Proton-Proton Collisions at 4.2 Bev

Blue, M.H. ; Lord, J.J. ; Parks, J.G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. 125 (1962) 1386-1393, 1962.
Inspire Record 944984 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26806

Interactions between 4.15-Bev protons and the free hydrogen nuclei in nuclear emulsion are examined. The total elastic cross section from 27 events was determined to be 11.0±2.6 mb. On the basis of 113 interactions the total inelastic cross section was found to be 28.1±3.1 mb. The partial cross sections corresponding to inelastic collisions having two, four, six, and eight secondary particles were found to be respectively 16.3±2.4, 11.5±1.8, 0.2±0.1, and 0.1±0.1 mb. While the total inelastic cross section varies slowly with energy, the partial inelastic cross sections were found to be strongly energy dependent. The observed angular distribution of elastically scattered protons in the center-of-mass system was sharply peaked in the forward and backward directions, in fair agreement with calculations based on a simple optical model applicable for energies between 2 and 10 Bev. Particles produced in inelastic collisions were identified as pions or protons by measurements of energy loss and multiple scattering. For those particles identified, center-of-mass system distributions of energy, angle, and transverse momentum are presented.

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Observation of Exclusive Electron-Positron Production in Hadron-Hadron Collisions

The CDF collaboration Abulencia, A. ; Adelman, Jahred A. ; Affolder, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 98 (2007) 112001, 2007.
Inspire Record 732591 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42744

We present the first observation of exclusive $e^+e^-$ production in hadron-hadron collisions, using $p\bar{p}$ collision data at \mbox{$\sqrt{s}=1.96$ TeV} taken by the Run II Collider Detector at Fermilab, and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of \mbox{532 pb$^{-1}$}. We require the absence of any particle signatures in the detector except for an electron and a positron candidate, each with transverse energy {$E_T>5$ GeV} and pseudorapidity {$|\eta|<2$}. With these criteria, 16 events are observed compared to a background expectation of {$1.9\pm0.3$} events. These events are consistent in cross section and properties with the QED process \mbox{$p\bar{p} \to p + e^+e^- + \bar{p}$} through two-photon exchange. The measured cross section is \mbox{$1.6^{+0.5}_{-0.3}\mathrm{(stat)}\pm0.3\mathrm{(syst)}$ pb}. This agrees with the theoretical prediction of {$1.71 \pm 0.01$ pb}.

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Search for exclusive $\gamma \gamma$ production in hadron-hadron collisions

The CDF collaboration Aaltonen, T. ; Abulencia, A. ; Adelman, J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 99 (2007) 242002, 2007.
Inspire Record 755922 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.51949

We have searched for exclusive 2-photon production in proton-antiproton collisions at sqrt{s} = 1.96 TeV, using 532/pb of integrated luminosity taken by the Run II Collider Detector at Fermilab. The event signature requires two electromagnetic showers, each with transverse energy E_T > 5 GeV and pseudorapidity |eta|&lt;1.0, with no other particles detected in the event. Three candidate events are observed. We discuss the consistency of the three events with gamma-gamma, pi0-pi0, or eta-eta production. The probability that other processes fluctuate to 3 events or more is 1.7x10^-4. An upper limit on the cross section of p+pbar --> p+gamma-gamma+pbar is set at 410 fb with 95% confidence level.

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Production of psi(2S) Mesons in p anti-p Collisions at 1.96-TeV

The CDF collaboration Aaltonen, T. ; Adelman, Jahred A. ; Akimoto, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 80 (2009) 031103, 2009.
Inspire Record 820328 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.57249

We have measured the differential cross section for the inclusive production of psi(2S) mesons decaying to mu^{+} mu^{-1} that were produced in prompt or B-decay processes from ppbar collisions at 1.96 TeV. These measurements have been made using a data set from an integrated luminosity of 1.1 fb^{-1} collected by the CDF II detector at Fermilab. For events with transverse momentum p_{T} (psi(2S)) > 2 GeV/c and rapidity |y(psi(2S))| < 0.6 we measure the integrated inclusive cross section sigma(ppbar -> psi(2S)X) Br(psi(2S) -> mu^{+} mu^{-}) to be 3.29 +- 0.04(stat.) +- 0.32(syst.) nb.

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First Measurement of $Z Z$ Production in panti-p Collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 1.96-TeV

The CDF collaboration Aaltonen, T. ; Adelman, Jahred A. ; Akimoto, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 100 (2008) 201801, 2008.
Inspire Record 778518 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42695

We report the first measurement of the cross section for Z boson pair production at a hadron collider. This result is based on a data sample corresponding to 1.9 fb-1 of integrated luminosity from ppbar collisions at sqrt{s} = 1.96 TeV collected with the CDF II detector at the Fermilab Tevatron. In the llll channel, we observe three ZZ candidates with an expected background of 0.096^{+0.092}_{-0.063} events. In the llnunu channel, we use a leading-order calculation of the relative ZZ and WW event probabilities to discriminate between signal and background. In the combination of llll and llnunu channels, we observe an excess of events with a probability of $5.1\times 10^{-6}$ to be due to the expected background. This corresponds to a significance of 4.4 standard deviations. The measured cross section is sigma(ppbar -> ZZ) = 1.4^{+0.7}_{-0.6} (stat.+syst.) pb, consistent with the standard model expectation.

