POLARIZATION PARAMETERS AND ANGULAR DISTRIBUTIONS IN PI+- P ELASTIC SCATTERING AT 100-GEV/C AND IN P P ELASTIC SCATTERING AT 100-GEV/C AND 300-GEV/C

Kline, R.V. ; Law, M.E. ; Pipkin, F.M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 22 (1980) 553-572, 1980.
Inspire Record 158989 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24156

Measurements of the polarization parameters and angular distributions are reported for π±p elastic scattering at 100 GeV/c and for pp elastic scattering at 100- and 300-GeV/c incident momentum. The π±p data cover the kinematic range 0.18≤−t≤1.10 GeV2 and are in agreement with current Regge-model predictions. The pp data cover the kinematic range 0.15≤−t≤1.10 GeV2 and 0.15≤−t≤2.00 GeV2 at 100 and 300 GeV/c, respectively, and are found to be consistent with absorption-model predictions.

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POLARIZATION AND ANGULAR DISTRIBUTIONS IN ELASTIC P P SCATTERING AT 100-GEV AND 300-GEV.

Snyder, J.H. ; Auer, I.P. ; Bruckner, W. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 41 (1978) 781-784, 1978.
Inspire Record 132550 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20889

Measurements of the polarization parameter and angular distributions in pp elastic scattering at incident energies of 100 and 300 GeV are reported. The data cover the kinematic range 0.18<−t<2.0 GeV2. They are found to be consistent with absorption-model predictions.

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Measurement of the pi+ p and pi- p Polarization Parameters at 100-GeV/c

Auer, I.P. ; Hill, D. ; Sandler, B. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 39 (1977) 313, 1977.
Inspire Record 121138 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20982

We report measurements of the polarization parameters in π+p and π−p elastic scattering at an incident momentum of 100 GeV/c. The results cover the range 0.18<~−t<~1.4 GeV2 and are in agreement with current Regge-model predictions.

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Polarization in pi--p Scattering between 500 and 940 Mev

Beall, E.F. ; Cork, B. ; Murphy, P.G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. 126 (1962) 1554-1560, 1962.
Inspire Record 944982 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26812

A graphite-plate spark chamber has been used to analyze the polarization of protons recoiling from π−−p scattering. The observations were made at 90° (c.m. system) pion scattering angle for seven incident pion energies between 500 and 940 Mev, at 120° or 135° for five energies in this interval, and also at 75° for 500 Mev only. The results are compared with predictions of several models used to explain the maxima in the π−−p scattering cross section. Qualitative arguments show that the energy intervals between these maxima are not completely dominated by neighboring single-state resonances. Phase shifts found to be large in scattering also seem to be large in polarization.

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Elastic differential cross sections for $\pi^+ p$ at 1.76 and 2.08 GeV/c

James, F.E. ; Johnson, J.A. ; Kraybill, H.L. ;
Phys.Lett. 19 (1965) 72-74, 1965.
Inspire Record 1400913 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.30157
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Two-Charged-Particle Final States from pi-+p Interactions at 2.7 GeVc

Miller, D.H. ; Gutay, L. ; Johnson, P.B. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. 153 (1967) 1423-1442, 1967.
Inspire Record 52271 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26636

A total of 24 360 events having two charged particles in the final state from π−+p interactions at an incident π− momentum of 2.7 GeVc have been analyzed. The final states π−π+n and π−π0p are found to be dominated by rho-meson production, and in addition, significant N*(1238) production is seen. The partial cross sections for the dominant resonant channels are σ=(pρ−)=(1.3±0.2) mb, σ(nρ0)=(2.3±0.2) mb, and σ[π−N*+(→pπ0)]=(0.5±0.2) mb. The production of the ρ− and ρ0 and the decay of the ρ− agree very well with the predictions of an absorption-modified one-pion-exchange model. The production angular distributions of the ρ0 and ρ− follow an exponential of the form Ae+Bt. The results from a least-squares fit give B(ρ−)=9.32±0.08 (GeVc)−2, B(ρ0)=10.26±0.06 (GeVc)−2. A similar analysis for the elastic-scattering events gave B(el)=7.77±0.05 (GeVc)−2. The ρ0 decay distributions are asymmetric and they have been analyzed using a simple model which includes S−P-wave interference. No clear evidence is seen for a T=0, J=0 resonance at a mass near that of the ρ. The N*(1238) resonance production is found to be in agreement with the ρ-exchange model of Stodolsky and Sakurai. Indication of other resonance production with small cross section is seen, such as A1 and A2 production in the multiple missing neutral events. The masses and widths of the ρ0 and ρ− as a function of the four-momentum transfer squared to the nucleon have been determined.

