Study of the energy dependence of the underlying event in proton-antiproton collisions

The CDF collaboration Aaltonen, Timo Antero ; Amerio, Silvia ; Amidei, Dante E ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 92 (2015) 092009, 2015.
Inspire Record 1388868 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.70787

We study charged particle production in proton-antiproton collisions at 300 GeV, 900 GeV, and 1.96 TeV. We use the direction of the charged particle with the largest transverse momentum in each event to define three regions of eta-phi space; toward, away, and transverse. The average number and the average scalar pT sum of charged particles in the transverse region are sensitive to the modeling of the underlying event. The transverse region is divided into a MAX and MIN transverse region, which helps separate the hard component (initial and final-state radiation) from the beam-beam remnant and multiple parton interaction components of the scattering. The center-of-mass energy dependence of the various components of the event are studied in detail. The data presented here can be used to constrain and improve QCD Monte Carlo models, resulting in more precise predictions at the LHC energies of 13 and 14 TeV.

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Measurement of the isolated prompt photon cross-sections in $\bar{p}p$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Abe, F. ; Amidei, Dante E. ; Apollinari, G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 68 (1992) 2734-2738, 1992.
Inspire Record 333081 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19869

We present a measurement of the cross section for production of isolated prompt photons in p¯p collisions at √s =1.8 TeV. The cross section, measured as a function of transverse momentum (PT), agrees qualitatively with QCD calculations but has a steeper slope at low PT.

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Inclusive $J/\psi$, $\psi(2S)$ and $b$ quark production in $\bar{p}p$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Abe, F. ; Amidei, Dante E. ; Anway, Carol E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 69 (1992) 3704-3708, 1992.
Inspire Record 340126 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19780

Inclusive J/ψ and ψ(2S) production has been studied in p¯p collisions at √s =1.8 TeV using 2.6±0.2 pb−1 of data taken with the Collider Detector at Fermilab. The products of production cross section times branching fraction were measured as functions of PT for J/ψ→μ+μ− and ψ(2S)→μ+μ−. In the kinematic range PT>6 GeV/c and ‖η‖≤0.5 we get σ(p¯p→J/ψ X)B(J/ψ→μ+μ−) =6.88±0.23(stat)−1.08+0.93(syst) nb, and σ(p¯p→ψ(2S)X)B(ψ(2S)→μ+μ−) =0.232±0.051(stat)−0.032+0.029(syst)nb. From these values we calculate the inclusive b-quark production cross section.

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Measurement of the cross-section for production of two isolated prompt photons in $\bar{p}p$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Abe, F. ; Albrow, Michael G. ; Amidei, Dante E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 70 (1993) 2232-2236, 1993.
Inspire Record 343802 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19755

We present measurements from events with two isolated prompt photons in p¯p collisions at √s =1.8 TeV. The differential cross section, measured as a function of transverse momentum (PT) of each photon, is about 3 times what next-to-leading-order QCD calculations predict. The cross section for photons with PT in the range 10–19 GeV is 86±27(stat)−23+32(syst) pb. We also study the correlation between the two photons in both azimuthal angle and PT. The magnitude of the vector sum of the transverse momenta of both photons, KT=‖PT1+PT2‖, has a mean value of 〈KT〉=5.1±1.1 GeV.

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Production of charm mesons at high transverse momentum in 515-GeV/c pi- nucleon collisions

The Fermilab E706 collaboration Apanasevich, L. ; Bacigalupi, J. ; Baker, W. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 56 (1997) 1391-1406, 1997.
Inspire Record 440711 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42224

We present results on the production of high transverse momentum charm mesons in collisions of 515 GeV/c negative pions with beryllium and copper targets. The experiment recorded a large sample of events containing high transverse momentum showers detected in an electromagnetic calorimeter. From these data, a sample of charm mesons has been reconstructed via their decay into the fully charged K pi pi mode. A measurement of the single inclusive transverse momentum distribution of charged D mesons from 1 to 8 GeV/c is presented. An extrapolation of the measured differential cross section yields an integrated charged D cross section of 11.4+-2.7(stat)+-3.3(syst) microbarns per nucleon for charged D mesons with Feynman x greater than zero. The data are compared with expectations based upon next-to-leading order perturbative QCD, as well as with results from PYTHIA. We also compare our integrated charged D cross section with measurements from other experiments.

