Proton-proton scattering at very small angles at 24 GeV/ c

Lohrmann, E. ; Meyer, H. ; Winzeler, H. ;
Phys.Lett. 13 (1964) 78-80, 1964.
Inspire Record 1392871 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.30656
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Experimental Results on Large Angle Elastic $p p$ Scattering at the CERN ISR

Kwak, N. ; Lohrmann, E. ; Nagy, E. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 58 (1975) 233, 1975.
Inspire Record 99556 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27800

New experimental results are presented on proton-proton elastic scattering at centre-of-mass energies s =23 GeV and s =62 GeV . The data are obtained using the Split Field Magnet detector at the CERN Intersecting Storage Rings. The absolute differential cross-sections show an energy-dependent behaviour. The position of the diffraction minimum changes from t =(−1.44±0.02)GeV 2 at 23 GeV to (−1.26±0.03)GeV 2 at 62 GeV. The cross-section at the second maximum is increasing with s . The connection of these observations with the hypothesis of “geometrical scaling” is discussed.

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Polarization Measurements in pi- p, K- p and p p Elastic Scattering at 40-GeV/c

The Saclay-Serpukhov-Dubna-Morsoc collaboration Gaidot, A. ; Bruneton, C. ; Bystricky, J. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 57 (1975) 389-392, 1975.
Inspire Record 99592 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27840

We report final results on the polarization parameter P in elastic scattering of π − , K − and antiprotons at 40 GeV/ c incident momentum. The energy dependence of P (t) in π − p above 10 GeV/ c is well fitted by P (t) α s αR(t)-α P (t) where α R (t) are the effective Regge and Pomeron trajectories respectively. The data in K − p are compatible with exchange degeneracy. The results inp¯p show an important structure for |t|> 0.3 (GeV/c) 2 demonstrating the existence of a large helicity flip amplitude.

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On Measuring Spin Rotation Parameter r in pi- p and K- p Elastic Scattering at 40-GeV/c

The Serpukhov-Saclay-Dubna-Moscow collaboration Pierrard, J. ; Bruneton, C. ; Bystricky, J. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 57 (1975) 393-397, 1975.
Inspire Record 99593 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27839

The spin rotation parameter R has been measured for elastic π − p scattering at 40 GeV/ c , at four momentum transfers t ranging from −0.19 to −0.52 (GeV/ c ) 2 . The average value within this interval is R π − p = -0.200± 0.023. The resulting constraints on the πN scattering amplitudes are discussed. The experiments also yields an average value for K − p scattering, R K − p scattering, R K − p = -0.16±0.16.

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Measurements of the Spin Rotation Parameter R in p p and pi+ p Elastic Scattering at 45-GeV/c

The SERPUKHOV-SACLAY-DUBNA-MOSCOW collaboration Pierrard, J. ; Bruneton, C. ; Bystricky, J. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 61 (1976) 107-109, 1976.
Inspire Record 113035 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27706

The spin rotation sf R in pp and π + p elastic scattering at 45 GeV/c has been measured at the Seppukhov accelarator, for z . sfnc ; t |; ranging from 0.2 to 0.5 (GeV/) 2 . The results are presented, together with previous R measurements at lower energies. The equality of the values for R in proton-proton and pion-proton scattering, within the experimental errors, is a test of factorization of the residues in the pomeron exchange.

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Real Part of the Proton Proton Forward Scattering Amplitude from 50 GeV to 400 GeV.

Bartenev, V. ; Carrigan, Richard A. ; Chiang, I-Hung ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 31 (1973) 1367-1370, 1973.
Inspire Record 81733 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21379

From measurements of proton-proton elastic scattering at very small momentum transfers where the nuclear and Coulomb amplitudes interfere, we have deduced values of ρ, the ratio of the real to the imaginary forward nuclear amplitude, for energies from 50 to 400 GeV. We find that ρ increases from -0.157 ± 0.012 at 51.5 GeV to +0.039 ± 0.012 at 393 GeV, crossing zero at 280 ± 60 GeV.

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Measurement of the Slope of the Diffraction Peak for Elastic pp Scattering from 8-GeV to 400-GeV.

