Polarization Measurements in pi- p, K- p and p p Elastic Scattering at 40-GeV/c

The Saclay-Serpukhov-Dubna-Morsoc collaboration Gaidot, A. ; Bruneton, C. ; Bystricky, J. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 57 (1975) 389-392, 1975.
Inspire Record 99592 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27840

We report final results on the polarization parameter P in elastic scattering of π − , K − and antiprotons at 40 GeV/ c incident momentum. The energy dependence of P (t) in π − p above 10 GeV/ c is well fitted by P (t) α s αR(t)-α P (t) where α R (t) are the effective Regge and Pomeron trajectories respectively. The data in K − p are compatible with exchange degeneracy. The results inp¯p show an important structure for |t|> 0.3 (GeV/c) 2 demonstrating the existence of a large helicity flip amplitude.

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Polarization in Elastic Scattering of pi+, K+ Mesons and Protons on Protons at 45-GeV/c

The Serpukhov-Saclay-Dubna-Moscow collaboration Bruneton, C. ; Bystricky, J. ; Gaidot, A. ; et al.
Sov.J.Nucl.Phys. 25 (1977) 198, 1977.
Inspire Record 108993 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19052
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Polarization Measurements in pi+ p, K+ p and p p Elastic Scattering at 45-GeV/c and Comparison with Regge Phenomenology

The SACLAY-SERPUKHOV-DUBNA-MOSCOW collaboration Gaidot, A. ; Bruneton, C. ; Bystricky, J. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 61 (1976) 103-106, 1976.
Inspire Record 113043 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27714

The polarization parameter P has been measured for elastic π + p, K + p and pp scattering at 45 GeV/c. Four-momentum transfer ranges from −0.08 to −1.1 (GeV/) 2 for pp, and from −0.08 to −0.9 (GeV/) 2 for π + p and K + p. The energy dependence of the polarization P ( t ) in π + p and in K + p above 6 GeV/c incident momentum is compatible with interference between pomeron and Regge poles. On the other hand, the polarization in p p elastic scattering decreases faster than ordinary Regge model predictions. This result can be explained by interference between non flip and flip amplitudes of the pomeron, leading to negative values for the polarization.

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On Measuring Spin Rotation Parameter r in pi- p and K- p Elastic Scattering at 40-GeV/c

The Serpukhov-Saclay-Dubna-Moscow collaboration Pierrard, J. ; Bruneton, C. ; Bystricky, J. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 57 (1975) 393-397, 1975.
Inspire Record 99593 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27839

The spin rotation parameter R has been measured for elastic π − p scattering at 40 GeV/ c , at four momentum transfers t ranging from −0.19 to −0.52 (GeV/ c ) 2 . The average value within this interval is R π − p = -0.200± 0.023. The resulting constraints on the πN scattering amplitudes are discussed. The experiments also yields an average value for K − p scattering, R K − p scattering, R K − p = -0.16±0.16.

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On Measuring the Spin Rotation Parameter in Elastic p p and pi+ p Scattering at 45-GeV/c

Bruneton, C. ; Bystricky, J. ; Gaidot, A. ; et al.
Yad.Fiz. 24 (1976) 762-765, 1976.
Inspire Record 108609 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19050
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Measurements of the Spin Rotation Parameter R in p p and pi+ p Elastic Scattering at 45-GeV/c

The SERPUKHOV-SACLAY-DUBNA-MOSCOW collaboration Pierrard, J. ; Bruneton, C. ; Bystricky, J. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 61 (1976) 107-109, 1976.
Inspire Record 113035 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27706

The spin rotation sf R in pp and π + p elastic scattering at 45 GeV/c has been measured at the Seppukhov accelarator, for z . sfnc ; t |; ranging from 0.2 to 0.5 (GeV/) 2 . The results are presented, together with previous R measurements at lower energies. The equality of the values for R in proton-proton and pion-proton scattering, within the experimental errors, is a test of factorization of the residues in the pomeron exchange.

