A Comparison of the Shapes of pi+ p and p p Diffraction Peaks from 50-GeV/c to 175-GeV/c

The Fermilab Single Arm Spectrometer Group collaboration Ayres, D.S. ; Diebold, Robert E. ; Maclay, G.J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 37 (1976) 548, 1976.
Inspire Record 108238 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21073

The ratio of π+p to pp elastic scattering is found to be smoothly varying over the range −t=0.03 to 0.4 GeV2. It is well fitted by a single exponential, indicating the forward behavior must be quite similar for the two reactions.

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Measurement of the Proton-Neutron Elastic Scattering Polarization from 2-GeV/c to 6-GeV/c

Diebold, R. ; Ayres, D.S. ; Kramer, S.L. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 35 (1975) 632, 1975.
Inspire Record 99560 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21193

Left-right asymmetries from a deuterium target in a polarized-proton beam were observed with the Argonne National Laboratory effective-mass spectrometer. Results were obtained for both pp and pn elastic scattering from −t=0.15 to 1.0 GeV2 at 2, 3, 4, and 6 GeV/c. For −t≲0.6 GeV2 the pn polarization was found to have the same sign as for pp, but with faster energy dependence, the ratio P(pn)P(pp) at −t=0.3 GeV2 falling from 0.78±0.02 at 2 GeV/c to 0.22±0.03 at 6 GeV/c.

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Measurement of the Polarization Parameter in Small Angle Proton Proton Elastic Scattering at 6-GeV/c

Rust, D.R. ; Crittenden, R.R. ; Heinz, R.M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 58 (1975) 114-116, 1975.
Inspire Record 99058 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27810

The polarization parameter in pp elastic scattering was measured at 6 GeV/ c with fine t resolution for 0.02 < − t < 0.5 GeV 2 using a polarized proton beam with Effective Mass Spectrometer at the Zero Gradient Synchrotron. The polarization rises like √− t in the interval 0.02 < − t < 0.1 GeV 2 , No statistical significant structure was found in this region of momentum transfer.

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Polarization Parameter for Nucleon-Nucleon Elastic Scattering at 11.8-GeV/c

Kramer, S.L. ; Ayres, D.S. ; Cohen, Daniel H. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 17 (1978) 1709, 1978.
Inspire Record 122176 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24427

Data are presented on the polarization parameter in pp and pn elastic scattering at 11.8 GeV/c for four-momentum transfers −t=0.15 to 0.9 GeV2. In contrast to lower energies where the pn polarization is positive, it is slightly negative at 11.8 GeV/c; averaging the data from −t=0.18 to 0.5 GeV2 we find P(pn)=(−0.9±0.5)%, to be compared with P(pp)=(5.6±0.8)%. These data, combined with our previous data at lower energies, show that the I=0 single-flip exchange amplitude has an anomalously rapid energy dependence.

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Systematic study of pi+- p, k+- p, p p, and anti-p p forward elastic scattering from 3 to 6 gev/c

Ambats, I. ; Ayres, D.S. ; Diebold, R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 9 (1974) 1179-1209, 1974.
Inspire Record 92992 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.3409

Measurements of π±p, K±p, pp, and p¯p elastic scattering are presented for incident momenta of 3, 3.65, 5, and 6 GeVc and momentum transfers typically 0.03 to 1.8 GeV2. The angle and momentum of the scattered particle were measured with the Argonne Effective Mass Spectrometer for 300 000 events, yielding 930 cross-section values with an uncertainty in absolute normalization of ±4%. Only the K+ and proton data show any significant change in slope of the forward diffraction peak with incident momentum. The particle-antiparticle crossover positions are consistent with no energy dependence, average values being 0.14 ± 0.03, 0.190 ± 0.006, and 0.162 ± 0.004 GeV2 for π' s, K' s, and protons, respectively; these errors reflect both statistics and the ±1.5% uncertainty in particle-antiparticle relative normalization. Differences between particle and antiparticle cross sections isolate interference terms between amplitudes of opposite C parity in the t channel; these differences indicate that the imaginary part of the odd-C nonflip-helicity amplitude has a J0(r(−t)12) structure for −t<0.8 GeV2, as predicted by strong absorption models. The cross-section differences for K± and proton-antiproton are in qualitative agreement with the predictions of ω universality, the agreement improving with increasing energy. The corresponding quark-model predictions relating the π± and K± differences failed by more than a factor of 2. We have combined our π± cross sections with other data to better determine the πN amplitudes in a model-independent way; results of this analysis are presented.

