Pion and Kaon Pair Production in Photon-Photon Collisions

The TPC/Two Gamma collaboration Aihara, H. ; Alston-Garnjost, M. ; Avery, R.E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 57 (1986) 404, 1986.
Inspire Record 228072 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20204

We report measurements of the two-photon processes e+e−→e+e−π+π− and e+e−→e+e−K+K−, at an e+e− center-of-mass energy of 29 GeV. In the π+π− data a high-statistics analysis of the f(1270) results in a γγ width Γ(γγ→f)=3.2±0.4 keV. The π+π− continuum below the f mass is well described by a QED Born approximation, whereas above the f mass it is consistent with a QCD-model calculation if a large contribution from the f is assumed. For the K+K− data we find agreement of the high-mass continuum with the QCD prediction; limits on f′(1520) and θ(1720) formation are presented.

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Production of the F(0) Meson in Photon-photon Collisions

The CELLO collaboration Behrend, H.J. ; Fenner, H. ; Schachter, M.J. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 23 (1984) 223, 1984.
Inspire Record 199731 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.16320

The production of thef0 in two photon collisions, with the subsequent decayf0→π+π− has been observed in the CELLO detector at PETRA. Thef0 peak was found to lie on a dipion continuum and to be shifted downwards in mass by ≃50 MeV/c2. The ππ mass spectrum from 0.8 to 1.5 GeV/c2 was well fitted by the model of Mennessier using only a unitarised Born amplitude and helicity 2f0 amplitude. The previously observed mass shift and distortion of thef0 peak are explained by strong interference between the Born andf0 amplitudes. The only free parameter in the fit of the data to the model is the radiative widthΓγγ(f0). It was found that:Γγγ(f0)=2.5±0.1±0.5 keV where the first (second) quoted errors are statistical (systematic).

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Exclusive Production of Proton Anti-proton Pairs in Photon-photon Collisions

The JADE collaboration Bartel, W. ; Becker, L. ; Cords, D. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 174 (1986) 350-356, 1986.
Inspire Record 231554 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.30246

Total and differential cross sections for exclusive production of proton-antiproton pairs in photon-photon collisions have been measured using the JADE detector at PETRA. The total cross section in the CM angular |cos θ ∗ | < 0.6 reaches a maximum value of 3.8 nb for a γγ invariant mass of W γγ = 2.25 GeV, and decreases rapidly for higher values of W γγ . In the range 2.0 GeV < W γγ < 2.6 GeV the angular distribution is not isotopic. The nucleons are preferentially emitted at large angles to the collision axis.

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$p\bar{p}$ pair production in two photon collisions at LEP

The L3 collaboration Achard, P. ; Adriani, O. ; Aguilar-Benitez, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 571 (2003) 11-20, 2003.
Inspire Record 620433 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.48883

The reaction e^+e^- -> e^+e^- proton antiproton is studied with the L3 detector at LEP. The analysis is based on data collected at e^+e^- center-of-mass energies from 183 GeV to 209 GeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 667 pb^-1. The gamma gamma -> proton antiproton differential cross section is measured in the range of the two-photon center-of-mass energy from 2.1 GeV to 4.5 GeV. The results are compared to the predictions of the three-quark and quark-diquark models.

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Formation of Delta (980) and A2 (1320) in Photon-photon Collisions

The Crystal Ball collaboration Antreasyan, D. ; Aschman, D. ; Besset, D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 33 (1986) 1847, 1986.
Inspire Record 217547 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23518

The reaction γγ→π0η has been investigated with the Crystal Ball detector at the DESY storage ring DORIS II. Formation of δ(980) and A2(1320) has been observed with γγ partial widths Γγγ(A2)=1.14±0.20±0.2 6 keV and Γγγ(δ)B(δ→πη)=0.19±0.07 −0.07+0.10 keV.