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Polarization Measurements in π p+ p and K p+ p elastic scattering at 6 and 12 GeV/ c with the CERN polarized deuteron target

Fujisaki, M. ; Babou, M. ; Bystricky, J. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 151 (1979) 206-212, 1979.
Inspire Record 145595 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.34795

The polarization in π + p → π + p and K + p → K + p has been measured at 6 and 12 GeV/ c in the four-momentum transfer interval 0.1 ⩽ | t | ⩽ 2.0 (GeV/ c ) 2 by scattering on protons of a polarized deuteron target. Comparison with existing results obtained with polarized proton targets shows good general agreement and no evidence for asymmetry effects due to the presence of the spectator neutron. For K + p elastic scattering polarization the experiment yields improved statistics, especially at 6 GeV/ c

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Proton proton elastic scattering analyzing power in the 2.16-GeV to 2.28-GeV energy region

Arvieux, J. ; Ball, J. ; Bystricky, J. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 76 (1997) 465-468, 1997.
Inspire Record 451186 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.13537

The angular dependence of the pp elastic scattering analyzing power was measured at SATURNE II with an unpolarized proton beam and the Saclay polarized proton target. The energy region in the vicinity of the accelerator depolarizing resonance Gγ = 6 at Tkin = 2.202 GeV was studied. Measurements were carried out at seven energies between 2.16 and 2.28 GeV from 17° to 55°CM. No significant anomaly was observed in the angular and energy dependence of the results presented, whereas the existing data sets differ in this energy range.

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Additional random-like systematic error of 1.1 PCT.

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Analyzing power measurement of p p elastic scattering in the Coulomb - nuclear interference region with the 200-GeV/c polarized proton beam at Fermilab

The E581/704 collaboration Akchurin, N. ; Langland, J. ; Onel, Y. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 48 (1993) 3026-3036, 1993.
Inspire Record 364576 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22670

The analyzing power AN of proton-proton elastic scattering in the Coulomb-nuclear interference region has been measured using the 200-GeV/c Fermilab polarized proton beam. A theoretically predicted interference between the hadronic non-spin-flip amplitude and the electromagnetic spin-flip amplitude is shown for the first time to be present at high energies in the region of 1.5 × 10−3 to 5.0 × 10−2 (GeV/c)2 four-momentum transfer squared, and our results are analyzed in connection with theoretical calculations. In addition, the role of possible contributions of the hadronic spin-flip amplitude is discussed.

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Measurement of the $P P$ Analyzing Power A(00n0) in a Large Angular Region Between 0.88-{GeV} and 2.7-{GeV}

Perrot, F. ; Fontaine, J.M. ; Lehar, F. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 294 (1987) 1001-1012, 1987.
Inspire Record 255229 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.33562

The pp analyzing power was measured using the SATURNE II polarized proton beam and the Saclay frozen spin polarized target. The measurements at 0.88 and 1.1 GeV were carried out in the angular region θ CM from 28° to ≅50° and complete our previous measurements from 45 ° to 90°. Above 1.1 GeV the measurements presented here cover both regions, extending from θ CM = 28° (at the lower energies) or θ CM = 18° (at the higher energies) to θ CM > 90°. The shape of the angular distribution A oono ( pp ) = ƒ(θ CM ) changes considerably with increasing energy. The new data show the onset of a characteristic t -dependence of the analyzing power, with a minimum at − t ≅ 1.0 (GeV/ c ) 2 followed by a second maximum at − t ≅ 1.5 (GeV/ c ) 2 . This structure is present at all energies, from kinematic threshold to 200 GeV.

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Errors are statistical plus random-like instrumental uncertainties. Results using polarised target.

Errors are statistical plus random-like instrumental uncertainties. Results using polarised target.

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MEASUREMENT OF N P AND P P ASYMMETRY WITH AN ACCELERATED POLARIZED DEUTERON BEAM FROM 725-MEV TO 1000-MEV PER NUCLEON

Bystricky, J. ; Deregel, J. ; Lehar, F. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.A 444 (1985) 597-610, 1985.
Inspire Record 222367 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37022

The accelerated polarized deuteron beam of Saturn II was used to measure the analyzing power for np elastic scattering at five energies. The left-right asymmetries ε = (L + R)/(L + R) for np and for pp elastic scattering were measured simultaneously by CH 2 − carbon subtraction using one of the beam-line polarimeters. The analyzing power A 00 n 0 (np) is given by the ratio ε np d / ε pp d multiplied by the known analyzing power for pp elastic scattering. Experimental evidence is consistent with the underlying assumption that in the kinetmatic region of the experiment the ratio of the np to pp analyzing powers for scattering of quasifree nucleons in deuterons is the same as for scattering of free neutrons and protons, respectively.

