Isobar production and elastic scattering in p p interactions from 6-GeV/c to 30-GeV/c

Edelstein, R.M. ; Carrigan, Richard A., Jr. ; Hien, N.C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 5 (1972) 1073-1096, 1972.
Inspire Record 67297 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22467

Differential cross sections have been measured for nucleon-isobar production and elastic scattering in p−p interactions from 6.2 to 29.7 GeVc in the laboratory angle range 8<θsc<265 mrad. N*' s at 1236, 1410, 1500, 1690, and 2190 MeV were observed. Computer fits to the mass spectra under varying assumptions of resonance and background shapes show that conclusions on t and s dependence are only slightly affected despite typical variations in absolute normalization of ± 35%. Logarithmic t slopes in the small- |t| range are ∼15 (GeVc)−2 for the N*(1410), ∼5 (GeVc)−2 for the N*'s at 1500, 1690, and 2190 MeV, and ∼9 (GeVc)−2 for elastic scattering. Also for the small- |t| data, cross sections for N*'s at 1410, 1500, 1690, and 2190 MeV and for elastic scattering vary only slightly with Pinc consistent with the dominance of Pomeranchuk exchange and with diffraction dissociation. A fit of N*(1690) total cross sections to the form σ∝P−n gives n=0.34±0.06, while for elastic scattering n=0.20±0.05. For the N*(1690) the effective Regge trajectory has the slope αeff′(0)=0.38±0.17. When compared with N* production in π−, K−, and p¯ beams these data also agree with approximate factorization of the Pomeranchuk trajectory. N*(1236) cross sections are consistent with other measurements at similar momenta. For −t>1 (GeVc)−2, elastic scattering cross sections decrease approximately as Pinc−2, and they and N*(1500)− and N*(1690)− production cross sections have t slopes consistent with 1.6 (GeVc)−2.

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Real Part of the Proton Proton Forward Scattering Amplitude from 50 GeV to 400 GeV.

Bartenev, V. ; Carrigan, Richard A. ; Chiang, I-Hung ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 31 (1973) 1367-1370, 1973.
Inspire Record 81733 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21379

From measurements of proton-proton elastic scattering at very small momentum transfers where the nuclear and Coulomb amplitudes interfere, we have deduced values of ρ, the ratio of the real to the imaginary forward nuclear amplitude, for energies from 50 to 400 GeV. We find that ρ increases from -0.157 ± 0.012 at 51.5 GeV to +0.039 ± 0.012 at 393 GeV, crossing zero at 280 ± 60 GeV.

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Measurement of the Real Part of the Proton Proton Forward Scattering Amplitude from 80-GeV to 286-GeV by Means of Silicon Position Sensitive Detectors

Bartenev, V. ; Carrigan, Richard A. ; Cool, R.L. ; et al.
Sov.J.Nucl.Phys. 23 (1976) 400, 1976.
Inspire Record 100255 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19082
1 data table match query

THE ERRORS INCLUDE THE UNCERTAINTIES IN THE FIT PARAMETERS SLOPE AND SIG, WHILE THE PURELY STATISTICAL ERRORS ARE ALSO GIVEN.


Measurement of the Slope of the Diffraction Peak for Elastic pp Scattering from 8-GeV to 400-GeV.

Bartenev, V. ; Kuznetsov, A. ; Morozov, B. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 31 (1973) 1088-1091, 1973.
Inspire Record 81722 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21381

The slope b(s) of the forward diffraction peak of p−p elastic scattering has been measured in the momentum-transfer-squared range 0.005≲|t|≲0.09 (GeV/c)2 and at incident proton energies from 8 to 400 GeV. We find that b(s) increases with s, and in the interval 100≲s≲750 (GeV)2 it can be fitted by the form b(s)=b0+2α′lns with b0=8.23±0.27, α′=0.278±0.024 (GeV/c)−2.

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MOMENTUM BINS ARE APPROX 20 GEV WIDE CENTRED AT THE GIVEN PLAB EXCEPT FOR THE 9 AND 12 GEV POINTS WHICH HAVE WIDTHS OF APPROX 1 AND 4 GEV RESPECTIVELY.


Small Angle Elastic Proton Proton Scattering from 25-GeV to 200-GeV.

