Real Part of the Proton Proton Forward Scattering Amplitude from 50 GeV to 400 GeV.

Bartenev, V. ; Carrigan, Richard A. ; Chiang, I-Hung ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 31 (1973) 1367-1370, 1973.
Inspire Record 81733 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21379

From measurements of proton-proton elastic scattering at very small momentum transfers where the nuclear and Coulomb amplitudes interfere, we have deduced values of ρ, the ratio of the real to the imaginary forward nuclear amplitude, for energies from 50 to 400 GeV. We find that ρ increases from -0.157 ± 0.012 at 51.5 GeV to +0.039 ± 0.012 at 393 GeV, crossing zero at 280 ± 60 GeV.

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Measurement of the Slope of the Diffraction Peak for Elastic pp Scattering from 8-GeV to 400-GeV.

Bartenev, V. ; Kuznetsov, A. ; Morozov, B. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 31 (1973) 1088-1091, 1973.
Inspire Record 81722 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21381

The slope b(s) of the forward diffraction peak of p−p elastic scattering has been measured in the momentum-transfer-squared range 0.005≲|t|≲0.09 (GeV/c)2 and at incident proton energies from 8 to 400 GeV. We find that b(s) increases with s, and in the interval 100≲s≲750 (GeV)2 it can be fitted by the form b(s)=b0+2α′lns with b0=8.23±0.27, α′=0.278±0.024 (GeV/c)−2.

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Measurement of the Real Part of the Proton Proton Forward Scattering Amplitude from 80-GeV to 286-GeV by Means of Silicon Position Sensitive Detectors

Bartenev, V. ; Carrigan, Richard A. ; Cool, R.L. ; et al.
Sov.J.Nucl.Phys. 23 (1976) 400, 1976.
Inspire Record 100255 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19082
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Small Angle Elastic Proton Proton Scattering from 25-GeV to 200-GeV.

Bartenev, V. ; Kuznetsov, A. ; Morozov, B. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 29 (1972) 1755-1758, 1972.
Inspire Record 73778 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21428

We have measured the differential cross section for small angle p−p scattering from 25 to 200 GeV incident energy and in the momentum transfer range 0.015<|t|<0.080 (GeVc)2. We find that the slope of the forward diffraction peak, b(s), increases with energy and can be fitted by the form b(s)=b0+2α′ lns, where b0=8.3±1.3 and α′=0.28±0.13 (GeVc)−2. Such dependence is compatible with the data existing both at higher and lower energies. We have also obtained the energy dependence of the p−p total cross section in the energy range from 48 to 196 GeV. Within our errors which are ± 1.1 mb the total cross section remains constant.

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First measurement of proton proton elastic scattering at RHIC

Bueltmann, Stephen L. ; Chiang, I.H. ; Chrien, R.E. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 579 (2004) 245-250, 2004.
Inspire Record 618968 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31705

The first result of the pp2pp experiment at RHIC on elastic scattering of polarized protons at sqrt{s} = 200 GeV is reported here. The exponential slope parameter b of the diffractive peak of the elastic cross section in the t range 0.010 <= |t| <= 0.019 (GeV/c)^2 was measured to be b = 16.3 +- 1.6 (stat.) +- 0.9 (syst.) (GeV/c)^{-2} .

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First measurement of A(N) at s**(1/2) = 200-GeV in polarized proton-proton elastic scattering at RHIC

Bultmann, S. ; Chiang, I.H. ; Chrien, R.E. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 632 (2006) 167-172, 2006.
Inspire Record 688172 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31570

We report on the first measurement of the single spin analyzing power (A_N) at sqrt(s)=200GeV, obtained by the pp2pp experiment using polarized proton beams at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). Data points were measured in the four momentum transfer t range 0.01 < |t| < 0.03 (GeV/c)^2. Our result, averaged over the whole t-interval is about one standard deviation above the calculation, which uses interference between electromagnetic spin-flip amplitude and hadronic non-flip amplitude, the source of A_N. The difference could be explained by an additional contribution of a hadronic spin-flip amplitude to A_N.

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Double Spin Asymmetries A(NN) and A(SS) at s**(1/2) = 200-GeV in Polarized Proton-Proton Elastic Scattering at RHIC

The pp2pp collaboration Bultmann, S. ; Chiang, I.H. ; Chrien, R.E. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 647 (2007) 98-103, 2007.
Inspire Record 729168 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31499

We present the first measurements of the double spin asymmetries A_NN and A_SS at sqrt{s}=200 GeV, obtained by the pp2pp experiment using polarized proton beams at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). The data were collected in the four momentum transfer t range 0.01<|t|<0.03 (GeV/c)^2. The measured asymmetries, which are consistent with zero, allow us to estimate upper limits on the double helicity-flip amplitudes phi_2 and phi_4 at small t as well as on the difference Delta(sigma_T) between the total cross sections for transversely polarized protons with antiparallel or parallel spin orientations.

