Strangeness in nuclear collisions

Gazdzicki, Marek ; Rohrich, Dieter ;
Z.Phys. C71 (1996) 55-64, 1996.
Inspire Record 420462 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.13638

Data on the mean multiplicity of strange hadrons produced in minimum bias proton--proton and central nucleus--nucleus collisions at momenta between 2.8 and 400 GeV/c per nucleon have been compiled. The multiplicities for nucleon--nucleon interactions were constructed. The ratios of strange particle multiplicity to participant nucleon as well as to pion multiplicity are larger for central nucleus--nucleus collisions than for nucleon--nucleon interactions at all studied energies. The data at AGS energies suggest that the latter ratio saturates with increasing masses of the colliding nuclei. The strangeness to pion multiplicity ratio observed in nucleon--nucleon interactions increases with collision energy in the whole energy range studied. A qualitatively different behaviour is observed for central nucleus--nucleus collisions: the ratio rapidly increases when going from Dubna to AGS energies and changes little between AGS and SPS energies. This change in the behaviour can be related to the increase in the entropy production observed in central nucleus-nucleus collisions at the same energy range. The results are interpreted within a statistical approach. They are consistent with the hypothesis that the Quark Gluon Plasma is created at SPS energies, the critical collision energy being between AGS and SPS energies.

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Pion multiplicity in nuclear collisions

Gazdzicki, M. ; Roehrich, D. ;
Z.Phys. C65 (1995) 215-223, 1995.
Inspire Record 398172 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.14107
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Proton-Proton Collisions at 4.2 Bev

Blue, M.H. ; Lord, J.J. ; Parks, J.G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. 125 (1962) 1386-1393, 1962.
Inspire Record 944984 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26806
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Proton-proton collisions at 3.5 GeV

Piserchio, R.J. ; Kalbach, R.M. ;
Nuovo Cim. 26 (1962) 729-739, 1962.
Inspire Record 1185010 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37708
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Sigma production in p-p collisions at 5 GeV/ c

Sondhi, I. ;
Phys.Lett. B26 (1968) 645-648, 1968.
Inspire Record 1389658 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29305

The cross section for the reaction pp → Σ + K + n at 5 GeV/ c is measured to be 48.1 ± 3.5 μ b. The KΣ mass spectrum shows an enhancement at 1.86 GeV, which may due to the Δ (1920) resonance. Adequacy of the one-pion exchange model for the reaction is discussed. The cross section for the reaction pp → Σ + K o p is found to be 24.9 ± 2.3 μ b.

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Production of Four Prong Final States in Photon-photon Collisions

The TPC/Two Gamma collaboration Aihara, H. ; Alston-Garnjost, M. ; Avery, R.E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D37 (1988) 28, 1988.
Inspire Record 261630 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.3824
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Charged particle multiplicities in nuclear collisions at 200-GeV/N

The NA35 collaboration Baechler, J. ; Bartke, J. ; Bialkowska, H. ; et al.
Z.Phys. C51 (1991) 157-162, 1991.
Inspire Record 320907 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.14983
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K+-Meson Production in p-p Collisions at 2.5-3.0 GeV

Hogan, W.J. ; Piroue, P.A. ; Smith, A.J.S. ;
Phys.Rev. 166 (1968) 1472-1481, 1968.
Inspire Record 54415 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26524
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High-statistics study of eta pi0 production in two-photon collisions

The Belle collaboration Uehara, S. ; Watanabe, Y. ; Nakazawa, H. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D80 (2009) 032001, 2009.
Inspire Record 822474 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.53739

The differential cross section for the process $\gamma \gamma \to \eta \pi^0$ has been measured in the kinematic range $0.84 \GeV < W < 4.0 \GeV$, $|\cos \theta^*|<0.8$, where $W$ and $\theta^*$ are the energy and $\pi^0$ (or $\eta$) scattering angle, respectively, in the $\gamma\gamma$ center-of-mass system. The results are based on a 223 fb$^{-1}$ data sample collected with the Belle detector at the KEKB $e^+ e^-$ collider. Clear peaks due to the $a_0(980)$ and $a_2(1320)$ are visible. The differential cross sections are fitted in the energy region $0.9 \GeV < W < 1.46 \GeV$ to obtain the parameters of the $a_0(980)$. Its mass, width and $\Gamma_{\gamma \gamma} \B (\eta \pi^0)$ are measured to be $982.3 ^{+0.6}_{-0.7} ^{+3.1}_{-4.7} \MeV/c^2$, $75.6 \pm 1.6 ^{+17.4}_{-10.0} \MeV$ and $128 ^{+3}_{-2} ^{+502}_{-43} \eV$, respectively. The energy and angular dependences above 3.1 GeV are compared with those measured in the $\pi^0 \pi^0$ channel. The integrated cross section over $|\cos \theta^*|<0.8$ has a $W^{-n}$ dependence with $n = 10.5 \pm 1.2 \pm 0.5$, which is slightly larger than that for $\pi^0 \pi^0$. The differential cross sections show a $\sin^{-4} \theta^*$ dependence similar to $\gamma \gamma \to \pi^0 \pi^0$. The measured cross section ratio, $\sigma(\eta \pi^0)/\sigma(\pi^0 \pi^0) = 0.48 \pm 0.05 \pm 0.04$, is consistent with a QCD-based prediction.

