Inelastic Diffractive Scattering at the CERN ISR

The CHLM collaboration Albrow, M.G. ; Bagchus, A. ; Barber, D.P. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 108 (1976) 1-29, 1976.
Inspire Record 3424 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.8494

The properties of the diffractive peak observed in the mass spectra of systems recoiling against observed high-momentum protons emerging from pp collisions at the CERN ISR have been investigated. The cross sections in this peak have been found to have a steep t dependence which flattens out as | t | increases. The high mass side of the peak varies approximately as 1/ M 2 (where M is the missing mass of the recoiling system) and scales well in terms of the variable M 2 / s . The position of the maximum has been observed to move to lower values of M 2 / s as the kinematic boundary of this variable decreases with increasing s . The measured cross sections, integrated up to M 2 / s =0.05, rise by (15±5)% over the s range 549 to 1464 GeV 2 .

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Measurement of the total cross section from elastic scattering in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=8$ TeV with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aaboud, Morad ; Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 761 (2016) 158-178, 2016.
Inspire Record 1477585 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73997

A measurement of the total $pp$ cross section at the LHC at $\sqrt{s}=8$ TeV is presented. An integrated luminosity of $500$ $\mu$b$^{-1}$ was accumulated in a special run with high-$\beta^{\star}$ beam optics to measure the differential elastic cross section as a function of the Mandelstam momentum transfer variable $t$. The measurement is performed with the ALFA sub-detector of ATLAS. Using a fit to the differential elastic cross section in the $-t$ range from $0.014$ GeV$^2$ to $0.1$ GeV$^2$ to extrapolate $t\rightarrow 0$, the total cross section, $\sigma_{\mathrm{tot}}(pp\rightarrow X)$, is measured via the optical theorem to be: $\sigma_{\mathrm{tot}}(pp\rightarrow X) = {96.07} \; \pm 0.18 \; ({{stat.}}) \pm 0.85 \; ({{exp.}}) \pm 0.31 \; ({extr.}) \; {mb} \;,$ where the first error is statistical, the second accounts for all experimental systematic uncertainties and the last is related to uncertainties in the extrapolation $t\rightarrow 0$. In addition, the slope of the exponential function describing the elastic cross section at small $t$ is determined to be $B = 19.74 \pm 0.05 \; ({{stat.}}) \pm 0.23 \; ({{syst.}}) \; {GeV}^{-2}$.

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The measured total cross section, the first systematic error accounts for all experimental uncertainties and the second error for the extrapolation t-->0.

The nuclear slope of the differential eslastic cross section at small |t|, the first systematic error accounts for all experimental uncertainties and the second error for the extrapolation t-->0.

The total elastic cross section and the observed elastic cross section within the fiducial volume.

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Comparison of p$ \Bar{$p$}$ and p p Elastic Scattering at $S^{(1/2)}=52$.8-{GeV}

Amos, Norman A. ; Block, M. ; Bobbink, G. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 120 (1983) 460-464, 1983.
Inspire Record 181387 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.30816

Proton-antiproton and proton-proton elastic scattering have been measured in the four-momentum transfer range 0.001⩽| t |⩽0.06 GeV 2 for center-of-mass energy 52.8 GeV at the CERN Intersecting Storage Rings (ISR). Using the known pp total cross section, a simultaneous fit to the pp̄ and pp differential cross sections yields the pp̄ total cross section; in addition, we obtain the ratio of the real-to-imaginary part of the forward nuclear-scattering amplitude and the nuclear-slope parameter for both pp̄ and pp. Our results show conclusively that the pp̄ total cross section is rising at ISR energies and lend support to conventional theories in which the difference between the pp̄ and pp total cross section vanishes at very high energy.

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K- p Reactions from 0.96-GeV/c to 1.355-GeV/c Involving Two-Body Final States

The Rutherford-London collaboration Conforto, B. ; Gopal, G.P. ; Kalmus, G.E. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 105 (1976) 189-221, 1976.
Inspire Record 2769 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.8717

Data are presented from a high statistics bubble chamber experiment to study K − p interactions in the c.m. energy range 1775 to 1957 MeV. For the reactions K − p → K − p, K − p → K 0 n , K − p → Λπ 0 and K − p → Σ ± π ∓ channel cross sections, differential cross sections and, where appropriate, polarisation distributions have been obtained. The channel cross sections for K − p → Σ 0 π 0 are presented. In general the results are in agreement with those previously published although a significant discrepancy has been found in the Σ ± π ∓ cross sections at the lower energies. New measurements of the Σ ± lifetimes have also been obtained ( τ Σ − = 1.49 ± 0.03 × 10 −10 sec, τ Σ + = 0.807 ± 0.013 × 10 −10 sec).

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THE FORWARD DIFFERENTIAL CROSS SECTION IS THE EXTRAPOLATED VALUE OF THE LEGENDRE POLYNOMIAL FIT.

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Elastic scattering and single-pion production in proton proton interactions at 6.92 bev/c

Alexander, G. ; Carmel, Z. ; Eisenberg, Y. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. 173 (1968) 1322-1329, 1968.
Inspire Record 55956 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.5540

Elastic scattering and single-pion production in pp collisions at 6.92 BeVc were studied in the BNL 80-in. hydrogen bubble chamber. Partial cross sections for the different final states are given. The reaction pp→nN1238*(pπ+) with σ=1.9±0.3 mb is analyzed and is in agreement with the modified one-pion-exchange model. Single-pion production can be explained as due mainly to two channels: (a) pp→N1238*(pπ+)n, and (b) pp→p(nπ+) or pp→p(pπ0), where the (nπ+) and (pπ0) pairs are in an I=12 state.