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Search for new particles decaying into dijets in proton-antiproton collisions at s**(1/2) = 1.96-TeV

The CDF collaboration Aaltonen, T. ; Adelman, Jahred A. ; Akimoto, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 79 (2009) 112002, 2009.
Inspire Record 805902 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.52937

We present a search for new particles whose decays produce two jets (dijets) using proton-antiproton collision data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 1.13 fb-1 collected with the CDF II detector. The measured dijet mass spectrum is found to be consistent with next-to-leading-order perturbative QCD predictions, and no significant evidence of new particles is found. We set upper limits at the 95% confidence level on cross sections times the branching fraction for the production of new particles decaying into dijets with both jets having a rapidity magnitude |y| < 1. These limits are used to determine the mass exclusions for the excited quark, axigluon, flavor-universal coloron, E6 diquark, color-octet technirho, W', and Z'.

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Measurement of the B+ production cross-section in p anti-p collisions at s**(1/2) = 1960-GeV

The CDF collaboration Abulencia, A. ; Adelman, Jahred A. ; Affolder, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 75 (2007) 012010, 2007.
Inspire Record 733991 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.63814

We present a new measurement of the $B^+$ meson differential cross section $d\sigma/d p_T$ at $\sqrt{s}=1960$ GeV. The data correspond to an integrated luminosity of 739pb$^{-1}$ collected with the upgraded CDF detector (CDF II) at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. $B^+$ candidates are reconstructed through the decay $B^+ \to J/\psi K^+$, with $J/\psi \to \mu^+ \mu^-$. The integrated cross section for producing $B^+$ mesons with $p_T \geq 6$ GeV/c and $|y| \leq 1$ is measured to be $2.78 \pm 0.24 \mu$b

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Polarization of $J/\psi$ and $\psi_{2S}$ Mesons Produced in $p \bar{p}$ Collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 1.96-TeV

The CDF collaboration Abulencia, A. ; Adelman, Jahred A. ; Affolder, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 99 (2007) 132001, 2007.
Inspire Record 747876 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42742

We have measured the polarizations of J/ψ and ψ(2S) mesons as functions of their transverse momentum pT when they are produced promptly in the rapidity range |y|<0.6 with pT≥5  GeV/c. The analysis is performed using a data sample with an integrated luminosity of about 800  pb−1 collected by the CDF II detector. For both vector mesons, we find that the polarizations become increasingly longitudinal as pT increases from 5 to 30  GeV/c. These results are compared to the predictions of nonrelativistic quantum chromodynamics and other contemporary models. The effective polarizations of J/ψ and ψ(2S) mesons from B-hadron decays are also reported.

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Measurement of the $t \bar{t}$ Production Cross Section in $p \bar{p}$ Collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.96$\,TeV

The CDF collaboration Abulencia, A. ; Acosta, D. ; Adelman, J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 97 (2006) 082004, 2006.
Inspire Record 718721 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42762

We present a measurement of the top quark pair production cross section in ppbar collisions at sqrt(s)=1.96 TeV using 318 pb^{-1} of data collected with the Collider Detector at Fermilab. We select ttbar decays into the final states e nu + jets and mu nu + jets, in which at least one b quark from the t-quark decays is identified using a secondary vertex-finding algorithm. Assuming a top quark mass of 178 GeV/c^2, we measure a cross section of 8.7 +-0.9 (stat) +1.1-0.9 (syst) pb. We also report the first observation of ttbar with significance greater than 5 sigma in the subsample in which both b quarks are identified, corresponding to a cross section of 10.1 +1.6-1.4(stat)+2.0-1.3 (syst) pb.

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Measurement of Particle Production and Inclusive Differential Cross Sections in $p \bar{p}$ Collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.96$-TeV

The CDF collaboration Aaltonen, T. ; Adelman, J. ; Akimoto, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 79 (2009) 112005, 2009.
Inspire Record 817466 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.52134

We report a set of measurements of particle production in inelastic pbar{p} collisions collected with a minimum-bias trigger at the Tevatron Collider with the CDF II experiment. The inclusive charged particle transverse momentum differential cross section is measured, with improved precision, over a range about ten times wider than in previous measurements. The former modeling of the spectrum appears to be incompatible with the high particle momenta observed. The dependence of the charged particle transverse momentum on the event particle multiplicity is analyzed to study the various components of hadron interactions. This is one of the observable variables most poorly reproduced by the available Monte Carlo generators. A first measurement of the event transverse energy sum differential cross section is also reported. A comparison with a Pythia prediction at the hadron level is performed. The inclusive charged particle differential production cross section is fairly well reproduced only in the transverse momentum range available from previous measurements. At higher momentum the agreement is poor. The transverse energy sum is poorly reproduced over the whole spectrum. The dependence of the charged particle transverse momentum on the particle multiplicity needs the introduction of more sophisticated particle production mechanisms, such as multiple parton interactions, in order to be better explained.

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