Proton-proton collisions at 3.5 GeV

Piserchio, R.J. ; Kalbach, R.M. ;
Nuovo Cim. 26 (1962) 729-739, 1962.
Inspire Record 1185010 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37708

Ilford G-5 emulsions were exposed to an external, 3.5 GeY proton beam of the Berkeley Bevatron. A total of 1200 nuclear interactions of beam protons was located, of which 128 were identified as protonproton collisions. Multiple scattering, blob density, range and angle measurements were employed to determine the cross-sections for elastic and inelastic interactions as well as the identities and center-of-mass system momenta and scattering angles of secondaries from inelastic proton-proton interactions. This analysis indicates a cross-section of (8.0±2.4) mb for elastic events, (24.1±2.9) mb for two-prong inelasitc events, (7.9±1.4)mb for four-prong events and (0.6±0.3) mb for sixprong events. The mean charged pion multiplicity in inelastic interactions is 1.5±0.2 and corresponds to an average degree of inelasticity of 0.45 ±0.06. Center-of-mass system angular distributions of charged secondaries from inelastic events display a peaking for small scattering angles which is most pronounced for protons and pions from events with low secondary multiplicity. Momentum and transverse momentum distributions of secondary protons and pions from inelastic events are presented and compared with the results at other energies. The angular distribution of elastically scattered protons is found to be in fair agreement with that predicted by a uniform optical model of radius 1.25-10-13 cm and opacity 0.66.

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Proton-proton collisions at 19.8 GeV/c

Abraham, F.F. ; Kalbach, R.M. ;
Nuovo Cim. 26 (1962) 717-728, 1962.
Inspire Record 1185008 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37715

Elastic and inelastic 19.8 GeV/c proton-proton collisions in nuclear emulsion are examined using an external proton beam of the CERN Proton Synchrotron. Multiple scattering, blob density, range and angle measurements give the momentum spectra and angular distributions of secondary protons and pions. The partial cross-sections corresponding to inelastic interactions having two, four, six, eight, ten and twelve charged secondaries are found to be, respectively, (16.3±8.4) mb, (11.5 ± 6.0) mb, (4.3 ± 2.5) mb, (1.9 ± 1.3) mb, (0.5 ± 0.5) mb and (0.5±0.5)mb. The elastic cross-section is estimated to be (4.3±2.5) mb. The mean charged meson multiplicity for inelastic events is 3.7±0.5 and the average degree of inelasticity is 0.35±0.09. Strong forward and backward peaking is observed in the center-of-mass system for both secondary charged pions and protons. Distributions of energy, momentum and transverse momentum for identified charged secondaries are presented and compared with the results of work at other energies and with the results of a statistical theory of proton-proton collisions.

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A Study of Deep Inelastic Hadron - Hadron Collisions with a Large Acceptance Calorimeter Trigger

The Bari-Cracow-Liverpool-Munich-Nijmegen collaboration De Marzo, C. ; De Palma, M. ; Distante, A. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 112 (1982) 173-177, 1982.
Inspire Record 176541 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.34014

Large transverse energy cross sections of 300 GeV/ c pions and protons on hydrogen have been measured with a segmented calorimeter covering the central rapidity region −0.88 < y < 0.67 and 2 π in azimuth. The selected events show large multiplicities and no jet-like event structure. Processes more complicated than the scattering of two constituents appear to dominate these inelastic collisions.

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Hadron Production in Muon - Proton and Muon - Deuteron Collisions

Loomis, W.A. ; Gordon, B.A. ; Pipkin, F.M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 19 (1979) 2543-2571, 1979.
Inspire Record 132759 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24303

This paper reports measurements of the hadrons produced in the inelastic scattering of 147-GeV muons by protons and deuterons in an experiment carried out at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. Both the scattered muon and the hadrons were measured in a large spectrometer. Properties of the hadron spectra are presented for proton, deuteron, and neutron targets and compared with theoretical models and with hadron spectra from related processes. Emphasis is placed on the quark-parton model and the data are found to be in substantial agreement with it. The average transverse momentum of the hadrons with respect to the virtual photon direction shows no dependence on the muon scattering variables. The data display "jet behavior" of the inclusive hadrons comparable to that found in e+e− annihilations.

