Real Part of the Proton Proton Forward Scattering Amplitude from 50 GeV to 400 GeV.

Bartenev, V. ; Carrigan, Richard A. ; Chiang, I-Hung ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 31 (1973) 1367-1370, 1973.
Inspire Record 81733 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21379

From measurements of proton-proton elastic scattering at very small momentum transfers where the nuclear and Coulomb amplitudes interfere, we have deduced values of ρ, the ratio of the real to the imaginary forward nuclear amplitude, for energies from 50 to 400 GeV. We find that ρ increases from -0.157 ± 0.012 at 51.5 GeV to +0.039 ± 0.012 at 393 GeV, crossing zero at 280 ± 60 GeV.

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Measurement of the Slope of the Diffraction Peak for Elastic pp Scattering from 8-GeV to 400-GeV.

Bartenev, V. ; Kuznetsov, A. ; Morozov, B. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 31 (1973) 1088-1091, 1973.
Inspire Record 81722 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21381

The slope b(s) of the forward diffraction peak of p−p elastic scattering has been measured in the momentum-transfer-squared range 0.005≲|t|≲0.09 (GeV/c)2 and at incident proton energies from 8 to 400 GeV. We find that b(s) increases with s, and in the interval 100≲s≲750 (GeV)2 it can be fitted by the form b(s)=b0+2α′lns with b0=8.23±0.27, α′=0.278±0.024 (GeV/c)−2.

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Measurement of the Real Part of the Proton Proton Forward Scattering Amplitude from 80-GeV to 286-GeV by Means of Silicon Position Sensitive Detectors

Bartenev, V. ; Carrigan, Richard A. ; Cool, R.L. ; et al.
Sov.J.Nucl.Phys. 23 (1976) 400, 1976.
Inspire Record 100255 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19082
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Elastic Scattering of $p^\pm$, $\pi^\pm$ and $K^\pm$ on Protons at High-energies and Small Momentum Transfer

Cool, R.L. ; Goulianos, Konstantin A. ; Segler, S.L. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 24 (1981) 2821, 1981.
Inspire Record 156145 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24029

We report on a measurement of elastic differential cross sections for p±p, π±p, and K±p at 100 and 200 GeV/c in the range 0.03<|t|<0.10 (GeV/c)2. Our data display a simple exponential dependence which is consistent with other measurements in this t region or with extrapolations from higher t.

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Small Angle Elastic Proton Proton Scattering from 25-GeV to 200-GeV.

Bartenev, V. ; Kuznetsov, A. ; Morozov, B. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 29 (1972) 1755-1758, 1972.
Inspire Record 73778 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21428

We have measured the differential cross section for small angle p−p scattering from 25 to 200 GeV incident energy and in the momentum transfer range 0.015<|t|<0.080 (GeVc)2. We find that the slope of the forward diffraction peak, b(s), increases with energy and can be fitted by the form b(s)=b0+2α′ lns, where b0=8.3±1.3 and α′=0.28±0.13 (GeVc)−2. Such dependence is compatible with the data existing both at higher and lower energies. We have also obtained the energy dependence of the p−p total cross section in the energy range from 48 to 196 GeV. Within our errors which are ± 1.1 mb the total cross section remains constant.

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Precise Comparison of Anti-proton - Proton and Proton Proton Forward Elastic Scattering at $\sqrt{s}=24$.3-{GeV}

The UA6 collaboration Breedon, R.E. ; Chapin, T.J. ; Cool, R.L. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 216 (1989) 459-465, 1989.
Inspire Record 267044 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29854

We report results from a measurement of antiproton-proton and proton-proton small-angle elastic scattering at √ s = 24.3 GeV in the range 0.001 ⩽ | t | ⩽ 0.06 (GeV/ c ) 2 . The measurement was performed at the CERN p p Collider by using silicon detectors to observe protons recoiling from a hydrogen cluster-jet target intercepting the stored p and p beams. Fits to the measured differential cross sections yield the ratio of the real to the imaginary part of the forward nuclear scattering amplitude ρ and the nuclear slope parameter b for both p p and pp. We find that the difference Δρ = ρ ( p p ) − ρ( pp ) = 0.031 ± 0.010 agrees with conventional fits and disagrees with the “odderon” fit designed to accommodate the recent UA4 measurement of ρ( p p) at 546 GeV.