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Comparison of particle-antiparticle elastic scattering from 3 to 6 gev/c

Ambats, I. ; Ayres, D.S. ; Diebold, R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 29 (1972) 1415-1419, 1972.
Inspire Record 84577 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21445

Differential cross sections for π±p, K±p, pp, and p¯p elastic scattering were measured at 3, 3.65, 5, and 6 GeVc for momentum transfers from 0.03 to 1.5 GeV2 using the Argonne effective mass spectrometer. Particular attention was paid to the relative particle-antiparticle normalization. The crossover points are consistent with no energy dependence, average values being 0.14 ± 0.03, 1.190 ± 0.005, and 0.160 ± 0.007 GeV2 for π's, K's, and protons, respectively.

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$\pi^{\pm} p$, $K^{\pm} p$, $pp$ and $p\bar{p}$ Elastic Scattering from 50-GeV/c to 175-GeV/c

The Fermilab Single Arm Spectrometer Group collaboration Ayres, D.S. ; Diebold, R. ; Maclay, G.J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 15 (1977) 3105, 1977.
Inspire Record 110409 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24653

The differential cross sections for the elastic scattering of π+, π−, K+, K−, p, and p¯ on protons have been measured in the t interval -0.04 to -0.75 GeV2 at five momenta: 50, 70, 100, 140, and 175 GeV/c. The t distributions have been parametrized by the quadratic exponential form dσdt=Aexp(B|t|+C|t|2) and the energy dependence has been described in terms of a single-pole Regge model. The pp and K+p diffraction peaks are found to shrink with α′∼0.20 and ∼0.15 GeV−2, respectively. The p¯p diffraction peak is antishrinking while π±p and K−p are relatively energy-independent. Total elastic cross sections are calculated by integrating the differential cross sections. The rapid decline in σel observed at low energies has stopped and all six reactions approach relatively constant values of σel. The ratio of σelσtot approaches a constant value for all six reactions by 100 GeV, consistent with the predictions of the geometric-scaling hypothesis. This ratio is ∼0.18 for pp and p¯p, and ∼0.12-0.14 for π±p and K±p. A crossover is observed between K+p and K−p scattering at |t|∼0.19 GeV2, and between pp and p¯p at |t|∼0.11 GeV2. Inversion of the cross sections into impact-parameter space shows that protons are quite transparent to mesons even in head-on collisions. The probability for a meson to pass through a proton head-on without interaction inelastically is ∼20% while it is only ∼6% for an incident proton or antiproton. Finally, the results are compared with various quark-model predictions.

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Elastic Scattering Crossovers from 50-GeV to 175-GeV

The Fermilab Single Arm Spectrometer Group collaboration Anderson, R.L. ; Anelli, E.F. ; Ayres, D.S. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 37 (1976) 1025, 1976.
Inspire Record 108810 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21092

A comparison of K±p and p±p elastic scattering is made for incident energy 50 to 175 GeV. Average values of 0.19±0.04 and 0.11±0.02 GeV2 were found for the invariant-momentum-transfer values of the Kp and pp crossover points, respectively.

