First measurement of proton proton elastic scattering at RHIC

Bueltmann, Stephen L. ; Chiang, I.H. ; Chrien, R.E. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 579 (2004) 245-250, 2004.
Inspire Record 618968 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31705

The first result of the pp2pp experiment at RHIC on elastic scattering of polarized protons at sqrt{s} = 200 GeV is reported here. The exponential slope parameter b of the diffractive peak of the elastic cross section in the t range 0.010 <= |t| <= 0.019 (GeV/c)^2 was measured to be b = 16.3 +- 1.6 (stat.) +- 0.9 (syst.) (GeV/c)^{-2} .

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The Real Part of the Forward Elastic Nuclear Amplitude for $p p$, $\bar{p} p$, $\pi^{+} p$, $\pi^{-} p$, $K^{+} p$, and $K^{-} p$ Scattering Between 70-GeV/c and 200-GeV/c

Fajardo, L.A. ; Majka, R. ; Marx, J.N. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 24 (1981) 46, 1981.
Inspire Record 152596 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24028

We have measured the elastic cross section for pp, p¯p, π+p, π−p, K+p, and K−p scattering at incident momenta of 70, 100, 125, 150, 175, and 200 GeV/c. The range of the four-momentum transfer squared t varied with the beam momentum from 0.0016≤−t≤0.36 (GeV/c)2 at 200 GeV/c to 0.0018≤−t≤0.0625 (GeV/c)2 at 70 GeV/c. The conventional parametrization of the t dependence of the nuclear amplitude by a simple exponential in t was found to be inadequate. An excellent fit to the data was obtained by a parametrization motivated by the additive quark model. Using this parametrization we determined the ratio of the real to the imaginary part of the nuclear amplitude by the Coulomb-interference method.

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pi- p and K- p Elastic Scattering at 6.2-GeV/c

Buran, T. ; Eide, A. ; Helgaker, P. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 111 (1976) 1-19, 1976.
Inspire Record 108747 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.35657

Data on 6.2 GeV/ c π − p and K − p elastic scattering cross sections are presented in the range 0.3 < − t < 10.7 (GeV/ c ) 2 .

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A Comparison of the Shapes of pi+ p and p p Diffraction Peaks from 50-GeV/c to 175-GeV/c

The Fermilab Single Arm Spectrometer Group collaboration Ayres, D.S. ; Diebold, Robert E. ; Maclay, G.J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 37 (1976) 548, 1976.
Inspire Record 108238 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21073

The ratio of π+p to pp elastic scattering is found to be smoothly varying over the range −t=0.03 to 0.4 GeV2. It is well fitted by a single exponential, indicating the forward behavior must be quite similar for the two reactions.

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Real Part of the Proton Proton Forward Scattering Amplitude from 50 GeV to 400 GeV.

Bartenev, V. ; Carrigan, Richard A. ; Chiang, I-Hung ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 31 (1973) 1367-1370, 1973.
Inspire Record 81733 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21379

From measurements of proton-proton elastic scattering at very small momentum transfers where the nuclear and Coulomb amplitudes interfere, we have deduced values of ρ, the ratio of the real to the imaginary forward nuclear amplitude, for energies from 50 to 400 GeV. We find that ρ increases from -0.157 ± 0.012 at 51.5 GeV to +0.039 ± 0.012 at 393 GeV, crossing zero at 280 ± 60 GeV.

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Measurement of the Slope of the Diffraction Peak for Elastic pp Scattering from 8-GeV to 400-GeV.

Bartenev, V. ; Kuznetsov, A. ; Morozov, B. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 31 (1973) 1088-1091, 1973.
Inspire Record 81722 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21381

The slope b(s) of the forward diffraction peak of p−p elastic scattering has been measured in the momentum-transfer-squared range 0.005≲|t|≲0.09 (GeV/c)2 and at incident proton energies from 8 to 400 GeV. We find that b(s) increases with s, and in the interval 100≲s≲750 (GeV)2 it can be fitted by the form b(s)=b0+2α′lns with b0=8.23±0.27, α′=0.278±0.024 (GeV/c)−2.

