Date

Measurement of the total cross section from elastic scattering in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=8$ TeV with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aaboud, Morad ; Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B761 (2016) 158-178, 2016.
Inspire Record 1477585 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73997

A measurement of the total $pp$ cross section at the LHC at $\sqrt{s}=8$ TeV is presented. An integrated luminosity of $500$ $\mu$b$^{-1}$ was accumulated in a special run with high-$\beta^{\star}$ beam optics to measure the differential elastic cross section as a function of the Mandelstam momentum transfer variable $t$. The measurement is performed with the ALFA sub-detector of ATLAS. Using a fit to the differential elastic cross section in the $-t$ range from $0.014$ GeV$^2$ to $0.1$ GeV$^2$ to extrapolate $t\rightarrow 0$, the total cross section, $\sigma_{\mathrm{tot}}(pp\rightarrow X)$, is measured via the optical theorem to be: $\sigma_{\mathrm{tot}}(pp\rightarrow X) = {96.07} \; \pm 0.18 \; ({{stat.}}) \pm 0.85 \; ({{exp.}}) \pm 0.31 \; ({extr.}) \; {mb} \;,$ where the first error is statistical, the second accounts for all experimental systematic uncertainties and the last is related to uncertainties in the extrapolation $t\rightarrow 0$. In addition, the slope of the exponential function describing the elastic cross section at small $t$ is determined to be $B = 19.74 \pm 0.05 \; ({{stat.}}) \pm 0.23 \; ({{syst.}}) \; {GeV}^{-2}$.

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Evidence for non-exponential elastic proton–proton differential cross-section at low |t| and $\sqrt{s}$=8 TeV by TOTEM

The TOTEM collaboration Antchev, G. ; Aspell, P. ; Atanassov, I. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys. B899 (2015) 527-546, 2015.
Inspire Record 1356731 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73431

The TOTEM experiment has made a precise measurement of the elastic proton–proton differential cross-section at the centre-of-mass energy s=8 TeV based on a high-statistics data sample obtained with the β⁎=90 m optics. Both the statistical and systematic uncertainties remain below 1%, except for the t -independent contribution from the overall normalisation. This unprecedented precision allows to exclude a purely exponential differential cross-section in the range of four-momentum transfer squared 0.027<|t|<0.2 GeV2 with a significance greater than 7 σ . Two extended parametrisations, with quadratic and cubic polynomials in the exponent, are shown to be well compatible with the data. Using them for the differential cross-section extrapolation to t=0 , and further applying the optical theorem, yields total cross-section estimates of (101.5±2.1) mb and (101.9±2.1) mb , respectively, in agreement with previous TOTEM measurements.

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High-precision measurements of $\pi p$ elastic differential cross sections in the second resonance region

The EPECUR collaboration Alekseev, I.G. ; Andreev, V.A. ; Bordyuzhin, I.G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. C91 (2015) 025205, 2015.
Inspire Record 1323450 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.67659

<p>Cross sections for <inline-formula><mml:math><mml:mrow><mml:msup><mml:mi>π</mml:mi><mml:mo>±</mml:mo></mml:msup><mml:mi>p</mml:mi></mml:mrow></mml:math></inline-formula> elastic scattering have been measured to high precision by the EPECUR Collaboration for beam momenta between 800 and 1240 MeV/<inline-formula><mml:math><mml:mi>c</mml:mi></mml:math></inline-formula> using the ITEP proton synchrotron. The data precision allows comparisons of the existing partial-wave analyses on a level not possible previously. These comparisons imply that over the covered energy range, the Carnegie-Mellon-Berkeley analysis is significantly more predictive when compared to versions of the Karlsruhe-Helsinki analyses.</p>

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Measurement of the total cross section from elastic scattering in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; Abdallah, Jalal ; et al.
Nucl.Phys. B889 (2014) 486-548, 2014.
Inspire Record 1312171 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.68910

A measurement of the total pp cross section at the LHC at s=7 TeV is presented. In a special run with high- β⋆ beam optics, an integrated luminosity of 80 μb −1 was accumulated in order to measure the differential elastic cross section as a function of the Mandelstam momentum transfer variable t . The measurement is performed with the ALFA sub-detector of ATLAS. Using a fit to the differential elastic cross section in the |t| range from 0.01 GeV2 to 0.1 GeV2 to extrapolate to |t|→0 , the total cross section, σtot(pp→X) , is measured via the optical theorem to be: σtot(pp→X)=95.35±0.38(stat.)±1.25(exp.)±0.37(extr.)mb, where the first error is statistical, the second accounts for all experimental systematic uncertainties and the last is related to uncertainties in the extrapolation to |t|→0 . In addition, the slope of the elastic cross section at small |t| is determined to be B=19.73±0.14(stat.)±0.26(syst.) GeV−2 .