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Exclusive production of $K^+ K^- \pi^+ \pi^-$ in photon-photon collisions

The TPC/Two Gamma collaboration Aihara, H. ; Alston-Garnjost, M. ; Armitage, J.C. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 54 (1985) 2564, 1985.
Inspire Record 213402 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20345
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$p\bar{p}$ pair production in two photon collisions at LEP

The L3 collaboration Achard, P. ; Adriani, O. ; Aguilar-Benitez, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B571 (2003) 11-20, 2003.
Inspire Record 620433 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.48883

The reaction e^+e^- -> e^+e^- proton antiproton is studied with the L3 detector at LEP. The analysis is based on data collected at e^+e^- center-of-mass energies from 183 GeV to 209 GeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 667 pb^-1. The gamma gamma -> proton antiproton differential cross section is measured in the range of the two-photon center-of-mass energy from 2.1 GeV to 4.5 GeV. The results are compared to the predictions of the three-quark and quark-diquark models.

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Dielectron yields in p + d and p + p collisions at 4.9-GeV

Huang, H.Z. ; Beedoe, S. ; Bougteb, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B297 (1992) 233-237, 1992.
Inspire Record 338830 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28996
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Inclusive $J/\psi$ production in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 2.76$ TeV

The ALICE collaboration Abelev, B. ; Adam, J. ; Adamova, D. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B718 (2012) 295-306, 2012.
Inspire Record 1094079 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.62231

The ALICE Collaboration has measured inclusive J/psi production in pp collisions at a center of mass energy sqrt(s)=2.76 TeV at the LHC. The results presented in this Letter refer to the rapidity ranges |y|<0.9 and 2.5<y<4 and have been obtained by measuring the electron and muon pair decay channels, respectively. The integrated luminosities for the two channels are L^e_int=1.1 nb^-1 and L^mu_int=19.9 nb^-1, and the corresponding signal statistics are N_J/psi^e+e-=59 +/- 14 and N_J/psi^mu+mu-=1364 +/- 53. We present dsigma_J/psi/dy for the two rapidity regions under study and, for the forward-y range, d^2sigma_J/psi/dydp_t in the transverse momentum domain 0<p_t<8 GeV/c. The results are compared with previously published results at sqrt(s)=7 TeV and with theoretical calculations.

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High-statistics measurement of neutral pion-pair production in two-photon collisions

The Belle collaboration Uehara, S. ; Watanabe, Y. ; Adachi, I. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D78 (2008) 052004, 2008.
Inspire Record 786406 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.50151

We report a high-statistics measurement of differential cross sections for the process gamma gamma -> pi^0 pi^0 in the kinematic range 0.6 GeV <= W <= 4.0 GeV and |cos theta*| <= 0.8, where W and theta* are the energy and pion scattering angle, respectively, in the gamma gamma center-of-mass system. Differential cross sections are fitted to obtain information on S, D_0, D_2, G_0 and G_2 waves. The G waves are important above W ~= 1.6 GeV. For W <= 1.6 GeV the D_2 wave is dominated by the f_2(1270) resonance while the S wave requires at least one additional resonance besides the f_0(980), which may be the f_0(1370) or f_0(1500). The differential cross sections are fitted with a simple parameterization to determine the parameters (the mass, total width and Gamma_{gamma gamma}B(f_0 -> pi^0 pi^0)) of this scalar meson as well as the f_0(980). The helicity 0 fraction of the f_2(1270) meson, taking into account interference for the first time, is also obtained.

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Jet fragmentation properties of $\bar{p}p$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Abe, F. ; Amidei, D. ; Apollinari, G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 65 (1990) 968-971, 1990.
Inspire Record 297585 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19919
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Measurement of the Transverse Momentum of Dielectron Pairs in Proton - Anti-Proton Collisions

Casey, Dylan Patrick ;
PhD Thesis, Rochester U., 1997.
Inspire Record 454166 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.18470

We present a measurement of the transverse momentum distribution of dielectron pairs with invariant mass near the mass of the Z boson. The data were obtained using the DO detector during the 1994-1995 run of the Tevatron Co!lider at Fermilab. The data used in the measurement corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 108.5 $pb^{-1}$ The measurement is compared to current phenomenology for vector boson production in proton-antiproton interactions, and the results are found to be consistent with expectation from Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD).