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Observation of top quark production in $\bar{p}p$ collisions

The CDF collaboration Abe, F. ; Akimoto, H. ; Akopian, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 74 (1995) 2626-2631, 1995.
Inspire Record 393084 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42453

We establish the existence of the top quark using a 67 pb^-1 data sample of Pbar-P collisions at Sqrt(s) = 1.8 TeV collected with the Collider Detector at Fermilab (CDF). Employing techniques similar to those we previously published, we observe a signal consistent with t-tbar decay to WW b-bbar, but inconsistent with the background prediction by 4.8 sigma. Additional evidence for the top quark is provided by a peak in the reconstructed mass distribution. We measure the top quark mass to be 176 +/-8(stat) +/- 10(sys.) GeV/c^2, and the t-tbar production cross section to be 6.8 +3.6 -2.4 pb.

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Search for exclusive $\gamma \gamma$ production in hadron-hadron collisions

The CDF collaboration Aaltonen, T. ; Abulencia, A. ; Adelman, J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 99 (2007) 242002, 2007.
Inspire Record 755922 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.51949

We have searched for exclusive 2-photon production in proton-antiproton collisions at sqrt{s} = 1.96 TeV, using 532/pb of integrated luminosity taken by the Run II Collider Detector at Fermilab. The event signature requires two electromagnetic showers, each with transverse energy E_T > 5 GeV and pseudorapidity |eta|&lt;1.0, with no other particles detected in the event. Three candidate events are observed. We discuss the consistency of the three events with gamma-gamma, pi0-pi0, or eta-eta production. The probability that other processes fluctuate to 3 events or more is 1.7x10^-4. An upper limit on the cross section of p+pbar --> p+gamma-gamma+pbar is set at 410 fb with 95% confidence level.

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Measurement of the $W$ mass in $e^{+} e^{-}$ collisions at production threshold

The ALEPH collaboration Barate, R. ; Buskulic, D. ; Decamp, D. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 401 (1997) 347-362, 1997.
Inspire Record 441188 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.47488

In June 1996, the LEP centre-of-mass energy was raised to 161 GeV. Pair production of W bosons in e + e − collisions was observed for the first time by the LEP experiments. An integrated luminosity of 11 pb −1 was recorded in the ALEPH detector, in which WW candidate events were observed. In 6 events both Ws decay leptonically. In 16 events, one W decays leptonically, the other into hadrons. In the channel where both Ws decay into hadrons, a signal was separated from the large background by means of several multi-variate analyses. The W pair cross-section is measured to be σ WW = 4.23 ± 0.73 (stat.) ± 0.19 (syst.) pb. From this cross-section, the W mass is derived within the framework of the Standard Model: m W = 80.14 ± 0.34 (stat.) ± 0.09 (syst.) ± 0.03 (LEP energy) GeV/ c 2

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$\Upsilon$ production in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Abe, F. ; Albrow, M.G. ; Amendolia, S.R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 75 (1995) 4358, 1995.
Inspire Record 398187 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42349

We report on measurements of the ϒ(1S), ϒ(2S), and ϒ(3S) differential, (d2σdPtdy)y=0, and integrated cross sections in pp¯ collisions at s=1.8 TeV using a sample of 16.6 ± 0.6 pb−1 collected by the Collider Detector at Fermilab. The three resonances were reconstructed through the decay ϒ→μ+μ−. Comparison is made to a leading order QCD prediction.

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Measurement of the D*+- cross-section in two photon collisions at LEP

The ALEPH collaboration Buskulic, D. ; Casper, D. ; De Bonis, I. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 355 (1995) 595-605, 1995.
Inspire Record 394752 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.47950

The inclusive production of D ∗± mesons in photon-photon collisions has been measured by the Aleph experiment at LEP with a beam energy of 45 GeV. The D ∗+ are detected in their decay to D 0 π + with the D 0 observed in three separate decay modes: (1) K − π + , (2) K − π + π 0 and (3) K − π + π − π + , and analagously for the D ∗− modes. A total of 33 events was observed from an integrated luminosity of 73 pb −1 which corresponds to a cross section for Σ( e + e − → e + e − D ∗± X ) of 155 ± 33 ± 21 pb. This result is compatible with both the direct production γγ → c c in the Born approximation and with a more complete calculation which includes both radiative QCD corrections and contributions in which one of the photons is first resolved into its quark and gluon constituents. The shapes of distributions for events containing a D ∗+ are found to be better described by the latter.

