Observation of correlations between $\pi^{-}$ and proton multiplicities in inelastic collisions of $p$, $d$, He, and C with tantalum nuclei at 2-10 GeV/c per nucleon

Angelov, N. ; Armutlyski, D. ; Akhababyan, N.O. ; et al.
Sov.J.Nucl.Phys. 32 (1980) 819-823, 1980.
Inspire Record 1392856 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.17891
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Hadron spectra in hadron - nucleus collisions

Armutliiski, D. ; Baatar, Ts. ; Batsaikhan, Ts. ; et al.
JINR-P1-91-191, 1991.
Inspire Record 319258 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.38698

None

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Inclusive production of charged pions in p+p collisions at 158-GeV/c beam momentum

The NA49 collaboration Alt, C. ; Anticic, T. ; Baatar, B. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 45 (2006) 343-381, 2006.
Inspire Record 694016 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.43114

New results on the production of charged pions in p+p interactions are presented. The data come from a sample of 4.8 million inelastic events obtained with the NA49 detector at the CERN SPS at 158 GeV/c beam momentum. Pions are identified by energy loss measurement in a large TPC tracking system which covers a major fraction of the production phase space. Inclusive invariant cross sections are given on a grid of nearly 300 bins per charge over intervals from 0 to 2 GeV/c in transverse momentum and from 0 to 0.85 in Feynman x. The results are compared to existing data in overlapping energy ranges.

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Energy dependence of phi meson production in central Pb+Pb collisions at s(NN)**(1/2) = 6 to 17 GeV

The NA49 collaboration Alt, C. ; Anticic, T. ; Baatar, B. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 78 (2008) 044907, 2008.
Inspire Record 787913 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25063

Phi meson production is studied by the NA49 collaboration in central Pb+Pb collisions at 20A, 30A, 40A, 80A and 158A GeV beam energy. The data are compared to measurements at lower and higher energies and to microscopic and thermal models. The energy dependence of yields and spectral distributions is compatible with the assumption that partonic degrees of freedom set in at low SPS energies.

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Energy dependence of kaon-to-proton ratio fluctuations in central Pb+Pb collisions from $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 6.3 to 17.3~GeV

The NA49 collaboration Anticic, T. ; Baatar, B. ; Barna, D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 83 (2011) 061902, 2011.
Inspire Record 884686 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.58492

Kaons and protons carry large parts of two conserved quantities, strangeness and baryon number. It is argued that their correlation and thus also fluctuations are sensitive to conditions prevailing at the anticipated parton-hadron phase boundary. Fluctuations of the $(\mathrm{K}^+ + \mathrm{K}^-)/(\mathrm{p}+\bar{\mathrm{p}})$ and $\mathrm{K}^+/\mathrm{p}$ ratios have been measured for the first time by NA49 in central Pb+Pb collisions at 5 SPS energies between $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$= 6.3 GeV and 17.3 GeV. Both ratios exhibit a change of sign in $\sigma_{\mathrm{dyn}}$, a measure of non-statistical fluctuations, around $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 8 GeV. Below this energy, $\sigma_{\mathrm{dyn}}$ is positive, indicating higher fluctuation compared to a mixed event background sample, while for higher energies, $\sigma_{\mathrm{dyn}}$ is negative, indicating correlated emission of kaons and protons. The results are compared to UrQMD calculations which which give a good description at the higher SPS energies, but fail to reproduce the transition to positive values.

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Pion and kaon production in central Pb + Pb collisions at 20-A and 30-A-GeV: Evidence for the onset of deconfinement

The NA49 collaboration Alt, C. ; Anticic, T. ; Baatar, B. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 77 (2008) 024903, 2008.
Inspire Record 762554 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25169

Results on charged pion and kaon production in central Pb+Pb collisions at 20A and 30A GeV are presented and compared to data at lower and higher energies. A rapid change of the energy dependence is observed around 30A GeV for the yields of pions and kaons as well as for the shape of the transverse mass spectra. The change is compatible with the prediction that the threshold for production of a state of deconfined matter at the early stage of the collisions is located at low SPS energies.

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Production of deuterium, tritium, and He3 in central Pb + Pb collisions at 20A,30A,40A,80A , and 158A GeV at the CERN Super Proton Synchrotron

The NA49 collaboration Anticic, T. ; Baatar, B. ; Bartke, J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 94 (2016) 044906, 2016.
Inspire Record 1469272 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.88359

Production of $d$, $t$, and $^3$He nuclei in central Pb+Pb interactions was studied at five collision energies ($\sqrt{s_{NN}}=$ 6.3, 7.6, 8.8, 12.3, and 17.3 GeV) with the NA49 detector at the CERN SPS. Transverse momentum spectra, rapidity distributions, and particle ratios were measured. Yields are compared to predictions of statistical models. Phase-space distributions of light nuclei are discussed and compared to those of protons in the context of a coalescence approach. The coalescence parameters $B_2$ and $B_3$, as well as coalescence radii for $d$ and $^3$He were determined as a function of transverse mass at all energies.

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