Date

A Measurement of $\bar{p} p$ and $p p$ Elastic Scattering at {ISR} Energies

The AMES-BOLOGNA-CERN-DORTMUND-HEIDELBERG-WARSAW collaboration Breakstone, A. ; Campanini, R. ; Crawley, H.B. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 248 (1984) 253-260, 1984.
Inspire Record 204422 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.33837

We have measured the differential cross section for pp and p̄p elastic scattering at √ s = 31, 53 and 62 GeV in the interval 0.05 < | t | < 0.85 GeV 2 at the CERN ISR using the Split Field Magnet detector. At 53 and 62 GeV, for 0.17 < | t | < 0.85 GeV 2 both pp and p̄p data show simple exponential behaviour in t ; at √ s = 31 GeV the data for 0.05 < | t | < 0.85 GeV 2 are consistent with a change in slope near | t | = 0.15 GeV 2 .

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Measurement of the total cross section from elastic scattering in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=8$ TeV with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aaboud, Morad ; Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 761 (2016) 158-178, 2016.
Inspire Record 1477585 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73997

A measurement of the total $pp$ cross section at the LHC at $\sqrt{s}=8$ TeV is presented. An integrated luminosity of $500$ $\mu$b$^{-1}$ was accumulated in a special run with high-$\beta^{\star}$ beam optics to measure the differential elastic cross section as a function of the Mandelstam momentum transfer variable $t$. The measurement is performed with the ALFA sub-detector of ATLAS. Using a fit to the differential elastic cross section in the $-t$ range from $0.014$ GeV$^2$ to $0.1$ GeV$^2$ to extrapolate $t\rightarrow 0$, the total cross section, $\sigma_{\mathrm{tot}}(pp\rightarrow X)$, is measured via the optical theorem to be: $\sigma_{\mathrm{tot}}(pp\rightarrow X) = {96.07} \; \pm 0.18 \; ({{stat.}}) \pm 0.85 \; ({{exp.}}) \pm 0.31 \; ({extr.}) \; {mb} \;,$ where the first error is statistical, the second accounts for all experimental systematic uncertainties and the last is related to uncertainties in the extrapolation $t\rightarrow 0$. In addition, the slope of the exponential function describing the elastic cross section at small $t$ is determined to be $B = 19.74 \pm 0.05 \; ({{stat.}}) \pm 0.23 \; ({{syst.}}) \; {GeV}^{-2}$.

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$K^- p$ elastic scattering at 10 GeV/c

The Aachen-Berlin-CERN-London (I.C.)-Vienna collaboration Aderholz, M. ; Bartsch, J. ; Keppel, E. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 24 (1967) 434-437, 1967.
Inspire Record 1392680 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29583

K − p elastic scattering at 10 GeV/ c is studied on ∼3600 bubble chamber events. The elastic cross section is found to be σ el = (3.20 ± 0.14)mb and the ratio σ el σ tot = (0.142 ± 0.006) , that is below the upper limit of 0.185 suggested in a model by Van Hove. The value of the forward differential cross section is consistent with zero real part to the scattering amplitude. The slope of d σ d t is similar to that for π ± and greater than that of K + , with no evidence for shrinkage of the diffraction peak. No events of backward scattering were observed. The Regge-pole model of Phillips and Rarita gives a good fit to the data.

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K- p elastic scattering at 10-GeV/c

The Aachen-Berlin-CERN-London-Vienna collaboration Bartsch, J. ; Deutschmann, M. ; Kraus, G. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 29 (1971) 398-404, 1971.
Inspire Record 68635 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.33567

Results are presented on elastic scattering of 10.1 GeV/ c K − mesons on protons, based on a sample of 16 261 kinematically-fitted bubble-chamber events. The differential cross section is given over the | t |- range of 0.06 to 2.5 GeV 2 and is fitted with the expressions a e bt , A e Bt + Ct 2 and ( P e Qt + Re St ) over various intervals of t . The results are compared with those of other experiments at nearby energies. Upper limits of | α | < 0.28 and σ B < 0.4 μ b (both at a 90% confidence level) are given for the ratio of real to imaginary part of the forward-scattering amplitude and the backward-elastic-scattering cross section, respectively.