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Polarization Measurements in pi- p, K- p and p p Elastic Scattering at 40-GeV/c

The Saclay-Serpukhov-Dubna-Morsoc collaboration Gaidot, A. ; Bruneton, C. ; Bystricky, J. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 57 (1975) 389-392, 1975.
Inspire Record 99592 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27840

We report final results on the polarization parameter P in elastic scattering of π − , K − and antiprotons at 40 GeV/ c incident momentum. The energy dependence of P (t) in π − p above 10 GeV/ c is well fitted by P (t) α s αR(t)-α P (t) where α R (t) are the effective Regge and Pomeron trajectories respectively. The data in K − p are compatible with exchange degeneracy. The results inp¯p show an important structure for |t|> 0.3 (GeV/c) 2 demonstrating the existence of a large helicity flip amplitude.

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Polarization Measurements in pi+ p, K+ p and p p Elastic Scattering at 45-GeV/c and Comparison with Regge Phenomenology

The SACLAY-SERPUKHOV-DUBNA-MOSCOW collaboration Gaidot, A. ; Bruneton, C. ; Bystricky, J. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 61 (1976) 103-106, 1976.
Inspire Record 113043 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27714

The polarization parameter P has been measured for elastic π + p, K + p and pp scattering at 45 GeV/c. Four-momentum transfer ranges from −0.08 to −1.1 (GeV/) 2 for pp, and from −0.08 to −0.9 (GeV/) 2 for π + p and K + p.

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On Measuring Spin Rotation Parameter r in pi- p and K- p Elastic Scattering at 40-GeV/c

The Serpukhov-Saclay-Dubna-Moscow collaboration Pierrard, J. ; Bruneton, C. ; Bystricky, J. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 57 (1975) 393-397, 1975.
Inspire Record 99593 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27839

The spin rotation parameter R has been measured for elastic π − p scattering at 40 GeV/ c , at four momentum transfers t ranging from −0.19 to −0.52 (GeV/ c ) 2 . The average value within this interval is R π − p = -0.200± 0.023. The resulting constraints on the πN scattering amplitudes are discussed. The experiments also yields an average value for K − p scattering, R K − p scattering, R K − p = -0.16±0.16.

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Measurements of the Spin Rotation Parameter R in p p and pi+ p Elastic Scattering at 45-GeV/c

The SERPUKHOV-SACLAY-DUBNA-MOSCOW collaboration Pierrard, J. ; Bruneton, C. ; Bystricky, J. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 61 (1976) 107-109, 1976.
Inspire Record 113035 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27706

The spin rotation sf R in pp and π + p elastic scattering at 45 GeV/c has been measured at the Seppukhov accelarator, for z . sfnc ; t |; ranging from 0.2 to 0.5 (GeV/) 2 . The results are presented, together with previous R measurements at lower energies. The equality of the values for R in proton-proton and pion-proton scattering, within the experimental errors, is a test of factorization of the residues in the pomeron exchange.

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Measurement of Polarization in K- p Elastic Scattering at Low-Energies

Ehrlich, R.D. ; Lovett, B. ; Mishina, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 71 (1977) 455-459, 1977.
Inspire Record 126323 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27506

The polarization parameter has been measured in K − p elastic scattering at eight incident beam momenta between 650 MeV/ c and 1071 MeV/ c throughout a center of mass angular range of −0.75 < cos θ ∗ < 0.85 . Experimental results and coefficients of Legendre polynomial fits to the data are presented and compared with other measurements and partial wave analysis.

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Measurement of the polarization parameter in pi- p elastic scattering at 40 gev/c

The Saclay-Serpukhov-Dubna-Moscow collaboration Bruneton, C. ; Bystricky, J. ; Cozzika, G. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 44 (1973) 471-473, 1973.
Inspire Record 84826 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28096

We report our first measurements of the polarization in the elastic scattering of negative pions from polarized protons at an incident pion momentum of 40 GeV/ c . The momentum-transfer region covered was 0.08 < | t | < 1.3 (GeV/ c ) 2 . The angular distribution of the polarization exhibits a first minimum of ∼ − 5% and the well-known zero around t ≈ − 0.6 (GeV/ c ) 2 . The energy variation of the first minimum (at around t = − 0.2) may be expressed in a simple form, P avr = −(0.48±0.06) s −0.52±0.05 .

