Experimental Results on $p p$ Forward Elastic Scattering and the Possibility of Universal Shrinkage of the Hadronic Diffraction Cone

Burq, J.P. ; Chemarin, M. ; Chevallier, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 109 (1982) 124-128, 1982.
Inspire Record 168617 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31001

The differential cross section of pp scattering has been measured in the energy region 100–300 GeV and in the t -range 0.002 < | t | < 0.04 (GeV/| c ) 2 . The results on the real part of the scattering amplitude agrees with dispersion relation calculations. We also report on our determination of the slope parameter b together with an analysis of the world data of b for different hadrons and different t -values. It is shown that the data are consistent with the hypothesis of a universal shrinkage of the hadronic diffraction cone at high energies.

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Measurements of $\pi^- p$ Forward Elastic Scattering at High-energies

Burq, J.P. ; Chemarin, M. ; Chevallier, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 109 (1982) 111, 1982.
Inspire Record 166767 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31011

The differential cross section of π − p scattering has been measured in the energy region 100–345 GeV and in the t -range 0.002<| t |< 0.04 (GeV/ c ) 2 . The real part of the π − p scattering amplitude has been extracted from the data. The results show that the real part continues to increase with energy. The energy dependence of the slope parameter has also been determined. The shrinkage found expressed in terms of the slope of the pomeron trajectory is2 α ′ p =0.23±0.04 (GeV/ c ) −2 . This agrees with the energy dependence found at larger| t |-values.

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Elastic p p-scattering in the coulomb interference region in the momentum range 1.1 to 1.7 gev/c

Vorobyov, A.A. ; Denisov, A.S. ; Zalite, Yu.K. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 41 (1972) 639-641, 1972.
Inspire Record 85047 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28216

Differential cross-sections for pp elastic scattering in the transfer momentum range 2 x 10 −3 ⩽ | t | ⩽ x 8 10 −3 (GeV/ c ) 2 were studied with a hydrogen filled ionization chamber which was used as a target and as a detector of the recoiled protons. The measurements have been done at P lab . = 1.11 GeV/ c , 1.28 GeV/ c , 1.34 GeV/ c , 1.40 GeV/ c and 1.70 GeV/ c . The real part of the spin independent forward scattering amplitude has been determined, the results being in agreement with the dispersion relation calculations.

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Measurements of $\pi^- p$ Elastic Scattering in the Coulomb Interference Region at High-energies

Burq, J.P. ; Chemarin, M. ; Chevallier, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 77 (1978) 438-442, 1978.
Inspire Record 131449 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27428

The differential cross section has been measured at 30, 50, 80, 100, 120 and 140 GeV/ c for 0.002 < | t | < 0.04 ( GeV / c ) 2 . The results show that the π − p real part goes from negative to positive values below 80 GeV/ c . The slope parameter in the t -region measured is significantly higher than what has been found − t = 0.2 (GeV/ c ) 2 .

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Elastic pp scattering in the region of the coulomb interference at momenta 1.1 - 1.7 GeV/c

Vorob'ev, A.A. ; Denisov, A.S. ; Zalite, Yu.K. ; et al.
JETP Lett. 17 (1973) 108-110, 1973.
Inspire Record 1393129 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.39943
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Soft $\pi^- p$ and $p p$ Elastic Scattering in the Energy Range 30-{GeV} to 345-{GeV}

Burq, J.P. ; Chemarin, M. ; Chevallier, M. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 217 (1983) 285-335, 1983.
Inspire Record 182455 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.7556

Differential cross sections for π − p and pp elastic scattering have been measured at incident momenta ranging from 30 to 345 GeV and in the t range 0.002 (GeV/ c ) 2 ⩽ | t | ⩽ 0.04 (GeV/ c ) 2 . From the analysis of the data, the ratio ϱ ( t = 0) of the real to the imaginary parts of the forward scattering amplitude was determined together with the logarithmic slope b of the diffraction cone.

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ELASTIC SCATTERING OF pi- AND K- MESONS ON PROTONS AT 43-GeV/c MOMENTUM

The SIGMA-AYaKS & Dubna-Serpukhov-Tbilisi collaborations Antipov, Yu.M. ; Batarin, V.A. ; Bezzubov, V.A. ; et al.
Sov.J.Nucl.Phys. 48 (1988) 85, 1988.
Inspire Record 253399 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.38881
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The Normalization of p p Polarization Between 200-MeV and 520-MeV

Amsler, C. ; Bugg, D.V. ; Axen, D. ; et al.
J.Phys.G 4 (1978) 1047-1053, 1978.
Inspire Record 135489 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.38559

The absolute normalisation of the polarisation in pp elastic scattering at 24 degrees lab has been determined by means of a double-scattering experiment to an accuracy of +or-1.5% at five energies between 200 and 520 MeV.

