and 35.7±4.3 (stat.)±2.4 (syst.)pb, respectively. These values are consistent with predictions by the standard model of electroweak interactions.

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Tau Lepton Production and Decay at {PETRA} Energies

The JADE collaboration Bartel, W. ; Becker, L. ; Cords, D. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 161 (1985) 188, 1985.
Inspire Record 220695 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.30350

The production and decay of τ-pairs was studied with the JADE detector at PETRA at center-of-mass energies of 30 ⩽√ s ⩽ 46.78 GeV. The total production cross section for τ-pairs agreed with QED predictions to order α 3 . Lower limits on QED cut-off parameters of Λ + > 285 GeV and Λ − > 210 GeV at 95% confidence level were ontained. The decay branching fractions into one and three charged particles were determined to be (86.1 ± 0.5 ± 0.9)% and (13.6±0.5 ±0.80)%. In the angular distributions a forward-backward asymmetry was observed, from which the axial-vector weak charge to the τ was determined to be a τ = −0.74 ± 0.22 in agreement with the standard model. An analysis of the process e + e − → τ + τ − γ showed agreement with QED calculations to O(α 3 ).

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Measurement of the Reactions $e^+ e^- \to \mu^+ \mu^-$ and $e^+ e^- \to \tau^+ \tau^-$ Between $\sqrt{s}=50$-{GeV} and 60.8-{GeV}

The VENUS collaboration Abe, K. ; Amako, K. ; Arai, Y. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 48 (1990) 13-22, 1990.
Inspire Record 294672 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.38414

The angular distributions of the reactione+e−→μ+μ− ande+e+→τ+τ− have been measured between\(\sqrt s= 50\) and 60.8 GeV with the VENUS detector at TRISTAN. The average total cross section and the forward-backward charge asymmetry for μ-pair production are observed to be 28.3±1.4±0.8 pb and (−29.0−4.8+5.0±0.5)%, and those for τ-pair production are 27.6±1.7±1.0 pb and (−32.8−6.2+6.4±1.5)% at\(\langle \sqrt s \rangle \). These values are consistent with the predictions of the standard model of electroweak interactions.

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A Search for substructure of leptons and quarks with the CELLO detector

The CELLO collaboration Behrend, H.J. ; Criegee, L. ; Field, J.H. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 51 (1991) 149-156, 1991.
Inspire Record 301727 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.14981

Differential cross section data of the CELLO experiment on pair production of muons, taus, and heavy quarks ine+e−-annihilation are presented and analysed, together with our data on Bhabha scattering, in terms of compositeness effects characterized by the mass scale Λ. We discuss difficulties in the combination of limits Λ from different experiments. The appropriate parameter to combine different results turns out to be ɛ=±1/Λ2, which is in contrast to Λ Gaussian distributed.

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WEAK NEUTRAL CURRENT EFFECTS IN e+ e- ---> mu+ mu- AT 29-GeV

Fernandez, E. ; Ford, William T. ; Read, Alexander L. ; et al.
1983.
Inspire Record 190846 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.18659
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Tests of the standard model and constraints on new physics from measurements of fermion pair production at 130-GeV to 172-GeV at LEP

The OPAL collaboration Ackerstaff, K. ; Alexander, G. ; Allison, John ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 2 (1998) 441-472, 1998.
Inspire Record 447186 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.47404

Production of events with hadronic and leptonic final states has been measured in e^+e^- collisions at centre-of-mass energies of 130-172 GeV, using the OPAL detector at LEP. Cross-sections and leptonic forward-backward asymmetries are presented, both including and excluding the dominant production of radiative Z \gamma events, and compared to Standard Model expectations. The ratio R_b of the cross-section for bb(bar) production to the hadronic cross-section has been measured. In a model-independent fit to the Z lineshape, the data have been used to obtain an improved precision on the measurement of \gamma-Z interference. The energy dependence of \alpha_em has been investigated. The measurements have also been used to obtain limits on extensions of the Standard Model described by effective four-fermion contact interactions, to search for t-channel contributions from new massive particles and to place limits on chargino pair production with subsequent decay of the chargino into a light gluino and a quark pair.

