POLARIZATION PARAMETERS AND ANGULAR DISTRIBUTIONS IN PI+- P ELASTIC SCATTERING AT 100-GEV/C AND IN P P ELASTIC SCATTERING AT 100-GEV/C AND 300-GEV/C

Kline, R.V. ; Law, M.E. ; Pipkin, F.M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 22 (1980) 553-572, 1980.
Inspire Record 158989 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24156

Measurements of the polarization parameters and angular distributions are reported for π±p elastic scattering at 100 GeV/c and for pp elastic scattering at 100- and 300-GeV/c incident momentum. The π±p data cover the kinematic range 0.18≤−t≤1.10 GeV2 and are in agreement with current Regge-model predictions. The pp data cover the kinematic range 0.15≤−t≤1.10 GeV2 and 0.15≤−t≤2.00 GeV2 at 100 and 300 GeV/c, respectively, and are found to be consistent with absorption-model predictions.

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Polarization in pi- p Elastic Scattering at 1180-MeV/c, 1250-MeV/c, and 1360-MeV/c

Barrelet, E. ; Chamberlain, O. ; Gorn, W. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 15 (1977) 2435, 1977.
Inspire Record 110059 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24619

We have measured the polarization parameter in π−p elastic scattering at laboratory momenta of 1180, 1250, and 1360 MeV/c in the angular interval 65°<θc.m.<115°. The results were used to show that the polarized target used in these (and other similar) experiments was uniformly polarized. These measurements were also used to resolve pre-existing experimental discrepancies in the determination of the polarization parameter, and to clarify the behavior of scattering amplitudes in this energy range. We show that local measurements of this type are important in resolving discrete ambiguities affecting the energy continuation of the amplitudes. An important by-product of this experiment is the development of a fast method of reconstructing particle trajectories and fitting the elastic events, which could have a significant impact for future high-statistics experiments.

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Polarization Parameter in p-p Scattering from 1.7 to 6.1 BeV

Grannis, P. ; Arens, J. ; Betz, F. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. 148 (1966) 1297-1302, 1966.
Inspire Record 50914 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26642

The polarization parameter in proton-proton scattering has been measured at incident proton kinetic energies of 1.7, 2.85, 3.5, 4.0, 5.05, and 6.15 BeV and for four-momentum transfer squared between 0.1 and 1.0 (BeV/c)2. The experiment was done with an unpolarized proton beam from the Bevatron striking a polarized proton target. Both final-state protons were detected in coincidence and the asymmetry in counting rate for target protons polarized parallel and antiparallel to the scattering normal was measured. The maximum polarization was observed to decrease from 0.4 at 1.7 BeV to 0.2 at 6.1 BeV. The maximum of the polarization at all energies studied occurs at a four-momentum transfer squared of 0.3 to 0.4 (BeV/c)2.

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POLARIZATION AND ANGULAR DISTRIBUTIONS IN ELASTIC P P SCATTERING AT 100-GEV AND 300-GEV.

Snyder, J.H. ; Auer, I.P. ; Bruckner, W. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 41 (1978) 781-784, 1978.
Inspire Record 132550 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20889

Measurements of the polarization parameter and angular distributions in pp elastic scattering at incident energies of 100 and 300 GeV are reported. The data cover the kinematic range 0.18<−t<2.0 GeV2. They are found to be consistent with absorption-model predictions.

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Measurement of the pi+ p and pi- p Polarization Parameters at 100-GeV/c

Auer, I.P. ; Hill, D. ; Sandler, B. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 39 (1977) 313, 1977.
Inspire Record 121138 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20982

We report measurements of the polarization parameters in π+p and π−p elastic scattering at an incident momentum of 100 GeV/c. The results cover the range 0.18<~−t<~1.4 GeV2 and are in agreement with current Regge-model predictions.

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Measurement of Polarization in pi-p Elastic Scattering from 229 to 390 MeV

Arens, John F. ; Chamberlain, Owen ; Dost, Helmut E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. 167 (1968) 1261-1267, 1968.
Inspire Record 944940 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26509

The polarization parameter in elastic π−p scattering has been measured, at the Berkeley 184-in. synchrocyclotron, with the use of a polarized proton target. At 318-, 337-, and 390-MeV incident pion kinetic energy, the angular range from 70° to 180° in the center-of-mass system was covered. At 229 MeV, polarization measurements were made in the angular range 150° to 180°. Phase-shift analyses, using these and other published data, were made at the two lowest energies.