Bartenev, V. ; Kuznetsov, A. ; Morozov, B. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 29 (1972) 1755-1758, 1972.
Inspire Record 73778 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21428

We have measured the differential cross section for small angle p−p scattering from 25 to 200 GeV incident energy and in the momentum transfer range 0.015<|t|<0.080 (GeVc)2. We find that the slope of the forward diffraction peak, b(s), increases with energy and can be fitted by the form b(s)=b0+2α′ lns, where b0=8.3±1.3 and α′=0.28±0.13 (GeVc)−2. Such dependence is compatible with the data existing both at higher and lower energies. We have also obtained the energy dependence of the p−p total cross section in the energy range from 48 to 196 GeV. Within our errors which are ± 1.1 mb the total cross section remains constant.

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Measurement of the Real Part of the Forward Scattering Amplitude in K+- p Elastic Scattering at 10.4-GeV/c and 14-GeV/c

Carnegie, R.K. ; Cashmore, R.J. ; Davier, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 59 (1975) 308-312, 1975.
Inspire Record 100638 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.48091

The differential cross section for K ± p elastic scattering has been measured in the very low t region (0.003 < t < 0.2 GeV 2 ) in a wire chamber spectrometer experiment at 10.4 and 14 GeV/ c . The interference effect observed between the Coulomb and the nuclear interaction has been used to determine α, the ratio of real to imaginary part of the forward scattering amplitude. At 10.4 GeV/ c we measure α (K + p) = −0.21 ± 0.06 and α (K − p = 0.08 ± 0.04, and at 14 GeV/ c , α (K + p) = − 0.13 ± 0.03 and α (K − p) = 0.000 ± 0.04 in agreeement with the predictions of dispersion theory calculation.

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Polarization of Recoil Protons in pi + /- p Elastic Scattering at 864, 981, and 1301 MeV

Eandi, Richard D. ; Devlin, Thomas J. ; Kenney, Robert W. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. 136 (1964) B1187-B1189, 1964.
Inspire Record 944970 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.535

Angular distributions of recoil-proton polarization in elastic π±p scattering were measured at 864-, 981-, and 1301-MeV incident pion kinetic energy. Polarization measurements were made by observing the azimuthal asymmetry in the subsequent scattering of recoil protons in large carbon-plate spark chambers. The spark chambers proved to be very suitable polarization analyzer detectors. Strong variation of the polarization with backward pion scattering angle was observed.

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Polarization of Recoil Protons in pi + /- p Elastic Scattering Near 600 MeV

Eandi, Richard D. ; Devlin, Thomas J. ; Kenney, Robert W. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. 136 (1964) B536-B542, 1964.
Inspire Record 944968 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.529

Angular distributions of recoil-proton polarization in elastic π±p scattering were measured at 523-, 572-, and 689-MeV incident pion kinetic energy. Polarization measurements were made by observing the azimuthal asymmetry in the subsequent scattering of recoil protons in large carbon-plate spark chambers. Typical strong variation of the polarization with pion scattering angle near the πp diffraction minima was observed. Since existing opinion favors a D13 resonance at 600 MeV, a phase-shift analysis was attempted in order to confirm the existence and parity of this resonance. Available πp total and differential cross sections, these polarization data, and some possible restrictive assumptions related to the 600-MeV resonance were used in the analysis. Though the polarization results aided significantly in restricting the number of acceptable phase-shift sets, still, many plausible and qualitatively different sets were found.

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The Real Part of the Forward Elastic Nuclear Amplitude for $p p$, $\bar{p} p$, $\pi^{+} p$, $\pi^{-} p$, $K^{+} p$, and $K^{-} p$ Scattering Between 70-GeV/c and 200-GeV/c

Fajardo, L.A. ; Majka, R. ; Marx, J.N. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 24 (1981) 46, 1981.
Inspire Record 152596 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24028

We have measured the elastic cross section for pp, p¯p, π+p, π−p, K+p, and K−p scattering at incident momenta of 70, 100, 125, 150, 175, and 200 GeV/c. The range of the four-momentum transfer squared t varied with the beam momentum from 0.0016≤−t≤0.36 (GeV/c)2 at 200 GeV/c to 0.0018≤−t≤0.0625 (GeV/c)2 at 70 GeV/c. The conventional parametrization of the t dependence of the nuclear amplitude by a simple exponential in t was found to be inadequate. An excellent fit to the data was obtained by a parametrization motivated by the additive quark model. Using this parametrization we determined the ratio of the real to the imaginary part of the nuclear amplitude by the Coulomb-interference method.

