Diffractive photoproduction of dijets in ep collisions at HERA

The ZEUS collaboration Chekanov, Sergei ; Derrick, M. ; Magill, S. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 55 (2008) 177-191, 2008.
Inspire Record 763404 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.63789

Diffractive photoproduction of dijets was measured with the ZEUS detector at the ep collider HERA using an integrated luminosity of 77.2 pb-1. The measurements were made in the kinematic range Q^2 < 1 GeV^2, 0.20 < y < 0.85 and x_pom < 0.025, where Q^2 is the photon virtuality, y is the inelasticity and x_pom is the fraction of the proton momentum taken by the diffractive exchange. The two jets with the highest transverse energy, E_T^jet, were required to satisfy E_T^jet > 7.5 and 6.5 GeV, respectively, and to lie in the pseudorapidity range -1.5 < eta^jet < 1.5. Differential cross sections were compared to perturbative QCD calculations using available parameterisations of diffractive parton distributions of the proton.

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The Dependence of dijet production on photon virtuality in ep collisions at HERA

The ZEUS collaboration Chekanov, S. ; Derrick, M. ; Loizides, J.H. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 35 (2004) 487-500, 2004.
Inspire Record 649041 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.46279

The dependence of dijet production on the virtuality of the exchanged photon, Q^2, has been studied by measuring dijet cross sections in the range 0 < Q^2 < 2000 GeV^2 with the ZEUS detector at HERA using an integrated luminosity of 38.6 pb^-1. Dijet cross sections were measured for jets with transverse energy E_T^jet > 7.5 and 6.5 GeV and pseudorapidities in the photon-proton centre-of-mass frame in the range -3 < eta^jet <0. The variable xg^obs, a measure of the photon momentum entering the hard process, was used to enhance the sensitivity of the measurement to the photon structure. The Q^2 dependence of the ratio of low- to high-xg^obs events was measured. Next-to-leading-order QCD predictions were found to generally underestimate the low-xg^obs contribution relative to that at high xg^obs. Monte Carlo models based on leading-logarithmic parton-showers, using a partonic structure for the photon which falls smoothly with increasing Q^2, provide a qualitative description of the data.

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Elliptic flow in Au + Au collisions at (S(NN))**(1/2) = 130 GeV

The STAR collaboration Ackermann, K.H. ; Adams, N. ; Adler, C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 86 (2001) 402-407, 2001.
Inspire Record 533414 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.93232

Elliptic flow from nuclear collisions is a hadronic observable sensitive to the early stages of system evolution. We report first results on elliptic flow of charged particles at midrapidity in Au+Au collisions at sqrt(s_NN)=130 GeV using the STAR TPC at RHIC. The elliptic flow signal, v_2, averaged over transverse momentum, reaches values of about 6% for relatively peripheral collisions and decreases for the more central collisions. This can be interpreted as the observation of a higher degree of thermalization than at lower collision energies. Pseudorapidity and transverse momentum dependence of elliptic flow are also presented.

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Three pion HBT correlations in relativistic heavy ion collisions from the STAR experiment

The STAR collaboration Adams, J. ; Adler, C. ; Ahammed, Z. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 91 (2003) 262301, 2003.
Inspire Record 621641 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.97121

Data from the first physics run at the Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider at Brookhaven National Laboratory, Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=130$ GeV, have been analyzed by the STAR Collaboration using three-pion correlations with charged pions to study whether pions are emitted independently at freezeout. We have made a high-statistics measurement of the three-pion correlation function and calculated the normalized three-particle correlator to obtain a quantitative measurement of the degree of chaoticity of the pion source. It is found that the degree of chaoticity seems to increase with increasing particle multiplicity.

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Multiplicity fluctuations in Au+Au collisions at s(NN)**(1/2) = 130-GeV

The STAR collaboration Adams, J. ; Adler, C. ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 68 (2003) 044905, 2003.
Inspire Record 623047 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.99051

We present the results of charged particle fluctuations measurements in Au + Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=130$ GeV using the STAR detector. Dynamical fluctuations measurements are presented for inclusive charged particle multiplicities as well as for identified charged pions, kaons, and protons. The net charge dynamical fluctuations are found to be large and negative providing clear evidence that positive and negative charged particle production is correlated within the pseudorapidity range investigated. Correlations are smaller than expected based on model-dependent predictions for a resonance gas or a quark gluon gas which undergoes fast hadronization and freeze-out. Qualitative agreement is found with comparable scaled p+p measurements and a HIJING model calculation based on independent particle collisions, although a small deviation from the 1/N scaling dependence expected from this model is observed.