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pi- p and K- p Elastic Scattering at 6.2-GeV/c

Buran, T. ; Eide, A. ; Helgaker, P. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 111 (1976) 1-19, 1976.
Inspire Record 108747 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.35657

Data on 6.2 GeV/ c π − p and K − p elastic scattering cross sections are presented in the range 0.3 < − t < 10.7 (GeV/ c ) 2 .

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Measurement of the analyzing power A(N) in pp elastic scattering in the CNI region with a polarized atomic hydrogen gas jet target

Okada, H. ; Alekseev, I.G. ; Bravar, A. ; et al.
2006.
Inspire Record 707803 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.41834

A precise measurement of the analyzing power $A_N$ in proton-proton elastic scattering in the region of 4-momentum transfer squared $0.001 < |t| < 0.032 ({\rm GeV}/c)^2$ has been performed using a polarized atomic hydrogen gas jet target and the 100 GeV/$c$ RHIC proton beam. The interference of the electromagnetic spin-flip amplitude with a hadronic spin-nonflip amplitude is predicted to generate a significant $A_N$ of 4--5%, peaking at $-t \simeq 0.003 ({\rm GeV}/c)^2$. This kinematic region is known as the Coulomb Nuclear Interference region. A possible hadronic spin-flip amplitude modifies this otherwise calculable prediction. Our data are well described by the CNI prediction with the electromagnetic spin-flip alone and do not support the presence of a large hadronic spin-flip amplitude.

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Excitation functions of the analyzing power in p p(pol.) scattering from 0.45-GeV to 2.5-GeV

The EDDA collaboration Altmeier, M. ; Bauer, F. ; Bisplinghoff, J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 85 (2000) 1819-1822, 2000.
Inspire Record 537773 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19490

Excitation functions AN(pp,Θc.m.) of the analyzing power in pp→ elastic scattering have been measured with a polarized atomic hydrogen target for projectile momenta pp between 1000 and 3300 MeV/ c. The experiment was performed for scattering angles 30°≤Θc.m.≤90° using the recirculating beam of the proton storage ring COSY during acceleration. The resulting excitation functions and angular distributions of high internal consistency have significant impact on the recent phase shift solution SAID SP99, in particular, on the spin triplet phase shifts between 1000 and 1800 MeV, and demonstrate the limited predictive power of single-energy phase shift solutions at these energies.

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Measurement of spin correlation parameters A(NN), A(SS), and A(SL) at 2.1-GeV in proton proton elactic scattering

Bauer, F. ; Bisplinghoff, J. ; Busser, K. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 90 (2003) 142301, 2003.
Inspire Record 594512 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31721

At the Cooler Synchrotron COSY/J\ulich spin correlation parameters in elastic proton-proton (pp) scattering have been measured with a 2.11 GeV polarized proton beam and a polarized hydrogen atomic beam target. We report results for A$_{NN}$, A$_{SS}$, and A_${SL}$ for c.m. scattering angles between 30$^o$ and 90$^o$. Our data on A$_{SS}$ -- the first measurement of this observable above 800 MeV -- clearly disagrees with predictions of available of pp scattering phase shift solutions while A$_{NN}$ and A_${SL}$ are reproduced reasonably well. We show that in the direct reconstruction of the scattering amplitudes from the body of available pp elastic scattering data at 2.1 GeV the number of possible solutions is considerably reduced.

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Differential cross-section for backward pi+ p scattering from 3.25 to 10 gev/c

Bashian, A. ; Finocchiaro, G. ; Good, M.L. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 9 (1974) 3193-3196, 1974.
Inspire Record 94286 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21973

We present differential cross-section data for the reaction π+p→π+p near 180° in the center-of-mass system at beam momenta between 3.25 GeVc and 10 GeVc.

