Inclusive Charged Particle Production in Neutron - Nucleus Collisions

Chaney, D. ; Ferbel, T. ; Slattery, P. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 19 (1979) 3210, 1979.
Inspire Record 7658 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.47089

We have measured charged-particle production in neutron-nucleus collisions at high energy. Data on positive and negative particles produced in nuclei [ranging in atomic number (A) from beryllium to lead] are presented for essentially the full forward hemisphere of the center-of-mass system. A rough pion-proton separation is achieved for the positive spectra. Fits of the form Aα to the cross sections are presented as functions of transverse momentum, longitudinal momentum, rapidity, and pseudorapidity. It is found that α changes from ∼0.85 to ∼0.60 for laboratory rapidities ranging from 4 to 8. Trends in the data differ markedly when examined in terms of pseudorapidity rather than rapidity. Qualitatively, the major features of our data can be understood in terms of current particle-production models.

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Inclusive Production of Direct Photons in 200-{GeV}/$c$ Collisions

McLaughlin, M. ; Biel, J. ; Bromberg, C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 51 (1983) 971, 1983.
Inspire Record 191763 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20473

The authors have measured the inclusive production of direct photons in the transverse momentum (pT) range 2.1-5.0 GeV/c in 200-GeV/c collisions of protons and π+ mesons on a carbon target. A significant yield of direct photons was observed for pT>2.5 GeV/c. The invariant cross section for direct-photon production, when compared with measurements from the CERN intersecting storage rings, can be expressed in terms of pT and xT=2pTs as (42±14)(1−xT)8.1±1.0pT−6.6±0.3 μb/GeV2 for the c.m. energy range from s=19.4 to 63 GeV, and for the xT range from 0.2 to 0.5.

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Chapman, J.W. ; Green, N. ; Roe, B.P. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 29 (1972) 1686-1688, 1972.
Inspire Record 73777 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21427

We present preliminary results from a sample of ∼ 1200 events obtained from an exposure of the 30-in. Argonne National Laboratory—National Accelerator Laboratory liquid-hydrogen bubble chamber to 102-GeVc protons. The elastic and total inelastic cross sections are respectively 6.9 ± 1.0 and 32.8 ± 1.1 mb. The parameters of the multiplicity distribution for negative tracks are 〈n−〉=2.17±0.07, D−2=〈n−2〉−〈n−〉2=2.56±0.12, and f2−=D−2−〈n−〉=0.39±0.10.

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Production of xi- and antixi+ particles in k+ p collisions at 12.7 gev/c

Stone, S.L. ; Berlinghieri, J.C. ; Bromberg, C. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 32 (1970) 515-518, 1970.
Inspire Record 63098 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28710

The cross section for the production of Ξ + particles in K + p interactions at 12.7 GeV/ c is 10 ± 3 μ b; the Ξ − production cross section is 2.5 ± 1.0 μ b; the upper limit on Ω − or Ω + production is 0.4 μb. The Ξ − are produced preferentially in the backward direction in the CM system while the Ξ + are produced mainly forward. The mass and lifetime of the Ξ + agree with the accepted values for the Ξ − hyperon.

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Cross-Sections and Charged Particle Multiplicities in pi+ p and p p Collisions at 60-GeV/c

Bromberg, C. ; Ferbel, T. ; Jensen, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 15 (1977) 64, 1977.
Inspire Record 108488 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24538

We have measured charged-particle multiplicities and elastic and inelastic cross sections for π+p and pp interactions at 60 GeV/c. The data are from a 30 000-picture exposure of the 30-inch bubble chamber to a tagged but unseparated positive-particle beam at Fermilab. The low-order moments of the inelastic multiplicity distributions for all charged particles are 〈n〉 = 5.60±0.09, f2 = 0.96±0.31, and 〈n〉D = 2.19±0.06 for pp reactions and 〈n〉6.23±0.10, f2 = 1.63±0.37, and 〈n〉D = 2.22±0.06 for π+p collisions.

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Production of Gamma, Lambda0, K0(s) and anti-Lambda0 in p p Collisions at 102-GeV/c.

Chapman, J.W. ; Cooper, John W. ; Green, N. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 47 (1973) 465-468, 1973.
Inspire Record 81963 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28029

We have measured cross section for γ , K S °, Λ and Λ production at 102 GeV/ c and find: σ ( γ ) = 170 ± 16 mb ., σ ( K S °) = 4.6 ± 0.5 mb ., σ ( Λ ) = 3.2 ± 0.4 mb ., and σ( Λ ) = 0.23 ± 0.10 mb. Both 〈 n π °〉 and 〈 n Ks °〉 appear to rise linearly with n - while the ratio 〈 n Ks °〉/〈 n π °〉 is approximately independent of n - . The integrated invariant cross section as a function of x as well as d σ /d y and d σ /d p T 2 are presented and compared with other data.