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The K- p Charge Exchange and Elastic Scattering Reactions at 4.2-GeV/c

The Amsterdam-CERN-Nijmegen-Oxford collaboration Marzano, F. ; Toet, D.Z. ; Gavillet, P. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 68 (1977) 292, 1977.
Inspire Record 119361 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.48927

In this letter results are presented on the reactions K − p → K 0 n and K − p → K − p from a high statistics CERN 2-metre hydrogen bubble chamber exposure at 4.15 GeV/ c . The behaviour of the differential cross section as a function of four-momentum transfer shows remarkable similarities between the two reactions studied. From a comparison of our data with K + p elastic scattering at 4.27 GeV/ c we draw some conclusions concerning the magnitude of the contributing amplitudes.

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An Experimental Study of Large Angle Elastic Scattering of Charged Mesons and Anti-protons on Protons at 20-{GeV}/$c$ and 30-{GeV}/$c$

The Annecy(LAPP)-CERN-Bohr Inst-Genoa-Oslo-London collaboration Baglin, C. ; Bock, R. ; Brobakken, K. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 216 (1983) 1-39, 1983.
Inspire Record 180922 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.34020

A description is given of an experiment to study elastic scattering of π ± , K ± and p on protons at c.m. scattering angles from 45° to 100° at incident laboratory momenta 20 GeV/ c and 30 GeV/ c . The corresponding t range is from −6.2 (GeV/ c ) 2 to −28 (GeV/ c ) 2 . There are no previous observations for these reactions in this t range. High intensity and large geometrical acceptance were required in order to measure the low cross sections. The experiment used a double-arm spectrometer. MWPCs were used for reconstruction, and threshold and differential Čerenkov counters for identification. Scintillation counters, Čerenkov counters and a hadron calorimeter were used in the trigger. The trigger logic utilized specially designed matrices and a hard wired microprocessor. The π − p elastic scattering cross sections follow approximately the dimensional counting rule from 3.5 GeV/ c .and up to 30 GeV/ c . The cross sections decrease by seven orders of magnitude in this energy range. The data is compared to quark models. None of these models give a comprehensive description of the results. However, some modifications to these models improve their consistency with the data.

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Elastic Scattering of Charged Mesons, Anti-protons and Protons on Protons at Incident Momenta of 20-{GeV}/$c$, 30-{GeV}/$c$ and 50-{GeV}/$c$ in the Momentum Transfer Range $0.5-{\rm GeV}/c^2 < -t < 8-{\rm GeV}/c^2$

The Annecy(LAPP)-CERN-Bohr Inst-Genoa-Oslo-London collaboration Asad, Z. ; Baglin, C. ; Bock, R. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 255 (1985) 273-327, 1985.
Inspire Record 206292 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.33789

Results are presented from experiment WA7 at the CERN SPS, which has measured the elastic differential cross sections of π ± p, K ± p, p p and pp at incident momen ta of 20, 30 and 50 GeV/ c . The measurements cover the momentum transfer range 0.5 < | t | < 8 (GeV/ c ) 2 , corresponding to c.m. scattering angles between 10° and 50°. The experimental set-up, trigger logic and data analysis are described. The experimental results are compared with existing meson-proton and nucleon-proton data at lower and higher energies covering the medium- and large-| t | region. Some prominent models and their predictions for elastic scattering at WA7 energies and beyond are reviewed, with emphasis on geometrical scaling, factorizing eikonal models, lowest-order QCD and other dynamical exchange-type models. Results for p p two-body annihilation into π − π + and K − K + at 30 and 50 GeV/ c , obtained in parallel with the elastic p p data, are also presented.

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NEW RESULTS ON KAON - PROTON ELASTIC SCATTERING AT LARGE MOMENTUM TRANSFERS

The Annecy(LAPP)-CERN-Bohr Inst-Genoa-Oslo-London collaboration Asad, Z. ; Baglin, C. ; Bock, R. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 123 (1983) 265-268, 1983.
Inspire Record 182422 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.30730

Measurements of the K - p and K + p elastic differential cross sections at 20 and 50 GeV/ c , respectively, have been made in the momentum transfer range 0.7 < ∥ t ∥ < 8.0 GeV/ c .

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Proton Proton Elastic Scattering at 50-{GeV}/$c$ Incident Momentum in the Momentum Transfer Range 0.8-{GeV}/$c^2 < -t < 4.0-${GeV}/$c^2$

The Annecy(LAPP)-CERN-Bohr Inst-Genoa-Oslo-London collaboration Asad, Z. ; Baglin, C. ; Bock, R. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 128 (1983) 124-128, 1983.
Inspire Record 190337 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.30704

A measurement of the proton-proton elastic differential cross section at 50 GeV/ c incident momentum in the momentum transfer range 0.8<| t |<4.0 (GeV/ c ) 2 is presented. The data are compared to pp data at lower and higher energies, and to some model predictions.