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pi-p Two-Prong Interactions at 4.16 GeV/c

Eisner, R.L. ; Johnson, P.B. ; Klein, P.R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. 164 (1967) 1699-1710, 1967.
Inspire Record 52292 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26569

An analysis of π−p two-prong interactions at 4.16 GeV/c is presented. The total two-prong cross section is 19.11±0.40 mb, based on 33 672 events. The elastic-scattering differential cross section shows an exponential behavior, Kexp(−AΔ2). With A=7.36±0.14 GeV−2, the "absorption parameters" are derived as C+=0.846±0.017 and γ+=0.040±0.001. The final-state π−π0p exhibits a strong ρ−, and the π−π+n a strong ρ0 and f0. The partial cross sections for the dominant resonant channels pρ−, π−Δ+(1236) (→pπ0), ρ0n, and f0n are 0.59±0.03, 0.17±0.01, 1.15±0.05, and 0.53±0.06 mb, respectively. The ρ− production and decay angular distributions do not agree with the predictions of the absorption-modified one-pion-exchange model. However, an inclusion of the contribution from ω exchange adequately accounts for the discrepancy. The ρ0 asymmetry is interpreted as a result of an interference of the resonant P wave and isospin-zero S wave, and the corresponding spin-density matrix elements are obtained. In the final state π−p+neutrals, a clear peak for the η meson and some evidence for the ω meson are seen.

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$\pi^- p$ Interactions at 205-GeV/c: Cross-Sections and Charged Particle Multiplicity.

Bogert, D. ; Hanft, R. ; Huson, F.R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 31 (1973) 1271-1274, 1973.
Inspire Record 81730 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21380

Results are reported based on a study of 3114 π−p events at 205 GeV/c in the National Accelerator Laboratory 30-in. bubble chamber. The measured π−p total and elastic cross sections are 24.0 ± 0.5 and 3.0 ± 0.3 mb, respectively. The elastic differential cross section has a slope of 9.0 ± 0.7 GeV−2 for 0.03≤−t≤0.6 GeV2. The average charged-particle multiplicity for the inelastic events is 8.02 ± 0.12.

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Cross-Sections and Charged Multiplicity Distributions for pi- p and K- p Interactions at 147-GeV/c.

Fong, D. ; Heller, M. ; Shapiro, A.M. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 102 (1976) 386-404, 1976.
Inspire Record 112604 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.36057

The results presented in this paper were obtained from a 105 000 frame exposure of the FNAL Hybrid Proportional Wire Chamber-30 inch Bubble Chamber System, in a tagged beam of 147 GeV/ c negative particles. Elastic, total and topological cross sections were obtained for both π − p and K − p interactions. Comparisons with other data, taken with various beam particles over large momentum intervals, show good agreement with KNO scaling, and similarity in the scaling behavior of σ n for the different beam particles.

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A Study of $K^+ p$ Elastic Scattering and the Reaction $K^+ p \to K^+ p \pi^+ \pi^-$ at 70-{GeV}/$c$

The Brussels-Genoa-Mons-Nijmegen-Serpukhov-CERN collaboration Barth, M. ; Wolf, A.E. De ; Johnson, D.P. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 16 (1982) 111, 1982.
Inspire Record 181354 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.41205

Results are presented onK+p elastic scattering and on the reactionK+p→K+pπ+π− at 70 GeV/c. For the

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Backward Elastic pi+ p Scattering at 3.7-GeV/c and 7.1-GeV/c

Michael, W. ; Abrams, G.S. ; Alston-Garnjost, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 35 (1975) 193, 1975.
Inspire Record 98683 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21163

The differential cross section of π+p elastic scattering has been measured in two high-statistics bubble-chamber exposures at laboratory beam momenta of 3.7 and 7.1 GeV/c. A new feature suggested by these data is a dip in dσdu at −u≃3 GeV2. This dip corresponds well to the third zero of J0(b−u′), where ℏcb=1 fm. The effective u-channel Regge trajectory computed for these two energies has a slope of 0.22 ± 0.26.

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Study of k- pi- scattering using the reaction k- d ---> k- pi- p p(s)

Cho, Y. ; Derrick, M. ; Johnson, D. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 32 (1970) 409-412, 1970.
Inspire Record 63111 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28719

Approximately 700 events of the reaction K − d → K − π − pp s produced by 5.5 GeV/ c kaons were used to measure the cross section for Kπ elastic scattering in the T = 3 2 state by a Chew-Low extrapolation. The cross section does not exceed 2.1 mb and has no structure for Kπ masses from threshold up to 2.0 GeV.

