Date

$K^+$ nucleon elastic scattering at 180° between 1.0 and 1.5 GeV/c incident momentum

Adams, U. ; Carter, R.S. ; Cook, V. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 87 (1975) 41-51, 1975.
Inspire Record 1392682 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.32061

We have measured the cross section at 180° for K + p and K + n elastic scattering in the momentum range 1.0 to 1.5 GeV/ c . The K + n cross section was measured on deuterium and the K + p on hydrogen and deuterium. We were thus able to measure directly the difference between free nucleon (proton) scattering and bound nucleon (proton) scattering at large angles. This difference was found to be small and within our experimental accuracy the K + p(n) cross section should be equal to the K + p (free) cross section at 180°. We found no evidence for an s -channel resonance Z ∗ in either the K + p or K + n system. A comparison of our data and those of other groups with theoretical predictions is given.

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$K^- + p$ elastic scattering at 3.46 GeV/c

Gordon, J. ;
Phys.Lett. 21 (1966) 117-120, 1966.
Inspire Record 1389617 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29930

1691 events were fitted to K - p elastic scatters at a K - momentum of 3.46 GeV/ c . The differential cross section as a function of 4 momentum transfer was fitted to exp ( A + Bt + Ct 2 ) with A = 3.7 B = 8.7 ( GeV / c ) −2 and C = 2.0 ( GeV / c ) −4 . The distribution is consistent with zero real part for the forward scattering amplitude.

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$K^- p$ and $\bar{p} p$ Elastic Scattering at 10.1-{GeV}/$c$

Berglund, A. ; Buran, T. ; Carlson, P.J. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 176 (1980) 346-354, 1980.
Inspire Record 133174 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.34457

The differential cross sections for K − p and p p elastic scattering have been measured over the range of four-momentum transfer squared 0.18<− t <3.3 (GeV/ c ) 2 . The K − p data decrease smoothly as a function of − t , whereas, the p p data shows a break at − t = 0.6 (GeV/ c ) 2 followed by a fast drop to − t ≅ 1.6 (GeV/ c ) 2 where the differential cross section levels off and stays constant out to − t = 3 (GeV/ c ) 2 .

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$K^- p$ elastic scattering at 10 GeV/c

The Aachen-Berlin-CERN-London (I.C.)-Vienna collaboration Aderholz, M. ; Bartsch, J. ; Keppel, E. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 24 (1967) 434-437, 1967.
Inspire Record 1392680 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29583

K − p elastic scattering at 10 GeV/ c is studied on ∼3600 bubble chamber events. The elastic cross section is found to be σ el = (3.20 ± 0.14)mb and the ratio σ el σ tot = (0.142 ± 0.006) , that is below the upper limit of 0.185 suggested in a model by Van Hove. The value of the forward differential cross section is consistent with zero real part to the scattering amplitude. The slope of d σ d t is similar to that for π ± and greater than that of K + , with no evidence for shrinkage of the diffraction peak. No events of backward scattering were observed. The Regge-pole model of Phillips and Rarita gives a good fit to the data.

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$K^- p$ elastic scattering at 2.24 GeV/c

Dickinson, M. ; Miyashita, S. ; Libby, L.Marshall ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 24 (1967) 596-598, 1967.
Inspire Record 1389623 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29569

The differential elastic scattering cross section for 2.24 GeV/ c K − p collisions has been measured in film from the Brookhaven 20″ bubble chamber. The total elastic cross section is found to be 6.2 ± 0.7 mb. The exponential dependence on square of the momentum t in (GeV/ c ) 2 is fitted by ( d σ d Ω elastic = (12.4 ± 1.0 mb/sr) exp (7.81 ± 0.25)t . A A fit to a black disc model requires a radius of 0.95 ± 0.05 fm.

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$K^- p$ elastic scattering at 3 GeV/c

Focacci, M.N. ; Focardi, S. ; Giacomelli, G. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. 19 (1965) 441-444, 1965.
Inspire Record 851194 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.30175
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$K^\pm p$ Large Angle Elastic Scattering at 20-{GeV}/$c$ and 30-{GeV}/$c$

The Annecy(LAPP)-CERN-Bohr Inst-Genoa-Oslo-London collaboration Almas, R. ; Baglin, C. ; Bock, R. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B, 1980.
Inspire Record 153574 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49655
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$\pi$-proton scattering at 516, 616, 710, 887, and 1085 MeV