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Chapin, T.J. ; Cool, R.L. ; Goulianos, Konstantin A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 31 (1985) 17-30, 1985.
Inspire Record 216071 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.4332

We report results from a measurement of the inclusive diffraction dissociation of photons on hydrogen, γp→Xp, in the range 75<pγ<148 GeV/c, 0.02<‖t‖<0.1 (GeV/c)2, and MX2/s<0.1. Our data show an exponential t dependence and a dominant 1/MX2 behavior for MX2>4 GeV2. We test the finite-mass sum rule and, by comparing γp with π−p data obtained in the same apparatus, we test factorization.

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First measurement of proton proton elastic scattering at RHIC

Bueltmann, Stephen L. ; Chiang, I.H. ; Chrien, R.E. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 579 (2004) 245-250, 2004.
Inspire Record 618968 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31705

The first result of the pp2pp experiment at RHIC on elastic scattering of polarized protons at sqrt{s} = 200 GeV is reported here. The exponential slope parameter b of the diffractive peak of the elastic cross section in the t range 0.010 <= |t| <= 0.019 (GeV/c)^2 was measured to be b = 16.3 +- 1.6 (stat.) +- 0.9 (syst.) (GeV/c)^{-2} .

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First measurement of A(N) at s**(1/2) = 200-GeV in polarized proton-proton elastic scattering at RHIC

Bultmann, S. ; Chiang, I.H. ; Chrien, R.E. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 632 (2006) 167-172, 2006.
Inspire Record 688172 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31570

We report on the first measurement of the single spin analyzing power (A_N) at sqrt(s)=200GeV, obtained by the pp2pp experiment using polarized proton beams at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). Data points were measured in the four momentum transfer t range 0.01 < |t| < 0.03 (GeV/c)^2. Our result, averaged over the whole t-interval is about one standard deviation above the calculation, which uses interference between electromagnetic spin-flip amplitude and hadronic non-flip amplitude, the source of A_N. The difference could be explained by an additional contribution of a hadronic spin-flip amplitude to A_N.

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Analyzing power measurements in high‐P2∥ p‐p elastic scattering

Raymond, R.S. ; Brown, K.A. ; Bruni, R.J. ; et al.
AIP Conf.Proc. 123 (1984) 1123-1125, 1984.
Inspire Record 201609 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.18612

The analyzing power in 28 GeV/c proton/proton elastic scattering was measured at P2∥=5.95 and 6.56 (GeV/c)2 using a polarized proton target and an unpolarized proton beam at the Brookhaven National Laboratory AGS. Results indicate that the analyzing power, A, is rising sharply with P2∥.

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Pi- p Interactions at 360-GeV/c: Measurement of the Total and Elastic Cross-Sections and the Charged Particle Multiplicity Distribution

Firestone, A. ; Anderson, E.W. ; Chang, V. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 14 (1976) 2902, 1976.
Inspire Record 3926 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24670

In a sample of 108 563 pictures taken with the Fermilab 30-inch hydrogen bubble chamber, exposed to a 360-GeV/c π− beam, we have observed 19 453 interactions in a selected fiducial region. The observed charged multiplicity distribution has been corrected for the effects of scan efficiency, errors in prong count, missed close-in vees, secondary interactions, and neutron stars and for Dalitz pairs. The two-prong events have been corrected for losses at low −t. The total cross section is measured to be 25.25 ± 0.35 mb, and the elastic cross section is 3.61 ± 0.11 mb with an exponential slope of (8.82 ± 0.30) (GeV/c)−2. The average charged-particle multiplicity for inelastic events is 8.73 ± 0.04, and the second moment f2 is measured to be 9.83 ± 0.23.

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The Acceleration of Polarized Protons to 22-{GeV}/$c$ and the Measurement of Spin Spin Effects in $p$ (Polarized) + $p$ (Polarized) $\to p + p$

Khiari, F.Z. ; Cameron, P.R. ; Court, G.R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 39 (1989) 45, 1989.
Inspire Record 262472 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23245

Accelerating polarized protons to 22 GeV/c at the Brookhaven Alternating Gradient Synchro- tron required both extensive hardware modifications and a difficult commissioning process. We had to overcome 45 strong depolarizing resonances to maintain polarization up to 22 GeV/c in this strong-focusing synchrotron. At 18.5 GeV/c we measured the analyzing power A and the spin-spin correlation parameter Ann in large- P⊥2 proton-proton elastic scattering, using the polarized proton beam and a polarized proton target. We also obtained a high-precision measurement of A at P⊥2=0.3 (GeV/c)2 at 13.3 GeV/c. At 18.5 GeV/c we found that Ann=(-2±16)% at P⊥2=4.7 (GeV/c)2, where it was about 60% near 12 GeV at the Argonne Zero Gradient Synchrotron. This sharp change suggests that spin-spin forces may have a strong and unexpected energy dependence at high P⊥2.