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Pion interferometry of s(NN)**(1/2) = 130-GeV Au+Au collisions at RHIC

The STAR collaboration Adler, C. ; Ahammed, Z. ; Allgower, C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 87 (2001) 082301, 2001.
Inspire Record 559861 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.93264

Two-pion correlation functions in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 130$ GeV have been measured by the STAR (Solenoidal Tracker at RHIC) detector. The source size extracted by fitting the correlations grows with event multiplicity and decreases with transverse momentum. Anomalously large sizes or emission durations, which have been suggested as signals of quark-gluon plasma formation and rehadronization, are not observed. The HBT parameters display a weak energy dependence over a broad range in $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$.

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Azimuthally sensitive HBT in Au + Au collisions at s(NN)**(1/2) = 200-GeV

The STAR collaboration Adams, J. ; Adler, C. ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 93 (2004) 012301, 2004.
Inspire Record 635102 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.97122

We present the results of a systematic study of the shape of the pion distribution in coordinate space at freeze-out in Au+Au collisions at RHIC using two-pion Hanbury Brown-Twiss (HBT) interferometry. Oscillations of the extracted HBT radii vs. emission angle indicate sources elongated perpendicular to the reaction plane. The results indicate that the pressure and expansion time of the collision system are not sufficient to completely quench its initial shape.

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Identified particle elliptic flow in Au + Au collisions at s(NN)**(1/2) = 130-GeV

The STAR collaboration Adler, C. ; Ahammed, Z. ; Allgower, C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 87 (2001) 182301, 2001.
Inspire Record 559609 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.93261

We report first results on elliptic flow of identified particles at mid-rapidity in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}=130$ GeV using the STAR TPC at RHIC. The elliptic flow as a function of transverse momentum and centrality differs significantly for particles of different masses. This dependence can be accounted for in hydrodynamic models, indicating that the system created shows a behavior consistent with collective hydrodynamical flow. The fit to the data with a simple model gives information on the temperature and flow velocities at freeze-out.

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K*(892)0 production in relativistic heavy ion collisions at S(NN)**(1/2) = 130-GeV

The STAR collaboration Adler, C. ; Ahammed, Z. ; Allgower, C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 66 (2002) 061901, 2002.
Inspire Record 587235 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.54898

We report the first observation of $K^{\star}(892)^{0}\to\pi K$ in relativistic heavy ion collisions. The transverse momentum spectrum of $(K^{\star0}+\bar{K}^{\star0})/2$ from central Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}=130$ GeV is presented. The ratios of the $K^{\star0}$ yield derived from these data to the yields of negative hadrons, charged kaons, and $\phi$ mesons have been measured in central and minimum bias collisions and compared with model predictions and comparable $e^{+}e^{-}$, $pp$, and $\bar{p}p$ results. The data indicate no dramatic reduction of $K^{\star0}$ production in relativistic heavy ion collisions despite expected losses due to rescattering effects.

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Photon and neutral pion production in Au + Au collisions at s(NN)**(1/2) = 130-GeV

The STAR collaboration Adams, J. ; Adler, C. ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 70 (2004) 044902, 2004.
Inspire Record 642374 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.98925

We report the first inclusive photon measurements about mid-rapidity (|y|<0.5) from Au+Au collisions at sqrt(s_{NN}) = 130 GeV at RHIC. Photon pair conversions were reconstructed from electron and positron tracks measured with the Time Projection Chamber (TPC) of the STAR experiment. With this method, an energy resolution of Delta(E)/E = 2% at 0.5 GeV has been achieved. Reconstructed photons have also been used to measure the transverse momentum (pt) spectra of pi0 mesons about mid-rapidity (|y|<1) via the pi0 -> photon photon decay channel. The fractional contribution of the pi0 -> photon photon decay to the inclusive photon spectrum decreases by 20% +/- 5% between pt = 1.65 GeV/c and pt = 2.4 GeV/c in the most central events, indicating that relative to pi0 -> photon photon decay the contribution of other photon sources is substantially increasing.