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Proton-proton elastic scattering at the LHC energy of s** (1/2) = 7-TeV

The TOTEM collaboration Antchev, G. ; Aspell, P. ; Atanassov, I. ; et al.
Europhys.Lett. 95 (2011) 41001, 2011.
Inspire Record 922651 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.59485
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Double Spin Asymmetries A(NN) and A(SS) at s**(1/2) = 200-GeV in Polarized Proton-Proton Elastic Scattering at RHIC

The pp2pp collaboration Bultmann, S. ; Chiang, I.H. ; Chrien, R.E. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B647 (2007) 98-103, 2007.
Inspire Record 729168 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31499

We present the first measurements of the double spin asymmetries A_NN and A_SS at sqrt{s}=200 GeV, obtained by the pp2pp experiment using polarized proton beams at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). The data were collected in the four momentum transfer t range 0.01<|t|<0.03 (GeV/c)^2. The measured asymmetries, which are consistent with zero, allow us to estimate upper limits on the double helicity-flip amplitudes phi_2 and phi_4 at small t as well as on the difference Delta(sigma_T) between the total cross sections for transversely polarized protons with antiparallel or parallel spin orientations.

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Single-Pion Production in pp Collisions at 0.95-GeV/c (I)

The COSY-TOF collaboration El-Samad, S Abd ; Bilger, R. ; Brinkmann, K.-Th. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. A30 (2006) 443-453, 2006.
Inspire Record 725793 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.43429

The single-pion production reactions $pp\to d\pi^+$, $pp\to np\pi^+$ and $pp\to pp\pi^0$ were measured at a beam momentum of 0.95 GeV/c ($T_p \approx$ 400 MeV) using the short version of the COSY-TOF spectrometer. The implementation of a central calorimeter provided particle identification, energy determination and neutron detection in addition to time-of-flight and angle measurements. Thus all pion production channels were recorded with 1-4 overconstraints. The total and differential cross sections obtained are compared to previous data and theoretical calculations. Main emphasis is put on the discussion of the $pp\pi^0$ channel, where we obtain angular distributions different from previous experimental results, however, partly in good agreement with recent phenomenological and theoretical predictions. In particular we observe very large anisotropies for the $\pi^0$ angular distributions in the kinematical region of small relative proton momenta revealing there a dominance of proton spinflip transitions associated with $\pi^0$ $s$- and $d$-partial waves and emphasizing the important role of $\pi^0$ d-waves.

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A TABULATION OF PION - NUCLEON FORWARD AMPLITUDES UP TO 30-GeV/c

Carter, A.A. ; Carter, J.R. ;
No Journal Information, 2006.
Inspire Record 44589 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.75551
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DIFFERENTIAL ELASTIC PION-PROTON SCATTERING AT 600-MEV, 650-MEV and 750-MEV

Shonle, John I. ;
PhD Thesis, 2006.
Inspire Record 44234 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.154
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Measurement of the analyzing power A(N) in pp elastic scattering in the CNI region with a polarized atomic hydrogen gas jet target

Okada, H. ; Alekseev, I.G. ; Bravar, A. ; et al.
No Journal Information, 2006.
Inspire Record 707803 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.41834

A precise measurement of the analyzing power $A_N$ in proton-proton elastic scattering in the region of 4-momentum transfer squared $0.001 < |t| < 0.032 ({\rm GeV}/c)^2$ has been performed using a polarized atomic hydrogen gas jet target and the 100 GeV/$c$ RHIC proton beam. The interference of the electromagnetic spin-flip amplitude with a hadronic spin-nonflip amplitude is predicted to generate a significant $A_N$ of 4--5%, peaking at $-t \simeq 0.003 ({\rm GeV}/c)^2$. This kinematic region is known as the Coulomb Nuclear Interference region. A possible hadronic spin-flip amplitude modifies this otherwise calculable prediction. Our data are well described by the CNI prediction with the electromagnetic spin-flip alone and do not support the presence of a large hadronic spin-flip amplitude.

