We have studied the reactions K − p → K − π + π − p and K − p → K 0 π − π 0 p at 14.3 GeV/ c using respectively 15 992 and 3723 events. Partial-wave analysis of the region 1.0 < m (K ππ ) < 1.7 GeV have been made using a modified version of the method developed at the University of Illinois.
We present experimental results on a number of K − p reactions at 14.3 GeV/ c that have three bodies in the final state. The final states are K − ω p , K − π p , Λπ + π − , Λ K + K − , Λp p , K ∗ − ω p , Λ(1520) K + K − and Λ(1520) p p . Whenever, with one exception explained by the Zweig rule, there is a K − or a proton in the final state, there is a diffractive-like threshold enhancement in the mass spectrum of the two recoiling particles. These enhancements account for a large fraction of the events in all but the Λπ + π − final state, where they cannot occur, and which is dominated by resonance production. We find evidence for the Q 1 (1300) decaying into K − ω .
THE DIFFRACTION DISSOCIATION CROSS SECTIONS ARE FOR DIFFRACTIVE THRESHOLD ENHANCEMENTS IN THE TWO-BODY MASS SPECTRA (WITHIN 500 MEV CM ENERGY OF THRESHOLD).
Results are presented of a bubble chamber experiment on K − p elastic scattering at 14.3 GeV/ c , in four-momentum transfer range 0.04 < | t | < 2.74 GeV 2 using an initial set of 40 000 events. The total elastic cross section is (2.96 ± 0.10) mb. The results are compared with K + p elastic scattering data at 13.8 GeV/ c , and the effective Regge trajectory is calculated using K − p data from 5 to 100 GeV/ c .
FOR -T < 0.04 GEV**2, CROSS SECTION WAS EXTRAPOLATED TO THE OPTICAL POINT WITH -0.055+-0.040 FOR THE REAL/IMAGINARY RATIO OF THE FORWARD AMPLITUDE.
We discuss the structure of the momentum transfer distributions for the diffractive dissociation processes p → n π + , p → Δ ++ π − and K − → K 890 ∗0 π − . In the near-threshold mass region a clear break of slope is found around t ′KK ∼ 0.25 GeV 2 for the two baryonic channels, whereas no comparable structure is seen for the mesonic system. The K → K ∗ π differential cross section exhibits a nearly exponential behaviour up to t ′ pp ∼ 0.6 GeV 2 , falling over three orders of magnitude. The slope variations and breaks are strongly correlated both to the mass region considered and to the decay angle of the fragmentation system.
Results are reported concerning the charged-particle multiplicity distribution obtained in an exposure of the high-resolution hydrogen bubble chamber LEBC to a beam of 800 GeV protons at the Fermilab MPS. This is the first time that such data have been available at this energy. The distribution of the number n ch of charged particles produced in inelastic interactions obeys KNO-scaling. The average multiplicity is 〈 n ch 〉 = 10.26±0.15. For n ch ⩾8 the data can be well fitted to a negative binomial. The difference between the overall experimental multiplicity distribution and that resulting from the latter fit is in agreement with the contribution expected from diffractive processes.
Compton scattering of quasi-real virtual photons, gamma e+- -> gamma e+-, is studied with 0.6fb-1 of data collected by the L3 detector at the LEP e+e- collider at centre-of-mass energies root(s')=189-209GeV. About 4500 events produced by the interaction of virtual photons emitted by e+- of one beam with e-+ of the opposite beam are collected for effective centre-of-mass energies of the photon-electron and photon-positron systems in the range from root(s')= 35GeV up to root(s')=175GeV, the highest energy at which Compton scattering was ever probed. The cross sections of the gamma e+- -> gamma e+- process as a function of root(s') and of the rest-frame scattering angle are measured, combined with previous L3 measurements down to root(s')~20GeV, and found to agree with the QED expectations.
Measured Compton scattering cross section as a function of the effective centre of mass of the photon-electron system. THETA(RF=CM) is the electron rest frame scattering angle.
The measured angular distribution over the photon-electron centre of mass energy range 35 to 175 GeV.
The measured Compton scattering cross section using the full data sample including the lower energy data from Acciarri et al. PL B439(1998)183. Errors are combined statistics and systematics.
We report on the measurement of the leptonic and hadronic cross sections and leptonic forward-backward asymmetries at theZ peak with the L3 detector at LEP. The total luminosity of 40.8 pb−1 collected
Results from 1990 data. Additional systematic uncertainty of 0.4 pct.. Efficiency corrected cross section for both leptons inside the angular range 44 to 136 degrees with an acollinearity cut of < 25 degrees.
Results from 1991 data. Additional systematic uncertainty of 0.3 pct.. Efficiency corrected cross section for both leptons inside the angular range 44 to 136 degrees with an acollinearity cut of < 25 degrees.
Results from 1992 data. Additional systematic uncertainty of 0.3 pct.. Efficiency corrected cross section for both leptons inside the angular range 44 to 136 degrees with an acollinearity cut of < 25 degrees.
We report on a study of radiative Bhabha and quasi-real Compton scattering at centre-of-mass energies between 50 GeV and 170 GeV, and 20 GeV and 140 GeV, respectively, using the L3 detector at LEP. The analysis is based on data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 232.2 pb −1 . A total of 2856 radiative Bhabha and 4641 Compton scattering events are collected. Total and differential cross sections for both reactions are presented and found to be in good agreement with QED expectations. Our measurement of Compton scattering at the highest energies obtained so far is used to derive exclusion limits on the coupling λ for the on-shell production of an excited electron e ★ decaying into a γ e pair in the mass range 20 GeV
Measured cross sections for radiative Bhabha scattering events.
Measured cross sections for the quasi-real Compton scattering events.
The search for an additional heavy gauge boson Z′ is described. The models considered are based on either a superstring-motivated E 6 or on a left-right symmetry and assume a minimal Higgs sector. Cross sections and asymmetries measured with the L3 detector in the vicinity of the Z resonance during the 1990 and 1991 running periods are used to determine limits on the Z-Z′ gauge boson mixing angle and on the Z′ mass. For Z′ masses above the direct limits, we obtain the following allowed ranges of the mixing angle, θ M at the 95% confidence level: −0.004 ⪕ θ M ⪕ 0.015 for the χ model, −0.003 ⪕ θ M ⪕ 0.020 for the ψ model, −0.029 ⪕ θ M ⪕ 0.010 for the η model, −0.002 ⪕ θ M ⪕ 0.020 for the LR model,
Data taken during 1990.
Data taken during 1991.
Data taken during 1990.