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Measurement of inclusive anti-protons from Au+Au collisions at (s(NN))**(1/2) = 130-GeV

The STAR collaboration Adler, C. ; Ahammed, Z. ; Allgower, C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 87 (2001) 262302, 2001.
Inspire Record 564369 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.98922

We report the first measurement of inclusive antiproton production at mid-rapidity in Au+Au collisions at 130 GeV by the STAR experiment at RHIC. The antiproton transverse mass distributions in the measured transverse momentum range of 0.25 < pT < 0.95 GeV/c are found to fall less steeply for more central collisions. The extrapolated antiproton rapidity density is found to scale approximately with the negative hadron multiplicity density.

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Midrapidity anti-proton to proton ratio from Au + Au collisions at s(NN)**(1/2) = 130-GeV

The STAR collaboration Adler, C. ; Ahammed, Z. ; Allgower, C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 86 (2001) 4778, 2001.
Inspire Record 555818 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.98921

We report results on the ratio of mid-rapidity anti-proton to proton yields in Au+Au collisions at $\rts = 130$ GeV per nucleon pair as measured by the STAR experiment at RHIC. Within the rapidity and transverse momentum range of $|y|<0.5$ and 0.4 $<p_t<$ 1.0 GeV/$c$, the ratio is essentially independent of either transverse momentum or rapidity, with an average of $0.65\pm 0.01_{\rm (stat.)} \pm 0.07_{\rm (syst.)}$ for minimum bias collisions. Within errors, no strong centrality dependence is observed. The results indicate that at this RHIC energy, although the $p$-$\pb$ pair production becomes important at mid-rapidity, a significant excess of baryons over anti-baryons is still present.

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phi meson production in Au + Au and p+p collisions at s(NN)**(1/2) = 200-GeV

The STAR collaboration Adams, John ; Adler, C. ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 612 (2005) 181-189, 2005.
Inspire Record 651461 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.99154

We report the STAR measurement of Phi meson production in Au+Au and p+p collisions at sqrt (s)=200 GeV. Using the event mixing technique, the Phi spectra and yields are obtained at mid-rapidity for five centrality bins in Au+Au collisions and for non-singly-diffractive p+p collisions. It is found that the Phi transverse momentum distributions from Au+Au collisions are better fitted with a single-exponential while the p+p spectrum is better described by a double-exponential distribution. The measured nuclear modification factors indicate that Phi production in central Au+Au collisions is suppressed relative to peripheral collisions when scaled by the number of binary collisions. The systematics of <pt> versus centrality and the constant Phi/K- ratio versus beam species, centrality, and collision energy rule out kaon coalescence as the dominant mechanism for Phi production.

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Midrapidity Lambda and anti-Lambda production in Au + Au collisions at s(NN)**(1/2) = 130-GeV

The STAR collaboration Adler, C. ; Ahammed, Z. ; Allgower, C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 89 (2002) 092301, 2002.
Inspire Record 584141 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.99050

We report the first measurement of strange ($\Lambda$) and anti-strange ($\bar{\Lambda}$) baryon production from $\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}=130$ GeV Au+Au collisions at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). Rapidity density and transverse mass distributions at mid-rapidity are presented as a function of centrality. The yield of $\Lambda$ and $\bar{\Lambda}$ hyperons is found to be approximately proportional to the number of negative hadrons. The production of $\bar{\Lambda}$ hyperons relative to negative hadrons increases very rapidly with transverse momentum. The magnitude of the increase cannot be described by existing hadronic string fragmentation models.

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Centrality dependence of high $p_{T}$ hadron suppression in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s}_{NN}$ = 130-GeV

The STAR collaboration Adler, C. ; Ahammed, Z. ; Allgower, C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 89 (2002) 202301, 2002.
Inspire Record 588808 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.95885

Inclusive transverse momentum distributions of charged hadrons within 0.2<pT<6.0 GeV/c have been measured over a broad range of centrality for Au+Au collisions at sqrt(sNN)=130 GeV. Hadron yields are suppressed at high pT in central collisions relative to peripheral collisions and to a nucleon-nucleon reference scaled for collision geometry. Peripheral collisions are not suppressed relative to the nucleon-nucleon reference. The suppression varies continuously at intermediate centralities. The results indicate significant nuclear medium effects on high pT hadron production in heavy ion collisions at high energy.