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Polarization in proton-beryllium and proton-proton scattering at 1.7 GeV

Bareyre, P. ; Detoeuf, J.F. ; Van Rossum, L. ; et al.
Nuovo Cim. 20 (1961) 1049-1066, 1961.
Inspire Record 1185005 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37750

The polarization in p-Be and p-p scattering has been measured by counter techniques at a proton kinetic energy of 1.74 GeV. The maximum polarization in p-Be scattering was found to beP max==0.19±0.04 and occurs at an angleθ max⩾3.5°. Inelastic scatters were rejected when the inelastic momentum loss was more than about 1% in the first scatter (magnetic analysis) or more than about 5% in the second scatter (Čerenkov threshold counter). The maximum polarization in p-p scattering isP max=0.30±0.09 and occurs at an angle 35°<θ max<<55° (c.m.). The angular dependence of the polarization is consistent with a distribution proportional to sin 2θ within large statistical errors. Optical model calculations applied to the data on p-Be scattering yield an almost all imaginary central potential of about 43 MeV and a spin-orbit potential of between 0.9 MeV and 2.0 MeV which is also almost all imaginary, in contrast with the predominantly real spin-orbit potential needed to explain the large polarization in the region of several hundred MeV.

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Polarization Parameter in p-p Scattering from 1.7 to 6.1 BeV

Grannis, P. ; Arens, J. ; Betz, F. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. 148 (1966) 1297-1302, 1966.
Inspire Record 50914 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26642

The polarization parameter in proton-proton scattering has been measured at incident proton kinetic energies of 1.7, 2.85, 3.5, 4.0, 5.05, and 6.15 BeV and for four-momentum transfer squared between 0.1 and 1.0 (BeV/c)2. The experiment was done with an unpolarized proton beam from the Bevatron striking a polarized proton target. Both final-state protons were detected in coincidence and the asymmetry in counting rate for target protons polarized parallel and antiparallel to the scattering normal was measured. The maximum polarization was observed to decrease from 0.4 at 1.7 BeV to 0.2 at 6.1 BeV. The maximum of the polarization at all energies studied occurs at a four-momentum transfer squared of 0.3 to 0.4 (BeV/c)2.

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Measurement of the polarization parameter in pi- p elastic scattering at 40 gev/c

The Saclay-Serpukhov-Dubna-Moscow collaboration Bruneton, C. ; Bystricky, J. ; Cozzika, G. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 44 (1973) 471-473, 1973.
Inspire Record 84826 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28096

We report our first measurements of the polarization in the elastic scattering of negative pions from polarized protons at an incident pion momentum of 40 GeV/ c . The momentum-transfer region covered was 0.08 < | t | < 1.3 (GeV/ c ) 2 . The angular distribution of the polarization exhibits a first minimum of ∼ − 5% and the well-known zero around t ≈ − 0.6 (GeV/ c ) 2 . The energy variation of the first minimum (at around t = − 0.2) may be expressed in a simple form, P avr = −(0.48±0.06) s −0.52±0.05 .

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Analyzing Power Measurements of Coulomb Nuclear Interference With the Polarized Proton and Anti-proton Beams at 185-{GeV}/$c$

The E581/704 collaboration Akchurin, N. ; Carey, David C. ; Coleman, R. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 229 (1989) 299-303, 1989.
Inspire Record 280476 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29782

The analyzing power A N of proton-proton, proton-hydrocarbon, and antiproton-hydrocarbon, scattering in the Coulomb-nuclear interference region has been measured using thhe 185 GeV/ c Fermilab polarized-proton and -antiproton beams. The results are found to be consistent with theoretical predictions within statistical uncertainties.

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Analysing power for quasi-elastic pp scattering in carbon and for elastic pp scattering on free protons

Bystricky, J. ; Deregel, J. ; Lehar, F. ; et al.
Lett.Nuovo Cim. 40 (1984) 466-470, 1984.
Inspire Record 1388775 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37297

The ratio of the analysing powers for quasi-elastic pp scattering in carbon and for elastic scattering on free protons was measured fromT = 0.52 to 2.8 GeV by scattering of the SATURNE II polarized proton beam on carbon and CH2. It was found to have a maximum at about 0.8 GeV. The energy dependence for quasielastic scattering on carbon had not been measured before above 1 GeV. The observed effect was not expected from simple models.

