POLARIZATION PARAMETERS AND ANGULAR DISTRIBUTIONS IN PI+- P ELASTIC SCATTERING AT 100-GEV/C AND IN P P ELASTIC SCATTERING AT 100-GEV/C AND 300-GEV/C

Kline, R.V. ; Law, M.E. ; Pipkin, F.M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 22 (1980) 553-572, 1980.
Inspire Record 158989 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24156

Measurements of the polarization parameters and angular distributions are reported for π±p elastic scattering at 100 GeV/c and for pp elastic scattering at 100- and 300-GeV/c incident momentum. The π±p data cover the kinematic range 0.18≤−t≤1.10 GeV2 and are in agreement with current Regge-model predictions. The pp data cover the kinematic range 0.15≤−t≤1.10 GeV2 and 0.15≤−t≤2.00 GeV2 at 100 and 300 GeV/c, respectively, and are found to be consistent with absorption-model predictions.

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POLARIZATION AND ANGULAR DISTRIBUTIONS IN ELASTIC P P SCATTERING AT 100-GEV AND 300-GEV.

Snyder, J.H. ; Auer, I.P. ; Bruckner, W. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 41 (1978) 781-784, 1978.
Inspire Record 132550 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20889

Measurements of the polarization parameter and angular distributions in pp elastic scattering at incident energies of 100 and 300 GeV are reported. The data cover the kinematic range 0.18<−t<2.0 GeV2. They are found to be consistent with absorption-model predictions.

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Measurement of the pi+ p and pi- p Polarization Parameters at 100-GeV/c

Auer, I.P. ; Hill, D. ; Sandler, B. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 39 (1977) 313, 1977.
Inspire Record 121138 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20982

We report measurements of the polarization parameters in π+p and π−p elastic scattering at an incident momentum of 100 GeV/c. The results cover the range 0.18<~−t<~1.4 GeV2 and are in agreement with current Regge-model predictions.

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Measurement of Polarization in K- p Elastic Scattering at Low-Energies

Ehrlich, R.D. ; Lovett, B. ; Mishina, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 71 (1977) 455-459, 1977.
Inspire Record 126323 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27506

The polarization parameter has been measured in K − p elastic scattering at eight incident beam momenta between 650 MeV/ c and 1071 MeV/ c throughout a center of mass angular range of −0.75 < cos θ ∗ < 0.85 . Experimental results and coefficients of Legendre polynomial fits to the data are presented and compared with other measurements and partial wave analysis.

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Analyzing powers for pi p elastic scattering between 57-MeV and 139-MeV

Patterson, J.D. ; Hofman, G.J. ; Brack, J.T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 66 (2002) 025207, 2002.
Inspire Record 594648 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25268

Analyzing powers for πp elastic scattering at bombarding energies below the Δ(1232) resonance were measured at TRIUMF using the CHAOS spectrometer and a polarized spin target. This work presents π− data at six incident energies of 57, 67, 87, 98, 117, and 139 MeV, and a single π+ data set at 139 MeV. The higher energy measurements cover an angular range of 72°<~θc.m.<~180° while the lower energies were limited to 101°<~θc.m.<~180°. There is a high degree of consistency between this work and the predictions of the VPI/GWU group’s SM95 partial wave analysis.

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Analyzing powers for pi+- p polarized elastic scattering between 87-MeV and 263-MeV

Hofman, G.J. ; Smith, G.R. ; Ambardar, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 58 (1998) 3484-3493, 1998.
Inspire Record 483008 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25722

Analyzing powers for πp elastic scattering were measured using the CHAOS spectrometer at energies spanning the Δ(1232) resonance. This work presents π+ data at the pion kinetic energies 117, 130, 139, 155, 169, 180, 193, 218, 241, and 267 MeV and π− data at 87, 117, 193, and 241 MeV, covering an angular range of 50°<~θc.m.<~180° at the higher energies and 90°<~θc.m.<~180° at the lower energies. Unique features of the spectrometer acceptance were employed to reduce systematic errors. Single-energy phase shift analyses indicate the resulting S11 and S31 phases favor the results of the SM95 phase shift analysis over that of the older KH80 analysis.