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Double parton scattering in $\bar{p}p$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8 $TeV

The CDF collaboration Abe, F. ; Akimoto, H. ; Akopian, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 56 (1997) 3811-3832, 1997.
Inspire Record 442259 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42212

A strong signal for double parton (DP) scattering is observed in a 16pb−1 sample of p¯p→γ/π0+3jets+X data from the CDF experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron. In DP events, two separate hard scatterings take place in a single p¯p collision. We isolate a large sample of data (∼14000events) of which 53% are found to be DP. The process-independent parameter of double parton scattering, σeff, is obtained without reference to theoretical calculations by comparing observed DP events to events with hard scatterings in separate p¯p collisions. The result σeff=(14.5±1.7−2.3+1.7)mb represents a significant improvement over previous measurements, and is used to constrain simple models of parton spatial density. The Feynman x dependence of σeff is investigated and none is apparent. Further, no evidence is found for kinematic correlations between the two scatterings in DP events.

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HADRON PRODUCTION IN INCLUSIVE PROCESSES IN PROTON - NUCLEAR COLLISIONS AT 67-GeV/c

Bozhko, N.I. ; Borisov, A.A. ; Vovenko, A.S. ; et al.
Yad.Fiz. 31 (1980) 1494-1500, 1980.
Inspire Record 142571 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.11063
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Production of charged hadrons with large transverse momenta pp collisions at 70 GeV

Abramov, V.V. ; Alekseev, A.V. ; Baldin, B.Yu. ; et al.
JETP Lett. 33 (1981) 289, 1981.
Inspire Record 154714 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.70441
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Properties of jets in $W$ boson events from 1.8 TeV $\bar{p}p$ collisions

The CDF collaboration Abe, F. ; Akimoto, H. ; Akopian, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 79 (1997) 4760-4765, 1997.
Inspire Record 448076 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.54006

We present a study of events with W bosons and hadronic jets produced in pbar p collisions at a center of mass energy of 1.8 TeV. The data consist of 51400 W^+/- -> e^+/- nu decay candidates from 108 pb^-1 of integrated luminosity collected with the CDF detector at the Tevatron Collider. The cross sections and jet production properties have been measured for W + \geq 1 to \geq 4 jet events. The data are compared to predictions of leading order QCD matrix element calculations with added gluon radiation and simulated fragmentation.

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BACKWARD ELASTIC SCATTERING AND RHO- PRODUCTION IN PI- P COLLISIONS AT 10-GEV/C

The BARI-BONN-CERN-GLASGOW-LIVERPOOL-MILAN-VIENNA collaboration Ghidini, B. ; Lenti, V. ; Palano, A. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 195 (1982) 12-28, 1982.
Inspire Record 177922 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26084

The reactions π − p → p π − and π − p → p ϱ − ( ϱ − → π − π 0 ) at 10 GeV/ c with the proton in the forward direction in the c.m.s. are discussed on the basis of 953 elastic scattering events and 2240 events of the reaction π − p → p π − π 0 . The total backward cross sections are 0.52±0.10 and 1.52±0.28 μ b, respectively. In both cases the production mechanism is compatible with the dominance of the baryonic Δ δ Regge trajectory exchange. The ϱ − decay angular distributions are studied in the u -channel helicity frame and the spin density matrix elements are presented as functions of u .

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Search for excited quarks in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Abe, F. ; Albrow, Michael G. ; Amidei, Dante E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 72 (1994) 3004-3008, 1994.
Inspire Record 360332 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42507

If quarks are composite particles then excited states are expected. We have searched in pp¯ collisions for excited quarks (q*) which decay to common quarks by emitting a W boson (q*→qW) or a photon (q*→qγ). The simplest model of excited quarks has been excluded for mass M*<540 GeV/c2 at 95% confidence level.