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Large Angle Elastic Scattering of Charged Pions on Protons at 20-{GeV}/c and 30-{GeV}/c Incident Momenta

The Annecy(LAPP)-CERN-Bohr Inst-Genoa-Oslo-London collaboration Almas, R. ; Baglin, C. ; Bock, R. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 93 (1980) 199-202, 1980.
Inspire Record 152838 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27195

Elastic cross-section measurements are presented for π ± −p at 20 GeV/ c and π − −p at 30 GeV/ c incident momenta in the large angle region (50° to 90° in the c.m. system). The data are compared with published lower energy elastic cross sections. A test is made of the dimensional counting rules for π ± −p elastic scattering and some indication of a deviation from this rule is observed in the π − −p case. A comparison is also made with the predictions of the constituent interchange model. Although the broad features of the predictions are confirmed, there are some important discrepancies. Finally, the predictions of the model due to Preparata and Soffer are also compared with the new data.

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$K^\pm p$ Large Angle Elastic Scattering at 20-{GeV}/$c$ and 30-{GeV}/$c$

The Annecy(LAPP)-CERN-Bohr Inst-Genoa-Oslo-London collaboration Almas, R. ; Baglin, C. ; Bock, R. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B, 1980.
Inspire Record 153574 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49655
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Pion - Proton Elastic Scattering at 20-{GeV}/$c$ and 50-{GeV}/$c$ Incident Momenta in the Momentum Transfer Range 0.7-{GeV}/$c < sqrt{t}< 8$-{GeV}/$c$

The Annecy(Lapp)-CERN-Bohr Inst-Genoa-Oslo-London collaboration Asad, Z. ; Baglin, C. ; Benso, S. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 118 (1982) 442, 1982.
Inspire Record 179091 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.30852

Measurements of the differential elastic cross sections for π − p scattering at incident momenta of 20 and 50 GeV c and π + p at 50 GeV c in the momentum transfer range 0.7 < |t|; < 8.0 ( GeV c ) 2 are presented. The data are compared with various models of elastic scattering.

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BACKWARD ELASTIC SCATTERING AND RHO- PRODUCTION IN PI- P COLLISIONS AT 10-GEV/C

The BARI-BONN-CERN-GLASGOW-LIVERPOOL-MILAN-VIENNA collaboration Ghidini, B. ; Lenti, V. ; Palano, A. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 195 (1982) 12-28, 1982.
Inspire Record 177922 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26084

The reactions π − p → p π − and π − p → p ϱ − ( ϱ − → π − π 0 ) at 10 GeV/ c with the proton in the forward direction in the c.m.s. are discussed on the basis of 953 elastic scattering events and 2240 events of the reaction π − p → p π − π 0 . The total backward cross sections are 0.52±0.10 and 1.52±0.28 μ b, respectively. In both cases the production mechanism is compatible with the dominance of the baryonic Δ δ Regge trajectory exchange. The ϱ − decay angular distributions are studied in the u -channel helicity frame and the spin density matrix elements are presented as functions of u .

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A Study of $K^+ p$ Elastic Scattering and the Reaction $K^+ p \to K^+ p \pi^+ \pi^-$ at 70-{GeV}/$c$

The Brussels-Genoa-Mons-Nijmegen-Serpukhov-CERN collaboration Barth, M. ; Wolf, A.E. De ; Johnson, D.P. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 16 (1982) 111, 1982.
Inspire Record 181354 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.41205

Results are presented onK+p elastic scattering and on the reactionK+p→K+pπ+π− at 70 GeV/c. For the

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Search for Narrow Baryons in $\pi^- p$ Elastic Scattering at Large Angles

The CERN-College de France-Ecole Poly collaboration Baillon, P. ; Barrelet, E. ; Benayoun, Maurice ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 94 (1980) 533-540, 1980.
Inspire Record 153784 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27177

Hoping to find resonant structures in the momentum dependence of π − p elastic scattering we have measured the differential cross section for this reaction at c.m. angles near 90°. An intense pion beam (≈ 10 7 π /s) has been used, together with a high incident momentum resolution (d P / P ≈ 2 × 10 −4 ), to scan the region of laboratory momenta from 5.75 to 13.02 GeV/ c (c.m. energy from 3.42 to 5.03 GeV). The sensitivity attained by the experiment is such that signals would have been seen corresponding to the formation of non-strange baryon resonances having width larger than ≈ 0.1 MeV and elasticity larger than a few per cent. Within these limits no resonances were sighted.