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Inclusive and Semiinclusive Pion Production in p p Collisions at 102-GeV/c and 400-GeV/c

Bromberg, C. ; Ferbel, T. ; Slattery, P. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 107 (1976) 82, 1976.
Inspire Record 108127 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.35861

We present a comparative study of inclusive and semi-inclusive pion production in pp collisions at 102 and 400 GeV/ c . In particular, we examine the correlation between transverse and longitudinal momentum variables and the energy dependence of invariant cross sections.

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Bottom production in $\pi^{-}$ - Be collisions at 515-GeV/c

The E672/E706 collaboration Jesik, R. ; Abramov, V. ; Antipov, Yu. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 74 (1995) 495-498, 1995.
Inspire Record 374151 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42447

We report on a sample of Jψ mesons coming from secondary vertices, a characteristic of heavyquark decay, detected in the Fermilab Meson West spectrometer. Based on eight signal events in which a Jψ emerges from a secondary vertex occurring in an air-gap region, we obtain an inclusive bb¯ cross section of 75 ± 31 ± 26 nb/nucleon. This result is compared to recent QCD predictions. We have also observed several events in the exclusive decay modes B±→Jψ+K± and B0→Jψ+K0* in which the B mass is fully reconstructed.

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Production of charmonium states in $\pi^{-}$ Be collisions at 515-GeV/c

The E672-E706 collaboration Koreshev, V. ; Jesik, R. ; Mendez, H. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 77 (1996) 4294-4297, 1996.
Inspire Record 419626 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42234

We report on χc1 and χc2 production in the Feynman-x range 0.1<xF<0.8 in 515GeV/c π−Be collisions. The χc states are observed via their radiative decays into J/ψ's. The resulting photons are detected either as showers in the electromagnetic calorimeter or after conversion in the target as e+e− pairs in the tracking system. The fraction of J/ψ production due to χc1 and χc2 decays is 0.443±0.041±0.035. The ratio of the χc1 to χc2 cross section is 0.57±0.18±0.06. Our results on J/ψ, ψ(2S), and χc production indicate that 0.454±0.044±0.042 of J/ψ's are produced directly.

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Production of J / psi and psi (2S) mesons in pi- Be collisions at 515-GeV/c

The E672 & E706 collaborations Gribushin, A. ; Abramov, V. ; Antipov, Yu. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 53 (1996) 4723-4733, 1996.
Inspire Record 401108 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42344

We have studied the production of J/ψ and ψ(2S) charmonium mesons in 515 GeV/c π−Be collisions in the Feynman-x range 0.1<xF<0.8. J/ψ mesons were detected via their decay into μ+μ−, and ψ(2S) mesons were studied in both the μ+μ− and J/ψπ+π− decay modes. J/ψ differential cross sections have been measured as functions of xF,pT2, and the cosine of the Gottfried-Jackson decay angle. We measure an inclusive J/ψ cross section of B(J/ψ→μ+μ−)σ(π−Be→J/ψ+X)/A= [9.3±0.1(stat)±1.1(syst)] nb/nucleon for J/ψ xF≳0.1. Our results are compared with those from other experiments performed at lower beam energies. We also measure the differential ψ(2S) cross section as a function of both xF and pT2, and a ψ(2S) inclusive cross section of B(ψ(2S)→J/ψπ+π−)σ(π−Be→ψ(2S)+X)/A=[7. 4±1.5(stat)±1.2(syst)] nb/nucleon for ψ(2S) xF≳0.1. The fraction of the inclusive J/ψ yield due to ψ(2S) meson decays is 0.083±0.017(stat) ±0.013(syst), and the observed ratio of ψ(2S) decay rates is B(ψ(2S)→J/ψπ+π−)/B(ψ(2S)→μ+μ−) =30.2±7.2(stat)±6.8(syst). We have searched for production of ‘‘hidden’’ charm resonances decaying into either J/ψπ±,ψ(2S)π±, or J/ψπ+π− systems, and report an upper limit of 3.1 nb/nucleon for the product of branching ratio and cross section for the recently reported enhancement at a J/ψπ+π− mass of 3.836 GeV/c2. © 1996 The American Physical Society.