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A Measurement of $\pi^0 \pi^0$ Production in Two Photon Collisions

The Crystal Ball collaboration Marsiske, H. ; Antreasyan, D. ; Bartels, H.W. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 41 (1990) 3324, 1990.
Inspire Record 294492 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22923

The reaction e+e−→e+e−π0π0 has been analyzed using 97 pb−1 of data taken with the Crystal Ball detector at the DESY e−e+ storage ring DORIS II at beam energies around 5.3 GeV. For the first time we have measured the cross section for γγ→π0π0 for π0π0 mvariant masses ranging from threshold to about 2 GeV. We measure an approximately flat cross section of about 10 nb for W=mπ0π0<0.8 GeV, which is below 0.6 GeV, in good agreement with a theoretical prediction based on an unitarized Born-term model. At higher invariant masses we observe formation of the f2(1270) resonance and a hint of the f0(975). We deduce the following two-photon widths: Γγγ(f2(1270))=3.19±0.16±0.280.29 keV and Γγγ(f0(975))<0.53 keV at 90% C.L. The decay-angular distributions show the π0π0 system to be dominantly spin 0 for W<0.7 GeV and spin 2, helicity 2 in the f2(1270) region, with helicity 0 contributing at most 22% (90% C.L.).

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High-statistics measurement of neutral pion-pair production in two-photon collisions

The Belle collaboration Uehara, S. ; Watanabe, Y. ; Adachi, I. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 78 (2008) 052004, 2008.
Inspire Record 786406 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.50151

We report a high-statistics measurement of differential cross sections for the process gamma gamma -> pi^0 pi^0 in the kinematic range 0.6 GeV <= W <= 4.0 GeV and |cos theta*| <= 0.8, where W and theta* are the energy and pion scattering angle, respectively, in the gamma gamma center-of-mass system. Differential cross sections are fitted to obtain information on S, D_0, D_2, G_0 and G_2 waves. The G waves are important above W ~= 1.6 GeV. For W <= 1.6 GeV the D_2 wave is dominated by the f_2(1270) resonance while the S wave requires at least one additional resonance besides the f_0(980), which may be the f_0(1370) or f_0(1500). The differential cross sections are fitted with a simple parameterization to determine the parameters (the mass, total width and Gamma_{gamma gamma}B(f_0 -> pi^0 pi^0)) of this scalar meson as well as the f_0(980). The helicity 0 fraction of the f_2(1270) meson, taking into account interference for the first time, is also obtained.

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Study of $\pi^0$ pair production in single-tag two-photon collisions

The Belle collaboration Masuda, M. ; Uehara, S. ; Watanabe, Y. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 93 (2016) 032003, 2016.
Inspire Record 1390112 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.71443

We report a measurement of the differential cross section of $\pi^0$ pair production in single-tag two-photon collisions, $\gamma^* \gamma \to \pi^0 \pi^0$, in $e^+ e^-$ scattering. The cross section is measured for $Q^2$ up to 30 GeV$^2$, where $Q^2$ is the negative of the invariant mass squared of the tagged photon, in the kinematic range 0.5 GeV < W < 2.1 GeV and $|\cos \theta^*|$ < 1.0 for the total energy and pion scattering angle, respectively, in the $\gamma^* \gamma$ center-of-mass system. The results are based on a data sample of 759 fb$^{-1}$ collected with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy $e^+ e^-$ collider. The transition form factor of the $f_0(980)$ and that of the $f_2(1270)$ with the helicity-0, -1, and -2 components separately are measured for the first time and are compared with theoretical calculations.

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Exclusive production of $p\bar{p}$ pairs in two photon collisions at PEP

The TPC/Two Gamma collaboration Aihara, H. ; Alston-Garnjost, M. ; Avery, R.E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 36 (1987) 3506, 1987.
Inspire Record 246557 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23356

We report cross sections for the process γγ→pp¯ at center-of-mass energies W from 2.0 to 2.8 GeV. These results have been extracted from measurements of e+e−→e+e−pp¯ at an overall center-of-mass energy of 29 GeV, using the TPC/Two-Gamma facility at the SLAC storage ring PEP. Cross sections for the untagged mode [both photons nearly real] are shown to lie well above QCD predictions. Results are also presented for the single-tagged mode [one photon in the range 0.16<Q2<1.6 (GeV/c)2].