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Measurement of the W pair cross-section in e+ e- collisions at 172-GeV

The ALEPH collaboration Barate, R. ; Buskulic, D. ; Decamp, D. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 415 (1997) 435-444, 1997.
Inspire Record 446940 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.47408

The e + e − → W + W − cross section is measured in a data sample collected by ALEPH at a mean centre-of-mass energy of 172.09 GeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 10.65 pb −1 . Cross sections are given for the three topologies, fully leptonic, semi-leptonic and hadronic of a W-pair decay. Under the assumption that no other decay modes are present, the W-pair cross section is measured to be 11.7±1.2 (stat.) ±0.3 (syst.) pb . The existence of the triple gauge boson vertex of the Standard Model is clearly preferred by the data. The decay branching ratio of the W boson into hadrons is measured to be B(W→hadrons) =67.7±3.1 (stat.) ±0.7 (syst.) % , allowing a determination of the CKM matrix element | V cs |=0.98±0.14(stat.)±0.03(syst.).

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$\Upsilon$ Production and Polarization in $p\bar{p}$ Collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 1.8-TeV

The CDF collaboration Acosta, D. ; Affolder, T. ; Akimoto, H. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 88 (2002) 161802, 2002.
Inspire Record 569269 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42894

We report on measurements of the ϒ(1S), ϒ(2S), and ϒ(3S) differential cross sections (d2σ/dpTdy)|y|<0.4, as well as on the ϒ(1S) polarization in pp¯ collisions at s=1.8TeV using a sample of 77±3pb−1 collected by the collider detector at Fermilab. The three resonances were reconstructed through the decay ϒ→μ+μ−. The measured angular distribution of the muons in the ϒ(1S) rest frame is consistent with unpolarized meson production.

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Study of $t\bar{t}$ production $p\bar{p}$ collisions using total transverse energy

The CDF collaboration Abe, F. ; Akimoto, H. ; Akopian, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 75 (1995) 3997, 1995.
Inspire Record 396003 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42358

We analyze a sample of W + jet events collected with the Collider Detector at Fermilab (CDF) in ppbar collisions at sqrt(s) = 1.8 TeV to study ttbar production. We employ a simple kinematical variable "H", defined as the scalar sum of the transverse energies of the lepton, neutrino and jets. For events with a W boson and four or more jets, the shape of the "H" distribution deviates by 3.8 standard deviations from that expected from known backgrounds to ttbar production. However this distribution agrees well with a linear combination of background and ttbar events, the agreement being best for a top mass of 180 GeV/c^2.

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Inclusive jet cross section in ${\bar p p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=1.8$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Abe, F. ; Akimoto, H. ; Akopian, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 77 (1996) 438-443, 1996.
Inspire Record 415602 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42298

The inclusive jet differential cross section has been measured for jet transverse energies, $E_T$, from 15 to 440 GeV, in the pseudorapidity region 0.1$\leq | \eta| \leq $0.7. The results are based on 19.5 pb$~{-1}$ of data collected by the CDF collaboration at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. The data are compared with QCD predictions for various sets of parton distribution functions. The cross section for jets with $E_T>200$\ GeV is significantly higher than current predictions based on O($\alpha_s~3$) perturbative QCD calculations. Various possible explanations for the high-$E_T$\ excess are discussed.

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Properties of jets in Z boson events from 1.8 TeV $\bar{p}p$ collisions

The CDF collaboration Abe, F. ; Akimoto, H. ; Akopian, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 77 (1996) 448-453, 1996.
Inspire Record 416570 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42318

We present a study of events with Z bosons and hadronic jets produced in $\overline{p}p$ collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 1.8 TeV. The data consist of 6708 $Z \rightarrow e~+e~-$ decays from 106 pb$~{-1}$ of integrated luminosity collected using the CDF detector at the Tevatron Collider. The Z $+ \ge n$ jet cross sections and jet production properties have been measured for n = 1 to 4. The data compare well to predictions of leading order QCD matrix element calculations with added gluon radiation and simulated parton fragmentation.

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Measurement of QCD jet broadening in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Abe, F. ; Amidei, D. ; Apollinari, G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 44 (1991) 601-616, 1991.
Inspire Record 314647 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22832

A measurement of the QCD jet-broadening parameter 〈QT〉 is described for high-ET jet data in the central calorimeter of the Collider Detector at Fermilab. As an alternate approach to clustering analysis, this method involves the use of a global event parameter which is free from the ambiguities associated with the definition and separation of individual clusters. The parameter QT is defined as the scalar sum of the transverse momentum perpendicular to the transverse thrust axis. Parton-level QCD predictions are made for 〈QT〉 as a function of ET, the total transverse energy in the events, and suggest that a measurement would show a dependence on the running of the strong coupling constant αs. Comparisons are made to first-order QCD parton-level calculations, as well as to fully evolved and hadronized leading-log simulations. The data are well described by the QCD predictions.