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Polarization Measurements in pi- p, K- p and p p Elastic Scattering at 40-GeV/c

The Saclay-Serpukhov-Dubna-Morsoc collaboration Gaidot, A. ; Bruneton, C. ; Bystricky, J. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 57 (1975) 389-392, 1975.
Inspire Record 99592 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27840

We report final results on the polarization parameter P in elastic scattering of π − , K − and antiprotons at 40 GeV/ c incident momentum. The energy dependence of P (t) in π − p above 10 GeV/ c is well fitted by P (t) α s αR(t)-α P (t) where α R (t) are the effective Regge and Pomeron trajectories respectively. The data in K − p are compatible with exchange degeneracy. The results inp¯p show an important structure for |t|> 0.3 (GeV/c) 2 demonstrating the existence of a large helicity flip amplitude.

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Polarization Measurements in pi+ p, K+ p and p p Elastic Scattering at 45-GeV/c and Comparison with Regge Phenomenology

The SACLAY-SERPUKHOV-DUBNA-MOSCOW collaboration Gaidot, A. ; Bruneton, C. ; Bystricky, J. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 61 (1976) 103-106, 1976.
Inspire Record 113043 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27714

The polarization parameter P has been measured for elastic π + p, K + p and pp scattering at 45 GeV/c. Four-momentum transfer ranges from −0.08 to −1.1 (GeV/) 2 for pp, and from −0.08 to −0.9 (GeV/) 2 for π + p and K + p. The energy dependence of the polarization P ( t ) in π + p and in K + p above 6 GeV/c incident momentum is compatible with interference between pomeron and Regge poles. On the other hand, the polarization in p p elastic scattering decreases faster than ordinary Regge model predictions. This result can be explained by interference between non flip and flip amplitudes of the pomeron, leading to negative values for the polarization.

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On Measuring Spin Rotation Parameter r in pi- p and K- p Elastic Scattering at 40-GeV/c

The Serpukhov-Saclay-Dubna-Moscow collaboration Pierrard, J. ; Bruneton, C. ; Bystricky, J. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 57 (1975) 393-397, 1975.
Inspire Record 99593 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27839

The spin rotation parameter R has been measured for elastic π − p scattering at 40 GeV/ c , at four momentum transfers t ranging from −0.19 to −0.52 (GeV/ c ) 2 . The average value within this interval is R π − p = -0.200± 0.023. The resulting constraints on the πN scattering amplitudes are discussed. The experiments also yields an average value for K − p scattering, R K − p scattering, R K − p = -0.16±0.16.

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Measurements of the Spin Rotation Parameter R in p p and pi+ p Elastic Scattering at 45-GeV/c

The SERPUKHOV-SACLAY-DUBNA-MOSCOW collaboration Pierrard, J. ; Bruneton, C. ; Bystricky, J. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 61 (1976) 107-109, 1976.
Inspire Record 113035 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27706

The spin rotation sf R in pp and π + p elastic scattering at 45 GeV/c has been measured at the Seppukhov accelarator, for z . sfnc ; t |; ranging from 0.2 to 0.5 (GeV/) 2 . The results are presented, together with previous R measurements at lower energies. The equality of the values for R in proton-proton and pion-proton scattering, within the experimental errors, is a test of factorization of the residues in the pomeron exchange.

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Experimental Results on $p p$ Forward Elastic Scattering and the Possibility of Universal Shrinkage of the Hadronic Diffraction Cone

Burq, J.P. ; Chemarin, M. ; Chevallier, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 109 (1982) 124-128, 1982.
Inspire Record 168617 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31001

The differential cross section of pp scattering has been measured in the energy region 100–300 GeV and in the t -range 0.002 < | t | < 0.04 (GeV/| c ) 2 . The results on the real part of the scattering amplitude agrees with dispersion relation calculations. We also report on our determination of the slope parameter b together with an analysis of the world data of b for different hadrons and different t -values. It is shown that the data are consistent with the hypothesis of a universal shrinkage of the hadronic diffraction cone at high energies.