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Measurements of Tau Lepton Production and Decay

The PLUTO collaboration Berger, Christoph ; Genzel, H. ; Lackas, W. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 28 (1985) 1, 1985.
Inspire Record 213241 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.16019

We have studied 419 τ pair events produced in the reactione+e−→τ+ τ− at a c.m. energy of 34.6 GeV. We measure the cross section and angular distribution, as well as the decay branching ratios. The production characteristics are consistent with the Standard Electroweak Model predictions of γ andZ0 interference. The branching ratios are generally consistent with the τ decaying according to standard weak interaction principles, but we observe somewhat more decays resulting in single charged hadrons plus neutrals than are predicted by present theory.

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A Measurement of Electroweak Effects in the Reaction $e^+ e^- \to \tau^+ \tau^-$ at 35-{GeV} and 42.4-{GeV}

The TASSO collaboration Braunschweig, W. ; Gerhards, R. ; Kirschfink, F.J. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 43 (1989) 549, 1989.
Inspire Record 277662 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.15454

We report on total cross section and forward backward charge asymmetry measurements of the reactione+e− → τ+τ− at centre of mass energies of 35.0 GeV and 42.4 GeV using the TASSO detector. Including previous data an analysis in terms of electroweak parameters of the standard model is presented, and lower limits on mass scale parameters of residual contact interactions are given. A combined analysis of electroweak couplings using all our results on leptonic reactionse+e−→l+l− has been performed.

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Electroweak Effects in $e^+ e^- \to \mu^+ \mu^-$ at 29-{GeV}

Fernandez, E. ; Ford, William T. ; Read, Alexander L. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 50 (1983) 1238, 1983.
Inspire Record 188749 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20560

A measurement of the cross section for production of collinear muon pairs based upon a sample of about 3000 events observed in the MAC detector at the storage ring PEP is presented. From the angular asymmetry Aμμ=0.076±0.018 the axial-vector weak neutral coupling is found to be given by gAegAμ=0.31±0.08.

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Measurement of the Reaction $e^+ e^- \to \mu^+ \mu^-$ for 14-{GeV} $\le \sqrt{s} \le$ 36.4-{GeV}

The CELLO collaboration Behrend, H.J. ; Chen, C. ; Field, J.H. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 14 (1982) 283, 1982.
Inspire Record 177216 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.16414

The reaction (e+e−→μ+μ−) has been measured between\(\sqrt S= 14.0\) and\(\sqrt S= 36.4\). The total cross section result is in good agreement with the QED prediction and the following Λ values have been obtained:Λ+=186 GeV,Λ−=101 GeV. The angular distribution at high energy (\(\left( {\left. {\left\langle {\sqrt S } \right.} \right\rangle= 34.2 GeV} \right)\)) shows a fitted charge asymmetry of −0.064±0.064 in agreement with theW-S model prediction of −0.092, corresponding to an axial coupling parametera2=4ga2=0.69±0.69.

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The Production and Decay of Tau Leptons in $e^+ e^-$ Annihilation at {PETRA} Energies

The TASSO collaboration Althoff, M. ; Braunschweig, W. ; Kirschfink, F.J. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 26 (1985) 521, 1985.
Inspire Record 205120 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.16121

We have observed τ pair production at average CM energies of 13.9, 22.3, 34.5 and 43.1 GeV. The cross-sections are consistent with QED, the cut off parameters beingΛ+>161 GeV andΛ−169 GeV (95% CL). The topological branching fraction of the τ to 1 charged particle,B1, is 0.847±0.011 (stat)−0.013+0.016(syst) and no decays to 5 charged particles were observed resulting inB5<0.007 (95% CL). Within the 3 charged track final stateB(τ−→π−π+π−v)/(B(τ−→π−π+π−v)+B(τ−→π−π+π−π0v))=0.37−0.20+0.35

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Coupling Strengths of Weak Neutral Currents From Leptonic Final States at 22-{GeV} and 34-{GeV}

The CELLO collaboration Behrend, H.J. ; Chen, C. ; Fenner, H. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 16 (1983) 301, 1983.
Inspire Record 180756 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.16385

Differential cross sections fore+e−→e+e−, τ+, τ- measured with the CELLO detector at\(\left\langle {\sqrt s } \right\rangle= 34.2GeV\) have been analyzed for electroweak contributions. Vector and axial vector coupling constants were obtained in a simultaneous fit to the three differential cross sections assuming a universal weak interaction for the charged leptons. The results,v2=−0.12±0.33 anda2=1.22±0.47, are in good agreement with predictions from the standardSU(2)×U(1) model for\(\sin ^2 \theta _w= 0.228\). Combining this result with neutrino-electron scattering data gives a unique axial vector dominated solution for the leptonic weak couplings. Assuming the validity of the standard model, a value of\(\sin ^2 \theta _w= 0.21_{ - 0.09}^{ + 0.14}\) is obtained for the electroweak mixing angle. Additional vector currents are not observed (C<0.031 is obtained at the 95% C.L.).

