The Acceleration of Polarized Protons to 22-{GeV}/$c$ and the Measurement of Spin Spin Effects in $p$ (Polarized) + $p$ (Polarized) $\to p + p$

Khiari, F.Z. ; Cameron, P.R. ; Court, G.R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 39 (1989) 45, 1989.
Inspire Record 262472 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23245

Accelerating polarized protons to 22 GeV/c at the Brookhaven Alternating Gradient Synchro- tron required both extensive hardware modifications and a difficult commissioning process. We had to overcome 45 strong depolarizing resonances to maintain polarization up to 22 GeV/c in this strong-focusing synchrotron. At 18.5 GeV/c we measured the analyzing power A and the spin-spin correlation parameter Ann in large- P⊥2 proton-proton elastic scattering, using the polarized proton beam and a polarized proton target. We also obtained a high-precision measurement of A at P⊥2=0.3 (GeV/c)2 at 13.3 GeV/c. At 18.5 GeV/c we found that Ann=(-2±16)% at P⊥2=4.7 (GeV/c)2, where it was about 60% near 12 GeV at the Argonne Zero Gradient Synchrotron. This sharp change suggests that spin-spin forces may have a strong and unexpected energy dependence at high P⊥2.

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2.2 GeV point taken from Brown et al., PR D31(85) 3017.

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A Measurement of the Energy Dependence of Elastic $\pi p$ and $p p$ Scattering at Large Angles

Jenkins, K.A. ; Price, L.E. ; Klem, R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 40 (1978) 425, 1978.
Inspire Record 6233 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.3359

We have measured π±p and pp elastic differential cross sections in the range |cosθc.m.|<0.35 for incident momenta from 2 to 9.7 GeV/c for π−p and pp and from 2 to 6.3 GeV/c for π+p. We find that the fixed-c.m.-angle πp differential cross sections cannot be described as simple functions of s. The data are compared to the energy and angular dependence predicted by the constituent model of Gunion, Brodsky, and Blankenbecler.

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Comparison of Exclusive Reactions at Large $T$

Baller, B.R. ; Blazey, G.C. ; Courant, H. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 60 (1988) 1118-1121, 1988.
Inspire Record 264273 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.3063

Cross sections or upper limits are reported for 12 meson-baryon and two baryon-baryon reactions for an incident momentum of 9.9 GeV/c, near 90° c.m.: π±p→pπ±,pp±,π+°±,K+Σ±, (Λ0/Σ0)K0; K±p→pK±; p±p→pp. By studying the flavor dependence of the different reactions, we have been able to isolate the quark-interchange mechanism as dominant over gluon exchange and quark-antiquark annihilation.

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Hard exclusive hadron nucleon scattering and color transparency

Heppelmann, S. ; Wu, J.Y. ; Appel, R. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.A 527 (1991) 581C-583C, 1991.
Inspire Record 327578 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.36761

We present preliminary results on the measurement of a variety of exclusive hadron interactions at center of mass scattering angles of 90°. Data are also presented which show the relative transparency of nuclei to πp and pp elastic scattering in this kinematic range.

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DECAY DISTRIBUTION OF HIGH TRANSVERSE MOMENTUM RHO MESONS

Heppelmann, S. ; Blazey, G.C. ; Baller, B. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 55 (1985) 1824-1827, 1985.
Inspire Record 221964 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20301

The exclusive process π−p→ρ−p has been measured at 90° c.m. with an incident pion momentum of 9.9 GeV/c. We present data on the angular dependence of the decay ρ−→π−π0. We observe a strong azimuthal dependence in the decay in the c.m. helicity frame of the ρ. Such an azimuthal dependence is not compatible with SU(6) valence-quark perturbation calculations.

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Comparison of 20 exclusive reactions at large t

White, C. ; Appel, R. ; Barton, D.S. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 49 (1994) 58-78, 1994.
Inspire Record 377535 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.50306

We report a study of 20 exclusive reactions measured at the AGS at 5.9 GeV/c incident momentum, 90° center of mass. This experiment confirms the strong quark flow dependence of two-body hadron-hadron scattering at large angle. At 9.9 GeV/c an upper limit had been set for the ratio of cross sections for (p¯p→p¯p)(pp→pp) at 90° c.m., with the ratio less than 4%. The present experiment was performed at lower energy to gain sensitivity, but was still within the fixed angle scaling region. A ratio R(p¯ppp)≈140 was measured at 5.9 GeV/c, 90° c.m. in comparison to a ratio near 1.7 for small angle scattering. In addition, many other reactions were measured, often for the first time at 90° c.m. in the scaling region, using beams of π±, K±, p, and p¯ on a hydrogen target. There are similar large differences in cross sections for other reactions: R(K−p→π+Σ−K−p→π−Σ+)≈112, for example. The relative magnitudes of the different cross sections are consistent with the dominance of quark interchange in these 90° reactions, and indicate that pure gluon exchange and quark-antiquark annihilation diagrams are much less important. The angular dependence of several elastic cross sections and the energy dependence at a fixed angle of many of the reactions are also presented.

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Cross sections at 90 degrees in the centre-of-mass.

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Measurement of the analyzing power A(N) in pp elastic scattering in the CNI region with a polarized atomic hydrogen gas jet target

Okada, H. ; Alekseev, I.G. ; Bravar, A. ; et al.
2006.
Inspire Record 707803 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.41834

A precise measurement of the analyzing power $A_N$ in proton-proton elastic scattering in the region of 4-momentum transfer squared $0.001 < |t| < 0.032 ({\rm GeV}/c)^2$ has been performed using a polarized atomic hydrogen gas jet target and the 100 GeV/$c$ RHIC proton beam. The interference of the electromagnetic spin-flip amplitude with a hadronic spin-nonflip amplitude is predicted to generate a significant $A_N$ of 4--5%, peaking at $-t \simeq 0.003 ({\rm GeV}/c)^2$. This kinematic region is known as the Coulomb Nuclear Interference region. A possible hadronic spin-flip amplitude modifies this otherwise calculable prediction. Our data are well described by the CNI prediction with the electromagnetic spin-flip alone and do not support the presence of a large hadronic spin-flip amplitude.

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Analysing power as a function of momentum transfer T. The first DSYS error is the systematic error, the second is the normalization error on the target polarization.


ANALYZING POWER IN LARGE ANGLE PROTON NEUTRON ELASTIC SCATTERING

Makdisi, Y. ; Marshak, M.L. ; Mossberg, B. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 45 (1980) 1529-1533, 1980.
Inspire Record 159455 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20701

The large-angle analyzing power A in proton-neutron elastic scattering at 2, 3, and 6 GeV/c with use of the polarized proton beam at the Argonne zero-gradient synchrotron and a liquid deuterium target have been measured. The measurements, the first at high energy, show that A is large (20-40%) and negative over much of the angular range and shows no decrease with incident energy, unlike the earlier data at smaller angles.

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DEPOLARIZATION PARAMETER IN P P INCLUSIVE SCATTERING AT 6-GEV/C

Courant, H. ; Kagan, H. ; Makdisi, Y. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 44 (1980) 1373-1376, 1980.
Inspire Record 158285 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20737

The depolarization parameter for pp inclusive scattering at an incident momentum of 6 GeV/c was measured. The D parameter for inclusive scattering indicates the dominance of natural-parity exchange at small t, except in the case of N*(1232) production, where π exchange is more important. D for elastic scattering has also been measured. This parameter shows a small decrease from unity with increasing momentum transfer.

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