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Measurement of the Spin Correlation Parameters A(00kk) and A(00sk) in $P P$ Elastic Scattering From 0.88-{GeV} to 2.4-{GeV}

Fontaine, J.M. ; Perrot, F. ; Bystricky, J. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 321 (1989) 299-310, 1989.
Inspire Record 284692 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.33222

The spin correlation parameters A 00 kk and A 00 sk were measured at 0.874, 0.934, 1.095, 1.295, 1.596, 1.796, 2.096, and 2.396 GeV, using the SATURNE II polarized proton beam and tha Saclay frozen spin polarized target. The present results for beam-target spin correlations obtained during measurements of three-spin index observables confirm, in particular, relatively large positive values of A 00 sk at certain energies and angles, as was shown in previously published data from a dedicated experiment.

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Measurement of the Parameters $N$(0skn), $D$(0n0n) and $K$(0sk0) in $P P$ Elastic Scattering Between 0.84-{GeV} and 2.1-{GeV}

Lac, C.D. ; Ball, J. ; Bystricky, J. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 321 (1989) 269-283, 1989.
Inspire Record 284690 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.33254

The spin-dependent observables N 0 s ″ kn , D 0 n 0 n and K 0 s ″ k 0 in pp elastic scattering were measured at nine energies between 0.84 and 2.1 GeV using the SATURNE II polarized proton beam and the Saclay frozen spin polarized target. The beam polarization was oriented longitudinally and the target polarization was oriented vertically. Precession of the recoil particle spin in the target holding field introduces a small contribution from other parameters. The present results for K 0 s ″ k 0 and D 0 n 0 n agree with our previous measurements of the same observables carried out in different beam and target spin configurations as well as with previously existing measurements. The observable N 0 s ″ kn had not been measured previously above 0.58 GeV. Below 1.3 GeV our data are compared with the predictions of the Saclay-Geneva phase shift analysis. The new results will considerably affect the phase shift analysis solutions and will contribute to their extension towards higher energies.

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Measurement of the Spin Correlation Parameter A(00sk) in $P P$ Elastic Scattering From 0.88-{GeV} to 2.7-{GeV}

Perrot, F. ; Fontaine, J.M. ; Lehar, F. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 296 (1988) 527-534, 1988.
Inspire Record 266151 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.33396

The spin correlation parameter A oosk was measured using the SATURNE II polarized proton beam and the Saclay frozen spin polarized target. The measurements at 0.88 and 1.1 GeV were carried out in the angular region θ CM from 28° to ⋍ 50°. At 0.88 GeV they complete our previous measurements from 45° to 90°. Above 1.1 GeV the measurements presented here cover both regions, extending from gq CM = 28° (at lower energies) or θ CM = 18° (at higher energies) to θ CM > 90°. The shape of the angular distribution A oosk (pp) = ƒ(θ CM ) changes considerably between 1.8 and 2.4 GeV.

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Measurement of the Parameters $D$(0n0n) and $K$(0nn0) in $P P$ Elastic Scattering Between 0.84-{GeV} and 2.7-{GeV}

Lac, C.D. ; Ball, J. ; Bystricky, J. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 315 (1989) 284-294, 1989.
Inspire Record 280847 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.33259

The spin-dependent observables D 0 n 0 n and K 0 nn 0 in pp elastic scattering were measured at 11 energies between 0.84 and 2.7 GeV using the SATURNE II polarized proton beam and the Saclay frozen-spin polarized target. The beam and target polarizations were oriented along the normal to the scattering plane. Below 1 GeV the present data agree with previously existing measurements. Below 1.3 GeV they are compared with the predictions of the Saclay-Geneva phase-shift analysis. The results will improve the phase-shift analysis solutions and will contribute to their extension towards higher energies.

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Measurement of Analyzing Power and Spin Correlations in $N P$ Elastic Scattering at 0.744-{GeV} and 0.794-{GeV} Using a Deuteron Polarized Beam

De Lesquen, A. ; Lehar, F. ; Van Rossum, L. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 304 (1988) 673-686, 1988.
Inspire Record 268253 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.33258

The np and the pp analyzing powers A oono d and spin correlations A oonn d and A oosk d were measured simultaneously using the SATURNE II polarized deuteron beam at 0.744 and 0.794 GeV/nucleon. The results for the pp observables coincide with the free pp elastic scattering data. We thus can assume that also the np analyzing power A oono d and spin correlations A oonn d and A oosk d are equal to those for scattering of free polarized neutrons. The np data cover the angular region 95°⩽ θ CM ⩽122°. Our results for A oono d (np) confirm the phase-shift analysis predictions but spin correlations A oonn d (np) and A oosk d (np) have never been measured in this energy region and will considerably affect the PSA solution. Present results allow conclusions about the angular dependence near the minimum of A oono (np) and A oonn (np) in the vicinity of 0.8 GeV.