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Production of $J/\psi$ mesons in $p$ Be collisions at 530-GeV/c and 800-GeV/c

The E672 & E706 collaborations Gribushin, A. ; Abramov, V. ; Antipov, Yu. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 62 (2000) 012001, 2000.
Inspire Record 508006 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42099

We report on the production of J/psi mesons in 530 and 800 GeV/c proton - Be collisions in the Feynman-x range 0.0 < xf < 0.6. The J/psi mesons were detected via decays into opposite sign muon pairs. Differential distributions for J/psi production have been measured as functions of xf, pT^2, and cosine of the Gottfried-Jackson decay angle. These distributions are compared with results on J/psi production obtained in 515 GeV/c pion - Be collisions, measured by the same experiment, as well as with results from other experiments using incident protons.

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Direct photon production at high p-transverse in pi- Be and p Be collisions at 500-GeV/c

Alverson, G. ; Baker, W.F. ; Ballocchi, G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 68 (1992) 2584-2587, 1992.
Inspire Record 318739 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19865

We report new measurements of inclusive direct photon production at high transverse momenta (pT) for π− and p interactions on Be at 500 GeV/c. The yields as a function of pT and rapidity (y) are in good agreement with expectations from next-to-leading-log QCD calculations employing recently extracted quark and gluon structure functions.

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Production of pi0 mesons at high p-transverse in pi- Be and p Be collisions at 500-GeV/c

Alverson, G. ; Baker, W.F. ; Ballocchi, G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 45 (1992) R3899-R3902, 1992.
Inspire Record 318740 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22751

We present new measurements of π0 production at high transverse momenta (pT) for π− and p interactions on Be and Cu targets at 500 GeV/c. The observed dependence of the yields as a function of pT and rapidity (y) is compared with expectations from leading-log QCD over a kinematic range in which the inclusive cross sections fall by more than 4 order of magnitude.

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Production of charm mesons at high transverse momentum in 515-GeV/c pi- nucleon collisions

The Fermilab E706 collaboration Apanasevich, L. ; Bacigalupi, J. ; Baker, W. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 56 (1997) 1391-1406, 1997.
Inspire Record 440711 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42224

We present results on the production of high transverse momentum charm mesons in collisions of 515 GeV/c negative pions with beryllium and copper targets. The experiment recorded a large sample of events containing high transverse momentum showers detected in an electromagnetic calorimeter. From these data, a sample of charm mesons has been reconstructed via their decay into the fully charged K pi pi mode. A measurement of the single inclusive transverse momentum distribution of charged D mesons from 1 to 8 GeV/c is presented. An extrapolation of the measured differential cross section yields an integrated charged D cross section of 11.4+-2.7(stat)+-3.3(syst) microbarns per nucleon for charged D mesons with Feynman x greater than zero. The data are compared with expectations based upon next-to-leading order perturbative QCD, as well as with results from PYTHIA. We also compare our integrated charged D cross section with measurements from other experiments.

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Inclusive jet production in $p\bar{p}$ collisions

The D0 collaboration Abbott, B. ; Abdesselam, A. ; Abolins, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 86 (2001) 1707-1712, 2001.
Inspire Record 536691 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42948

We report a new measurement of the pseudorapidity (eta) and transverse-energy (Et) dependence of the inclusive jet production cross section in pbar b collisions at sqrt(s) = 1.8 TeV using 95 pb**-1 of data collected with the DZero detector at the Fermilab Tevatron. The differential cross section d^2sigma/dEt deta is presented up to |eta| = 3, significantly extending previous measurements. The results are in good overall agreement with next-to-leading order predictions from QCD and indicate a preference for certain parton distribution functions.

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Version 2
Dihadron azimuthal correlations in Au$+$Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=$ 200 GeV

The PHENIX collaboration Adare, A. ; Afanasiev, S. ; Aidala, C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 78 (2008) 014901, 2008.
Inspire Record 778396 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.96764