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Angular dependence of the pp elastic-scattering analyzing power between 0.8 and 2.8 GeV. II. Results for higher energies

Allgower, C.E. ; Ball, J. ; Beddo, M.E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 60 (1999) 054002, 1999.
Inspire Record 508562 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25565

Measurements at 18 beam kinetic energies between 1975 and 2795 MeV and at 795 MeV are reported for the pp elastic-scattering single spin parameter Aooon=Aoono=AN=P. The c.m. angular range is typically 60–100°. These results are compared to previous data from Saturne II and other accelerators. A search for energy-dependent structure at fixed c.m. angles is performed, but no rapid changes are observed.

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Angular dependence of the p p elastic scattering analyzing power between 0.8-GeV and 2.8-GeV. 1. Results for 1.80-GeV to 2.24-GeV

Allgower, C.E. ; Ball, J. ; Barabash, L.S. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 60 (1999) 054001, 1999.
Inspire Record 508563 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25566

Experimental results are presented for the pp elastic-scattering single spin observable Aoono=Aooon=AN=P, or the analyzing power, at 19 beam kinetic energies between 1795 and 2235 MeV. The typical c.m. angular range is 60–100°. The measurements were performed at Saturne II with a vertically polarized beam and target (transverse to the beam direction and scattering plane), a magnetic spectrometer and a recoil detector, both instrumented with multiwire proportional chambers, and beam polarimeters.

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Analyzing Powers in $\pi^\pm P$ (Polarized) Elastic Scattering From $T (\pi$) = 98-{MeV} to 263-{MeV}

Sevior, M.E. ; Feltham, A. ; Weber, P. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 40 (1989) 2780-2788, 1989.
Inspire Record 288842 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26219

Angular distributions of the analyzing powers for π+p→ and π−p→ elastic scattering have been measured in a single-scattering experiment employing a polarized proton target. Measurements were obtained for pion energies of 98, 139, 166, 215, and 263 MeV. The addition of these data to the existing πp database significantly reduces the uncertainties in all S and P phase shifts for πp reactions over the delta resonance.

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Recoil Proton Polarization in $\pi P$ Elastic Scattering at 547-{MeV}/c and 625-{MeV}/c

Seftor, C.J. ; Adrian, S.D. ; Briscoe, W.J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 39 (1989) 2457-2463, 1989.
Inspire Record 282265 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23234

The polarization of the recoil proton in π+p and π−p elastic scattering using a liquid-hydrogen target has been measured for backward angles at 547 and 625 MeV/c. The scattered pion and recoil proton were detected in coincidence using the large-acceptance spectrometer to detect and analyze the momentum of the pions and the JANUS polarimeter to identify and measure the polarization of the protons. Results from this experiment agree with other measurements of the recoil polarization, with analyzing-power data previously taken by this group, and with predictions of partial-wave analyses.

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Spin Effects in $p p$ Elastic Scattering at 28-{GeV}/$c$

Hansen, P.H. ; O'Fallon, J.R. ; Danby, G.T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 50 (1983) 802, 1983.
Inspire Record 182130 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20535

The analyzing power, A, was measured in proton-proton elastic scattering with use of a polarized proton target and 28-GeV/c primary protons from the alternating-gradient synchrotron. Over the P⊥2 range of 0.5 to 2.8 (GeV/c)2, the data show interesting structure. There is a rather sharp dip at P⊥2=0.8 (GeV/c)2 corresponding to the break in the elastic differential cross section at the end of the diffraction peak.