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Spin correlation measurements for p (polarized) + p (polarized) elastic scattering at 497.5-MeV

Hoffmann, G.W. ; Barlett, M.L. ; Kielhorn, W. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 49 (1994) 630-632, 1994.
Inspire Record 383760 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25964

The spin correlation parameter A00NN for 497.5 MeV proton + proton elastic scattering was determined over the center-of-momentum scattering angle region 23.1°–64.9 °. The new A00NN extend to more forward angles than existing A00NN and have significantly smaller statistical errors (±0.01–0.04). The A00NN are qualitatively described by recent phase shift analyses, but a quantitative shape and normalization discrepancy remains in the forward angle region. These new data provide important constraints for nucleon-nucleon spin-dependent amplitudes at forward angles which are used in theoretical models of nucleon-nucleus scattering.

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Measurements of $\pi^- p$ Forward Elastic Scattering at High-energies

Burq, J.P. ; Chemarin, M. ; Chevallier, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 109 (1982) 111, 1982.
Inspire Record 166767 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31011

The differential cross section of π − p scattering has been measured in the energy region 100–345 GeV and in the t -range 0.002<| t |< 0.04 (GeV/ c ) 2 . The real part of the π − p scattering amplitude has been extracted from the data. The results show that the real part continues to increase with energy. The energy dependence of the slope parameter has also been determined. The shrinkage found expressed in terms of the slope of the pomeron trajectory is2 α ′ p =0.23±0.04 (GeV/ c ) −2 . This agrees with the energy dependence found at larger| t |-values.

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Experimental Results on $p p$ Forward Elastic Scattering and the Possibility of Universal Shrinkage of the Hadronic Diffraction Cone

Burq, J.P. ; Chemarin, M. ; Chevallier, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 109 (1982) 124-128, 1982.
Inspire Record 168617 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31001

The differential cross section of pp scattering has been measured in the energy region 100–300 GeV and in the t -range 0.002 < | t | < 0.04 (GeV/| c ) 2 . The results on the real part of the scattering amplitude agrees with dispersion relation calculations. We also report on our determination of the slope parameter b together with an analysis of the world data of b for different hadrons and different t -values. It is shown that the data are consistent with the hypothesis of a universal shrinkage of the hadronic diffraction cone at high energies.

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Polarization in backward elastic pi+ p scattering at 2.0, 3.5 and 4.0 gev/c

Bradamante, F. ; Conetti, S. ; Daum, C. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 56 (1973) 356-380, 1973.
Inspire Record 84069 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.6773

Data on polarization in backward elastic π + p scattering at 2.0, 3.5 and 4.0 GeV/ c are presented. The data at 2.0 GeV/ c are compared with the result of a recent phase-shift analysis. Our data at 3.5 and 4.0 GeV/ c , and existing data above 3 GeV/ c , show no significant energy dependence of the polarization over the measured u -range. A comparison with Regge models and with results from amplitude analysis is made.

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Analyzing powers for pi p elastic scattering between 57-MeV and 139-MeV

Patterson, J.D. ; Hofman, G.J. ; Brack, J.T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 66 (2002) 025207, 2002.
Inspire Record 594648 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25268

Analyzing powers for πp elastic scattering at bombarding energies below the Δ(1232) resonance were measured at TRIUMF using the CHAOS spectrometer and a polarized spin target. This work presents π− data at six incident energies of 57, 67, 87, 98, 117, and 139 MeV, and a single π+ data set at 139 MeV. The higher energy measurements cover an angular range of 72°<~θc.m.<~180° while the lower energies were limited to 101°<~θc.m.<~180°. There is a high degree of consistency between this work and the predictions of the VPI/GWU group’s SM95 partial wave analysis.

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First measurement of A(N) at s**(1/2) = 200-GeV in polarized proton-proton elastic scattering at RHIC

Bultmann, S. ; Chiang, I.H. ; Chrien, R.E. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 632 (2006) 167-172, 2006.
Inspire Record 688172 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31570

We report on the first measurement of the single spin analyzing power (A_N) at sqrt(s)=200GeV, obtained by the pp2pp experiment using polarized proton beams at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). Data points were measured in the four momentum transfer t range 0.01 < |t| < 0.03 (GeV/c)^2. Our result, averaged over the whole t-interval is about one standard deviation above the calculation, which uses interference between electromagnetic spin-flip amplitude and hadronic non-flip amplitude, the source of A_N. The difference could be explained by an additional contribution of a hadronic spin-flip amplitude to A_N.