Gbaed, F. ; Montanet, L. ; Lehmann, P. ; et al.
Nuovo Cim. 22 (1961) 193-198, 1961.
Inspire Record 1187691 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37734

We present results on .~--p seattering at kinetic energies in the laboratory of 516, 616, 710, 887 and 1085MeV. The data were obtained by exposing a liquid hydrogen bubble chamber to a pion beam from the Saelay proton synchrotron Saturne. The chamber had a diameter of 20 cm and a depth of 10 cm. There was no magnetic field. Two cameras, 15 em apart, were situated at 84 cm from the center- of the chamber. A triple quadrnpole lens looking at an internal target, and a bending magnet, defined the beam, whose momentum spread was less than 2%. The value of the momentum was measured by the wire-orbit method and by time of flight technique, and the computed momentum spread was checked by means of a Cerenkov counter. The pictures were scanned twice for all pion interactions. 0nly those events with primaries at most 3 ~ off from the mean beam direction and with vertices inside a well defined fiducial volume, were considered. All not obviously inelastic events were measured and computed by means of a Mercury Ferranti computer. The elasticity of the event was established by eoplanarity and angular correlation of the outgoing tracks. We checked that no bias was introduced for elastic events with dip angles for the scattering plane of less than 80 ~ and with cosines of the scattering angles in the C.M.S. of less than 0.95. Figs. 1 to 5 show the angular distributions for elastic scattering, for all events with dip angles for the scattering plane less than 80 ~ . The solid curves represent a best fit to the differential cross section. The ratio of charged inelastic to elastic events, was obtained by comparing the number of inelastic scatterings to the areas under the solid curves which give the number of elastic seatterings.

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$\pi^+ p$ Backward Elastic Scattering from 2-GeV/c to 6-GeV/c

Lennox, Arlene J. ; Baker, W.F. ; Eartly, David P. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 11 (1975) 1777, 1975.
Inspire Record 90923 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24918

The backward angular distributions obtained in an experiment at the Zero Gradient Synchrotron of Argonne National Laboratory were used to systematically study the energy dependence of the 180° differential cross section for π+p elastic scattering in the center-of-mass energy region from 2159 to 3487 MeV. At each of 38 incident pion momenta between 2.0 and 6.0 GeV/c, a focusing spectrometer and scintillation counter hodoscopes were used to obtain differential cross sections for typically five pion scattering angles from 141° to 173° in the laboratory. Values for dσdΩ at 180° were then obtained by extrapolation. A resonance model and an interference model were used to perform fits to the energy dependence of dσdΩ (180°). Both models led to good fits to our data and yielded values for the masses, widths, parities, and the product of spin and elasticity for the Δ(2200), Δ(2420), Δ(2850), and Δ(3230) resonances. Our data confirm the existence of the Δ(3230) and require the negative-parity Δ(2200).

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$\pi^+ p$ Elastic Scatterings at 2.35 and 2.90 BeV/c

Kramer, Paul R. ; Plano, Richard J. ;
PhD Thesis, Rutgers U., Piscataway, 1966.
Inspire Record 1407272 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.69629
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$\pi^+ p$ elastic scattering

Hughes, C.M. ;
PhD Thesis, Bristol U., 1972.
Inspire Record 1501542 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.76466
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$\pi^+ p$ interactions at 850 MeV/c

Debaisieux, J. ; Dufour, P. ; Grard, F. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 5 (1968) 147-157, 1968.
Inspire Record 1400916 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.32747

Experimental results are presented on $\pi^+ p$ interactions at 850 MeV/c incident momentum. Cross sections for the various reactions are given. The elastic differential cross section has been fitted to a polynomial in, cos$\theta$ and the resulting coefficients are compared to results at neighbouring incident momenta. For the one-pion-production reactions, the (N$\pi$) effective mass distributions and the ratio of $\pi^0$ to $\pi^+$ production have been compared to the predictions of several theoretical models.