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Large $p^-$transverse**2 Spin Effects in $p p \to p p$

Peaslee, D.C. ; O'Fallon, J.R. ; Simonius, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 51 (1983) 2359, 1983.
Inspire Record 192857 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20491

The analyzing power A in 28-GeV/c proton-proton elastic scattering was measured with a polarized proton target and a high-intensity unpolarized proton beam at the Brook-haven National Laboratory alternating-gradient synchrotron. The P⊥2 range of 2.85 to 5.95 (GeV/c)2 was covered with good precision. A small dip of about -3.5% was found near P⊥2=3.5 (GeV/c)2 where a 24-GeV/c CERN experiment had reported a deep dip of about -16% with large errors. In the previously unexplored large-P⊥2 region near 6 (GeV/c)2 these new large-error points suggest that A may be rising.

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Angular dependence of the pp elastic scattering spin correlation parameter ann-00 between 0.8-GeV and 2.8-GeV. 2. Results for higher energies

Allgower, C.E. ; Ball, J. ; Beddo, M.E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 64 (2001) 034003, 2001.
Inspire Record 561777 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25291

Measurements at 18 beam kinetic energies between 1975 and 2795 MeV and at 795 MeV are reported for the pp elastic scattering spin correlation parameter A00nn=(N,N;0,0)=CNN=ANN. The c.m. angular range is typically 60°-100°. These results are compared to previous data from Saturne II and other accelerators. A search for energy-dependent structure at fixed c.m. angles is performed. Comparisons are made to phase shift analysis and theoretical model predictions of this spin observable.

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Spin rotation parameters A and R for pi+ p and pi- p elastic scattering from 427-MeV/c to 657-MeV/c

Supek, I. ; Barlow, D.B. ; Briscoe, W.J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 47 (1993) 1762-1775, 1993.
Inspire Record 362062 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22623

The spin-rotation parameters A and R and the related spin-rotation angle β have been measured for π+p and π−p elastic scattering using protons polarized in the scattering plane. The pion-beam momenta are 427, 471, 547, 625, and 657 MeV/c and the angular range is −0.9≤cosΘc.m.≤0.3. The scattered pion and recoil proton were detected in coincidence, using a scintillator hodoscope for the pions, and the Large Acceptance Spectrometer combined with the JANUS polarimeter for the recoil protons. The results are compared with the four recent πN partial wave analyses (PWA's). Our data show that the major features of these PWA's are correct. The A and R measurements complete our program of pion-nucleon experiments, providing full data sets at three of the above beam momenta. Such sets can be used to test the constraints in the PWA's or to obtain a model-independent set of πN scattering amplitudes.

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Angular dependence of the p p elastic scattering spin correlation parameter A(00nn) between 0.8 and 2.8 GeV: Results for 1.80-GeV to 2.24-GeV

Allgower, C.E. ; Ball, J. ; Barabash, L.S. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 62 (2000) 064001, 2000.
Inspire Record 539075 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25464

Measurements at 19 beam kinetic energies between 1795 and 2235 MeV are reported for the pp elastic scattering spin correlation parameter A00nn=ANN=CNN. The c.m. angular range is typically 60–100°. The measurements were performed at Saturne II with a vertically polarized beam and target (transverse to the beam direction and scattering plane), a magnetic spectrometer and a recoil detector, both instrumented with multiwire proportional chambers, and beam polarimeters. These results are compared to previous data from Saturne II and elsewhere.

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The Acceleration of Polarized Protons to 22-{GeV}/$c$ and the Measurement of Spin Spin Effects in $p$ (Polarized) + $p$ (Polarized) $\to p + p$

Khiari, F.Z. ; Cameron, P.R. ; Court, G.R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 39 (1989) 45, 1989.
Inspire Record 262472 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23245

Accelerating polarized protons to 22 GeV/c at the Brookhaven Alternating Gradient Synchro- tron required both extensive hardware modifications and a difficult commissioning process. We had to overcome 45 strong depolarizing resonances to maintain polarization up to 22 GeV/c in this strong-focusing synchrotron. At 18.5 GeV/c we measured the analyzing power A and the spin-spin correlation parameter Ann in large- P⊥2 proton-proton elastic scattering, using the polarized proton beam and a polarized proton target. We also obtained a high-precision measurement of A at P⊥2=0.3 (GeV/c)2 at 13.3 GeV/c. At 18.5 GeV/c we found that Ann=(-2±16)% at P⊥2=4.7 (GeV/c)2, where it was about 60% near 12 GeV at the Argonne Zero Gradient Synchrotron. This sharp change suggests that spin-spin forces may have a strong and unexpected energy dependence at high P⊥2.