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A Measurement of the Polarization Parameter in Large Angle Proton Proton Elastic Scattering at 7.9-GeV/c

Aschman, D.G. ; Crabb, D.G. ; Green, K. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 125 (1977) 349-368, 1977.
Inspire Record 125075 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.35322

The polarization parameter in proton-proton elastic scattering has been measured at an incident momentum of 7.9 GeV/ c and four-momentum transfers in the range 0.9 < | t | < 6.5 (GeV/ c ) 2 using a high intensity unpolarized proton beam incident on a polarized proton target. The angle and momentum of the forward scattered protons were measured with a magnet spectrometer and scintillation counter hodoscopes and the angle of the recoil proton was measured using similar hodoscopes. A clean separation between the elastic scattering from free hydrogen and that coming from inelastic interactions and from interactions with complex nuclei in the target was obtained. The polarization shows substantial structure rising from zero at | t | = 1.0 (GeV/ c ) 2 to a maximum at | t | = 1.7 (GeV/ c ) 2 and then falling to zero at | t | = 2.0 (GeV/ c ) 2 . There is evidence of a further peak at | t | = 2.8 (GeV/ c ) 2 . Above | t | = 3.25 (GeV/ c ) 2 the polarization is small and consistent with zero. A comparison of these data with data obtained at other beam momenta shows that the polarization parameter has a strong momentum dependence.

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Measurement of the Polarization of the Proton Proton Elastic Reaction at Small Scattering Angles Between 940-{MeV} and 2440-{MeV}

Dalla Torre-Colautti, S. ; Birsa, R. ; Bradamante, F. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.A 505 (1989) 561-582, 1989.
Inspire Record 288841 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.36886

We have measured the asymmetry of elastic pp scattering at small scattering angles (30–100 mrad) in the Coulomb-nuclear interference region, using the polarized proton beam of Saturne II, a segmented scintillator active target, and two telescopes of multiwire proportional chambers. Results are given at four energies — 940, 1000, 1320 and 2440 MeV-and are compared with phase-shift calculations.

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Measurement of the polarization parameter in pi+ p backward elastic scattering at 6-GeV/c

The CERN-IPN Orsay-Oxford collaboration Dick, L. ; Janout, Z. ; Aeoi, H. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 43 (1972) 522-540, 1972.
Inspire Record 75086 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.32869

The polarization parameter in π + p backward elastic scattering at 6 GeV/ c incident pion momentum has been measured using a butanol polarized proton target, a high intensity pion beam, and a scintillation hodoscope detection system. Details of the apparatus and data analysis are presented here, together with the final results.

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A Measurement of the Polarization Parameter in Backward pi- p Elastic Scattering at 3.5-GeV/c

The CERN-Trieste collaboration Birsa, R. ; Bradamante, F. ; Conetti, S. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 117 (1976) 77-94, 1976.
Inspire Record 110105 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.35603

The polarization parameter has been measured for π − p elastic scattering in the backward region at 3.5 GeV/ c incident momentum. The experimental set-up consisted of a polarized target in a spectrometer magnet, hodoscopes and wire spark chambers. Data are presented for the range −0.95< u ⩽−0.19 GeV 2 . An isospin analysis has been carried out to separate the I u = 1 2 and I u = 3 2 contributions.

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Measurement of the Polarization Parameter in 24-GeV/c Proton Proton Elastic Scattering at Small Momentum Transfers

Crabb, D.G. ; Green, K. ; Kyberd, P. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 121 (1977) 231-236, 1977.
Inspire Record 124254 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.35517

A measurement of the polarization parameter P 0 in pp elastic scattering has been made at 24 GeV/ c over the range | t | = 0.1 to 0.9 (GeV/ c ) 2 , positive, falling to zero around | t | = 0.8 (GeV/ c ) 2 . For the range 0.1 ⪕ |t| ⪕ 0.4 GeV /c) 2 , P 0 is constant at about 0.03.