Azimuthal angle (Delta phi) correlations are presented for a broad range of transverse momentum (0.4 < pT < 10 GeV/c) and centrality (0-92%) selections for charged hadrons from di-jets in Au+Au collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 200 GeV. With increasing pT, the away-side Delta phi distribution evolves from a broad and relatively flat shape to a concave shape, then to a convex shape. Comparisons to p+p data suggest that the away-side distribution can be divided into a partially suppressed head region centered at Delta phi ~ \pi, and an enhanced shoulder region centered at Delta phi ~ \pi \pm 1:1. The pT spectrum for the associated hadrons in the head region softens toward central collisions. The spectral slope for the shoulder region is independent of centrality and trigger pT . The properties of the near-side distributions are also modified relative to those in p + p collisions, reflected by the broadening of the jet shape in Delta phi and Delta eta, and an enhancement of the per-trigger yield. However, these modifications seem to be limited to pT < 4 GeV/c, above which both the dihadron pair shape and per-trigger yield become similar to p + p collisions. These observations suggest that both the away- and near-side distributions contain a jet fragmentation component which dominates for pT \ge 5GeV and a medium-induced component which is important for pT \le 4 GeV/c. We also quantify the role of jets at intermediate and low pT through the yield of jet-induced pairs in comparison to binary scaled p + p pair yield. The yield of jet-induced pairs is suppressed at high pair proxy energy (sum of the pT magnitudes of the two hadrons) and is enhanced at low pair proxy energy. The former is consistent with jet quenching/ the latter is consistent with the enhancement of soft hadron pairs due to transport of lost energy to lower pT.

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RHS versus $p^b_T$ for p + p collisions for four trigger selections.

RHS versus $p^b_T$ for Au + Au collisions for four trigger selections.

Strange meson enhancement in Pb Pb collisions

The NA44 collaboration Bearden, I. ; Bøggild, H. ; Boissevain, J. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 471 (1999) 6-12, 1999.
Inspire Record 504074 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31360

The NA44 Collaboration has measured yields and differential distributions of K+, K-, pi+, pi- in transverse kinetic energy and rapidity, around the center-of-mass rapidity in 158 A GeV/c Pb+Pb collisions at the CERN SPS. A considerable enhancement of K+ production per pi is observed, as compared to p+p collisions at this energy. To illustrate the importance of secondary hadron rescattering as an enhancement mechanism, we compare strangeness production at the SPS and AGS with predictions of the transport model RQMD.

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Kaon Pair Production in Proton--Proton Collisions

The ANKE collaboration Maeda, Y. ; Hartmann, M. ; Keshelashvili, I. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 77 (2008) 015204, 2008.
Inspire Record 763646 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25173

The differential and total cross sections for kaon pair production in the pp->ppK+K- reaction have been measured at three beam energies of 2.65, 2.70, and 2.83 GeV using the ANKE magnetic spectrometer at the COSY-Juelich accelerator. These near-threshold data are separated into pairs arising from the decay of the phi-meson and the remainder. For the non-phi selection, the ratio of the differential cross sections in terms of the K-p and K+p invariant masses is strongly peaked towards low masses. This effect can be described quantitatively by using a simple ansatz for the K-p final state interaction, where it is seen that the data are sensitive to the magnitude of an effective K-p scattering length. When allowance is made for a small number of phi events where the K- rescatters from the proton, the phi region is equally well described at all three energies. A very similar phenomenon is discovered in the ratio of the cross sections as functions of the K-pp and K+pp invariant masses and the identical final state interaction model is also very successful here. The world data on the energy dependence of the non-phi total cross section is also reproduced, except possibly for the results closest to threshold.

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Version 2
Global polarization measurement in Au+Au collisions

The STAR collaboration Abelev, B.I. ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; Ahammed, Z. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 76 (2007) 024915, 2007.
Inspire Record 750410 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.98581

The system created in non-central relativistic nucleus-nucleus collisions possesses large orbital angular momentum. Due to spin-orbit coupling, particles produced in such a system could become globally polarized along the direction of the system angular momentum. We present the results of Lambda and anti-Lambda hyperon global polarization measurements in Au+Au collisions at sqrt{s_NN}=62.4 GeV and 200 GeV performed with the STAR detector at RHIC. The observed global polarization of Lambda and anti-Lambda hyperons in the STAR acceptance is consistent with zero within the precision of the measurements. The obtained upper limit, |P_{Lambda,anti-Lambda}| <= 0.02, is compared to the theoretical values discussed recently in the literature.

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Subthreshold K+ production in proton nucleus collisions

De̹bowski, M. ; Barth, R. ; Boivin, M. ; et al.
Z.Phys.A 356 (1996) 313-325, 1996.
Inspire Record 432858 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.16477

Double differential K+cross sections have been measured in p+C collisions at 1.2, 1.5 and 2.5 GeV beam energy and in p+Pb collisions at 1.2 and 1.5 GeV. The K+ spectrum taken at 2.5 GeV can be reproduced quantitatively by a model calculation which takes into account first chance proton-nucleon collisions and internal momentum with energy distribution of nucleons according to the spectral function. At 1.2 and 1.5 GeV beam energy the K+ data excess significantly the model predictions for first chance collisions. When taking secondary processes into account the results of the calculations are in much better agreement with the data.