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Evidence for top quark production in $\bar{p}p$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Abe, F. ; Albrow, Michael G. ; Amidei, Dante E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 50 (1994) 2966-3026, 1994.
Inspire Record 372952 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.50086

We present the results of a search for the top quark in 19.3 pb−1 of p¯p collisions at √s =1.8 TeV. The data were collected at the Fermilab Tevatron collider using the Collider Detector at Fermilab (CDF). The search includes standard model tt¯ decays to final states eeνν¯, eμνν¯, and μμνν¯ as well as e+ν+jets or μ+ν+jets. In the (e,μ)+ν+jets channel we search for b quarks from t decays via secondary vertex identification and via semileptonic decays of the b and cascade c quarks. In the dilepton final states we find two events with a background of 0.56−0.13+0.25 events. In the e,μ+ν+jets channel with a b identified via a secondary vertex, we find six events with a background of 2.3±0.3. With a b identified via a semileptonic decay, we find seven events with a background of 3.1±0.3. The secondary vertex and semileptonic-decay samples have three events in common. The probability that the observed yield is consistent with the background is estimated to be 0.26%. The statistics are too limited to firmly establish the existence of the top quark; however, a natural interpretation of the excess is that it is due to tt¯ production. We present several cross-checks. Some support this hypothesis; others do not. Under the assumption that the excess yield over background is due to tt¯, constrained fitting on a subset of the events yields a mass of 174±10−12+13 GeV/c2 for the top quark. The tt¯ cross section, using this top quark mass to compute the acceptance, is measured to be 13.9−4.8+6.1 pb.

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LARGE TRANSVERSE MOMENTUM INCLUSIVE HADRON PRODUCTION IN P P COLLISIONS AT 70-GEV. (IN RUSSIAN)

Abramov, V.V. ; Baldin, B.Yu. ; Buzulutskov, A.F. ; et al.
Sov.J.Nucl.Phys. 41 (1985) 445-451, 1985.
Inspire Record 217256 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.40960
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Charged Particle Multiplicity in Jets in $p\bar{p}$ Collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Affolder, T. ; Akimoto, H. ; Akopian, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 87 (2001) 211804, 2001.
Inspire Record 560273 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42931

We report on a measurement of the mean charged-particle multiplicity of jets in dijet events with dijet masses in the range 80–630GeV/c2, produced at the Tevatron in pp¯ collisions with s=1.8TeV and recorded by the Collider Detector at Fermilab. The data are fit to perturbative-QCD calculations carried out in the framework of the modified leading log approximation and the hypothesis of local parton-hadron duality. The fit yields values for two parameters in that framework: the ratio of parton multiplicities in gluon and quark jets, $r≡N_{partons}^{g−jet} / N_{partons}^{q−jet} = 1.7 \pm 0.3$, and the ratio of the number of charged hadrons to the number of partons in a jet, $K_{LPHD}^{charged} ≡ N_{hadrons}^{charged} / N_{partons} = 0.57 \pm 0.11$.

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Search for third generation leptoquarks in $\bar{p}p$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Abe, F. ; Akimoto, H. ; Akopian, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 78 (1997) 2906-2911, 1997.
Inspire Record 427318 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42235

We present the results of a search for third generation leptoquark (LQ) pairs in 110±8pb−1of p¯p collisions at s=1.8TeV recorded by the Collider Detector at Fermilab. We assume third generation leptoquarks decay to a τ lepton and a b quark with branching ratio β. We observe one candidate event, consistent with standard model background expectations. We place upper limits on σ(p¯p→LQLQ¯)̇β2 as a function of the leptoquark mass MLQ. We exclude at 95% confidence level scalar leptoquarks with MLQ<99GeV/c2, gauge vector leptoquarks with MLQ<225GeV/c2, and nongauge vector leptoquarks with MLQ<170GeV/c2 for β=1.

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