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Measurement of the p Parameter in pi+ p Scattering in the Energy Region of the P33 Resonance

Amsler, Claude ; Dubal, L. ; Eaton, G.H. ; et al.
Lett.Nuovo Cim. 15 (1976) 209-213, 1976.
Inspire Record 113333 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37429
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Polarization in proton proton elastic scattering at 10, 14 and 17.5 gev/c

Borghini, M. ; Dick, L. ; Olivier, J.C. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 36 (1971) 501-503, 1971.
Inspire Record 69146 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37233

Data on the polarization parameter in pp elastic scattering in the | t |-range from ∼0.1 to ∼ 2.9 (GeV/ c ) 2 and at 10, 14 and 17.5 GeV/ c are presented.

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Measurement of the polarization parameter in pi+ p elastic scattering at 10, 14 and 17.5 gev/c and for /t/ >=2(gev/c)-squared

Borghini, M. ; Dick, L. ; Olivier, J.C. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 36 (1971) 493-496, 1971.
Inspire Record 69147 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37236

Results on polarization in π − p and π + p forward elastic scattering at 10, 14 and 17.5 GeV/ c are presented.

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Measurement of the Polarization Parameter in $\pi^- p$ Scattering at 291.5-{MeV} and 308-{MeV}

Alder, J.C. ; Perroud, J.P. ; Tran, M.T. ; et al.
Lett.Nuovo Cim. 23 (1978) 381, 1978.
Inspire Record 130236 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37401
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Measurement of the Polarization Parameter in 24-{GeV}/$c P P$ Elastic Scattering at Large Momentum Transfers

Antille, J. ; Dick, L. ; Werlen, M. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 185 (1981) 1-19, 1981.
Inspire Record 170364 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.34279

A measurement of the polarization parameter P 0 in pp elastic scattering has been made at 24 GeV/ c over the range of momentum transfer squared 0.7 < | t | < 5.0 (GeV/ c ) 2 . The structure of P 0 has changed compared to typical lower energy data. The second peak is suppressed and a dip has appeared at | t | = 3.6 (GeV/ c ) 2 .

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Excitation functions of the analyzing power in p p(pol.) scattering from 0.45-GeV to 2.5-GeV

The EDDA collaboration Altmeier, M. ; Bauer, F. ; Bisplinghoff, J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 85 (2000) 1819-1822, 2000.
Inspire Record 537773 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19490

Excitation functions AN(pp,Θc.m.) of the analyzing power in pp→ elastic scattering have been measured with a polarized atomic hydrogen target for projectile momenta pp between 1000 and 3300 MeV/ c. The experiment was performed for scattering angles 30°≤Θc.m.≤90° using the recirculating beam of the proton storage ring COSY during acceleration. The resulting excitation functions and angular distributions of high internal consistency have significant impact on the recent phase shift solution SAID SP99, in particular, on the spin triplet phase shifts between 1000 and 1800 MeV, and demonstrate the limited predictive power of single-energy phase shift solutions at these energies.

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Analyzing powers for pi+- p polarized elastic scattering between 87-MeV and 263-MeV

Hofman, G.J. ; Smith, G.R. ; Ambardar, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 58 (1998) 3484-3493, 1998.
Inspire Record 483008 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25722

Analyzing powers for πp elastic scattering were measured using the CHAOS spectrometer at energies spanning the Δ(1232) resonance. This work presents π+ data at the pion kinetic energies 117, 130, 139, 155, 169, 180, 193, 218, 241, and 267 MeV and π− data at 87, 117, 193, and 241 MeV, covering an angular range of 50°<~θc.m.<~180° at the higher energies and 90°<~θc.m.<~180° at the lower energies. Unique features of the spectrometer acceptance were employed to reduce systematic errors. Single-energy phase shift analyses indicate the resulting S11 and S31 phases favor the results of the SM95 phase shift analysis over that of the older KH80 analysis.

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Measurement and Phase Shift Analysis of the p Parameter in pi+ p Scattering at 236-MeV

Amsler, Claude ; Rudolf, F. ; Weymuth, P. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 57 (1975) 289-292, 1975.
Inspire Record 103210 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27848

The P parameter for π + p scattering at 236.3 MeV has been measured between 50° and 146° c.m. with very low background using a butanol polarized proton target. The resulting D phases are in fair agreement with dispersion relation values.

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