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Measurement of Elastic Sigma- p Scattering at 17.2-GeV/c

Blaising, J.J ; Chatelus, Y. ; Morand, R. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 58 (1975) 121-124, 1975.
Inspire Record 103553 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27811

Elastic Σ − p and π − p cross section have been measured at 17.2 GeV/ c in the t interval −0.12, −0.38 (GeV/ c ) 2 . The Σ − p slope is b = 8.12 ± 0.35 (GeV/ c ) −2 .

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Elastic Backward Scattering of Negative Pions on Protons at 25-GeV/c and 38-GeV/c

Babaev, A. ; Brakhman, E. ; Danilov, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 67 (1977) 351, 1977.
Inspire Record 109000 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.39798

The backward elastic scattering reaction π − p → p π − at momenta 25 and 38 GeV/ c have been measured using a magnetic spectrometer with hybrid chambers. The experimental data on the dependence of the cross section d σ /d u on the momentum transfer u as well as the energy dependence d σ /d u at u = 0 are given.

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MEASUREMENT OF THE DIFFERENTIAL CROSS-SECTION FOR ELASTIC K- NEUTRON SCATTERING IN THE center-of-mass ENERGY RANGE 1.60-GEV - 1.74-GEV

Braun, O. ; Hepp, V. ; Strobele, H. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 203 (1982) 349-361, 1982.
Inspire Record 183661 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.34171

The final state K − pn has been analyzed in a K − deuterium bubble chamber experiment at K − momenta between 680 and 840 MeV/ c . Differential cross sections for elastic K − p and K − n scattering in the c.m. energy range of 1.60–1.74 GeV are presented. The results for K − p→K − p agree well with existing data obtained with hydrogen targets. The results for K − n→K − n are lower but still compatible with recent measurements from a counter experiment.

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Proton proton elastic scattering excitation functions at intermediate energies

Albers, D. ; Bisplinghoff, J. ; Bollmann, R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 78 (1997) 1652-1655, 1997.
Inspire Record 454620 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19581

Excitation functions of proton-proton elastic scattering cross sections have been measured in narrow steps for projectile momenta pp (energies Tp) from 1100 to 3300MeV/c (500 to 2500 MeV) in the angular range 35°≤Θc.m.≤90° with a detector providing ΔΘc.m.≈1.4° resolution. Measurements have been performed continuously during projectile acceleration in the cooler synchrotron COSY with an internal CH2 fiber target, taking particular care to monitor luminosity as a function of Tp. The advantages of this experimental technique are demonstrated, and the excitation functions obtained are compared to existing cross section data. No evidence for narrow structures was found.

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pi+- p differential cross sections at low energies

Denz, H. ; Amaudruz, P. ; Brack, J.T. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 633 (2006) 209-213, 2006.
Inspire Record 699647 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31620

Differential cross sections for pi- p and pi+ p elastic scattering were measured at five energies between 19.9 and 43.3 MeV. The use of the CHAOS magnetic spectrometer at TRIUMF, supplemented by a range telescope for muon background suppression, provided simultaneous coverage of a large part of the full angular range, thus allowing very precise relative cross section measurements. The absolute normalisation was determined with a typical accuracy of 5 %. This was verified in a simultaneous measurement of muon proton elastic scattering. The measured cross sections show some deviations from phase shift analysis predictions, in particular at large angles and low energies. From the new data we determine the real part of the isospin forward scattering amplitude.

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Topological, Total and Elastic Cross-sections for $K^+ p$, $\pi^+ p$ and $p p$ Interactions at 147-{GeV}/$c$

Brick, D. ; Rudnicka, H. ; Shapiro, A.M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 25 (1982) 2794, 1982.
Inspire Record 11840 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.4111

The Fermilab hybrid 30-in. bubble-chamber spectrometer was exposed to a tagged 147-GeV/c positive beam containing π+, K+, and p. A sample of 3003 K+p, 19410 pp, and 20745 π+p interactions is used to derive σn, 〈n〉, f2cc, and 〈nc〉D for each beam particle. These values are compared to values obtained at other, mostly lower, beam momenta. The overall dependence of 〈n〉 on Ea, the available center-of-mass energy, for these three reactions as well as π−p and pp interactions has been determined.