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Horisberger, R. ;
PhD Thesis, 1984.
Inspire Record 199267 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.18798
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Pion production and elastic scattering in anti-proton-proton collisions at 6.94 bev/c

Ferbel, T. ; Johnson, J.A. ; Kraybill, H.L. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. 173 (1968) 1307-1314, 1968.
Inspire Record 55957 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26499

We have studied nonstrange p¯−p interactions observed in 7000 pictures of the 80-in. Brookhaven National Laboratory hydrogen bubble chamber exposed to an antiproton beam with a momentum of 6.94 BeVc. The total cross section was measured to be 58.7±2.8 mb, and the elastic interaction cross section 14.2±1.2 mb. The elastic differential cross section for four-momentum transfers (−t)≤0.3 (BeVc)2 is well described by the exponential form dσeldt=(dσdt)t=0ebt, where b=13.1±1.1 (BeVc)−2. The single-pion production cross section is 4.0±0.9 mb. This channel proceeds 70% through resonance formation. N*(1238) isobar and anti-isobar formation dominates pion production in four- and six-pronged events; the double-isobar formation cross section in the final state pπ+p¯π− is 1.35±0.2 mb. Isobar production was observed to be consistent with the predictions of a dominant one-particle-exchange process. The pion-annihilation process, which has a cross section of 25±5 mb, shows substantial pion resonance formation.

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Study of $t\bar{t}$ production $p\bar{p}$ collisions using total transverse energy

The CDF collaboration Abe, F. ; Akimoto, H. ; Akopian, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 75 (1995) 3997, 1995.
Inspire Record 396003 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42358

We analyze a sample of W + jet events collected with the Collider Detector at Fermilab (CDF) in ppbar collisions at sqrt(s) = 1.8 TeV to study ttbar production. We employ a simple kinematical variable "H", defined as the scalar sum of the transverse energies of the lepton, neutrino and jets. For events with a W boson and four or more jets, the shape of the "H" distribution deviates by 3.8 standard deviations from that expected from known backgrounds to ttbar production. However this distribution agrees well with a linear combination of background and ttbar events, the agreement being best for a top mass of 180 GeV/c^2.

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Vector Meson Production in the Final State $K^+ K^- \pi^+ \pi^-$ Photon-photon Collisions

The TASSO collaboration Althoff, M. ; Braunschweig, W. ; Gerhards, R. ; et al.
Z.Phys. C32 (1986) 11, 1986.
Inspire Record 228250 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.15846
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Inclusive jet production in photon-photon collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 130-GeV and 136-GeV

The OPAL collaboration Ackerstaff, K. ; Alexander, G. ; Allison, John ; et al.
Z.Phys. C73 (1997) 433-442, 1997.
Inspire Record 424635 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.47713
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Measurement of exclusive rho+ rho- production in high-Q**2 two-photon collisions at LEP

The L3 collaboration Achard, P. ; Adriani, O. ; Aguilar-Benitez, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B597 (2004) 26-38, 2004.
Inspire Record 654177 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.48589

Exclusive rho^+ rho^- production in two-photon collisions involving a single highly-virtual photon is studied with data collected at LEP at centre-of-mass energies 89 GeV &lt; \sqrt{s} &lt; 209 GeV with a total integrated luminosity of 854.7 pb^-1. The cross section of the process gamma gamma^* -> rho^+ rho^- is determined as a function of the photon virtuality, Q^2, and the two-photon centre-of-mass energy, W_gg, in the kinematic region: 1.2 GeV^2 &lt; Q^2 &lt; 30 GeV^2 and 1.1 GeV &lt; W_gg &lt; 3 GeV. The \rho^+\rho^- production cross section is found to be of the same magnitude as the cross section of the process gamma gamma^* -> rho^0 rho^0, measured in the same kinematic region by L3, and to have similar W_gg and Q^2 dependences.

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Multihadron production in e+ e- collisions up to 3 gev total center-of-mass energy

Ceradini, F. ; Conversi, M. ; D' Angelo, S. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B47 (1973) 80-84, 1973.
Inspire Record 95215 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28037
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Study of a2 and a3 meson production in pi p collisions at 4.45 gev/c

Beketov, G.V. ; Zombkovskii, S.M. ; Konovalov, B.S. ; et al.
Yad.Fiz. 13 (1971) 765-771, 1971.
Inspire Record 69508 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19293
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Two jet differential cross-section in $\bar{p}p$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Abe, F. ; Amidei, D. ; Apollinari, G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 64 (1990) 157, 1990.
Inspire Record 283353 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19998
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