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Double Spin Asymmetries A(NN) and A(SS) at s**(1/2) = 200-GeV in Polarized Proton-Proton Elastic Scattering at RHIC

The pp2pp collaboration Bultmann, S. ; Chiang, I.H. ; Chrien, R.E. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 647 (2007) 98-103, 2007.
Inspire Record 729168 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31499

We present the first measurements of the double spin asymmetries A_NN and A_SS at sqrt{s}=200 GeV, obtained by the pp2pp experiment using polarized proton beams at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). The data were collected in the four momentum transfer t range 0.01<|t|<0.03 (GeV/c)^2. The measured asymmetries, which are consistent with zero, allow us to estimate upper limits on the double helicity-flip amplitudes phi_2 and phi_4 at small t as well as on the difference Delta(sigma_T) between the total cross sections for transversely polarized protons with antiparallel or parallel spin orientations.

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Brown, K.A. ; Bruni, R.J. ; Cameron, P.R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 31 (1985) 3017-3020, 1985.
Inspire Record 220234 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23579

Using the new Brookhaven Alternating Gradient Synchrotron polarized proton beam and our polarized proton target, we measured the spin-spin correlation parameter Ann in 16.5-GeV/c proton-proton elastic scattering. We found an Ann of (6.1±3.0)% at P⊥2=2.2 (GeV/c)2. We also measured the analyzing power A in two independent ways, providing a good test of possible experimental errors. Comparing our new data with 12-GeV Argonne Zero Gradient Synchrotron data shows no evidence for strong energy dependence in Ann in this medium-P⊥2 region.

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Elastic Scattering of Hadrons at 50-GeV to 200-GeV

Akerlof, C.W. ; Kotthaus, R. ; Loveless, R.L. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 35 (1975) 1406, 1975.
Inspire Record 2687 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21194

The differential cross section for π±, K±, and p± on hydrogen have been measured in the range 0.07<−t<1.6 (GeV/c)2. The dependence on momentum, momentum, transfer, and particle type are discussed.

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Hadron-Proton Elastic Scattering at 50-GeV/c, 100-GeV/c and 200-GeV/c Momentum

Akerlof, C.W. ; Kotthaus, R. ; Loveless, R.L. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 14 (1976) 2864, 1976.
Inspire Record 3655 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24693

Elastic scattering of hadrons on protons has been measured at momenta of 50, 100, and 200 GeV/c. The meson-proton scattering is found to be independent of momentum and meson type for −t>0.8 (GeV/c)2. The momentum dependence of the pp dip at −t=1.4 (GeV/c)2 was investigated. Slope parameters are given.

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$\pi^{\pm} p$, $K^{\pm} p$, $pp$ and $p\bar{p}$ Elastic Scattering from 50-GeV/c to 175-GeV/c

The Fermilab Single Arm Spectrometer Group collaboration Ayres, D.S. ; Diebold, R. ; Maclay, G.J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 15 (1977) 3105, 1977.
Inspire Record 110409 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24653

The differential cross sections for the elastic scattering of π+, π−, K+, K−, p, and p¯ on protons have been measured in the t interval -0.04 to -0.75 GeV2 at five momenta: 50, 70, 100, 140, and 175 GeV/c. The t distributions have been parametrized by the quadratic exponential form dσdt=Aexp(B|t|+C|t|2) and the energy dependence has been described in terms of a single-pole Regge model. The pp and K+p diffraction peaks are found to shrink with α′∼0.20 and ∼0.15 GeV−2, respectively. The p¯p diffraction peak is antishrinking while π±p and K−p are relatively energy-independent. Total elastic cross sections are calculated by integrating the differential cross sections. The rapid decline in σel observed at low energies has stopped and all six reactions approach relatively constant values of σel. The ratio of σelσtot approaches a constant value for all six reactions by 100 GeV, consistent with the predictions of the geometric-scaling hypothesis. This ratio is ∼0.18 for pp and p¯p, and ∼0.12-0.14 for π±p and K±p. A crossover is observed between K+p and K−p scattering at |t|∼0.19 GeV2, and between pp and p¯p at |t|∼0.11 GeV2. Inversion of the cross sections into impact-parameter space shows that protons are quite transparent to mesons even in head-on collisions. The probability for a meson to pass through a proton head-on without interaction inelastically is ∼20% while it is only ∼6% for an incident proton or antiproton. Finally, the results are compared with various quark-model predictions.