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Asymmetry measurements for elastic scattering of k+ mesons by polarized protons

Ehrlich, R.D. ; Etkin, A. ; Glodis, P. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 26 (1971) 925-928, 1971.
Inspire Record 69016 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21466

We report measured values of the asymmetry in the elastic scattering of K+ mesons from polarized protons. The data were obtained at fourteen incident K+ momenta from 1.33 to 2.58 GeVc; the approximate angular range covered was −0.85<cosθKc.m.<0.9. We compare our results with other available measurements and note several significant differences.

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Precision pion - proton elastic differential cross-sections at energies spanning the Delta resonance

Pavan, M.M. ; Brack, J.T. ; Duncan, F. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 64 (2001) 064611, 2001.
Inspire Record 554203 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31782

A precision measurement of absolute pi+p and pi-p elastic differential cross sections at incident pion laboratory kinetic energies from T_pi= 141.15 to 267.3 MeV is described. Data were obtained detecting the scattered pion and recoil proton in coincidence at 12 laboratory pion angles from 55 to 155 degrees for pi+p, and six angles from 60 to 155 degrees for pi-p. Single arm measurements were also obtained for pi+p energies up to 218.1 MeV, with the scattered pi+ detected at six angles from 20 to 70 degrees. A flat-walled, super-cooled liquid hydrogen target as well as solid CH2 targets were used. The data are characterized by small uncertainties, ~1-2% statistical and ~1-1.5% normalization. The reliability of the cross section results was ensured by carrying out the measurements under a variety of experimental conditions to identify and quantify the sources of instrumental uncertainty. Our lowest and highest energy data are consistent with overlapping results from TRIUMF and LAMPF. In general, the Virginia Polytechnic Institute SM95 partial wave analysis solution describes our data well, but the older Karlsruhe-Helsinki PWA solution KH80 does not.

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ELASTIC PI+- P SCATTERING FROM 378-MEV/C TO 687-MEV/C

Sadler, M.E. ; Seftor, C.J. ; Borcherding, F.O. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 119 (1982) 69-71, 1982.
Inspire Record 184515 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.30826

Differential cross sections for π ± p→ π ± p have been measured at P π between 378 and 687 MeV / c at 9 angles in the range −0.8⩽cos θ c.m. ⩽0.6. Scattered pions and recoil protons were detected in coincidence using scintillation counter hodoscopes. For almost all of the data the statistical and normalization uncertainties are each less than 2%. Our measurements are compared with existing data and the results of recent partial wave analyses.

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pi+- p differential cross sections at low energies

Denz, H. ; Amaudruz, P. ; Brack, J.T. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 633 (2006) 209-213, 2006.
Inspire Record 699647 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31620

Differential cross sections for pi- p and pi+ p elastic scattering were measured at five energies between 19.9 and 43.3 MeV. The use of the CHAOS magnetic spectrometer at TRIUMF, supplemented by a range telescope for muon background suppression, provided simultaneous coverage of a large part of the full angular range, thus allowing very precise relative cross section measurements. The absolute normalisation was determined with a typical accuracy of 5 %. This was verified in a simultaneous measurement of muon proton elastic scattering. The measured cross sections show some deviations from phase shift analysis predictions, in particular at large angles and low energies. From the new data we determine the real part of the isospin forward scattering amplitude.