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d, r, r-prime and p in p p Elastic Scattering from 209-MeV to 515-MeV

Axen, D. ; Felawka, L. ; Jaccard, S. ; et al.
Lett.Nuovo Cim. 20 (1977) 151-156, 1977.
Inspire Record 125649 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37405
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Proton Proton Elastic Scattering from 150-MeV to 515-MeV

Bugg, D.V. ; Edgington, J.A. ; Amsler, Claude ; et al.
J.Phys.G 4 (1978) 1025, 1978.
Inspire Record 123232 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.38563

The parameters D, R, R' and P for pp elastic scattering have been measured in the centre-of-mass angular range 13 degrees to 58 degrees with an accuracy of about +or-0.02 at 209, 324, 379, 425 and 515 MeV. These results are incorporated with earlier data into a phase-shift analysis. Phase-shifts are generally in agreement with the theoretical predictions of the Paris group, although the F-wave spin-orbit combination is rather stronger than predicted. The fitted value for the pi 0pp coupling constant in g02=14.06+or-0.65.

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Comparison of Exclusive Reactions at Large $T$

Baller, B.R. ; Blazey, G.C. ; Courant, H. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 60 (1988) 1118-1121, 1988.
Inspire Record 264273 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.3063

Cross sections or upper limits are reported for 12 meson-baryon and two baryon-baryon reactions for an incident momentum of 9.9 GeV/c, near 90° c.m.: π±p→pπ±,pp±,π+°±,K+Σ±, (Λ0/Σ0)K0; K±p→pK±; p±p→pp. By studying the flavor dependence of the different reactions, we have been able to isolate the quark-interchange mechanism as dominant over gluon exchange and quark-antiquark annihilation.

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Hard exclusive hadron nucleon scattering and color transparency

Heppelmann, S. ; Wu, J.Y. ; Appel, R. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.A 527 (1991) 581C-583C, 1991.
Inspire Record 327578 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.36761

We present preliminary results on the measurement of a variety of exclusive hadron interactions at center of mass scattering angles of 90°. Data are also presented which show the relative transparency of nuclei to πp and pp elastic scattering in this kinematic range.

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Structure in $\pi^+ p$ elastic backward scattering

Dobrowolski, T. ; Gus'kov, B.N. ; Likhachev, M.F. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 24 (1967) 203-206, 1967.
Inspire Record 1400910 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29617

The energy dependence of the differential cross section for $\pi^+ p$ elastic scattering at a c.m. angle near 174 ° has been measured. The momentum range of incident $\pi^+$ was 2.06-4.70 GeV/c. On this energy dependence one can see a structure, i.e. maxima corresponding to the baryon resonances $\Delta(2420)$ and $\Delta(2840)$. The structure is used for determination of the parities of these resonances.

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pi + /- p Backward Scattering Between 1.5 and 3.0 BeV/c

Carroll, A.S. ; Fischer, J. ; Lundby, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 20 (1968) 607-609, 1968.
Inspire Record 54465 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.897
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Small-Angle pi- p Elastic Scattering Measurements

Apokin, V.D. ; Derevshchikov, A.A. ; Matulenko, Yu.A. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 56 (1975) 391-394, 1975.
Inspire Record 90800 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27866

We have measured small angle elastic pion-proton scattering in 40 and 50 GeV c π − beams at Serpukhov. Analysis of the data in the Coulomb interference region yields a value for the ratio of the real to the imaginary part of the strong amplitude, ϱ (0)=−0.074 ± 0.033 at 40 GeV/ c and ϱ (0)=−0.006 ±0.026 at 50 GeV/ c

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A measurement of elastic pion-proton scattering at 50 gev

Derevchekov, A.A. ; Golovin, N.I. ; Khodirev, Y.C. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 48 (1974) 367-370, 1974.
Inspire Record 95356 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27998

We have measured elastic pion-proton scattering in a 50 GeV/ c π − beam at the 76 GeV proton synchrotron in Serpukhov. Data are presented for four-momenta transfer squared in the range 0.03 < t < 0.4 (GeV/ c ) 2 .

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Study of pi- Meson Elastic Scattering by Protons at Small Angles

Apokin, V.D. ; Derevshchikov, A.A ; Matulenko, Yu.A. ; et al.
Yad.Fiz. 21 (1975) 1240-1246, 1975.
Inspire Record 103333 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19099
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DECAY DISTRIBUTION OF HIGH TRANSVERSE MOMENTUM RHO MESONS

Heppelmann, S. ; Blazey, G.C. ; Baller, B. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 55 (1985) 1824-1827, 1985.
Inspire Record 221964 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20301

The exclusive process π−p→ρ−p has been measured at 90° c.m. with an incident pion momentum of 9.9 GeV/c. We present data on the angular dependence of the decay ρ−→π−π0. We observe a strong azimuthal dependence in the decay in the c.m. helicity frame of the ρ. Such an azimuthal dependence is not compatible with SU(6) valence-quark perturbation calculations.