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Measurement of the proton - anti-proton pair production from two photon collisions at TRISTAN

The VENUS collaboration Hamasaki, H. ; Abe, K. ; Amako, K. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 407 (1997) 185-192, 1997.
Inspire Record 443677 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.38332

The cross section of the γγ → p p reaction was measured at two-photon center-of-mass energy ( W γγ ) between 2.2 and 3.3 GeV, using the two-photon process at an e + e − collider, TRISTAN. The W γγ dependence of the cross section integrated over a c.m. angular region of | cos θ ∗ | < 0.6 is in good agreement with the previous measurements and the theoreticalv prediction based on diquark model in the high W γγ region.

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Exclusive production of pion and kaon meson pairs in two photon collisions at LEP

The ALEPH collaboration Heister, A. ; Schael, S. ; Barate, R. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 569 (2003) 140-150, 2003.
Inspire Record 626022 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49730

Exclusive production of π and K meson pairs in two photon collisions is measured with ALEPH data collected between 1992 and 2000. Cross-sections are presented as a function of cos θ ∗ and invariant mass, for | cos θ ∗ |<0.6 and invariant masses between 2.0 and 6.0 GeV/ c 2 (2.25 and 4.0 GeV/ c 2 ) for pions (kaons). The shape of the distributions are found to be well described by QCD predictions but the data have a significantly higher normalization.

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Measurement of K+ K- production in two photon collisions in the resonant mass region

The Belle collaboration Abe, Kazuo ; Abe, Koya ; Abe, T. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 32 (2003) 323-336, 2003.
Inspire Record 629334 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.50324

K^+K^- production in two-photon collisions has been studied using a large data sample of 67 fb^{-1} accumulated with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric e^+e^- collider. We have measured the cross section for the process gamma gamma -> K^+ K^- for center-of-mass energies between 1.4 and 2.4 GeV, and found three new resonant structures in the energy region between 1.6 and 2.4 GeV. The angular differential cross sections have also been measured.

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Dijet production in photon-photon collisions at $S^{(1/2)}$ (ee) = 161-GeV and 172-GeV

The OPAL collaboration Abbiendi, G. ; Ackerstaff, K. ; Alexander, G. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 10 (1999) 547-561, 1999.
Inspire Record 474009 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49386

Di-jet production is studied in collisions of quasi-real photons radiated by the LEP beams at e+e- centre-of-mass energies 161 and 172 GeV. The jets are reconstructed using a cone jet finding algorithm. The angular distributions of direct and double-resolved processes are measured and compared to the predictions of leading order and next-to-leading order perturbative QCD. The jet energy profiles are also studied. The inclusive two-jet cross-section is measured as a function of transverse energy and rapidity and compared to next-to-leading order perturbative QCD calculations. The inclusive two-jet cross-section as a function of rapidity is compared to the prediction of the leading order Monte Carlo generators PYTHIA and PHOJET. The Monte Carlo predictions are calculated with different parametrisations of the parton distributions of the photon. The influence of the `underlying event' has been studied to reduce the model dependence of the predicted jet cross-sections from the Monte Carlo generators.

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Dijet production in photon-photon collisions at s(ee)**(1/2) from 189-GeV to 209-GeV

The OPAL collaboration Abbiendi, G. ; Ainsley, C. ; Akesson, P.F. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 31 (2003) 307-325, 2003.
Inspire Record 611415 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.49662

Di-jet producion is studied in collisions of quasi-real photons at e+e- centre- of-mass energies sqrt(s)ee from 189 to 209 GeV at LEP. The data were collected with the OPAL detector. Jets are reconstructed using an inclusive k_t clustering algorithm for all cross-section measurements presented. A cone jet algorithm is used in addition to study the different structure of the jets resulting from either of the algorithms. The inclusive di-jet cross-section is measured as a function of the mean transverse energy Etm(jet) of the two leading jets, and as a functiuon of the estimated fraction of the photon momentum carried by the parton entering the hard sub-process, xg, for different regions of Etm (jet). Angular distribution in di-jet events are measured and used to demonstrate the dominance of quark and gluon initiated processes in different regions of phase space. Furthermore the inclusive di-jet cross-section as a function of |eta(jet)| and |delta eta (jet)| is presented where eta(jet) is the jet pseudo-rapidity. Different regions of the xg+ -xg- -space are explored to study and control the influence of an underlying event. The results are compared to next-to-leading order perturbative QCD calculations and to the predictions of the leading order Monte Carlo generator PYTHIA.

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