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Measurement of the total cross section from elastic scattering in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=8$ TeV with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aaboud, Morad ; Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 761 (2016) 158-178, 2016.
Inspire Record 1477585 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73997

A measurement of the total $pp$ cross section at the LHC at $\sqrt{s}=8$ TeV is presented. An integrated luminosity of $500$ $\mu$b$^{-1}$ was accumulated in a special run with high-$\beta^{\star}$ beam optics to measure the differential elastic cross section as a function of the Mandelstam momentum transfer variable $t$. The measurement is performed with the ALFA sub-detector of ATLAS. Using a fit to the differential elastic cross section in the $-t$ range from $0.014$ GeV$^2$ to $0.1$ GeV$^2$ to extrapolate $t\rightarrow 0$, the total cross section, $\sigma_{\mathrm{tot}}(pp\rightarrow X)$, is measured via the optical theorem to be: $\sigma_{\mathrm{tot}}(pp\rightarrow X) = {96.07} \; \pm 0.18 \; ({{stat.}}) \pm 0.85 \; ({{exp.}}) \pm 0.31 \; ({extr.}) \; {mb} \;,$ where the first error is statistical, the second accounts for all experimental systematic uncertainties and the last is related to uncertainties in the extrapolation $t\rightarrow 0$. In addition, the slope of the exponential function describing the elastic cross section at small $t$ is determined to be $B = 19.74 \pm 0.05 \; ({{stat.}}) \pm 0.23 \; ({{syst.}}) \; {GeV}^{-2}$.

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New Measurements of Polarization and Differential Cross-Sections in K+ p Elastic Scattering in the 1.7-GeV/c-3-GeV/c Range

Patton, R. ; Barletta, W.A. ; Ehrlich, R.D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 34 (1975) 975-978, 1975.
Inspire Record 102699 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21222

We have measured the polarization parameter and differential cross sections in K+p elastic scattering from a polarized target from small |t| and small |u| at five momentum points: 1.7, 2.1, 2.4, 2.7, and 3.0 GeV/c. The polarized-proton target was butanol cooled at 0.5° by a He3-He4 refrigerator; a combination of multiwire proportional chambers and scintillation counters detected the scattered particles. The results for small |u| are discussed in the context of pure Regge-pole models with exchange-degenerate Λ trajectories.

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$K^- p$ elastic scattering at 10 GeV/c

The Aachen-Berlin-CERN-London (I.C.)-Vienna collaboration Aderholz, M. ; Bartsch, J. ; Keppel, E. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 24 (1967) 434-437, 1967.
Inspire Record 1392680 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29583

K − p elastic scattering at 10 GeV/ c is studied on ∼3600 bubble chamber events. The elastic cross section is found to be σ el = (3.20 ± 0.14)mb and the ratio σ el σ tot = (0.142 ± 0.006) , that is below the upper limit of 0.185 suggested in a model by Van Hove. The value of the forward differential cross section is consistent with zero real part to the scattering amplitude. The slope of d σ d t is similar to that for π ± and greater than that of K + , with no evidence for shrinkage of the diffraction peak. No events of backward scattering were observed. The Regge-pole model of Phillips and Rarita gives a good fit to the data.

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Differential Cross-sections for $\pi^+ P$ and $\pi^- P$ Elastic Scattering From 378-{MeV}/c to 687-{MeV}/c

Sadler, M.E. ; Briscoe, W.J. ; Fitzgerald, D.H. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 35 (1987) 2718-2735, 1987.
Inspire Record 250023 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23362

Differential cross sections have been measured for π+p and π−p elastic scattering at 378, 408, 427, 471, 509, 547, 586, 625, 657, and 687 MeV/c in the angular range -0.8<cosθc.m.<0.8. The scattered pion and recoil proton were detected in coincidence using scintillation-counter hodoscopes. A liquid-hydrogen target was used except for measurements at forward angles, in which a CH2 target was used. Statistical uncertainties in the data are typically less than 1%. Systematic uncertainties in acceptance and detection efficiency are estimated to be 1%. Absolute normalization uncertainties are 2–3 % for most of the data. The measurements are compared with previous data and with the results of recent partial-wave analyses. The data are fit with Legendre expansions from which total elastic cross sections are obtained.

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