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Wide-angle proton-proton elastic scattering from 1.3 to 3.0 gev/c

Williams, D.T. ; Bloodworth, I.J. ; Eisenhandler, E. ; et al.
Nuovo Cim.A 8 (1972) 447-469, 1972.
Inspire Record 78276 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37468

Differential cross-sections for proton-proton elastic scattering have been measured covering the angular range from 50° to 90° c.m. at twelve incident momenta from 1.3 to 3.0 GeV/c. The angular distributions are quite smooth, but there is evidence of structure in the energy dependence of fixed-angle cross-sections at |t| ∼ 1 (GeV)2.

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A Measurement of $\bar{p} p$ and $p p$ Elastic Scattering in the Dip Region at $\sqrt{s}=53$-{GeV}

Breakstone, A. ; Crawley, H.B. ; Dallavalle, G.M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 54 (1985) 2180, 1985.
Inspire Record 212895 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20368

We have measured the differential cross section for p¯p and pp elastic scattering at s=53 GeV in the interval 0.5<|t|<4.0 (GeV/c)2 at the CERN intersecting storage rings using the split-field magnet detector. The shape of the differential cross section differs significantly between p¯p and pp scattering in the region 1.1<|t|<1.5 (GeV/c)2, with p¯p data showing a less pronounced dip structure than pp data.

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Evidence for dominance of pomeron like exchange in p + p ---> n + n + pi at 19 gev/c

Boggild, H. ; Hansen, K. ; Johnstad, H. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 30 (1969) 369-372, 1969.
Inspire Record 56657 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28910

The reactions pp → NN π are studied at 19 GeV/ c and analysed in terms of the amplitudes with the low mass N π system in isospin states 1 2 and 3 2 respectively. The I − 1 2 cross section is compared with the corresponding one in π p→ ππ N at 8 GeV/ c .

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$\{pi}-p$ interactions at 1.59 GeV/c

Alitti, J. ; Baton, J.P. ; Berthelot, A. ; et al.
Nuovo Cim. 29 (1963) 515, 1963.
Inspire Record 851185 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.980

Report on the investigation of interactions in π−p collisions at a pion momentum of 1.59 GeV/c, by means of the 50 cm Saclay liquid hydrogen bubble chamber, operating in a magnetic field of 17.5 kG. The results obtained concern essentially the elastic scattering and the inelastic scattering accompanied by the production of either a single pion in π−p→ pπ−π0 and nπ−π+ interactions, or by more than one pion in four-prong events. The observed angular distribution for the elastic scattering in the diffraction region, can be approximated by an exponential law. From the extrapolated value, thus obtained for the forward scattering, one gets σel= (9.65±0.30) mb. Effective mass spectra of π−π0 and π−π+ dipions are given in case of one-pion production. Each of them exhibits the corresponding ρ− or ρ0 resonances in the region of ∼ 29μ2 (μ = mass of the charged pion). The ρ peaks are particularly conspicuous for low momentum transfer (Δ2) events. The ρ0 distribution presents a secondary peak at ∼31μ2 due probably to the ω0 → π−π+ process. The branching ratio (ω0→ π+π−)/(ω0→ π+π− 0) is estimated to be ∼ 7%. The results are fairly well interpreted in the frame of the peripheral interaction according to the one-pion exchange (OPE) model, Up to values of Δ2/μ2∼10. In particular, the ratio ρ−/ρ0 is of the order of 0.5, as predicted by this model. Furthermore, the distribution of the Treiman-Yang angle is compatible with an isotropic one inside the ρ. peak. The distribution of\(\sigma _{\pi ^ + \pi ^ - } \), as calculated by the use of the Chew-Low formula assumed to be valid in the physical region of Δ2, gives a maximum which is appreciably lower than the value of\(12\pi \tilde \lambda ^2 = 120 mb\) expected for a resonant elastic ππ scattering in a J=1 state at the peak of the ρ. However, a correcting factor to the Chew-Low formula, introduced by Selleri, gives a fairly good agreement with the expected value. Another distribution, namely the Δ2 distribution, at least for Δ2 < 10 μ2, agrees quite well with the peripheral character of the interaction involving the ρ resonance. π− angular distributions in the rest frame of the ρ exhibit a different behaviour for the ρ− and for the ρ0. Whereas the first one is symmetrical, as was already reported in a previous paper, the latter shows a clear forward π− asymmetry. The main features of the four-prong results are: 1) the occurrence of the 3/2 3/2 (ρπ+) isobar in π−p → pπ+π−π− events and 2) the possible production of the ω0→ π+π−π0 resonance in π−p→ pπ−π+π−π0 events. No ρ’s were observed in four-prong events.

