Data are presented on the polarization parameter in pp and pn elastic scattering at 11.8 GeV/c for four-momentum transfers −t=0.15 to 0.9 GeV2. In contrast to lower energies where the pn polarization is positive, it is slightly negative at 11.8 GeV/c; averaging the data from −t=0.18 to 0.5 GeV2 we find P(pn)=(−0.9±0.5)%, to be compared with P(pp)=(5.6±0.8)%. These data, combined with our previous data at lower energies, show that the I=0 single-flip exchange amplitude has an anomalously rapid energy dependence.
We present preliminary results from a sample of ∼ 1200 events obtained from an exposure of the 30-in. Argonne National Laboratory—National Accelerator Laboratory liquid-hydrogen bubble chamber to 102-GeVc protons. The elastic and total inelastic cross sections are respectively 6.9 ± 1.0 and 32.8 ± 1.1 mb. The parameters of the multiplicity distribution for negative tracks are 〈n−〉=2.17±0.07, D−2=〈n−2〉−〈n−〉2=2.56±0.12, and f2−=D−2−〈n−〉=0.39±0.10.
We have measured the total inelastic cross section (σinel) and charged-particle multiplicities obtained in pp collisions at 405 GeV/c. The data are from a preliminary 12 000-picture bubble-chamber exposure. We find σinel=32.8±1.0 mb; the low moments of the multiplicity distribution for negative particles are 〈n−〉=3.50±0.07, D−=2.37±0.05, f2−=2.1±0.2, and f3−=0.1±0.9. We also present updated results at 102 GeV/c.
SUPERCEDES PRELIMINARY RESULTS IN J. W. CHAPMAN ET AL., PRL 29, 1686 (1972).
FIT TO ELASTIC DIFFERENTIAL CROSS SECTION FOR 0.05 < -T < 0.7 GEV**2.
The polarization parameter has been measured for K − p elastic scattering at nine incident beam momenta between 0.955 and 1.272 GeV/ c covering the c.m. angular range −0.9 < cos θ ∗ < + 0.9 . Experimental results and coefficients of Legendre polynomial fits to the data are presented and compared with other measurements and a partial-wave analysis.
LEGENDRE POLYNOMIAL COEFFICIENTS FOR POLARIZATION DERIVED USING INTERPOLATED DIFFERENTIAL CROSS SECTION DATA OF B. CONFORTO ET AL., NP B105, 189 (1976).
Measurements of the polarization parameters and angular distributions are reported for π±p elastic scattering at 100 GeV/c and for pp elastic scattering at 100- and 300-GeV/c incident momentum. The π±p data cover the kinematic range 0.18≤−t≤1.10 GeV2 and are in agreement with current Regge-model predictions. The pp data cover the kinematic range 0.15≤−t≤1.10 GeV2 and 0.15≤−t≤2.00 GeV2 at 100 and 300 GeV/c, respectively, and are found to be consistent with absorption-model predictions.
THESE ANGULAR DISTRIBUTIONS AND POLARIZATION PARAMETERS ARE TABULATED IN THE RECORD OF THE EARLIER BRIEF REPORT OF THIS EXPERIMENT USING PION BEAMS: I. P. AUER ET AL., PRL 39, 313 (1977).
THESE ANGULAR DISTRIBUTIONS AND POLARIZATION PARAMETERS ARE TABULATED IN THE RECORD OF THE EARLIER BRIEF REPORT OF THIS EXPERIMENT USING A PROTON BEAM: J. H. SNYDER ET AL., PRL 41, 781 (1978) AND PRL 41, 1256(E) (1978).
The results presented in this paper were obtained from a 105 000 frame exposure of the FNAL Hybrid Proportional Wire Chamber-30 inch Bubble Chamber System, in a tagged beam of 147 GeV/ c negative particles. Elastic, total and topological cross sections were obtained for both π − p and K − p interactions. Comparisons with other data, taken with various beam particles over large momentum intervals, show good agreement with KNO scaling, and similarity in the scaling behavior of σ n for the different beam particles.
THESE CROSS SECTIONS ARE NOT NORMALIZED TO ANY OTHER ABSOLUTE MEASUREMENT. THE ERRORS INCLUDE SOME SYSTEMATIC ERRORS.
THE FORWARD CROSS SECTION AGREES WELL WITH THE OPTICAL POINT FROM TOTAL CROSS SECTION MEASUREMENTS.
THESE CROSS SECTIONS ARE NOT NORMALIZED TO ANY OTHER ABSOLUTE MEASUREMENT.
We have made measurements of polarization in π−p elastic scattering, with emphasis over the backward region, at 1.60 to 2.28 GeVc. The results indicate the absence of u-channel dominance in the backward region, as was observed in the case of π+p scattering. Comparisons have been made with predictions of various phase-shift analyses which show that the agreement is generally very poor in the backward region.
Excitation functions AN(pp,Θc.m.) of the analyzing power in pp→ elastic scattering have been measured with a polarized atomic hydrogen target for projectile momenta pp between 1000 and 3300 MeV/ c. The experiment was performed for scattering angles 30°≤Θc.m.≤90° using the recirculating beam of the proton storage ring COSY during acceleration. The resulting excitation functions and angular distributions of high internal consistency have significant impact on the recent phase shift solution SAID SP99, in particular, on the spin triplet phase shifts between 1000 and 1800 MeV, and demonstrate the limited predictive power of single-energy phase shift solutions at these energies.
Analyzing powers of pion-proton elastic scattering have been measured at PSI with the Low Energy Pion Spectrometer LEPS as well as a novel polarized scintillator target. Angular distributions between 40 and 120 deg (c.m.) were taken at 45.2, 51.2, 57.2, 68.5, 77.2, and 87.2 MeV incoming pion kinetic energy for pi+ p scattering, and at 67.3 and 87.2 MeV for pi- p scattering. These new measurements constitute a substantial extension of the polarization data base at low energies. Predictions from phase shift analyses are compared with the experimental results, and deviations are observed at low energies.
Analyzing power for PI+ P elastic scattering at incidient kinetic energy 87.2 MeV from the data set 1.
Analyzing power for PI+ P elastic scattering at incidient kinetic energy 68.4 MeV from the data set 1.
Analyzing power for PI+ P elastic scattering at incidient kinetic energy 57.2 MeV from the data set 1.