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pi- p and K- p Elastic Scattering at 6.2-GeV/c

Buran, T. ; Eide, A. ; Helgaker, P. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 111 (1976) 1-19, 1976.
Inspire Record 108747 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.35657

Data on 6.2 GeV/ c π − p and K − p elastic scattering cross sections are presented in the range 0.3 < − t < 10.7 (GeV/ c ) 2 .

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Results on total and elastic cross sections in proton–proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 200 GeV

The STAR collaboration Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamczyk, Leszek ; Adams, Joseph ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 808 (2020) 135663, 2020.
Inspire Record 1791591 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.94263

We report results on the total and elastic cross sections in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=200$ GeV obtained with the Roman Pot setup of the STAR experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). The elastic differential cross section was measured in the squared four-momentum transfer range $0.045 \leq -t \leq 0.135$ GeV$^2$. The value of the exponential slope parameter $B$ of the elastic differential cross section $d\sigma/dt \sim e^{-Bt}$ in the measured $-t$ range was found to be $B = 14.32 \pm 0.09 (stat.)^{\scriptstyle +0.13}_{\scriptstyle -0.28} (syst.)$ GeV$^{-2}$. The total cross section $\sigma_{tot}$, obtained from extrapolation of the $d\sigma/dt$ to the optical point at $-t = 0$, is $\sigma_{tot} = 54.67 \pm 0.21 (stat.) ^{\scriptstyle +1.28}_{\scriptstyle -1.38} (syst.)$ mb. We also present the values of the elastic cross section $\sigma_{el} = 10.85 \pm 0.03 (stat.) ^{\scriptstyle +0.49}_{\scriptstyle -0.41}(syst.)$ mb, the elastic cross section integrated within the STAR $t$-range $\sigma^{det}_{el} = 4.05 \pm 0.01 (stat.) ^{\scriptstyle+0.18}_{\scriptstyle -0.17}(syst.)$ mb, and the inelastic cross section $\sigma_{inel} = 43.82 \pm 0.21 (stat.) ^{\scriptstyle +1.37}_{\scriptstyle -1.44} (syst.)$ mb. The results are compared with the world data.

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The B-slope of the exponential fit A*exp(-B*|t|) to the single differential proton-proton elastic cross-section in the t-range 0.045<|t|<0.135 GeV**2 at sqrt(s) = 200 GeV.

The total, elastic and inelastic cross-sections for proton-proton scattering at sqrt(s)=200 GeV, the elastic cross-section measured in the t-range 0.045<|t|<0.135 GeV^2 and the value of the differential cross-section extrapolated to |t| = 0.


Polarization Measurements in pi- p, K- p and p p Elastic Scattering at 40-GeV/c

The Saclay-Serpukhov-Dubna-Morsoc collaboration Gaidot, A. ; Bruneton, C. ; Bystricky, J. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 57 (1975) 389-392, 1975.
Inspire Record 99592 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27840

We report final results on the polarization parameter P in elastic scattering of π − , K − and antiprotons at 40 GeV/ c incident momentum. The energy dependence of P (t) in π − p above 10 GeV/ c is well fitted by P (t) α s αR(t)-α P (t) where α R (t) are the effective Regge and Pomeron trajectories respectively. The data in K − p are compatible with exchange degeneracy. The results inp¯p show an important structure for |t|> 0.3 (GeV/c) 2 demonstrating the existence of a large helicity flip amplitude.

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Measurement of elastic proton proton scattering in pure initial-spin states

O' Fallon, J.R. ; Parker, E.F. ; Ratner, L.G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 32 (1974) 77-79, 1974.
Inspire Record 94699 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21307

An experiment was done using an accelerated polarized proton beam and a polarized proton target. The elastic cross section for proton-proton scattering at 6.0 GeV/c and P⊥2=0.5−1.6 (GeV/c)2 was measured in the spin states ↑ ↑, ↓ ↓, and ↑ ↓ perpendicular to the scattering plane. The cross sections were found to be unequal by up to a factor of 2.