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pi+- p differential cross sections at low energies

Denz, H. ; Amaudruz, P. ; Brack, J.T. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B633 (2006) 209-213, 2006.
Inspire Record 699647 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31620

Differential cross sections for pi- p and pi+ p elastic scattering were measured at five energies between 19.9 and 43.3 MeV. The use of the CHAOS magnetic spectrometer at TRIUMF, supplemented by a range telescope for muon background suppression, provided simultaneous coverage of a large part of the full angular range, thus allowing very precise relative cross section measurements. The absolute normalisation was determined with a typical accuracy of 5 %. This was verified in a simultaneous measurement of muon proton elastic scattering. The measured cross sections show some deviations from phase shift analysis predictions, in particular at large angles and low energies. From the new data we determine the real part of the isospin forward scattering amplitude.

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First measurement of A(N) at s**(1/2) = 200-GeV in polarized proton-proton elastic scattering at RHIC

Bultmann, S. ; Chiang, I.H. ; Chrien, R.E. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B632 (2006) 167-172, 2006.
Inspire Record 688172 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31570

We report on the first measurement of the single spin analyzing power (A_N) at sqrt(s)=200GeV, obtained by the pp2pp experiment using polarized proton beams at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). Data points were measured in the four momentum transfer t range 0.01 < |t| < 0.03 (GeV/c)^2. Our result, averaged over the whole t-interval is about one standard deviation above the calculation, which uses interference between electromagnetic spin-flip amplitude and hadronic non-flip amplitude, the source of A_N. The difference could be explained by an additional contribution of a hadronic spin-flip amplitude to A_N.

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Low-energy analyzing powers in pion proton elastic scattering

Meier, R. ; Croni, M. ; Bilger, R. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B588 (2004) 155-162, 2004.
Inspire Record 645151 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26962

Analyzing powers of pion-proton elastic scattering have been measured at PSI with the Low Energy Pion Spectrometer LEPS as well as a novel polarized scintillator target. Angular distributions between 40 and 120 deg (c.m.) were taken at 45.2, 51.2, 57.2, 68.5, 77.2, and 87.2 MeV incoming pion kinetic energy for pi+ p scattering, and at 67.3 and 87.2 MeV for pi- p scattering. These new measurements constitute a substantial extension of the polarization data base at low energies. Predictions from phase shift analyses are compared with the experimental results, and deviations are observed at low energies.

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Measurement of Polarization of Recoil Protons in ( Pi exp - p) Elastic Scattering at 485 Mev

Bekrenev, V. S. ; Gordeev, V. A. ; Kashchuk, A. P. ;
No Journal Information, 2003.
Inspire Record 1113356 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.41626
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First measurement of proton proton elastic scattering at RHIC

Bueltmann, Stephen L. ; Chiang, I.H. ; Chrien, R.E. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B579 (2004) 245-250, 2004.
Inspire Record 618968 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31705

The first result of the pp2pp experiment at RHIC on elastic scattering of polarized protons at sqrt{s} = 200 GeV is reported here. The exponential slope parameter b of the diffractive peak of the elastic cross section in the t range 0.010 <= |t| <= 0.019 (GeV/c)^2 was measured to be b = 16.3 +- 1.6 (stat.) +- 0.9 (syst.) (GeV/c)^{-2} .

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Analyzing powers for pi- p elastic scattering at 279-MeV

Hofman, G.J. ; Craig, K. ; Pavan, M.M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. C68 (2003) 018202, 2003.
Inspire Record 628373 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25270
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Measurement of spin correlation parameters A(NN), A(SS), and A(SL) at 2.1-GeV in proton proton elactic scattering

Bauer, F. ; Bisplinghoff, J. ; Busser, K. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 90 (2003) 142301, 2003.
Inspire Record 594512 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31721

At the Cooler Synchrotron COSY/J\ulich spin correlation parameters in elastic proton-proton (pp) scattering have been measured with a 2.11 GeV polarized proton beam and a polarized hydrogen atomic beam target. We report results for A$_{NN}$, A$_{SS}$, and A_${SL}$ for c.m. scattering angles between 30$^o$ and 90$^o$. Our data on A$_{SS}$ -- the first measurement of this observable above 800 MeV -- clearly disagrees with predictions of available of pp scattering phase shift solutions while A$_{NN}$ and A_${SL}$ are reproduced reasonably well. We show that in the direct reconstruction of the scattering amplitudes from the body of available pp elastic scattering data at 2.1 GeV the number of possible solutions is considerably reduced.