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Two-prong events in proton proton interactions at 8.1 gev/c

Ginestet, J. ; Manesse, D. ; Tran, Ha Anh ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 13 (1969) 283-293, 1969.
Inspire Record 56040 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.8347

About 10 000 two-prong events of 8.1 GeV/ c proton-proton interactions in the CERN 2 m. bubble chamber have been analyzed. We study elastic scattering and single-pion production reactions. We give cross sections for isobar production. We attempt to interpret the general features of the pp→pn π + reaction by the Deck mechanism. We compare the production and the decay of δ ++ (1236) with absorption or π Regge trajectory exchange models.

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A bubble chamber study of proton-proton interactions at 4 GeV/c Part I—Elastic scattering, single-pion and deuteron production

Ooletti, S. ; Kidd, J. ; Mandelli, L. ; et al.
Nuovo Cim.A 49 (1967) 479-498, 1967.
Inspire Record 1185329 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.981

Elastic scattering, single-pion and deuteron production have been investigated. The cross-section for elastic scattering is σelastic = (13.5±0.3) mb. The angular distribution has been fitted to dσ/d|t|=(dσ/d|t|)0 e −bt in the region of low values oft. The best fit givesb=(6.7±0.5) (GeV/c)−2 and (dσ/d|t|)0=(91±5) mb(GeV/c)−2. The cross-sections for ppπ0, pnπ+ reactions are respectively (2.6±0.3) mb and (9.7±0.4) mb. These reactions are dominated by the (3/2, 3/2) nucleonpion isobar production and by forward backward collimation of the nucleons. The production rates for the isobars ++1238 , +1238 , +1500 have been estimated, taking into account the experimental peripheral behaviour of the interaction. In the pnπ+ reaction they are (50±2)%; (10±3)%; (4±3)%. In the ppπ+ reaction the production of ++1238 is estimated to be (45±10)%. The dπ+ and dπ+π+π- reaction cross-sections are respectively (0.03±0.01) mb, and (0.04±0.01) mb.

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Anti-p p and p p Forward Elastic Scattering Between 4-GeV/c and 10-GeV/c

Jenni, P. ; Baillon, P. ; Declais, Y. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 129 (1977) 232-252, 1977.
Inspire Record 120467 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.35255

Differential cross sections have been measured in the region of small forward angles (between 0 and ∼40 mrad) for the elastic scattering reactions pp → pp at 4.2, 7.0 and 10.0 GeV /c and p p → p p at 4.2, 6.0, 8.0 and 10.0 GeV /c . The maximum momentum transfer is ∼0.025 GeV 2 at the lowest and ∼0.10 GeV/c at the highest incident momentum. Values of the slope and the real part of the forward scattering amplitude of the above reactions have been derived; the values obtained are in good agreement with dispersion relations.

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TABLE ALSO GIVES SIG, SLOPE AND T-RANGE USED IN FIT.


$pp$ Interactions at 300-GeV/c: Measurement of the Charged Multiplicity, Total and Elastic Cross-Sections

Firestone, A. ; Davidson, V. ; Lam, D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 10 (1974) 2080, 1974.
Inspire Record 1242 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25012

In a 35 000-picture exposure of the 30-in. hydrogen bubble chamber to a 300-GeV/c proton beam at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, 10054 interactions have been observed. The measured total cross section is $40.68 \pm 0.55$ mb, the elastic cross section is $7.89 \pm 0.52$ mb, and the average charged-particle multiplicity for inelastic events is $8.S0 \pm 0.12$.

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QUOTED ERRORS INCLUDE EFFECTS OF CORRECTIONS.

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Measurement of proton-proton elastic scattering and total cross-section at S**(1/2) = 7-TeV

The TOTEM collaboration Antchev, G. ; Aspell, P. ; Atanassov, I. ; et al.
EPL 101 (2013) 21002, 2013.
Inspire Record 1220862 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66456

At the LHC energy of $\sqrt s = 7\,{\mathrm { TeV}}$ , under various beam and background conditions, luminosities, and Roman Pot positions, TOTEM has measured the differential cross-section for proton-proton elastic scattering as a function of the four-momentum transfer squared t. The results of the different analyses are in excellent agreement demonstrating no sizeable dependence on the beam conditions. Due to the very close approach of the Roman Pot detectors to the beam center (≈5σ(beam)) in a dedicated run with β* = 90 m, |t|-values down to 5·10(−)(3) GeV(2) were reached. The exponential slope of the differential elastic cross-section in this newly explored |t|-region remained unchanged and thus an exponential fit with only one constant B = (19.9 ± 0.3) GeV(−)(2) over the large |t|-range from 0.005 to 0.2 GeV(2) describes the differential distribution well. The high precision of the measurement and the large fit range lead to an error on the slope parameter B which is remarkably small compared to previous experiments. It allows a precise extrapolation over the non-visible cross-section (only 9%) to t = 0. With the luminosity from CMS, the elastic cross-section was determined to be (25.4 ± 1.1) mb, and using in addition the optical theorem, the total pp cross-section was derived to be (98.6 ± 2.2) mb. For model comparisons the t-distributions are tabulated including the large |t|-range of the previous measurement (TOTEM Collaboration (Antchev G. et al), EPL, 95 (2011) 41001).

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The measured differential elastic cross section.

The measured differential elastic cross section in the high |T| region. where it originally appeared as a plot, but was not tabulated.

The fitted slope parameter for the elastic cross section fitted over 4 |T| ranges.

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