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Measurement of Coherent Elastic and Inelastic Deuteron-Proton Scattering at s=2800-GeV**2

The CERN-Holland-Manchester collaboration Armitage, J.C.M. ; Benz, P. ; Bobbink, G.J. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 132 (1978) 365, 1978.
Inspire Record 121793 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.35161

Data on coherent elastic and inelastic deuteron-proton scattering are presented. The measurements were made at the CERN ISR with a single arm spectrometer, at s = 2800 GeV 2 and momentum transfer squared (− t ) in the range 0.15 to 0.42 GeV 2 .

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Measurement of the polarization parameter in pi+ p backward elastic scattering at 6-GeV/c

The CERN-IPN Orsay-Oxford collaboration Dick, L. ; Janout, Z. ; Aeoi, H. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 43 (1972) 522-540, 1972.
Inspire Record 75086 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.32869

The polarization parameter in π + p backward elastic scattering at 6 GeV/ c incident pion momentum has been measured using a butanol polarized proton target, a high intensity pion beam, and a scintillation hodoscope detection system. Details of the apparatus and data analysis are presented here, together with the final results.

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Measurement of Elastic Scattering in Anti-proton - Proton Collisions at 52.8-{GeV} Center-of-mass Energy

The CERN-Naples-Pisa-Stony Brook collaboration Ambrosio, M. ; Anzivino, G. ; Barbarino, G. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 115 (1982) 495-502, 1982.
Inspire Record 178572 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.30888

We measured the differential cross section for p̄p and pp elastic scattering in the momentum-transfer range 0.01 <| t | < 1.0 GeV 2 at the CERN Intersecting Storage Rings with center-of-mass energy s = 52.8 GeV . Fitting the differential cross section with an exponential [ A exp ( bt )], we found b p p = 13.92 ± 0.59 GeV −2 for | t | < 0.05 GeV 2 , whilst for | t | > 0.09 GeV 2 , b p p = 10.68 ± 0.26 GeV −2 . Using the optical theorem, we obtained for the total cross section σ tot ( p p)= 44.86 ± 0.78 mb and, by integrating the differential cross section, we obtained for the total elastic cross section σ el ( p p) = 7.89 ± 0.28 mb . Calculations of σ tot combining elastic-rate and total-rate measurements are also given. All of these measurements were also performed for pp scattering at the same energy, and the results for both reactions are compared.

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Measurements of Elastic Scattering in $\alpha^- \alpha$ and $\alpha$ - Proton Collisions at the {CERN} Intersecting Storage Rings

The CERN-Naples-Pisa-Stony Brook collaboration Ambrosio, M. ; Anzivino, G. ; Barbarino, G. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 113 (1982) 347-352, 1982.
Inspire Record 176959 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.30919

We measured the elastic scattering of αα at s = 126 GeV and of α p at s = 89 GeV . For αα , the differential cross section d σ /d t has a diffractive pattern minima at | t | = 0.10 and 0.38 GeV 2 . At small | t | = 0.05−0.07 GeV 2 , this cross section behaves like exp[(100 ± 10) t ]. Extrapolating a fit to the data to the optical point, we obtained for the total cross section α tot ( αα ) = 250 ± 50 mb and an integrated elastic cross section σ e1 ( αα ) = 45 ± mb. Another method of estimating σ tot ( αα ), based on measuring the interaction rate, yielded 295 ± 40 mb. For α p, d σ /d t has aminimum at | t | = 0.20 GeV 2 , and for 0.05 < | t | < 0.18 GeV 2 behaves like exp[(41 ± 2) t ]. Extrapolating this slope to | t | = 0, we found σ tot ( α p) = 130 ± 20 and σ e1 ( α p) = 20 ± 4mb. Results on pp elastic scattering at s = 63 GeV agree with previous ISR experiments.