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$\pi^- p$ at 205 GeV/c: Multiplicities of Charged and Neutral Particles Production of Neutral Particles

Ljung, D. ; Bogert, D. ; Hanft, R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 15 (1977) 3163, 1977.
Inspire Record 111665 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24616

A study of 205-GeV/c π−p interactions has been made with a 48 800-picture exposure in the bare Fermilab 30-inch hydrogen bubble chamber. The average number of charged particles produced per inelastic interaction is 7.99±0.06. The elastic cross section is 3.18±0.13 mb and the total cross section is 24.19±0.44 mb. The inclusive cross sections for neutral-particle production are: σ(γ)=171.3±15.3 mb, σ(KS0)=3.64±0.61 mb (x<0.3), σ(Λ)=1.71±0.34 mb (x<0.3), and σ(Λ¯)=0.59±0.23 mb (x<0.1). The average number of π0's produced per inelastic collision is consistent with a linear rise with the number of charged particles, and about equal to the number of produced π− or π+. The average number of K0's, Λ's, and Λ¯'s is consistent with very little dependence on the number of charged particles. General characteristics of neutral-particle production are presented and compared with other experiments. For each topology the produced neutral energy is ∼13 of the incident energy.

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Measurement of Polarization in pi-p Elastic Scattering from 229 to 390 MeV

Arens, John F. ; Chamberlain, Owen ; Dost, Helmut E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. 167 (1968) 1261-1267, 1968.
Inspire Record 944940 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26509

The polarization parameter in elastic π−p scattering has been measured, at the Berkeley 184-in. synchrocyclotron, with the use of a polarized proton target. At 318-, 337-, and 390-MeV incident pion kinetic energy, the angular range from 70° to 180° in the center-of-mass system was covered. At 229 MeV, polarization measurements were made in the angular range 150° to 180°. Phase-shift analyses, using these and other published data, were made at the two lowest energies.

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Inelastic Two Prong Events in 147-GeV/c pi- p Collisions.

Fong, D. ; Heller, M. ; Shapiro, A. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 104 (1976) 32-51, 1976.
Inspire Record 112609 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.36026
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Topological and Leading Particle Cross-Sections for 147-GeV/c pi- p Interactions.

Fong, D.G. ; Heller, M. ; Shapiro, A.M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 53 (1974) 290-296, 1974.
Inspire Record 93415 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27916

Results are reported based on a study of π − p interactions at 147 GeV/ c in the FERMILAB 30-inch Proportional Wire Hybrid Bubble Chamber System. We have measured the topological cross sections and separated two-prong elastic and inelastic channels. In addition, we have extracted leading particle cross sections using the increased momentum resolution of the downstream proportional wire chambers. We have compared our results with experiments and predictions of a simple fragmentation hyphothesis.

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New Data on K- p --> K- p and anti-K0 n and a Partial Wave Analysis Between 1840-MeV and 2234-MeV Center-of-Mass Energy

Hemingway, R.J. ; Eades, J. ; Harmsen, D.M. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 91 (1975) 12-32, 1975.
Inspire Record 98477 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.32035

The angular distributions of the reactions K - p → K - p and K - p → K K 0 n have been measured at 23 incident K - momenta between 1.136 and 1.798 ifGeV/c using the bubble chamber technique. These data, together with other published data on the same reactions, including K - p polarisations, K̄N total cross sections, and measurements of Re ƒ(0)/ Im ƒ(0) , have been analysed in terms of partial-wave amplitudes. Resonance behaviour is confirmed for the P 03 partial wave at 1890 MeV. The resonance parameters of the F 15 (1915), F 17 (2030) and G 07 (2100) have been redetermined. No evidence has been found for new resonances coupling significantly to K K N in the energy region explored.

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First measurement of proton proton elastic scattering at RHIC

Bueltmann, Stephen L. ; Chiang, I.H. ; Chrien, R.E. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 579 (2004) 245-250, 2004.
Inspire Record 618968 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31705

The first result of the pp2pp experiment at RHIC on elastic scattering of polarized protons at sqrt{s} = 200 GeV is reported here. The exponential slope parameter b of the diffractive peak of the elastic cross section in the t range 0.010 <= |t| <= 0.019 (GeV/c)^2 was measured to be b = 16.3 +- 1.6 (stat.) +- 0.9 (syst.) (GeV/c)^{-2} .

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Spin correlation measurements for p (polarized) + p (polarized) elastic scattering at 497.5-MeV

Hoffmann, G.W. ; Barlett, M.L. ; Kielhorn, W. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 49 (1994) 630-632, 1994.
Inspire Record 383760 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25964

The spin correlation parameter A00NN for 497.5 MeV proton + proton elastic scattering was determined over the center-of-momentum scattering angle region 23.1°–64.9 °. The new A00NN extend to more forward angles than existing A00NN and have significantly smaller statistical errors (±0.01–0.04). The A00NN are qualitatively described by recent phase shift analyses, but a quantitative shape and normalization discrepancy remains in the forward angle region. These new data provide important constraints for nucleon-nucleon spin-dependent amplitudes at forward angles which are used in theoretical models of nucleon-nucleus scattering.