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Measurements of $\pi^- p$ Forward Elastic Scattering at High-energies

Burq, J.P. ; Chemarin, M. ; Chevallier, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 109 (1982) 111, 1982.
Inspire Record 166767 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31011

The differential cross section of π − p scattering has been measured in the energy region 100–345 GeV and in the t -range 0.002<| t |< 0.04 (GeV/ c ) 2 . The real part of the π − p scattering amplitude has been extracted from the data. The results show that the real part continues to increase with energy. The energy dependence of the slope parameter has also been determined. The shrinkage found expressed in terms of the slope of the pomeron trajectory is2 α ′ p =0.23±0.04 (GeV/ c ) −2 . This agrees with the energy dependence found at larger| t |-values.

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Measurement of the Slope of the Diffraction Peak for Elastic pp Scattering from 8-GeV to 400-GeV.

Bartenev, V. ; Kuznetsov, A. ; Morozov, B. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 31 (1973) 1088-1091, 1973.
Inspire Record 81722 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21381

The slope b(s) of the forward diffraction peak of p−p elastic scattering has been measured in the momentum-transfer-squared range 0.005≲|t|≲0.09 (GeV/c)2 and at incident proton energies from 8 to 400 GeV. We find that b(s) increases with s, and in the interval 100≲s≲750 (GeV)2 it can be fitted by the form b(s)=b0+2α′lns with b0=8.23±0.27, α′=0.278±0.024 (GeV/c)−2.

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Real Part of the Proton Proton Forward Scattering Amplitude from 50 GeV to 400 GeV.

Bartenev, V. ; Carrigan, Richard A. ; Chiang, I-Hung ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 31 (1973) 1367-1370, 1973.
Inspire Record 81733 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21379

From measurements of proton-proton elastic scattering at very small momentum transfers where the nuclear and Coulomb amplitudes interfere, we have deduced values of ρ, the ratio of the real to the imaginary forward nuclear amplitude, for energies from 50 to 400 GeV. We find that ρ increases from -0.157 ± 0.012 at 51.5 GeV to +0.039 ± 0.012 at 393 GeV, crossing zero at 280 ± 60 GeV.

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Further results on small angle elastic proton proton scattering at very high energies

Holder, M. ; Radermacher, E. ; Staude, A. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 36 (1971) 400-402, 1971.
Inspire Record 69148 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28407

This work extends our previous investigations at the CERN Intersecting Storage Rings, with improved statistics at three different energies, wider angular range and a better control over systematic errors. Values for the (diffraction) shape parameter b are given.

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Direct Experimental Reconstruction of the $P P$ Elastic Scattering Amplitudes Between 447-{MeV} and 579-{MeV}

Hausammann, R. ; Heer, E. ; Hess, R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 40 (1989) 22-34, 1989.
Inspire Record 285139 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23146

A direct experimental reconstruction of the five complex pp elastic-scattering amplitudes has been performed at 447, 497, 517, 539, and 579 MeV. The reconstruction is done over the c.m. angles from 38° to 90° and is based on either 11 or 15 spin observables depending on the angular range. The reconstructed amplitudes are presented and compared to phase-shift analysis. A smooth energy behavior is observed for the amplitudes.

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Measurements of $\pi^- p$ Elastic Scattering in the Coulomb Interference Region at High-energies

Burq, J.P. ; Chemarin, M. ; Chevallier, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 77 (1978) 438-442, 1978.
Inspire Record 131449 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27428

The differential cross section has been measured at 30, 50, 80, 100, 120 and 140 GeV/ c for 0.002 < | t | < 0.04 ( GeV / c ) 2 . The results show that the π − p real part goes from negative to positive values below 80 GeV/ c . The slope parameter in the t -region measured is significantly higher than what has been found − t = 0.2 (GeV/ c ) 2 .