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Analyzing powers for pi p elastic scattering between 57-MeV and 139-MeV

Patterson, J.D. ; Hofman, G.J. ; Brack, J.T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. C66 (2002) 025207, 2002.
Inspire Record 594648 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25268
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Angular dependence of the pp elastic scattering spin correlation parameter ann-00 between 0.8-GeV and 2.8-GeV. 2. Results for higher energies

Allgower, C.E. ; Ball, J. ; Beddo, M.E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. C64 (2001) 034003, 2001.
Inspire Record 561777 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25291
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Precision pion - proton elastic differential cross-sections at energies spanning the Delta resonance

Pavan, M.M. ; Brack, J.T. ; Duncan, F. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. C64 (2001) 064611, 2001.
Inspire Record 554203 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31782

A precision measurement of absolute pi+p and pi-p elastic differential cross sections at incident pion laboratory kinetic energies from T_pi= 141.15 to 267.3 MeV is described. Data were obtained detecting the scattered pion and recoil proton in coincidence at 12 laboratory pion angles from 55 to 155 degrees for pi+p, and six angles from 60 to 155 degrees for pi-p. Single arm measurements were also obtained for pi+p energies up to 218.1 MeV, with the scattered pi+ detected at six angles from 20 to 70 degrees. A flat-walled, super-cooled liquid hydrogen target as well as solid CH2 targets were used. The data are characterized by small uncertainties, ~1-2% statistical and ~1-1.5% normalization. The reliability of the cross section results was ensured by carrying out the measurements under a variety of experimental conditions to identify and quantify the sources of instrumental uncertainty. Our lowest and highest energy data are consistent with overlapping results from TRIUMF and LAMPF. In general, the Virginia Polytechnic Institute SM95 partial wave analysis solution describes our data well, but the older Karlsruhe-Helsinki PWA solution KH80 does not.

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Measurements of spin rotation parameter A in pion proton elastic scattering at 1.62-GeV/c

The ITEP-PNPI collaboration Alekseev, I.G. ; Budkovsky, P.E. ; Kanavets, V.P. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B485 (2000) 32-36, 2000.
Inspire Record 526552 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.41744

The ITEP-PNPI collaboration presents the results of the measurements of the spin rotation parameter A in the elastic scattering of positive and negative pions on protons at P_beam = 1.62 GeV/c. The setup included a longitudinally-polarized proton target with superconductive magnet, multiwire spark chambers and a carbon polarimeter with thick filter. Results are compared to the predictions of partial wave analyses. The experiment was performed at the ITEP proton synchrotron, Moscow.

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Excitation functions of the analyzing power in p p(pol.) scattering from 0.45-GeV to 2.5-GeV

The EDDA collaboration Altmeier, M. ; Bauer, F. ; Bisplinghoff, J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 85 (2000) 1819-1822, 2000.
Inspire Record 537773 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19490
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Angular dependence of the p p elastic scattering spin correlation parameter A(00nn) between 0.8 and 2.8 GeV: Results for 1.80-GeV to 2.24-GeV

Allgower, C.E. ; Ball, J. ; Barabash, L.S. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. C62 (2000) 064001, 2000.
Inspire Record 539075 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25464
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Elastic and quasielastic p p scattering in LiH-6 and LiD-6 targets between 1.1-GeV and 2.4-GeV

Ball, J. ; Allgower, C.E. ; Beddo, M. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C11 (1999) 51-67, 1999.
Inspire Record 505045 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.43403
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Measurement of the p p analyzing power in the vicinity of 2.20-GeV

Ball, J. ; Beddo, M. ; Bedfer, Y. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C10 (1999) 409-413, 1999.
Inspire Record 510350 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.43331
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