Bartenev, V. ; Kuznetsov, A. ; Morozov, B. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 31 (1973) 1088-1091, 1973.
Inspire Record 81722 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21381

The slope b(s) of the forward diffraction peak of p−p elastic scattering has been measured in the momentum-transfer-squared range 0.005≲|t|≲0.09 (GeV/c)2 and at incident proton energies from 8 to 400 GeV. We find that b(s) increases with s, and in the interval 100≲s≲750 (GeV)2 it can be fitted by the form b(s)=b0+2α′lns with b0=8.23±0.27, α′=0.278±0.024 (GeV/c)−2.

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Bryant, H.C. ; Carter, A.A. ; Coupland, M. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 168 (1980) 207-221, 1980.
Inspire Record 143628 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.34502

The polarization parameter has been measured for K − p elastic scattering at nine incident beam momenta between 0.955 and 1.272 GeV/ c covering the c.m. angular range −0.9 < cos θ ∗ < + 0.9 . Experimental results and coefficients of Legendre polynomial fits to the data are presented and compared with other measurements and a partial-wave analysis.

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Direct Experimental Reconstruction of the $P P$ Elastic Scattering Amplitudes Between 447-{MeV} and 579-{MeV}

Hausammann, R. ; Heer, E. ; Hess, R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 40 (1989) 22-34, 1989.
Inspire Record 285139 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23146

A direct experimental reconstruction of the five complex pp elastic-scattering amplitudes has been performed at 447, 497, 517, 539, and 579 MeV. The reconstruction is done over the c.m. angles from 38° to 90° and is based on either 11 or 15 spin observables depending on the angular range. The reconstructed amplitudes are presented and compared to phase-shift analysis. A smooth energy behavior is observed for the amplitudes.

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Further results on small angle elastic proton proton scattering at very high energies

Holder, M. ; Radermacher, E. ; Staude, A. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 36 (1971) 400-402, 1971.
Inspire Record 69148 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28407

This work extends our previous investigations at the CERN Intersecting Storage Rings, with improved statistics at three different energies, wider angular range and a better control over systematic errors. Values for the (diffraction) shape parameter b are given.

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Measurements of $\pi^- p$ Forward Elastic Scattering at High-energies

Burq, J.P. ; Chemarin, M. ; Chevallier, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 109 (1982) 111, 1982.
Inspire Record 166767 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31011

The differential cross section of π − p scattering has been measured in the energy region 100–345 GeV and in the t -range 0.002<| t |< 0.04 (GeV/ c ) 2 . The real part of the π − p scattering amplitude has been extracted from the data. The results show that the real part continues to increase with energy. The energy dependence of the slope parameter has also been determined. The shrinkage found expressed in terms of the slope of the pomeron trajectory is2 α ′ p =0.23±0.04 (GeV/ c ) −2 . This agrees with the energy dependence found at larger| t |-values.

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Experimental Results on $p p$ Forward Elastic Scattering and the Possibility of Universal Shrinkage of the Hadronic Diffraction Cone

Burq, J.P. ; Chemarin, M. ; Chevallier, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 109 (1982) 124-128, 1982.
Inspire Record 168617 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31001

The differential cross section of pp scattering has been measured in the energy region 100–300 GeV and in the t -range 0.002 < | t | < 0.04 (GeV/| c ) 2 . The results on the real part of the scattering amplitude agrees with dispersion relation calculations. We also report on our determination of the slope parameter b together with an analysis of the world data of b for different hadrons and different t -values. It is shown that the data are consistent with the hypothesis of a universal shrinkage of the hadronic diffraction cone at high energies.

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Measurements of $\pi^- p$ Elastic Scattering in the Coulomb Interference Region at High-energies

Burq, J.P. ; Chemarin, M. ; Chevallier, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 77 (1978) 438-442, 1978.
Inspire Record 131449 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27428

The differential cross section has been measured at 30, 50, 80, 100, 120 and 140 GeV/ c for 0.002 < | t | < 0.04 ( GeV / c ) 2 . The results show that the π − p real part goes from negative to positive values below 80 GeV/ c . The slope parameter in the t -region measured is significantly higher than what has been found − t = 0.2 (GeV/ c ) 2 .

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Cross-Sections and Charged Multiplicity Distributions for pi- p and K- p Interactions at 147-GeV/c.

Fong, D. ; Heller, M. ; Shapiro, A.M. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 102 (1976) 386-404, 1976.
Inspire Record 112604 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.36057

The results presented in this paper were obtained from a 105 000 frame exposure of the FNAL Hybrid Proportional Wire Chamber-30 inch Bubble Chamber System, in a tagged beam of 147 GeV/ c negative particles. Elastic, total and topological cross sections were obtained for both π − p and K − p interactions. Comparisons with other data, taken with various beam particles over large momentum intervals, show good agreement with KNO scaling, and similarity in the scaling behavior of σ n for the different beam particles.