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Precision pion - proton elastic differential cross-sections at energies spanning the Delta resonance

Pavan, M.M. ; Brack, J.T. ; Duncan, F. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 64 (2001) 064611, 2001.
Inspire Record 554203 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31782

A precision measurement of absolute pi+p and pi-p elastic differential cross sections at incident pion laboratory kinetic energies from T_pi= 141.15 to 267.3 MeV is described. Data were obtained detecting the scattered pion and recoil proton in coincidence at 12 laboratory pion angles from 55 to 155 degrees for pi+p, and six angles from 60 to 155 degrees for pi-p. Single arm measurements were also obtained for pi+p energies up to 218.1 MeV, with the scattered pi+ detected at six angles from 20 to 70 degrees. A flat-walled, super-cooled liquid hydrogen target as well as solid CH2 targets were used. The data are characterized by small uncertainties, ~1-2% statistical and ~1-1.5% normalization. The reliability of the cross section results was ensured by carrying out the measurements under a variety of experimental conditions to identify and quantify the sources of instrumental uncertainty. Our lowest and highest energy data are consistent with overlapping results from TRIUMF and LAMPF. In general, the Virginia Polytechnic Institute SM95 partial wave analysis solution describes our data well, but the older Karlsruhe-Helsinki PWA solution KH80 does not.

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High-precision measurements of $\pi p$ elastic differential cross sections in the second resonance region

The EPECUR collaboration Alekseev, I.G. ; Andreev, V.A. ; Bordyuzhin, I.G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 91 (2015) 025205, 2015.
Inspire Record 1323450 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.67659

Cross sections for pi+-p elastic scattering have been measured to high precision, for beam momenta between 800 and 1240 MeV/c, by the EPECUR Collaboration, using the ITEP proton synchrotron. The data precision allows comparisons of the existing partial-wave analyses (PWA) on a level not possible previously. These comparisons imply that updated PWA are required.

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Amalgamation of Meson - Nucleon Scattering Data

Kelly, R.L. ; Cutkosky, R.E. ;
Phys.Rev.D 20 (1979) 2782, 1979.
Inspire Record 140207 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.76310

We present a series of numerical and statistical techniques for interpolating and combining ("amalgamating") data from meson-nucleon scattering experiments. These techniques have been extensively applied to πp elastic and charge-exchange differential-cross-section and polarization data in the resonance region. The amalgamation is done by fitting a momentum- and angle-dependent interpolating surface to the data over a moderately narrow momentum range, typically ∼150 MeV/c, using the interpolating surface to shift data in a narrower central momentum region into fixed angular bins at a predetermined central momentum, and then statistically combining the data in each bin. The fitting procedure takes into account normalization errors, momentum calibration errors, momentum resolution, electromagnetic corrections, threshold structure, and inconsistencies among the data. The full covariance matrix of the amalgamated data is calculated, including contributions of statistical error, systematic error, and interpolation error. Techniques are presented for extracting from the covariance matrix information on the collective statistical fluctuations which correlate the errors of the amalgamated data. These fluctuations are described in terms of "correlation vectors" which facilitate the use of the amalgamated data as input for resonance-region phenomenology.