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Measurements of small angle proton proton elastic scattering at the cern intersecting storage rings

Amaldi, U. ; Biancastelli, R. ; Bosio, C. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 36 (1971) 504-508, 1971.
Inspire Record 69145 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28393

Proton-proton elastic scattering has been measured over the angular range 7 to 16 mrad at centre-of-mass energies of 31, 45 and 53 GeV using the CERN Intersecting Storage Rings. The results indicate that the diffraction peak has continued to shrink with increasing energy, but not as fast as suggested by the results at lower energies.

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Cross-sections and Multiplicity Distributions for $K^+ p$ Interactions at 70-{GeV}/$c$

Barth, M. ; De Clercq, C. ; De Wolf, E. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 2 (1979) 285, 1979.
Inspire Record 141693 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.2107

Cross sections and charged multiplicity distributions forK+p interactions at 70 GeV/c are presented and compared withK+p data at other energies. Comparisons are also made with available π+p,pp, andK−p data.

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Large angle pi+ p and k+ p elastic scattering at 13.8 gev/c

Rubinstein, R. ; Cornillon, P. ; Grindhammer, Guenter ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 30 (1973) 1010-1012, 1973.
Inspire Record 84502 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21417

The differential cross section for π+p elastic scattering has been measured at 13.8 GeVc for 0.7<|t|<3.8(GeVc)2. The cross section is found to be equal to that previously obtained for π−p elastic scattering, except in the region |t|=2.8 (GeVc)2, where the π+p data do not show the prominent dip observed in π−p scattering. Data have also been obtained for 13.8−GeVc K+p elastic scattering for 0.8<|t|<2.2 (GeVc)2.

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First measurement of A(N) at s**(1/2) = 200-GeV in polarized proton-proton elastic scattering at RHIC

Bultmann, S. ; Chiang, I.H. ; Chrien, R.E. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 632 (2006) 167-172, 2006.
Inspire Record 688172 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31570

We report on the first measurement of the single spin analyzing power (A_N) at sqrt(s)=200GeV, obtained by the pp2pp experiment using polarized proton beams at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). Data points were measured in the four momentum transfer t range 0.01 < |t| < 0.03 (GeV/c)^2. Our result, averaged over the whole t-interval is about one standard deviation above the calculation, which uses interference between electromagnetic spin-flip amplitude and hadronic non-flip amplitude, the source of A_N. The difference could be explained by an additional contribution of a hadronic spin-flip amplitude to A_N.

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Measurement of the analyzing power A(N) in pp elastic scattering in the CNI region with a polarized atomic hydrogen gas jet target

Okada, H. ; Alekseev, I.G. ; Bravar, A. ; et al.
2006.
Inspire Record 707803 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.41834

A precise measurement of the analyzing power $A_N$ in proton-proton elastic scattering in the region of 4-momentum transfer squared $0.001 < |t| < 0.032 ({\rm GeV}/c)^2$ has been performed using a polarized atomic hydrogen gas jet target and the 100 GeV/$c$ RHIC proton beam. The interference of the electromagnetic spin-flip amplitude with a hadronic spin-nonflip amplitude is predicted to generate a significant $A_N$ of 4--5%, peaking at $-t \simeq 0.003 ({\rm GeV}/c)^2$. This kinematic region is known as the Coulomb Nuclear Interference region. A possible hadronic spin-flip amplitude modifies this otherwise calculable prediction. Our data are well described by the CNI prediction with the electromagnetic spin-flip alone and do not support the presence of a large hadronic spin-flip amplitude.

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Excitation functions of the analyzing power in p p(pol.) scattering from 0.45-GeV to 2.5-GeV

The EDDA collaboration Altmeier, M. ; Bauer, F. ; Bisplinghoff, J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 85 (2000) 1819-1822, 2000.
Inspire Record 537773 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19490

Excitation functions AN(pp,Θc.m.) of the analyzing power in pp→ elastic scattering have been measured with a polarized atomic hydrogen target for projectile momenta pp between 1000 and 3300 MeV/ c. The experiment was performed for scattering angles 30°≤Θc.m.≤90° using the recirculating beam of the proton storage ring COSY during acceleration. The resulting excitation functions and angular distributions of high internal consistency have significant impact on the recent phase shift solution SAID SP99, in particular, on the spin triplet phase shifts between 1000 and 1800 MeV, and demonstrate the limited predictive power of single-energy phase shift solutions at these energies.

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