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$\tau$ Production and Decay With the Cello Detector at {PETRA}

The CELLO collaboration Behrend, H.J. ; Criegee, L. ; Dainton, J.B. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 222 (1989) 163-172, 1989.
Inspire Record 276859 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29824

The reaction e + e − → τ + τ − has been studied at centre of mass energies between 14.0 and 46.8 GeV with the CELLO detector at the PETRA e + e − collider. We present results for the cross section σ τ and the charge asymmetry A τ . The results are in good agreement with the standard model. We have also measured the topological decay rates BR 1 , BR 3 and BR 5 for the inclusive decay of the τ lepton into one, three and five charge particles. The results confirm and improve earlier CELLO measurements at other energies. We find for the combined values at all energies BR 1 = (84.9 ± 0.4 ± 0.3)%, BR 3 = (15.0 ± 0.4 ± 0.3)% and BR 5 = (0.16 ± 0.13 ± 0.04)%.

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Cross-sections and charge asymmetries for e+ e- ---> mu+ mu- and e+ e- ---> tau+ tau- reactions at s**(1/2) = 52-GeV - 61.4-GeV

The TOPAZ collaboration Howell, B. ; Koltick, D.S. ; Tauchi, T. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 291 (1992) 206-212, 1992.
Inspire Record 336076 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29061

The process e + e − → μ + μ − and e + e − have been studied in the energy range s =52−61.4 GeV , using the TOPAZ detector at TRISTAN. From an integrated luminosity of L = 74.0 pb −1 , lowest-order cross sections and forward-backward asymmetries are measured to be 〈σ μμ 〈 = 25.4±0.9±1.2 pb , 〈A μμ 〉 = (−32.2±3.1±1.1)%, 〈σ ττ 〉 = 27.1±1.1±1.2 pb , 〈A ττ 〉 = (−33.9±4.9±1.0)% , at an average energy of s 〉=57.87 GeV . From the measured assymetry we derive axial vector couplings of a c a μ =0.96±0.09±0.01,and a c a τ =1.01±0.14±0.01±. These results are consistent with standard model expectations. Lower limits in the range 2–5 TeV (95%CL)are placed on compositeness scale parameters for leptons.

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Tests of the standard model and constraints on new physics from measurements of fermion pair production at 189-GeV to 209-GeV at LEP

The OPAL collaboration Abbiendi, G. ; Ainsley, C. ; Akesson, P.F. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 33 (2004) 173-212, 2004.
Inspire Record 628491 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.43174

Cross-section and angular distributions for hadronic and lepton-pair final states in e+e- collisions at centre-of-mass energies between 189 GeV and 209 GeV, measured with the OPAL detector at LEP, are presented and compared with the predictions of the Standard Model. The measurements are used to determine the electromagnetic coupling constant alphaem at LEP2 energies. In addition, the results are used together with OPAL measurements at 91-183 GeV within the S-matrix formalism to determine the gamma-Z interference term and to make an almost model-independent measurement of the Z mass. Limits on extensions to the Standard Model described by effective four-fermion contact interactions or the addition of a heavy Z boson are also presented.

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Measurement of the cross-section and forward - backward charge asymmetry for the b and c quark in e+ e- annihilation with inclusive muons at s**(1/2) = 58-GeV

The TOPAZ collaboration Inoue, Y. ; Miyamoto, A. ; Nakano, E. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 18 (2000) 273-282, 2000.
Inspire Record 538542 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.43244

We have studied inclusive muon events using all the data collected by the TOPAZ detector at sqrt(s)=58 GeV with an integrated luminosity of 273pb-1. From 1328 inclusive muon events, we measured the ratio R_qq of the cross section for qq-bar production to the total hadronic cross section and forward-backward asymmetry A^q_FB for b and c quarks. The obtained results are R_bb = 0.13+-0.02(stat)+-0.01(syst), R_cc = 0.36+-0.05(stat)+-0.05(syst), A^b_FB = -0.20+-0.16(stat)+-0.01(syst) and A^c_FB = -0.17+-0.14(stat)+-0.02(syst), in fair agreement with a prediction of the standard model.

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