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Strangeness Enhancement in Cu+Cu and Au+Au Collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 200$ GeV

The STAR collaboration Agakishiev, G. ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; Ahammed, Z. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 108 (2012) 072301, 2012.
Inspire Record 918779 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.95886

We report new STAR measurements of mid-rapidity yields for the $\Lambda$, $\bar{\Lambda}$, $K^{0}_{S}$, $\Xi^{-}$, $\bar{\Xi}^{+}$, $\Omega^{-}$, $\bar{\Omega}^{+}$ particles in Cu+Cu collisions at \sNN{200}, and mid-rapidity yields for the $\Lambda$, $\bar{\Lambda}$, $K^{0}_{S}$ particles in Au+Au at \sNN{200}. We show that at a given number of participating nucleons, the production of strange hadrons is higher in Cu+Cu collisions than in Au+Au collisions at the same center-of-mass energy. We find that aspects of the enhancement factors for all particles can be described by a parameterization based on the fraction of participants that undergo multiple collisions.

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$K^0_S$ invariant mass spectra from Au+Au $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 200$ GeV collisions, where $|y| < 0.5$. The uncertainties on the spectra points are statistical and systematic combined.

$\Lambda$ and $\bar{\Lambda}$ invariant mass spectra from Au+Au $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 200$ GeV collisions, where $|y| < 0.5$. The $\Lambda$ and $\bar{\Lambda}$ yields have not been feed down subtracted from weak decays. The uncertainties on the spectra points are statistical and systematic combined.

Search for electroweak production of single top quarks in $p\bar{p}$ collisions

The D0 collaboration Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; Abramov, V. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 63 (2000) 031101, 2000.
Inspire Record 531764 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42976

We present a search for electroweak production of single top quarks in the electron+jets and muon+jets decay channels. The measurements use ~90 pb^-1 of data from Run 1 of the Fermilab Tevatron collider, collected at 1.8 TeV with the DZero detector between 1992 and 1995. We use events that include a tagging muon, implying the presence of a b jet, to set an upper limit at the 95% confidence level on the cross section for the s-channel process ppbar->tb+X of 39 pb. The upper limit for the t-channel process ppbar->tqb+X is 58 pb.

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The Inclusive Jet Cross-Section in $p\bar{p}$ Collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV using the $k_T$ Algorithm

The D0 collaboration Abazov, V.M. ; Abbott, B. ; Abdesselam, A. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 525 (2002) 211-218, 2002.
Inspire Record 563493 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42888

The central inclusive jet cross section has been measured using a successive-combination algorithm for reconstruction of jets. The measurement uses 87.3 pb^{-1} of data collected with the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron ppbar Collider during 1994-1995. The cross section, reported as a function of transverse momentum (pT>60 GeV) in the central region of pseudorapidity (|\eta|<0.5), exhibits reasonable agreement with next-to-leading order QCD predictions, except at low pT where the agreement is marginal.

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Search for second generation leptoquark pairs in $\bar{p}p$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The D0 collaboration Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; Abramov, V. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 84 (2000) 2088-2093, 2000.
Inspire Record 508772 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42087

We have searched for second generation leptoquark (LQ) pairs in the \mu\mu+jets channel using 94+-5 pb^{-1} of pbar-p collider data collected by the D0 experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron during 1993-1996. No evidence for a signal is observed. These results are combined with those from the \mu\nu+jets and \nu\nu+jets channels to obtain 95% confidence level (C.L.) upper limits on the LQ pair production cross section as a function of mass and $beta, the branching fraction of a LQ decay into a charged lepton and a quark. Lower limits of 200(180) GeV/c^2 for \beta=1(1/2) are set at the 95% C.L. on the mass of scalar LQ. Mass limits are also set on vector leptoquarks as a function of \beta.

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Ratios of multijet cross sections in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The D0 collaboration Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; Abramov, V. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 86 (2001) 1955-1960, 2001.
Inspire Record 532905 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42971

We report on a study of the ratio of inclusive three-jet to inclusive two-jet production cross sections as a function of total transverse energy in p-pbar collisions at a center-of-mass energy sqrt{s} = 1.8 TeV, using data collected with the D0 detector during the 1992-1993 run of the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. The measurements are used to deduce preferred renormalization scales in perturbative O(alpha_s^3) QCD calculations in modeling soft-jet emission.

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