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Measurement of the Parameters $N$(0nkk), $D$(0s0k) and $K$(0sk0) in $P P$ Elastic Scattering Between 0.84-{GeV} and 2.7-{GeV}

Lac, C.D. ; Ball, J. ; Bystricky, J. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 315 (1989) 269-283, 1989.
Inspire Record 280846 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.33400

The spin-dependent observables N 0 nkk , D 0 s ″0 k and K 0 s ″ k 0 in pp elastic scattering were measured at 11 energies between 0.84 and 2.7 GeV using the SATURNE II polarized proton beam and the Saclay frozen-spin polarized target. The beam and target polarizations were oriented longitudinally. Precession of the recoil-particle spin in the target holding field introduces small contributions from other parameters. The present data agree with the few previously existing measurements. Below 1.3 GeV our data are compared with the predictions of the Saclay-Geneva phase-shift analysis. The new results will considerably affect the phase-shift analysis solutions and will contribute to their extension towards higher energies.

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Measurement of the Spin Correlation A(00kk) in $P P$ Elastic Scattering From 0.88-{GeV} to 2.7-{GeV}

Lehar, F. ; De Lesquen, A. ; Van Rossum, L. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 296 (1988) 535-545, 1988.
Inspire Record 266152 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.33462

The spin correlation parameter A ookk in pp elastic scattering was measured using the SATURNE II polarized proton beam and the Saclay frozen spin polarized target. The measurements at 0.88 and 1.1 GeV were carried out in the angular region θ CM from 28° to ⋍ 50° and complete our previous measurements from 45° to 90°. Above 1.1 GeV the measurements presented here cover both regions, extending from θ CM = 28° (at the lower energies) or θ CM = 18° (at the higher energies) to θ CM > 90°. The shape of the angular distribution A ookk (pp) = f ( θ CM ) changes considerably between in our energy region.

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MEASUREMENT OF THE SPIN CORRELATION PARAMETERS A(OOSK) AND A(OOKK) IN P P ELASTIC SCATTERING AT 0.84-GEV AND 1-GEV

Lac, C.D. ; Ball, J. ; Bystricky, J. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 297 (1988) 653-660, 1988.
Inspire Record 264165 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.33528

The spin correlation parameters A oosk and A ookk were measured at 0.834 and 0.995 GeV using the SATURNE II polarized proton beam and the Saclay frozen spin polarized target. The measurements were carried out in the angular region φ CM from 50° to ≃ 90°. The shape of the angular distribution A oosk (pp) = f ( θ CM ) changes rapidly from 0.8 to 1.0 GeV. The A ookk data points specify our previous measurements.

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Measurement of the Spin Correlation Parameter A(00nn ($P P$ in a Large Angular Region Between 0.88-{GeV} and 2.7-{GeV}

Lehar, F. ; De Lesquen, A. ; Meyer, J.P. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 294 (1987) 1013-1021, 1987.
Inspire Record 255230 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.33526

The spin correlation parameter A oonn for pp elastic scattering was measured at 0.88, 1.1, 1.3, 1.6, 1.8, 2.1, 2.4 and 2.7 GeV using the SATURNE II polarized proton beam and the Saclay frozen spin polarized target. At the first two energies, the new measurements at θ CM < 50° complete our previous data from 45° to 90°. Between 1.3 and 2.7 GeV the measurements were performed in two overlapping angular regions covering together the CM angles from 28° (at the lower energies) or 18° (at the highest energy) to > 90°. At all energies above 1.3 GeV the angular distribution shows a dip at fixed four-momentum transfer − t ∼ 0.90 (GeV/ c ) 2 . The value of A oonn ( θ CM = 90°) decreases from A oonn (90°) ≅ 0.57 at 0.88 GeV to A oonn (90°) ≅ 0.35 at 2.7 GeV. However, the large value found at 1.8 GeV indicates that the energy dependence is not monotonic.

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Errors are statistical plus random-like instrumental uncertainties.

Errors are statistical plus random-like instrumental uncertainties.

Errors are statistical plus random-like instrumental uncertainties.

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