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Comparison of 20 exclusive reactions at large t

White, C. ; Appel, R. ; Barton, D.S. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 49 (1994) 58-78, 1994.
Inspire Record 377535 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.50306

We report a study of 20 exclusive reactions measured at the AGS at 5.9 GeV/c incident momentum, 90° center of mass. This experiment confirms the strong quark flow dependence of two-body hadron-hadron scattering at large angle. At 9.9 GeV/c an upper limit had been set for the ratio of cross sections for (p¯p→p¯p)(pp→pp) at 90° c.m., with the ratio less than 4%. The present experiment was performed at lower energy to gain sensitivity, but was still within the fixed angle scaling region. A ratio R(p¯ppp)≈140 was measured at 5.9 GeV/c, 90° c.m. in comparison to a ratio near 1.7 for small angle scattering. In addition, many other reactions were measured, often for the first time at 90° c.m. in the scaling region, using beams of π±, K±, p, and p¯ on a hydrogen target. There are similar large differences in cross sections for other reactions: R(K−p→π+Σ−K−p→π−Σ+)≈112, for example. The relative magnitudes of the different cross sections are consistent with the dominance of quark interchange in these 90° reactions, and indicate that pure gluon exchange and quark-antiquark annihilation diagrams are much less important. The angular dependence of several elastic cross sections and the energy dependence at a fixed angle of many of the reactions are also presented.

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Measurement of the total cross section from elastic scattering in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=8$ TeV with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aaboud, Morad ; Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 761 (2016) 158-178, 2016.
Inspire Record 1477585 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73997

A measurement of the total $pp$ cross section at the LHC at $\sqrt{s}=8$ TeV is presented. An integrated luminosity of $500$ $\mu$b$^{-1}$ was accumulated in a special run with high-$\beta^{\star}$ beam optics to measure the differential elastic cross section as a function of the Mandelstam momentum transfer variable $t$. The measurement is performed with the ALFA sub-detector of ATLAS. Using a fit to the differential elastic cross section in the $-t$ range from $0.014$ GeV$^2$ to $0.1$ GeV$^2$ to extrapolate $t\rightarrow 0$, the total cross section, $\sigma_{\mathrm{tot}}(pp\rightarrow X)$, is measured via the optical theorem to be: $\sigma_{\mathrm{tot}}(pp\rightarrow X) = {96.07} \; \pm 0.18 \; ({{stat.}}) \pm 0.85 \; ({{exp.}}) \pm 0.31 \; ({extr.}) \; {mb} \;,$ where the first error is statistical, the second accounts for all experimental systematic uncertainties and the last is related to uncertainties in the extrapolation $t\rightarrow 0$. In addition, the slope of the exponential function describing the elastic cross section at small $t$ is determined to be $B = 19.74 \pm 0.05 \; ({{stat.}}) \pm 0.23 \; ({{syst.}}) \; {GeV}^{-2}$.

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Measurement of the total cross section from elastic scattering in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; Abdallah, Jalal ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 889 (2014) 486-548, 2014.
Inspire Record 1312171 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.68910

A measurement of the total $pp$ cross section at the LHC at $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV is presented. In a special run with high-$\beta^{\star}$ beam optics, an integrated luminosity of 80 $\mu$b$^{-1}$ was accumulated in order to measure the differential elastic cross section as a function of the Mandelstam momentum transfer variable $t$. The measurement is performed with the ALFA sub-detector of ATLAS. Using a fit to the differential elastic cross section in the $|t|$ range from 0.01 GeV$^2$ to 0.1 GeV$^2$ to extrapolate to $|t|\rightarrow 0$, the total cross section, $\sigma_{\mathrm{tot}}(pp\rightarrow X)$, is measured via the optical theorem to be: $$\sigma_{\mathrm{tot}}(pp\rightarrow X) = 95.35 \; \pm 0.38 \; ({\mbox{stat.}}) \pm 1.25 \; ({\mbox{exp.}}) \pm 0.37 \; (\mbox{extr.}) \; \mbox{mb},$$ where the first error is statistical, the second accounts for all experimental systematic uncertainties and the last is related to uncertainties in the extrapolation to $|t|\rightarrow 0$. In addition, the slope of the elastic cross section at small $|t|$ is determined to be $B = 19.73 \pm 0.14 \; ({\mbox{stat.}}) \pm 0.26 \; ({\mbox{syst.}}) \; \mbox{GeV}^{-2}$.

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Elastic $pp$ scattering at 1.45 BeV

Kruchinin, S.P. ; Mukhin, K.N. ; Romantseva, A.S. ; et al.
Sov.J.Nucl.Phys. 1 (1965) 225-229, 1965.
Inspire Record 1392861 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.54964
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