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Analyzing powers for pi p elastic scattering between 57-MeV and 139-MeV

Patterson, J.D. ; Hofman, G.J. ; Brack, J.T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 66 (2002) 025207, 2002.
Inspire Record 594648 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25268

Analyzing powers for πp elastic scattering at bombarding energies below the Δ(1232) resonance were measured at TRIUMF using the CHAOS spectrometer and a polarized spin target. This work presents π− data at six incident energies of 57, 67, 87, 98, 117, and 139 MeV, and a single π+ data set at 139 MeV. The higher energy measurements cover an angular range of 72°<~θc.m.<~180° while the lower energies were limited to 101°<~θc.m.<~180°. There is a high degree of consistency between this work and the predictions of the VPI/GWU group’s SM95 partial wave analysis.

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Excitation functions of the analyzing power in p p(pol.) scattering from 0.45-GeV to 2.5-GeV

The EDDA collaboration Altmeier, M. ; Bauer, F. ; Bisplinghoff, J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 85 (2000) 1819-1822, 2000.
Inspire Record 537773 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19490

Excitation functions AN(pp,Θc.m.) of the analyzing power in pp→ elastic scattering have been measured with a polarized atomic hydrogen target for projectile momenta pp between 1000 and 3300 MeV/ c. The experiment was performed for scattering angles 30°≤Θc.m.≤90° using the recirculating beam of the proton storage ring COSY during acceleration. The resulting excitation functions and angular distributions of high internal consistency have significant impact on the recent phase shift solution SAID SP99, in particular, on the spin triplet phase shifts between 1000 and 1800 MeV, and demonstrate the limited predictive power of single-energy phase shift solutions at these energies.

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Polarization Analyzing Power Ay (theta) in pp Elastic Scattering at 643, 787, and 796 MeV

Bevington, P.R. ; McNaughton, M.W. ; Willard, H.B. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 41 (1978) 384-387, 1978.
Inspire Record 139918 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20830

Data have been obtained for the polarization analyzing power Ay(θ) in pp elastic scattering from near 30° to 90° (c.m.) at 643, 787, and 796 MeV. Relative uncertainties are typically ± 0.003 with an overall normalization uncertainty of {+1}{−0.5}%. Data are not consistent with existing phase-shift analyses.

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Analyzing powers for pi+- p polarized elastic scattering between 87-MeV and 263-MeV

Hofman, G.J. ; Smith, G.R. ; Ambardar, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 58 (1998) 3484-3493, 1998.
Inspire Record 483008 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25722

Analyzing powers for πp elastic scattering were measured using the CHAOS spectrometer at energies spanning the Δ(1232) resonance. This work presents π+ data at the pion kinetic energies 117, 130, 139, 155, 169, 180, 193, 218, 241, and 267 MeV and π− data at 87, 117, 193, and 241 MeV, covering an angular range of 50°<~θc.m.<~180° at the higher energies and 90°<~θc.m.<~180° at the lower energies. Unique features of the spectrometer acceptance were employed to reduce systematic errors. Single-energy phase shift analyses indicate the resulting S11 and S31 phases favor the results of the SM95 phase shift analysis over that of the older KH80 analysis.

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Analyzing Powers in $\pi^\pm P$ (Polarized) Elastic Scattering From $T (\pi$) = 98-{MeV} to 263-{MeV}

Sevior, M.E. ; Feltham, A. ; Weber, P. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 40 (1989) 2780-2788, 1989.
Inspire Record 288842 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26219

Angular distributions of the analyzing powers for π+p→ and π−p→ elastic scattering have been measured in a single-scattering experiment employing a polarized proton target. Measurements were obtained for pion energies of 98, 139, 166, 215, and 263 MeV. The addition of these data to the existing πp database significantly reduces the uncertainties in all S and P phase shifts for πp reactions over the delta resonance.