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Two-Charged-Particle Final States from pi-+p Interactions at 2.7 GeVc

Miller, D.H. ; Gutay, L. ; Johnson, P.B. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. 153 (1967) 1423-1442, 1967.
Inspire Record 52271 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26636

A total of 24 360 events having two charged particles in the final state from π−+p interactions at an incident π− momentum of 2.7 GeVc have been analyzed. The final states π−π+n and π−π0p are found to be dominated by rho-meson production, and in addition, significant N*(1238) production is seen. The partial cross sections for the dominant resonant channels are σ=(pρ−)=(1.3±0.2) mb, σ(nρ0)=(2.3±0.2) mb, and σ[π−N*+(→pπ0)]=(0.5±0.2) mb. The production of the ρ− and ρ0 and the decay of the ρ− agree very well with the predictions of an absorption-modified one-pion-exchange model. The production angular distributions of the ρ0 and ρ− follow an exponential of the form Ae+Bt. The results from a least-squares fit give B(ρ−)=9.32±0.08 (GeVc)−2, B(ρ0)=10.26±0.06 (GeVc)−2. A similar analysis for the elastic-scattering events gave B(el)=7.77±0.05 (GeVc)−2. The ρ0 decay distributions are asymmetric and they have been analyzed using a simple model which includes S−P-wave interference. No clear evidence is seen for a T=0, J=0 resonance at a mass near that of the ρ. The N*(1238) resonance production is found to be in agreement with the ρ-exchange model of Stodolsky and Sakurai. Indication of other resonance production with small cross section is seen, such as A1 and A2 production in the multiple missing neutral events. The masses and widths of the ρ0 and ρ− as a function of the four-momentum transfer squared to the nucleon have been determined.

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pi-p Two-Prong Interactions at 4.16 GeV/c

Eisner, R.L. ; Johnson, P.B. ; Klein, P.R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. 164 (1967) 1699-1710, 1967.
Inspire Record 52292 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26569

An analysis of π−p two-prong interactions at 4.16 GeV/c is presented. The total two-prong cross section is 19.11±0.40 mb, based on 33 672 events. The elastic-scattering differential cross section shows an exponential behavior, Kexp(−AΔ2). With A=7.36±0.14 GeV−2, the "absorption parameters" are derived as C+=0.846±0.017 and γ+=0.040±0.001. The final-state π−π0p exhibits a strong ρ−, and the π−π+n a strong ρ0 and f0. The partial cross sections for the dominant resonant channels pρ−, π−Δ+(1236) (→pπ0), ρ0n, and f0n are 0.59±0.03, 0.17±0.01, 1.15±0.05, and 0.53±0.06 mb, respectively. The ρ− production and decay angular distributions do not agree with the predictions of the absorption-modified one-pion-exchange model. However, an inclusion of the contribution from ω exchange adequately accounts for the discrepancy. The ρ0 asymmetry is interpreted as a result of an interference of the resonant P wave and isospin-zero S wave, and the corresponding spin-density matrix elements are obtained. In the final state π−p+neutrals, a clear peak for the η meson and some evidence for the ω meson are seen.

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Elastic Scattering Crossovers from 50-GeV to 175-GeV

The Fermilab Single Arm Spectrometer Group collaboration Anderson, R.L. ; Anelli, E.F. ; Ayres, D.S. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 37 (1976) 1025, 1976.
Inspire Record 108810 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21092

A comparison of K±p and p±p elastic scattering is made for incident energy 50 to 175 GeV. Average values of 0.19±0.04 and 0.11±0.02 GeV2 were found for the invariant-momentum-transfer values of the Kp and pp crossover points, respectively.

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Observation of Structure in Elastic pp Scattering at 100-GeV/c and 200-GeV/c

Akerlof, C.W. ; Kotthaus, R. ; Loveless, R.L. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 59 (1975) 197-200, 1975.
Inspire Record 99993 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27781

The elastic differential cross section for pp scattering has been measured up to a momentum transfer of ‖ t ‖ = 3(GeV/ c ) 2 at 100 GeV/c and 200 GeV/c incident momenta. The 200 GeV/ c measurements shows a diffractive like dip at ‖ t ‖ = 1.5 GeV/ c while no such dip is seen in the 100 GeV/ c data.

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Charged-Particle Multiplicities in 100-GeV/c anti-p p Interactions

Ansorge, R.E. ; Bust, C.P. ; Carter, J.R. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 59 (1975) 299-302, 1975.
Inspire Record 2603 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27765

Results are presented on the topological cross sections obtained for antiproton-proton interactions from an exposure of the Fermilab 30-inch bubble chamber to a 100 GeV/ c negative beam enriched in p 's. The p p inelastic cross section is found to be σ inel = 34.6 ± 0.4 mb, and the average inelastic charged particle multiplicity to be 〈 n 〉 = 6.74 ± 0.05.

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