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Proton-proton scattering at very small angles at 24 GeV/ c

Lohrmann, E. ; Meyer, H. ; Winzeler, H. ;
Phys.Lett. 13 (1964) 78-80, 1964.
Inspire Record 1392871 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.30656
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MEASUREMENT OF POLARIZATION IN K- p ELASTIC SCATTERING BETWEEN 0.955-GeV/c AND 1.272-GeV/c

Bryant, H.C. ; Carter, A.A. ; Coupland, M. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 168 (1980) 207-221, 1980.
Inspire Record 143628 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.34502

The polarization parameter has been measured for K − p elastic scattering at nine incident beam momenta between 0.955 and 1.272 GeV/ c covering the c.m. angular range −0.9 < cos θ ∗ < + 0.9 . Experimental results and coefficients of Legendre polynomial fits to the data are presented and compared with other measurements and a partial-wave analysis.

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Cross-Sections and Charged Multiplicity Distributions for pi- p and K- p Interactions at 147-GeV/c.

Fong, D. ; Heller, M. ; Shapiro, A.M. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 102 (1976) 386-404, 1976.
Inspire Record 112604 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.36057

The results presented in this paper were obtained from a 105 000 frame exposure of the FNAL Hybrid Proportional Wire Chamber-30 inch Bubble Chamber System, in a tagged beam of 147 GeV/ c negative particles. Elastic, total and topological cross sections were obtained for both π − p and K − p interactions. Comparisons with other data, taken with various beam particles over large momentum intervals, show good agreement with KNO scaling, and similarity in the scaling behavior of σ n for the different beam particles.

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Excitation functions of the analyzing power in p p(pol.) scattering from 0.45-GeV to 2.5-GeV

The EDDA collaboration Altmeier, M. ; Bauer, F. ; Bisplinghoff, J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 85 (2000) 1819-1822, 2000.
Inspire Record 537773 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19490

Excitation functions AN(pp,Θc.m.) of the analyzing power in pp→ elastic scattering have been measured with a polarized atomic hydrogen target for projectile momenta pp between 1000 and 3300 MeV/ c. The experiment was performed for scattering angles 30°≤Θc.m.≤90° using the recirculating beam of the proton storage ring COSY during acceleration. The resulting excitation functions and angular distributions of high internal consistency have significant impact on the recent phase shift solution SAID SP99, in particular, on the spin triplet phase shifts between 1000 and 1800 MeV, and demonstrate the limited predictive power of single-energy phase shift solutions at these energies.

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Analyzing powers for pi p elastic scattering between 57-MeV and 139-MeV

Patterson, J.D. ; Hofman, G.J. ; Brack, J.T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 66 (2002) 025207, 2002.
Inspire Record 594648 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25268

Analyzing powers for πp elastic scattering at bombarding energies below the Δ(1232) resonance were measured at TRIUMF using the CHAOS spectrometer and a polarized spin target. This work presents π− data at six incident energies of 57, 67, 87, 98, 117, and 139 MeV, and a single π+ data set at 139 MeV. The higher energy measurements cover an angular range of 72°<~θc.m.<~180° while the lower energies were limited to 101°<~θc.m.<~180°. There is a high degree of consistency between this work and the predictions of the VPI/GWU group’s SM95 partial wave analysis.

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Measurement of the polarization parameter in pi- p elastic scattering at 40 gev/c

The Saclay-Serpukhov-Dubna-Moscow collaboration Bruneton, C. ; Bystricky, J. ; Cozzika, G. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 44 (1973) 471-473, 1973.
Inspire Record 84826 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28096

We report our first measurements of the polarization in the elastic scattering of negative pions from polarized protons at an incident pion momentum of 40 GeV/ c . The momentum-transfer region covered was 0.08 < | t | < 1.3 (GeV/ c ) 2 . The angular distribution of the polarization exhibits a first minimum of ∼ − 5% and the well-known zero around t ≈ − 0.6 (GeV/ c ) 2 . The energy variation of the first minimum (at around t = − 0.2) may be expressed in a simple form, P avr = −(0.48±0.06) s −0.52±0.05 .

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