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Spin Spin Interactions in High p-Transverse**2 Elastic p p Scattering

O'Fallon, J.R. ; Ratner, L.G. ; Schultz, P.F. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 39 (1977) 733, 1977.
Inspire Record 5637 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20968

We measured dσdt for p+p→p+p at 11.75 GeV/c using the zero-gradient synchrotron 70% polarized-proton beam and a 65% polarized-proton target. We obtained the spin-orbit asymmetry parameter A and the spin-spin correlation parameter Cm out to P⊥2=4.2 (GeV/c)2. We found that A drops smoothly towards zero, but that Cnn increases abruptly near P⊥2=3.6 (GeV/c)2, where the exp(−1.4P⊥2) component of elastic scattering becomes dominant. This suggests that large-P⊥2 "hard" elastic scattering may occur mostly when the two proton spins are parallel.

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High (p-Transverse)**2 p p Elastic Scattering in Pure Initial Spin States

Miettinen, H.E. ; Abe, K. ; Fernow, Richard C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 16 (1977) 549, 1977.
Inspire Record 5158 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24479

We measured the cross section for proton-proton elastic scattering at 11.75 GeV/c using the Zero Gradient Synchrotron 52% polarized proton beam and a 60% polarized proton target. We measured dσdt(ij) in the ↑↑, ↓↓, and ↑↓ initial spin states perpendicular to the scattering plane in the range P⊥2=2.0−3.6 (GeV/c)2. We found that the asymmetry parameter A decreases smoothly with increasing P⊥2 in this range, and that the spin-spin correlation parameter Cnn may have a minimum near P⊥2=3 (GeV/c)2.

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Proton Proton Elastic Scattering at 6-GeV/c with Three Spins Measured

Ratner, L.G. ; Borghini, M. ; de Boer, W. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 15 (1977) 604-608, 1977.
Inspire Record 124115 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24627

The differential elastic p−p scattering cross section was measured at 6 GeV/c at the Argonne Zero Gradient Synchrotron in the range p⊥2 = 0.6−1.0 (GeV/c)2 using a 65%-polarized target and a 75%-polarized extracted beam of intensity 3 × 109 protons/pulse. We simultaneously measured the polarization of the recoil proton with a well-calibrated carbon-target polarimeter. All three polarizations were measured perpendicular to the horizontal scattering plane. Our results indicate that P and T invariance are both obeyed to good precision even at large p⊥2. Parity invariance implies that the eight single-flip transversity cross sections are zero, so our data give the relative magnitudes of the eight remaining pure spin cross sections where all spins are measured. We find that the double-flip transversity cross sections are nonzero.

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Measurement of Proton Proton Elastic Scattering in Pure Initial Spin States at 11.75-GeV/c

Abe, K. ; Fernow, Richard C. ; Mulera, T.A. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 63 (1976) 239-244, 1976.
Inspire Record 114488 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27638

The elastic cross section for proton proton scattering at 11.75 GeV/ c was measured at the Argonne ZGS using a 50% polarized target. In the range p ⊥ 2 =0.6 → 2.2 (GeV/ c ) 2 we obtained precise measurements of d σ d t(ij) for the ⇈ ⇊, and ⇅ initial spin states perpendicular to the scattering plane. We confirmed that the asymmetry parameter, A , decreases with energy in the diffraction peak, but is approximately energy-independent at large p ⊥ 2 . We found that the spin correlation parameter c nn acquires rather dramatic structure, and at large p ⊥ 2 seems to grow with energy.

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Simultaneous Measurement of 2 and 3 Spins in Proton Proton Elastic Scattering at 6-GeV/c

Fernow, Richard C. ; Gray, S.W. ; Krisch, A.D. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 52 (1974) 243-246, 1974.
Inspire Record 89681 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27931

The elastic cross section for proton proton scattering at 6 GeV c was measured using a 70% polarized beam and a 75% polarized target at the Argonne ZGS. In the range P ⊥ 2 = 0.5 → 2.0( GeV c ) 2 we obtained small error measurements for the ↑↑, ↓↓ and ↑↓ initial spin states perpendicular to the scattering plane. At P ⊥ 2 = 0.5 we also measured the recoil spin and found that the 5 different cross sections were very unequal.