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Measurement of the Polarization Parameter in Small Angle Proton Proton Elastic Scattering at 6-GeV/c

Rust, D.R. ; Crittenden, R.R. ; Heinz, R.M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 58 (1975) 114-116, 1975.
Inspire Record 99058 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27810

The polarization parameter in pp elastic scattering was measured at 6 GeV/ c with fine t resolution for 0.02 < − t < 0.5 GeV 2 using a polarized proton beam with Effective Mass Spectrometer at the Zero Gradient Synchrotron. The polarization rises like √− t in the interval 0.02 < − t < 0.1 GeV 2 , No statistical significant structure was found in this region of momentum transfer.

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Backward Polarization of $\pi^- P$ Elastic Scattering From 2.22-{GeV}/$c$ to 3.50-{GeV}/$c$

Fukushima, M. ; Iwata, S. ; Kajikawa, R. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 167 (1980) 307-319, 1980.
Inspire Record 143375 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.43802

We have measured the polarization in π − backward elastic scattering at 2.22, 2.46, 2.71 and 3.50 GeV/ c incident momenta, in the u -range−1.0 ≦ u ≦0.1 (GeV/ c ) 2 . The experiment used a polarized proton target and detected both pions and protons. We have found large discrepancies between the new data and the result of even the latest phase-shift analysis.

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The Acceleration of Polarized Protons to 22-{GeV}/$c$ and the Measurement of Spin Spin Effects in $p$ (Polarized) + $p$ (Polarized) $\to p + p$

Khiari, F.Z. ; Cameron, P.R. ; Court, G.R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 39 (1989) 45, 1989.
Inspire Record 262472 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23245

Accelerating polarized protons to 22 GeV/c at the Brookhaven Alternating Gradient Synchro- tron required both extensive hardware modifications and a difficult commissioning process. We had to overcome 45 strong depolarizing resonances to maintain polarization up to 22 GeV/c in this strong-focusing synchrotron. At 18.5 GeV/c we measured the analyzing power A and the spin-spin correlation parameter Ann in large- P⊥2 proton-proton elastic scattering, using the polarized proton beam and a polarized proton target. We also obtained a high-precision measurement of A at P⊥2=0.3 (GeV/c)2 at 13.3 GeV/c. At 18.5 GeV/c we found that Ann=(-2±16)% at P⊥2=4.7 (GeV/c)2, where it was about 60% near 12 GeV at the Argonne Zero Gradient Synchrotron. This sharp change suggests that spin-spin forces may have a strong and unexpected energy dependence at high P⊥2.

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Measurement of Spin Effects in $p$ (Polarized) $p$ (Polarized) $\to p p$ at 18.5-{GeV}/$c$

Crabb, D.G. ; Gialas, I. ; Krisch, A.D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 60 (1988) 2351, 1988.
Inspire Record 261135 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20096

We measured the analyzing power A and the spin-spin correlation parameter Ann in medium-P⊥2 proton-proton elastic scattering, using a polarized-proton target and the 18.5-GeV/c Brookhaven Alternating-Gradient Synchrotron polarized-proton beam. We found sharp dips in both A and Ann, which occur at different P⊥2 values. The unexpected sharp structure in the spin-spin force occurs near P⊥2=2.3 (GeV/c)2 where the elastic cross section has no apparent structure.

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Energy Dependence of Spin Effects in $p$ (Polarized) $p$ (Polarized) $\to p p$

Court, G.R. ; Crabb, D.G. ; Gialas, I. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 57 (1986) 507, 1986.
Inspire Record 229812 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20190

We measured the analyzing power A and the spin-spin correlation parameter Ann, in large-P⊥2 proton-proton elastic scattering, using a polarized-proton target and the polarized-proton beam at the Brookhaven Alternating-Gradient Synchrotron. We also used our polarimeter to measure A at small P⊥2 at 13 GeV with good precision and found some deviation from the expected 1Plab behavior. At 18.5 GeV/c we found Ann=(−2±16)% at P⊥2=4.7 (GeV/c)2. Comparison with lower-energy data from the Argonne Zero-Gradient Synchrotron shows a sharp and surprising energy dependence for Ann at large P⊥2.

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Spin rotation parameters A and R for pi+ p and pi- p elastic scattering from 427-MeV/c to 657-MeV/c

Supek, I. ; Barlow, D.B. ; Briscoe, W.J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 47 (1993) 1762-1775, 1993.
Inspire Record 362062 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22623

The spin-rotation parameters A and R and the related spin-rotation angle β have been measured for π+p and π−p elastic scattering using protons polarized in the scattering plane. The pion-beam momenta are 427, 471, 547, 625, and 657 MeV/c and the angular range is −0.9≤cosΘc.m.≤0.3. The scattered pion and recoil proton were detected in coincidence, using a scintillator hodoscope for the pions, and the Large Acceptance Spectrometer combined with the JANUS polarimeter for the recoil protons. The results are compared with the four recent πN partial wave analyses (PWA's). Our data show that the major features of these PWA's are correct. The A and R measurements complete our program of pion-nucleon experiments, providing full data sets at three of the above beam momenta. Such sets can be used to test the constraints in the PWA's or to obtain a model-independent set of πN scattering amplitudes.