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$\pi^+ − p$ elastic scattering at 820, 900 and 1050 MeV

Barloutaud, R. ; Choquet-Louedec, C. ; Derem, A. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. 1 (1962) 207-208, 1962.
Inspire Record 1400915 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31235
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$\pi^+$-proton interactions at 500 MeV incident energy

Debaisieux, J. ; Grard, F. ; Heughebaert, J. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys. 63 (1965) 273-285, 1965.
Inspire Record 1400917 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37098

We present results on $\pi^+$-p interactions at 500 MeV from an experiment performed with the Saclay 35 cm hydrogen bubble chamber. A total of 1840 events have been observed. The branching ratio for elastic events is equal to 0.883$\pm$0.008. Eight events are unambiguously attributed to the reaction $\pi^+p\to\pi^+p\gamma$. Cross sections for the various reactions are given. The elastic angular distribution has been determined up to cos$\theta$ = +0.975 and shows evidence for S, P, D waves in good agreement with the results obtained in other experiments. For the one-pion production reactions, the ratio of $\pi^0$ production to $\pi^+$ production is found equal to 4.1$\pm$0.8. This result and the corresponding distributions for momentum and angle of the secondaries are compared with the predictions of the isobaric models.

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$\pi^+p$ interactions at $T_\pi = 781$ MeV

Tilger, C.A. ; Poirier, C.P. ; Alyea, E.D., Jr. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. 142 (1966) 972-976, 1966.
Inspire Record 944956 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26684

Interactions of 781-MeV π+ mesons with protons were investigated using the Brookhaven National Laboratory 14-in. hydrogen bubble chamber. A total of 2305 events was observed. The data were normalized to a total cross section of 22.2 mb, giving partial cross sections σ(π+p→π+p)=9.5±0.5 mb, σ(π+p→π+pπ0)=9.3±0.5 mb, σ(π+p→π+π+n)=2.15±0.17 mb, and a multiple-pion-production cross section of 1.15±0.17 mb. The elastic angular distribution was obtained and is dσdω=(0.25±0.03)+(0.90±0.11)cosθc.m.+(2.57±0.24)cos2θc.m.+(0.19±0.22)cos3θc.m.−(1.73±0.34)cos4c.m.. The kinetic-energy and angular distributions of the outgoing particles in single-pion production are given. The data are compared with other experiments in this energy region and their relevance to the shoulder in the π+p total cross section near 830 MeV is discussed.

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$\pi^- p$ Interactions at 205-GeV/c: Cross-Sections and Charged Particle Multiplicity.

Bogert, D. ; Hanft, R. ; Huson, F.R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 31 (1973) 1271-1274, 1973.
Inspire Record 81730 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21380

Results are reported based on a study of 3114 π−p events at 205 GeV/c in the National Accelerator Laboratory 30-in. bubble chamber. The measured π−p total and elastic cross sections are 24.0 ± 0.5 and 3.0 ± 0.3 mb, respectively. The elastic differential cross section has a slope of 9.0 ± 0.7 GeV−2 for 0.03≤−t≤0.6 GeV2. The average charged-particle multiplicity for the inelastic events is 8.02 ± 0.12.

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$\pi^- p$ at 205 GeV/c: Multiplicities of Charged and Neutral Particles Production of Neutral Particles

Ljung, D. ; Bogert, D. ; Hanft, R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 15 (1977) 3163, 1977.
Inspire Record 111665 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24616

A study of 205-GeV/c π−p interactions has been made with a 48 800-picture exposure in the bare Fermilab 30-inch hydrogen bubble chamber. The average number of charged particles produced per inelastic interaction is 7.99±0.06. The elastic cross section is 3.18±0.13 mb and the total cross section is 24.19±0.44 mb. The inclusive cross sections for neutral-particle production are: σ(γ)=171.3±15.3 mb, σ(KS0)=3.64±0.61 mb (x<0.3), σ(Λ)=1.71±0.34 mb (x<0.3), and σ(Λ¯)=0.59±0.23 mb (x<0.1). The average number of π0's produced per inelastic collision is consistent with a linear rise with the number of charged particles, and about equal to the number of produced π− or π+. The average number of K0's, Λ's, and Λ¯'s is consistent with very little dependence on the number of charged particles. General characteristics of neutral-particle production are presented and compared with other experiments. For each topology the produced neutral energy is ∼13 of the incident energy.

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$\pi^{-} + p$ elastic scattering in the neighbourhood of $N^{*}_1/2$ (2190)

Busza, W. ; Davis, D.G. ; Duff, B.G. ; et al.
Nuovo Cim.A 52 (1967) 331-341, 1967.
Inspire Record 1185326 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37568

Elastic π−+p differential cross-section data are presented at the incident-pion momenta 1.72, 1.89, 2.07, 2.27 and 2.46 GeV/c. Resonant behaviour in the coefficients of a Legendre polynomial expansion indicates G- or H-wave resonance. Further analysis using an energy-dependent parametrization of G- and H-waves shows the results to be compatible with the 7−/2 assignment for the , but equally acceptable solutions are obtained with the inclusion of an additional 9+/2 resonance contribution.