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Measurement of the polarization parameter in pi- p backward elastic scattering at 6-GeV/c

The CERN-Orsay-Oxford collaboration Dick, L. ; Janout, Z. ; Aoi, H. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 64 (1973) 45-57, 1973.
Inspire Record 94951 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.32420

The polarization parameter in π − p elastic scattering has been measured in the backward angular region at an incident momentum of 6 GeV/ c . The measurements cover the range of four momentum transfer u = 0 to −1 (GeV/ c ) 2 , and were obtained with a high intensity pion beam, a butanol polarized proton target, and arrays of scintillation counter hodoscopes. The polarization is different from zero, in contradiction to the prediction of the naive one trajectory Regge-exchange model. It increases positively with the four-momentum transfer u, reaching a maximum of about 0.4 at u ≈ −0.3 (GeV/c)2. It then decreases and becomes slightly negative beyond u ≈ −0.5 (GeV/c)2. A variety of baryon exchange models are briefly reviewed and none are found to be in complete agreement with all the experimental data.

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K+ p, K- p AND anti-p p ELASTIC SCATTERING AT 32.1-GeV/c

The French-Soviet & CERN-Soviet collaborations Lewin, C. ; Denegri, D. ; Givernaud, A. ; et al.
1979.
Inspire Record 144202 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.43800
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A Measurement of the Polarization Parameter in Backward pi- p Elastic Scattering at 3.5-GeV/c

The CERN-Trieste collaboration Birsa, R. ; Bradamante, F. ; Conetti, S. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 117 (1976) 77-94, 1976.
Inspire Record 110105 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.35603

The polarization parameter has been measured for π − p elastic scattering in the backward region at 3.5 GeV/ c incident momentum. The experimental set-up consisted of a polarized target in a spectrometer magnet, hodoscopes and wire spark chambers. Data are presented for the range −0.95< u ⩽−0.19 GeV 2 . An isospin analysis has been carried out to separate the I u = 1 2 and I u = 3 2 contributions.

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Single-Pion Production in pp Collisions at 0.95-GeV/c (I)

The COSY-TOF collaboration El-Samad, S.Abd ; Bilger, R. ; Brinkmann, K. -Th. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.A 30 (2006) 443-453, 2006.
Inspire Record 725793 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.43429

The single-pion production reactions $pp\to d\pi^+$, $pp\to np\pi^+$ and $pp\to pp\pi^0$ were measured at a beam momentum of 0.95 GeV/c ($T_p \approx$ 400 MeV) using the short version of the COSY-TOF spectrometer. The implementation of a central calorimeter provided particle identification, energy determination and neutron detection in addition to time-of-flight and angle measurements. Thus all pion production channels were recorded with 1-4 overconstraints. The total and differential cross sections obtained are compared to previous data and theoretical calculations. Main emphasis is put on the discussion of the $pp\pi^0$ channel, where we obtain angular distributions different from previous experimental results, however, partly in good agreement with recent phenomenological and theoretical predictions. In particular we observe very large anisotropies for the $\pi^0$ angular distributions in the kinematical region of small relative proton momenta revealing there a dominance of proton spinflip transitions associated with $\pi^0$ $s$- and $d$-partial waves and emphasizing the important role of $\pi^0$ d-waves.

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ELASTIC SCATTERING OF pi- AND K- MESONS ON PROTONS AT 43-GeV/c MOMENTUM

The SIGMA-AYaKS & Dubna-Serpukhov-Tbilisi collaborations Antipov, Yu.M. ; Batarin, V.A. ; Bezzubov, V.A. ; et al.
Sov.J.Nucl.Phys. 48 (1988) 85, 1988.
Inspire Record 253399 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.38881
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Analyzing power measurement of p p elastic scattering in the Coulomb - nuclear interference region with the 200-GeV/c polarized proton beam at Fermilab

The E581/704 collaboration Akchurin, N. ; Langland, J. ; Onel, Y. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 48 (1993) 3026-3036, 1993.
Inspire Record 364576 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22670

The analyzing power AN of proton-proton elastic scattering in the Coulomb-nuclear interference region has been measured using the 200-GeV/c Fermilab polarized proton beam. A theoretically predicted interference between the hadronic non-spin-flip amplitude and the electromagnetic spin-flip amplitude is shown for the first time to be present at high energies in the region of 1.5 × 10−3 to 5.0 × 10−2 (GeV/c)2 four-momentum transfer squared, and our results are analyzed in connection with theoretical calculations. In addition, the role of possible contributions of the hadronic spin-flip amplitude is discussed.

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