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Measurements of the Polarization Parameter in $K^+ P$ Elastic Scattering at Low-energies

Lovett, B.R. ; Hughes, V.W. ; Mishina, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 23 (1981) 1924-1932, 1981.
Inspire Record 170184 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24149

Results of measurements of the polarization parameter in K+p elastic scattering at 650, 700, 845, and 940 MeV/c are presented. Details of the measurements are described and results are compared with previous measurements and partial-wave parametrizations of the data. The implication of the existence of Z* resonances in light of these results is discussed.

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Elastic Scattering of pi+- p, K+- p, p p and anti-p p at 40-GeV/c

Kazarinov, Yu.M. ; Kazarinov, M.Yu. ; Khachaturov, B. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 124 (1977) 391-408, 1977.
Inspire Record 110709 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.35427

The differential cross sections for elastic π − p, K − p , p p and π + p, pp scattering at 39 and 44.5 GeV/ c , respectively, have been measured in the interval of momentum transfer squared 0.15 ≤ ovbt | ≤ 2 (GeV/ c ) 2 .

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Comparison of particle-antiparticle elastic scattering from 3 to 6 gev/c

Ambats, I. ; Ayres, D.S. ; Diebold, R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 29 (1972) 1415-1419, 1972.
Inspire Record 84577 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21445

Differential cross sections for π±p, K±p, pp, and p¯p elastic scattering were measured at 3, 3.65, 5, and 6 GeVc for momentum transfers from 0.03 to 1.5 GeV2 using the Argonne effective mass spectrometer. Particular attention was paid to the relative particle-antiparticle normalization. The crossover points are consistent with no energy dependence, average values being 0.14 ± 0.03, 1.190 ± 0.005, and 0.160 ± 0.007 GeV2 for π's, K's, and protons, respectively.

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Elastic Scattering of Hadrons at 50-GeV to 200-GeV

Akerlof, C.W. ; Kotthaus, R. ; Loveless, R.L. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 35 (1975) 1406, 1975.
Inspire Record 2687 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21194

The differential cross section for π±, K±, and p± on hydrogen have been measured in the range 0.07<−t<1.6 (GeV/c)2. The dependence on momentum, momentum, transfer, and particle type are discussed.

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Hadron-Proton Elastic Scattering at 50-GeV/c, 100-GeV/c and 200-GeV/c Momentum

Akerlof, C.W. ; Kotthaus, R. ; Loveless, R.L. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 14 (1976) 2864, 1976.
Inspire Record 3655 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24693

Elastic scattering of hadrons on protons has been measured at momenta of 50, 100, and 200 GeV/c. The meson-proton scattering is found to be independent of momentum and meson type for −t>0.8 (GeV/c)2. The momentum dependence of the pp dip at −t=1.4 (GeV/c)2 was investigated. Slope parameters are given.

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Systematic study of pi+- p, k+- p, p p, and anti-p p forward elastic scattering from 3 to 6 gev/c

Ambats, I. ; Ayres, D.S. ; Diebold, R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 9 (1974) 1179-1209, 1974.
Inspire Record 92992 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.3409

Measurements of π±p, K±p, pp, and p¯p elastic scattering are presented for incident momenta of 3, 3.65, 5, and 6 GeVc and momentum transfers typically 0.03 to 1.8 GeV2. The angle and momentum of the scattered particle were measured with the Argonne Effective Mass Spectrometer for 300 000 events, yielding 930 cross-section values with an uncertainty in absolute normalization of ±4%. Only the K+ and proton data show any significant change in slope of the forward diffraction peak with incident momentum. The particle-antiparticle crossover positions are consistent with no energy dependence, average values being 0.14 ± 0.03, 0.190 ± 0.006, and 0.162 ± 0.004 GeV2 for π' s, K' s, and protons, respectively; these errors reflect both statistics and the ±1.5% uncertainty in particle-antiparticle relative normalization. Differences between particle and antiparticle cross sections isolate interference terms between amplitudes of opposite C parity in the t channel; these differences indicate that the imaginary part of the odd-C nonflip-helicity amplitude has a J0(r(−t)12) structure for −t<0.8 GeV2, as predicted by strong absorption models. The cross-section differences for K± and proton-antiproton are in qualitative agreement with the predictions of ω universality, the agreement improving with increasing energy. The corresponding quark-model predictions relating the π± and K± differences failed by more than a factor of 2. We have combined our π± cross sections with other data to better determine the πN amplitudes in a model-independent way; results of this analysis are presented.

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