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$\pi^{-}+ p$ elastic scattering at 1 200 MeV

Bertanza, L. ; Carrara, R. ; Drago, A. ; et al.
Nuovo Cim. 19 (1961) 467-481, 1961.
Inspire Record 1184999 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.1109

A bubble chamber investigation of π−+p elastic scattering at 1 200 MeV (K.E.) is reported. The total and differential cross-sections are determined. By extrapolation of the angular distribution, the 0° cross-section is derived and compared with the results obtained with the help of the dispersion relations and the optical theorem. The forward peak is investigated in terms of diffraction scattering and a value for the optical radius is derived.

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$\pi^{-}p$ interactions at 720 MeV

Van de Walle, R.T. ; Pols, C.L.A. ; Schotanus, D.J. ; et al.
Nuovo Cim.A 53 (1968) 745-761, 1968.
Inspire Record 1185327 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37519

The interactions of 720 MeV negative pions with protons were investigated using pictures from the 35 cm Saclay hydrogen bubble chamber. Partial cross-sections were determined with the following results: σ(elastic)=13.2±0.5) mb, σ(π−pπ0)=(5.25±0.30) mb, σ(π−π+n)=()7.17±0.35) mb σ (neutrals)=(9.9±0.7) mb, σ (2π production)=(1.03±0.13) mb. The elastic-scattering angular distribution was fitted with a fifth-order polynomial in cos θ* π which shows the effect of a significantF 5/2-D 5/2 interference contribution and predicts a value for (dσ/dΩ) (0°) in agreement with dispersion theory. For both single-π production channels, the two-body effective mass plots and c.m. angular distributions are presented, discussed and compared with the predictions from phase-space, the Olsson-Yodh isobar model and the pole model of isobar production. TheN *(3/2, 3/2) isobar is seen to play an important role in the ππN final states, but the agreement of the data with the existing isobar models and their assumptions is not satisfactory. A comparison of the different two-pion production cross-sections π−pπ−π+, π−pπ0π0 and π−π+nπ0 suggests a strong contribution of π−p→η0n to the π−π+nπ0 final state. An upper limit for σ(π−p→η0n) of (3.0±0.4) mb was obtained.

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$\pi^{\pm} p$, $K^{\pm} p$, $pp$ and $p\bar{p}$ Elastic Scattering from 50-GeV/c to 175-GeV/c

The Fermilab Single Arm Spectrometer Group collaboration Ayres, D.S. ; Diebold, R. ; Maclay, G.J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 15 (1977) 3105, 1977.
Inspire Record 110409 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24653

The differential cross sections for the elastic scattering of π+, π−, K+, K−, p, and p¯ on protons have been measured in the t interval -0.04 to -0.75 GeV2 at five momenta: 50, 70, 100, 140, and 175 GeV/c. The t distributions have been parametrized by the quadratic exponential form dσdt=Aexp(B|t|+C|t|2) and the energy dependence has been described in terms of a single-pole Regge model. The pp and K+p diffraction peaks are found to shrink with α′∼0.20 and ∼0.15 GeV−2, respectively. The p¯p diffraction peak is antishrinking while π±p and K−p are relatively energy-independent. Total elastic cross sections are calculated by integrating the differential cross sections. The rapid decline in σel observed at low energies has stopped and all six reactions approach relatively constant values of σel. The ratio of σelσtot approaches a constant value for all six reactions by 100 GeV, consistent with the predictions of the geometric-scaling hypothesis. This ratio is ∼0.18 for pp and p¯p, and ∼0.12-0.14 for π±p and K±p. A crossover is observed between K+p and K−p scattering at |t|∼0.19 GeV2, and between pp and p¯p at |t|∼0.11 GeV2. Inversion of the cross sections into impact-parameter space shows that protons are quite transparent to mesons even in head-on collisions. The probability for a meson to pass through a proton head-on without interaction inelastically is ∼20% while it is only ∼6% for an incident proton or antiproton. Finally, the results are compared with various quark-model predictions.