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Kaon production and kaon to pion ratio in Au+Au collisions at s(NN)**1/2 = 130-GeV

The STAR collaboration Adler, C. ; Ahammed, Z. ; Allgower, C. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 595 (2004) 143-150, 2004.
Inspire Record 588342 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.98923

Mid-rapidity transverse mass spectra and multiplicity densities of charged and neutral kaons are reported for Au+Au collisions at $\snn$=130 GeV at RHIC. The spectra are exponential in transverse mass, with an inverse slope of about 280 MeV in central collisions. The multiplicity densities for these particles scale with the negative hadron pseudo-rapidity density. The charged kaon to pion ratios are $K^+/\pi^- = 0.161 \pm 0.002 {\rm (stat)} \pm 0.024 {\rm (syst)}$ and $K^-/\pi^- = 0.146 \pm 0.002 {\rm (stat)} \pm 0.022 {\rm (syst)}$ for the most central collisions. The $K^+/\pi^-$ ratio is lower than the same ratio observed at the SPS while the $K^-/\pi^-$ is higher than the SPS result. Both ratios are enhanced by about 50% relative to p+p and $\bar{\rm p}$+p collision data at similar energies.

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Narrowing of the balance function with centrality in au + au collisions at (S(NN))**1/2 = 130-GeV

The STAR collaboration Adams, J. ; Adler, C. ; Ahammed, Z. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 90 (2003) 172301, 2003.
Inspire Record 612248 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.98620

The balance function is a new observable based on the principle that charge is locally conserved when particles are pair produced. Balance functions have been measured for charged particle pairs and identified charged pion pairs in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 130 GeV at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider using STAR. Balance functions for peripheral collisions have widths consistent with model predictions based on a superposition of nucleon-nucleon scattering. Widths in central collisions are smaller, consistent with trends predicted by models incorporating late hadronization.

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Transverse momentum and collision energy dependence of high p(T) hadron suppression in Au+Au collisions at ultrarelativistic energies

The STAR collaboration Adams, J. ; Adler, C. ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 91 (2003) 172302, 2003.
Inspire Record 619063 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.93908

We report high statistics measurements of inclusive charged hadron production in Au+Au and p+p collisions at \sqrtsNN=200 GeV. A large, approximately constant hadron suppression is observed in central Au+Au collisions for $5\lt\pT\lt12$ GeV/c. The collision energy dependence of the yields and the centrality and \pT dependence of the suppression provide stringent constraints on theoretical models of suppression. Models incorporating initial-state gluon saturation or partonic energy loss in dense matter are largely consistent with observations. We observe no evidence of \pT-dependent suppression, which may be expected from models incorporating jet attentuation in cold nuclear matter or scattering of fragmentation hadrons.

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Strange anti-particle to particle ratios at mid-rapidity in s(NN)**(1/2) = 130-GeV Au+Au collisions

The STAR collaboration Adams, John ; Adler, C. ; Ahammed, Z. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 567 (2003) 167-174, 2003.
Inspire Record 602867 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.98924

Values of the ratios in the mid-rapidity yields of anti-Lambda/Lambda = 0.71 +/- 0.01(stat.) +/- 0.04(sys.), anti-Xi+/Xi- = 0.83 +/- 0.04(stat.) +/- 0.05 (sys.), anti-Omega+/Omega- = 0.95 +/- 0.15(stat) +/- 0.05(sys.) and K+/K- 1.092 +/- 0.023(combined) were obtained in central sqrt(s_NN) = 130 GeV Au+Au collisions using the STAR detector. The ratios indicate that a fraction of the net-baryon number from the initial system is present in the excess of hyperons over anti-hyperons at mid-rapidity. The trend in the progression of the baryon ratios, with increasing strange quark content, is similar to that observed in heavy-ion collisions at lower energies. The value of these ratios may be related to the charged kaon ratio in the framework of simple quark-counting and thermal models.

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Multiplicity distribution and spectra of negatively charged hadrons in Au+Au collisions at s(NN)**(1/2) = 130-GeV

The STAR collaboration Adler, C. ; Ahammed, Z. ; Allgower, C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 87 (2001) 112303, 2001.
Inspire Record 557767 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.99049

The minimum bias multiplicity distribution and the transverse momentum and pseudorapidity distributions for central collisions have been measured for negative hadrons (h-) in Au+Au interactions at sqrt(s_nn) = 130 GeV. The multiplicity density at midrapidity for the 5% most central interactions is dNh-/deta|_{eta = 0} = 280 +- 1(stat)+- 20(syst), an increase per participant of 38% relative to ppbar collisions at the same energy. The mean transverse momentum is 0.508 +- 0.012 GeV/c and is larger than in central Pb+Pb collisions at lower energies. The scaling of the h- yield per participant is a strong function of pt. The pseudorapidity distribution is almost constant within |eta|<1.