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Polarization Measurements in pi+ p, K+ p and p p Elastic Scattering at 45-GeV/c and Comparison with Regge Phenomenology

The SACLAY-SERPUKHOV-DUBNA-MOSCOW collaboration Gaidot, A. ; Bruneton, C. ; Bystricky, J. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 61 (1976) 103-106, 1976.
Inspire Record 113043 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27714

The polarization parameter P has been measured for elastic π + p, K + p and pp scattering at 45 GeV/c. Four-momentum transfer ranges from −0.08 to −1.1 (GeV/) 2 for pp, and from −0.08 to −0.9 (GeV/) 2 for π + p and K + p. The energy dependence of the polarization P ( t ) in π + p and in K + p above 6 GeV/c incident momentum is compatible with interference between pomeron and Regge poles. On the other hand, the polarization in p p elastic scattering decreases faster than ordinary Regge model predictions. This result can be explained by interference between non flip and flip amplitudes of the pomeron, leading to negative values for the polarization.

2 data tables match query

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On Measuring Spin Rotation Parameter r in pi- p and K- p Elastic Scattering at 40-GeV/c

The Serpukhov-Saclay-Dubna-Moscow collaboration Pierrard, J. ; Bruneton, C. ; Bystricky, J. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 57 (1975) 393-397, 1975.
Inspire Record 99593 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27839

The spin rotation parameter R has been measured for elastic π − p scattering at 40 GeV/ c , at four momentum transfers t ranging from −0.19 to −0.52 (GeV/ c ) 2 . The average value within this interval is R π − p = -0.200± 0.023. The resulting constraints on the πN scattering amplitudes are discussed. The experiments also yields an average value for K − p scattering, R K − p scattering, R K − p = -0.16±0.16.

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First measurement of proton proton elastic scattering at RHIC

Bueltmann, Stephen L. ; Chiang, I.H. ; Chrien, R.E. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 579 (2004) 245-250, 2004.
Inspire Record 618968 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31705

The first result of the pp2pp experiment at RHIC on elastic scattering of polarized protons at sqrt{s} = 200 GeV is reported here. The exponential slope parameter b of the diffractive peak of the elastic cross section in the t range 0.010 <= |t| <= 0.019 (GeV/c)^2 was measured to be b = 16.3 +- 1.6 (stat.) +- 0.9 (syst.) (GeV/c)^{-2} .

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Measured slope of the elastic cross section.


New Data on K- p --> K- p and anti-K0 n and a Partial Wave Analysis Between 1840-MeV and 2234-MeV Center-of-Mass Energy

Hemingway, R.J. ; Eades, J. ; Harmsen, D.M. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 91 (1975) 12-32, 1975.
Inspire Record 98477 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.32035

The angular distributions of the reactions K - p → K - p and K - p → K K 0 n have been measured at 23 incident K - momenta between 1.136 and 1.798 ifGeV/c using the bubble chamber technique. These data, together with other published data on the same reactions, including K - p polarisations, K̄N total cross sections, and measurements of Re ƒ(0)/ Im ƒ(0) , have been analysed in terms of partial-wave amplitudes. Resonance behaviour is confirmed for the P 03 partial wave at 1890 MeV. The resonance parameters of the F 15 (1915), F 17 (2030) and G 07 (2100) have been redetermined. No evidence has been found for new resonances coupling significantly to K K N in the energy region explored.

1 data table match query

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Asymmetry and differential cross section for elastic scattering of K- mesons by polarized protons

Zeller, M. ; Ehrlich, R.D. ; Etkin, A. ; et al.
In *Durham Conference, Hyperon Resonance - 70*, Durham 1970, 169, 1970.
Inspire Record 63648 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37181

abstract only

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Small angle proton proton elastic scattering at very high-energies (460-GeV**2 < s < 2900-GeV**2)

Barbiellini, G. ; Bozzo, M. ; Darriulat, P. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 39 (1972) 663-667, 1972.
Inspire Record 73452 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28304

We have investigated the above processes at the CERN Intersecting Storage Rings (ISR). Results show a marked change of the slope parameter b ( t , s ) = (d/d t ) ln (d σ /d t ) around − t ≈ 0.10 GeV 2 . The s − and t − dependence of b ( t , s ) have been observed over the interval 460 GeV 2 < s < 2900 GeV 2 and 0.02 GeV 2 < t < 0.40 GeV 2 .

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Further results on small angle elastic proton proton scattering at very high energies

Holder, M. ; Radermacher, E. ; Staude, A. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 36 (1971) 400-402, 1971.
Inspire Record 69148 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28407

This work extends our previous investigations at the CERN Intersecting Storage Rings, with improved statistics at three different energies, wider angular range and a better control over systematic errors. Values for the (diffraction) shape parameter b are given.

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