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One pion production in pp collisions at 16.2 gev/c

Gnat, Y. ; Alexander, G. ; Benary, O. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 54 (1973) 333-354, 1973.
Inspire Record 84174 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.32585

A study of pp interactions at an incident momentum of 16.2 GeV/ c leading to two-prong non-strange final states was carried out in an exposure of the 2m CERN hydrogen bubble chamber. The c.m. angle and momentum distributions for the outgoing particles in the final states pn π + and pp π 0 are presented and discussed. These final states were analysed in terms of quasi two-body final states - N(Nπ), with the pion-nucleon system in an I = 1 2 or I = 3 2 state. A determination of these two isospin amplitudes and their interference term is then carried out. The reaction pp → pn π + is found to be well described by a Reggeized exchange model, as well as by a double Regge-exchange model.

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ELASTIC SCATTERING AND PARTICLE PRODUCTION IN TWO PRONG PI- P INTERACTIONS AT 8-GEV/C

Kitagaki, T. ; Tanaka, S. ; Yuta, H. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 26 (1982) 1572-1587, 1982.
Inspire Record 182974 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23945

Results of a high-statistics study of elastic scattering and meson resonances produced by π−p interactions at 8 GeV/c are presented. Large statistics and small systematic errors permit examination of the complete kinematic region. Total differential cross sections are given for ρ0,−, f0, g0,−, Δ±, Δ0, and N* resonances. Spin-density matrix elements and Legendre-polynomial moments are given for ρ, f, and Δ resonances. The results for ρ0 and f0 resonances are compared with the predictions of a Regge-pole-exchange model. Properties of the above resonances are compared and discussed. In particular, we present evidence that the ρ0 and f0 production mechanisms are similar. The similarity of the g0 t distribution to that of the ρ0 and f0 suggests a common production mechanism for all three resonances.

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Proton-Proton Interactions at 5.5 GeV/c

Alexander, G. ; Benary, O. ; Czapek, G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. 154 (1967) 1284-1304, 1967.
Inspire Record 52243 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.55119

This report is based on about 10 500 pp collision events produced in the 81-cm Saclay hydrogen bubble chamber at CERN. Cross-section values for the different identified final states and resonances are given. The isobars N*1238, N*1420, N*1518, N*1688, N*1920, and N*2360 were identified and their production cross-section values were found via a best-fit analysis of different invariant-mass histograms. About 70% of the isobars are connected with the quasi-two-body reactions pp→N*N and pp→N*N*. The reaction pp→nN*1238(pπ+) with a cross section of 3.25±0.16 mb was analyzed in terms of a peripheral absorption model, which was found to be in good agreement with the data. Various decay modes of the N*1518 and N*1688 isobars were observed and their branching ratios determined. The branching ratio of nπ+ to pπ+π− was found to be 0.77±0.45 for N*1518 and 0.67±0.40 for N*1688. The branching ratio of N*1238(pπ+)π− to pπ+π− of N*1688 was estimated to be 0.74±0.14. Pion production turned out to be mainly due to decay of isobars. Production of meson resonances turned out to be less important; the reaction pp→ppω0→ppπ+π−π0 was identified with a cross-section value of 0.11±0.02 mb. Finally, the production of neutral strange particles with a cross section of 0.45±0.04 mb is descussed. Strong formation of Y*1385 is observed.

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Measurement of elastic proton proton scattering in pure initial-spin states

O' Fallon, J.R. ; Parker, E.F. ; Ratner, L.G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 32 (1974) 77-79, 1974.
Inspire Record 94699 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21307

An experiment was done using an accelerated polarized proton beam and a polarized proton target. The elastic cross section for proton-proton scattering at 6.0 GeV/c and P⊥2=0.5−1.6 (GeV/c)2 was measured in the spin states ↑ ↑, ↓ ↓, and ↑ ↓ perpendicular to the scattering plane. The cross sections were found to be unequal by up to a factor of 2.

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