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Rho0 production and possible modification in Au+Au and p+p collisions at S(NN)**1/2 = 200-GeV

The STAR collaboration Adams, J. ; Adler, C. ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 92 (2004) 092301, 2004.
Inspire Record 624475 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.99052

We report results on rho(770)^0 -> pi+pi- production at midrapidity in p+p and peripheral Au+Au collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 200 GeV. This is the first direct measurement of rho(770)^0 -> pi+pi- in heavy-ion collisions. The measured rho^0 peak in the invariant mass distribution is shifted by ~40 MeV/c^2 in minimum bias p+p interactions and ~70 MeV/c^2 in peripheral Au+Au collisions. The rho^0 mass shift is dependent on transverse momentum and multiplicity. The modification of the rho^0 meson mass, width, and shape due to phase space and dynamical effects are discussed.

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Beauty photoproduction measured using decays into muons in dijet events in e p collisions at s**(1/2) = 318-GeV

The ZEUS collaboration Chekanov, S. ; Derrick, M. ; Krakauer, D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 70 (2004) 012008, 2004.
Inspire Record 636222 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.46356

The photoproduction of beauty quarks in events with two jets and a muon has been measured with the ZEUS detector at HERA using an integrated luminosity of 110 pb$^{- 1}$. The fraction of jets containing b quarks was extracted from the transverse momentum distribution of the muon relative to the closest jet. Differential cross sections for beauty production as a function of the transverse momentum and pseudorapidity of the muon, of the associated jet and of $x_{\gamma}^{jets}$, the fraction of the photon's momentum participating in the hard process, are compared with MC models and QCD predictions made at next-to-leading order. The latter give a good description of the data.

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Evidence from d + Au measurements for final state suppression of high p(T) hadrons in Au+Au collisions at RHIC

The STAR collaboration Adams, J. ; Adler, C. ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 91 (2003) 072304, 2003.
Inspire Record 621394 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.98576

We report measurements of single-particle inclusive spectra and two-particle azimuthal distributions of charged hadrons at high transverse momentum (high $p_T$) in minimum bias and central d+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$=200 GeV. The inclusive yield is enhanced in d+Au collisions relative to binary-scaled p+p collisions, while the two-particle azimuthal distributions are very similar to those observed in p+p collisions. These results demonstrate that the strong suppression of the inclusive yield and back-to-back correlations at high $p_T$ previously observed in central Au+Au collisions are due to final-state interactions with the dense medium generated in such collisions.

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Particle type dependence of azimuthal anisotropy and nuclear modification of particle production in Au + Au collisions at s(NN)**(1/2) = 200-GeV

The STAR collaboration Adams, John ; Adler, C. ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 92 (2004) 052302, 2004.
Inspire Record 620309 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.93260

We present STAR measurements of the azimuthal anisotropy parameter $v_2$ and the binary-collision scaled centrality ratio $R_{CP}$ for kaons and lambdas ($\Lambda+\bar{\Lambda}$) at mid-rapidity in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}}=200$ GeV. In combination, the $v_2$ and $R_{CP}$ particle-type dependencies contradict expectations from partonic energy loss followed by standard fragmentation in vacuum. We establish $p_T \approx 5$ GeV/c as the value where the centrality dependent baryon enhancement ends. The $K_S^0$ and $\Lambda+\bar{\Lambda}$ $v_2$ values are consistent with expectations of constituent-quark-number scaling from models of hadron fromation by parton coalescence or recombination.

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Distributions of charged hadrons associated with high transverse momentum particles in pp and Au + Au collisions at s(NN)**(1/2) = 200-GeV

The STAR collaboration Adams, J. ; Adler, C. ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 95 (2005) 152301, 2005.
Inspire Record 675307 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.96233

Charged hadrons in 0.15 < pt < 4 GeV/c associated with particles of pt^trig > 4 GeV/c are reconstructed in pp and Au+Au collisions at sqrt(s_NN)=200 GeV. The associated multiplicity and pt magnitude sum are found to increase from pp to central Au+Au collisions. The associated pt distributions, while similar in shape on the near side, are significantly softened on the away side in central Au+Au relative to pp and not much harder than that of inclusive hadrons. The results, consistent with jet quenching, suggest that the away-side fragments approach equilibration with the medium traversed.

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