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$\{pi}-p$ interactions at 1.59 GeV/c

Alitti, J. ; Baton, J.P. ; Berthelot, A. ; et al.
Nuovo Cim. 29 (1963) 515, 1963.
Inspire Record 851185 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.980

Report on the investigation of interactions in π−p collisions at a pion momentum of 1.59 GeV/c, by means of the 50 cm Saclay liquid hydrogen bubble chamber, operating in a magnetic field of 17.5 kG. The results obtained concern essentially the elastic scattering and the inelastic scattering accompanied by the production of either a single pion in π−p→ pπ−π0 and nπ−π+ interactions, or by more than one pion in four-prong events. The observed angular distribution for the elastic scattering in the diffraction region, can be approximated by an exponential law. From the extrapolated value, thus obtained for the forward scattering, one gets σel= (9.65±0.30) mb. Effective mass spectra of π−π0 and π−π+ dipions are given in case of one-pion production. Each of them exhibits the corresponding ρ− or ρ0 resonances in the region of ∼ 29μ2 (μ = mass of the charged pion). The ρ peaks are particularly conspicuous for low momentum transfer (Δ2) events. The ρ0 distribution presents a secondary peak at ∼31μ2 due probably to the ω0 → π−π+ process. The branching ratio (ω0→ π+π−)/(ω0→ π+π− 0) is estimated to be ∼ 7%. The results are fairly well interpreted in the frame of the peripheral interaction according to the one-pion exchange (OPE) model, Up to values of Δ2/μ2∼10. In particular, the ratio ρ−/ρ0 is of the order of 0.5, as predicted by this model. Furthermore, the distribution of the Treiman-Yang angle is compatible with an isotropic one inside the ρ. peak. The distribution of\(\sigma _{\pi ^ + \pi ^ - } \), as calculated by the use of the Chew-Low formula assumed to be valid in the physical region of Δ2, gives a maximum which is appreciably lower than the value of\(12\pi \tilde \lambda ^2 = 120 mb\) expected for a resonant elastic ππ scattering in a J=1 state at the peak of the ρ. However, a correcting factor to the Chew-Low formula, introduced by Selleri, gives a fairly good agreement with the expected value. Another distribution, namely the Δ2 distribution, at least for Δ2 < 10 μ2, agrees quite well with the peripheral character of the interaction involving the ρ resonance. π− angular distributions in the rest frame of the ρ exhibit a different behaviour for the ρ− and for the ρ0. Whereas the first one is symmetrical, as was already reported in a previous paper, the latter shows a clear forward π− asymmetry. The main features of the four-prong results are: 1) the occurrence of the 3/2 3/2 (ρπ+) isobar in π−p → pπ+π−π− events and 2) the possible production of the ω0→ π+π−π0 resonance in π−p→ pπ−π+π−π0 events. No ρ’s were observed in four-prong events.

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$pp$ Interactions at 300-GeV/c: Measurement of the Charged Multiplicity, Total and Elastic Cross-Sections

Firestone, A. ; Davidson, V. ; Lam, D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 10 (1974) 2080, 1974.
Inspire Record 1242 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25012

In a 35 000-picture exposure of the 30-in. hydrogen bubble chamber to a 300-GeV/c proton beam at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, 10054 interactions have been observed. The measured total cross section is $40.68 \pm 0.55$ mb, the elastic cross section is $7.89 \pm 0.52$ mb, and the average charged-particle multiplicity for inelastic events is $8.S0 \pm 0.12$.

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201-GeV/c Proton Proton Elastic Scattering at Large Momentum Transfer

Hartmann, J.L. ; Orear, J. ; Vrieslander, J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 39 (1977) 975, 1977.
Inspire Record 120624 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20930

Proton-proton elastic scattering has been measured in the region 4.9<|t|<12.1 GeV2 at a beam momentum of 201 GeV/c. If the form exp(At) is fitted to the data, the exponent A gradually changes from 1.5 to 0.9 GeV−2 over our t range. The data are consistent with the form exp(−6.6p⊥). A comparison with intersecting storage ring results shows that in this kinematical region the slopes are about the same, but dσdt at fixed t is still dropping with energy.

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400-{GeV}/$c p p$ Elastic Scattering: Energy and Angle Dependence at High Momentum Transfer

Conetti, S. ; Hojvat, C. ; Ryan, D.G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 41 (1978) 924, 1978.
Inspire Record 131549 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20819

Proton-proton elastic scattering at 400 GeV/c has been measured in the region 5.4<−t<14.4 GeV2 with no sign of a second dip or "break." If the data are fitted by exp(At), the slope A decreases from 1.5±0.1 to 0.7±0.2 GeV−2 over the range. At fixed t the 400-GeV/c cross sections are about 0.6 times those at 200 GeV/c in this t range. At fixed θc.m.=15°, dσdt∝s−n where n=9.7±0.3.

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