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Production of J / psi and psi (2S) mesons in pi- Be collisions at 515-GeV/c

The E672 & E706 collaborations Gribushin, A. ; Abramov, V. ; Antipov, Yu. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 53 (1996) 4723-4733, 1996.
Inspire Record 401108 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42344

We have studied the production of J/ψ and ψ(2S) charmonium mesons in 515 GeV/c π−Be collisions in the Feynman-x range 0.1<xF<0.8. J/ψ mesons were detected via their decay into μ+μ−, and ψ(2S) mesons were studied in both the μ+μ− and J/ψπ+π− decay modes. J/ψ differential cross sections have been measured as functions of xF,pT2, and the cosine of the Gottfried-Jackson decay angle. We measure an inclusive J/ψ cross section of B(J/ψ→μ+μ−)σ(π−Be→J/ψ+X)/A= [9.3±0.1(stat)±1.1(syst)] nb/nucleon for J/ψ xF≳0.1. Our results are compared with those from other experiments performed at lower beam energies. We also measure the differential ψ(2S) cross section as a function of both xF and pT2, and a ψ(2S) inclusive cross section of B(ψ(2S)→J/ψπ+π−)σ(π−Be→ψ(2S)+X)/A=[7. 4±1.5(stat)±1.2(syst)] nb/nucleon for ψ(2S) xF≳0.1. The fraction of the inclusive J/ψ yield due to ψ(2S) meson decays is 0.083±0.017(stat) ±0.013(syst), and the observed ratio of ψ(2S) decay rates is B(ψ(2S)→J/ψπ+π−)/B(ψ(2S)→μ+μ−) =30.2±7.2(stat)±6.8(syst). We have searched for production of ‘‘hidden’’ charm resonances decaying into either J/ψπ±,ψ(2S)π±, or J/ψπ+π− systems, and report an upper limit of 3.1 nb/nucleon for the product of branching ratio and cross section for the recently reported enhancement at a J/ψπ+π− mass of 3.836 GeV/c2. © 1996 The American Physical Society.

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Production of $J/\psi$ mesons in $p$ Be collisions at 530-GeV/c and 800-GeV/c

The E672 & E706 collaborations Gribushin, A. ; Abramov, V. ; Antipov, Yu. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 62 (2000) 012001, 2000.
Inspire Record 508006 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42099

We report on the production of J/psi mesons in 530 and 800 GeV/c proton - Be collisions in the Feynman-x range 0.0 < xf < 0.6. The J/psi mesons were detected via decays into opposite sign muon pairs. Differential distributions for J/psi production have been measured as functions of xf, pT^2, and cosine of the Gottfried-Jackson decay angle. These distributions are compared with results on J/psi production obtained in 515 GeV/c pion - Be collisions, measured by the same experiment, as well as with results from other experiments using incident protons.

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A Prompt photon cross-section measurement in $\bar{p}p$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Abe, F. ; Albrow, M. ; Amidei, D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 48 (1993) 2998-3025, 1993.
Inspire Record 353026 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22677

The first prompt photon measurement from the CDF experiment at the Fermilab pp¯ Collider is presented. Two independent methods are used to measure the cross section: one for high transverse momentum (PT) and one for lower PT. Comparisons to various theoretical calculations are shown. The cross section agrees qualitatively with QCD calculations but has a steeper slope at low PT.

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Cross Section and Heavy Quark Composition of $\gamma + \mu$ Events Produced in $p \bar{p}$ Collisions

The CDF collaboration Affolder, T. ; Akimoto, H. ; Akopian, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 65 (2002) 012003, 2002.
Inspire Record 557647 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42881

We present a measurement of the cross section and the first measurement of the heavy flavor content of associated direct photon + muon events produced in hadronic collisions. These measurements come from a sample of 1.8 TeV ppbar collisions recorded with the Collider Detector at Fermilab. Quantum chromodynamics (QCD) predicts that these events are primarily due to Compton scattering process charm+gluon -> charm+photon, with the final state charm quark producing a muon. The cross section for events with a photon transverse momentum between 12 and 40 GeV/c is measured to be 46.8+-6.3+-7.5 pb, which is two standard deviations below the most recent theoretical prediction. A significant fraction of the events in the sample contain a final-state bottom quark. The ratio of charm to bottom production is measured to be 2.4+-1.2, in good agreement with QCD models.

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Transverse momentum cross section of $e^+e^-$ pairs in the $Z$-boson region from $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=1.96$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Aaltonen, T. ; Alvarez Gonzalez, B. ; Amerio, S. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 86 (2012) 052010, 2012.
Inspire Record 1124333 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.60522

The transverse momentum cross section of $e^+e^-$ pairs in the $Z$-boson mass region of 66-116 GeV/$c^2$ is precisely measured using Run II data corresponding to 2.1 fb$^{-1}$ of integrated luminosity recorded by the Collider Detector at Fermilab. The cross section is compared with quantum chromodynamic calculations. One is a fixed-order perturbative calculation at ${\cal O}(\alpha_s^2)$, and the other combines perturbative predictions at high transverse momentum with the gluon resummation formalism at low transverse momentum. Comparisons of the measurement with calculations show reasonable agreement. The measurement is of sufficient precision to allow refinements in the understanding of the transverse momentum distribution.

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