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Polarization in pi- p Elastic Scattering at 1180-MeV/c, 1250-MeV/c, and 1360-MeV/c

Barrelet, E. ; Chamberlain, O. ; Gorn, W. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 15 (1977) 2435, 1977.
Inspire Record 110059 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24619

We have measured the polarization parameter in π−p elastic scattering at laboratory momenta of 1180, 1250, and 1360 MeV/c in the angular interval 65°<θc.m.<115°. The results were used to show that the polarized target used in these (and other similar) experiments was uniformly polarized. These measurements were also used to resolve pre-existing experimental discrepancies in the determination of the polarization parameter, and to clarify the behavior of scattering amplitudes in this energy range. We show that local measurements of this type are important in resolving discrete ambiguities affecting the energy continuation of the amplitudes. An important by-product of this experiment is the development of a fast method of reconstructing particle trajectories and fitting the elastic events, which could have a significant impact for future high-statistics experiments.

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Measurement of the polarization parameter in pi- p elastic scattering at 40 gev/c

The Saclay-Serpukhov-Dubna-Moscow collaboration Bruneton, C. ; Bystricky, J. ; Cozzika, G. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 44 (1973) 471-473, 1973.
Inspire Record 84826 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28096

We report our first measurements of the polarization in the elastic scattering of negative pions from polarized protons at an incident pion momentum of 40 GeV/ c . The momentum-transfer region covered was 0.08 < | t | < 1.3 (GeV/ c ) 2 . The angular distribution of the polarization exhibits a first minimum of ∼ − 5% and the well-known zero around t ≈ − 0.6 (GeV/ c ) 2 . The energy variation of the first minimum (at around t = − 0.2) may be expressed in a simple form, P avr = −(0.48±0.06) s −0.52±0.05 .

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Measurement of the spin correlation parameters $A_{xx}$ and $A_{yy}$ for proton-proton scattering at 47.5 MeV

Nisimura, K. ; Hasegawa, T. ; Saito, T. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 30 (1969) 612-613, 1969.
Inspire Record 1389659 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28866

A measurement of the spin correlation parameters A xx (90° cm) and A yy (90° cm) of 47.5 MeV proton-proton scattering has been performed by means of polarized beam and a polarized target.

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Low-energy analyzing powers in pion proton elastic scattering

Meier, R. ; Croni, M. ; Bilger, R. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 588 (2004) 155-162, 2004.
Inspire Record 645151 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26962

Analyzing powers of pion-proton elastic scattering have been measured at PSI with the Low Energy Pion Spectrometer LEPS as well as a novel polarized scintillator target. Angular distributions between 40 and 120 deg (c.m.) were taken at 45.2, 51.2, 57.2, 68.5, 77.2, and 87.2 MeV incoming pion kinetic energy for pi+ p scattering, and at 67.3 and 87.2 MeV for pi- p scattering. These new measurements constitute a substantial extension of the polarization data base at low energies. Predictions from phase shift analyses are compared with the experimental results, and deviations are observed at low energies.

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Soft $\pi^- p$ and $p p$ Elastic Scattering in the Energy Range 30-{GeV} to 345-{GeV}

Burq, J.P. ; Chemarin, M. ; Chevallier, M. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 217 (1983) 285-335, 1983.
Inspire Record 182455 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.7556

Differential cross sections for π − p and pp elastic scattering have been measured at incident momenta ranging from 30 to 345 GeV and in the t range 0.002 (GeV/ c ) 2 ⩽ | t | ⩽ 0.04 (GeV/ c ) 2 . From the analysis of the data, the ratio ϱ ( t = 0) of the real to the imaginary parts of the forward scattering amplitude was determined together with the logarithmic slope b of the diffraction cone.

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Measurement of spin correlation parameters A(NN), A(SS), and A(SL) at 2.1-GeV in proton proton elactic scattering

Bauer, F. ; Bisplinghoff, J. ; Busser, K. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 90 (2003) 142301, 2003.
Inspire Record 594512 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31721

At the Cooler Synchrotron COSY/J\ulich spin correlation parameters in elastic proton-proton (pp) scattering have been measured with a 2.11 GeV polarized proton beam and a polarized hydrogen atomic beam target. We report results for A$_{NN}$, A$_{SS}$, and A_${SL}$ for c.m. scattering angles between 30$^o$ and 90$^o$. Our data on A$_{SS}$ -- the first measurement of this observable above 800 MeV -- clearly disagrees with predictions of available of pp scattering phase shift solutions while A$_{NN}$ and A_${SL}$ are reproduced reasonably well. We show that in the direct reconstruction of the scattering amplitudes from the body of available pp elastic scattering data at 2.1 GeV the number of possible solutions is considerably reduced.

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