Strangeness in nuclear collisions

Gazdzicki, Marek ; Rohrich, Dieter ;
Z.Phys. C71 (1996) 55-64, 1996.
Inspire Record 420462 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.13638

Data on the mean multiplicity of strange hadrons produced in minimum bias proton--proton and central nucleus--nucleus collisions at momenta between 2.8 and 400 GeV/c per nucleon have been compiled. The multiplicities for nucleon--nucleon interactions were constructed. The ratios of strange particle multiplicity to participant nucleon as well as to pion multiplicity are larger for central nucleus--nucleus collisions than for nucleon--nucleon interactions at all studied energies. The data at AGS energies suggest that the latter ratio saturates with increasing masses of the colliding nuclei. The strangeness to pion multiplicity ratio observed in nucleon--nucleon interactions increases with collision energy in the whole energy range studied. A qualitatively different behaviour is observed for central nucleus--nucleus collisions: the ratio rapidly increases when going from Dubna to AGS energies and changes little between AGS and SPS energies. This change in the behaviour can be related to the increase in the entropy production observed in central nucleus-nucleus collisions at the same energy range. The results are interpreted within a statistical approach. They are consistent with the hypothesis that the Quark Gluon Plasma is created at SPS energies, the critical collision energy being between AGS and SPS energies.

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Pion multiplicity in nuclear collisions

Gazdzicki, M. ; Roehrich, D. ;
Z.Phys. C65 (1995) 215-223, 1995.
Inspire Record 398172 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.14107
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Proton-proton collisions at 19.8 GeV/c

Abraham, F.F. ; Kalbach, R.M. ;
Nuovo Cim. 26 (1962) 717-728, 1962.
Inspire Record 1185008 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37715

Elastic and inelastic 19.8 GeV/c proton-proton collisions in nuclear emulsion are examined using an external proton beam of the CERN Proton Synchrotron. Multiple scattering, blob density, range and angle measurements give the momentum spectra and angular distributions of secondary protons and pions. The partial cross-sections corresponding to inelastic interactions having two, four, six, eight, ten and twelve charged secondaries are found to be, respectively, (16.3±8.4) mb, (11.5 ± 6.0) mb, (4.3 ± 2.5) mb, (1.9 ± 1.3) mb, (0.5 ± 0.5) mb and (0.5±0.5)mb. The elastic cross-section is estimated to be (4.3±2.5) mb. The mean charged meson multiplicity for inelastic events is 3.7±0.5 and the average degree of inelasticity is 0.35±0.09. Strong forward and backward peaking is observed in the center-of-mass system for both secondary charged pions and protons. Distributions of energy, momentum and transverse momentum for identified charged secondaries are presented and compared with the results of work at other energies and with the results of a statistical theory of proton-proton collisions.

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High $p_T$ Hadron Production in Photon - Photon Collisions

The TASSO collaboration Brandelik, R. ; Braunschweig, W. ; Gather, K. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B107 (1981) 290-296, 1981.
Inspire Record 167417 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31027
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Evidence for Collective Multiparticle Correlations in p-Pb Collisions

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 115 (2015) 012301, 2015.
Inspire Record 1345262 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.67530
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Charged particle multiplicities in nuclear collisions at 200-GeV/N

The NA35 collaboration Baechler, J. ; Bartke, J. ; Bialkowska, H. ; et al.
Z.Phys. C51 (1991) 157-162, 1991.
Inspire Record 320907 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.14983
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One pion production in pp collisions at 16.2 gev/c

Gnat, Y. ; Alexander, G. ; Benary, O. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys. B54 (1973) 333-354, 1973.
Inspire Record 84174 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.32585
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Low Mass Electron Pair Anomaly in 17-{GeV}/c $\pi^- P$ Collisions

Stekas, J. ; Abshire, G. ; Adams, M.R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 47 (1981) 1686-1689, 1981.
Inspire Record 172147 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20624
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Pion Production at High Transverse Momentum in 24-{GeV} Proton Proton Collisions

Beier, E.W. ; Patton, R. ; Raychaudhuri, K. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D18 (1978) 2235, 1978.
Inspire Record 7054 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24372
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Inclusive pi- and gamma Production in 24-GeV/c p p Collisions

Beier, E.W. ; Raychaudhuri, K. ; Takeda, H. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 37 (1976) 1114-1116, 1976.
Inspire Record 115982 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21087
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Observation of significant spin effects in hard collisions at 40-GeV/c

Apokin, V.D. ; Arestov, Yu.I. ; Astafev, O.V. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B243 (1990) 461-464, 1990.
Inspire Record 303587 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29694
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Inclusive $J/\psi$ production in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 2.76$ TeV

The ALICE collaboration Abelev, B. ; Adam, J. ; Adamova, D. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B718 (2012) 295-306, 2012.
Inspire Record 1094079 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.62231

The ALICE Collaboration has measured inclusive J/psi production in pp collisions at a center of mass energy sqrt(s)=2.76 TeV at the LHC. The results presented in this Letter refer to the rapidity ranges |y|<0.9 and 2.5<y<4 and have been obtained by measuring the electron and muon pair decay channels, respectively. The integrated luminosities for the two channels are L^e_int=1.1 nb^-1 and L^mu_int=19.9 nb^-1, and the corresponding signal statistics are N_J/psi^e+e-=59 +/- 14 and N_J/psi^mu+mu-=1364 +/- 53. We present dsigma_J/psi/dy for the two rapidity regions under study and, for the forward-y range, d^2sigma_J/psi/dydp_t in the transverse momentum domain 0<p_t<8 GeV/c. The results are compared with previously published results at sqrt(s)=7 TeV and with theoretical calculations.

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Nuclear excitation and multiple production in proton-nucleon collisions at CERN-PS energies

Cvijanovich, G. ; Dayton, B. ; Egli, P. ; et al.
Nuovo Cim. 20 (1961) 1012-1016, 1961.
Inspire Record 1185004 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.1108
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Multi - Pion System Production in Pion - Nucleon Collisions at $p$ = 40-{GeV}/c

Angelov, N.S. ; Grishin, V.G. ; Kvatadze, R.A. ;
Yad.Fiz. 32 (1980) 1342-1350, 1980.
Inspire Record 153217 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.17933
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Measurement of the Transverse Momentum of Dielectron Pairs in Proton - Anti-Proton Collisions

Casey, Dylan Patrick ;
PhD Thesis, Rochester U., 1997.
Inspire Record 454166 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.18470

We present a measurement of the transverse momentum distribution of dielectron pairs with invariant mass near the mass of the Z boson. The data were obtained using the DO detector during the 1994-1995 run of the Tevatron Co!lider at Fermilab. The data used in the measurement corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 108.5 $pb^{-1}$ The measurement is compared to current phenomenology for vector boson production in proton-antiproton interactions, and the results are found to be consistent with expectation from Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD).

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Jet fragmentation properties of $\bar{p}p$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Abe, F. ; Amidei, D. ; Apollinari, G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 65 (1990) 968-971, 1990.
Inspire Record 297585 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19919
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Study of $\omega \omega$ Systems Produced in 38-{GeV}/$c \pi^- p$ Collisions

The IHEP-IISN-LANL-LAPP-TSUIHEP collaboration Alde, D. ; Binon, F.G. ; Bricman, C. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B216 (1989) 451, 1989.
Inspire Record 267049 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29857

The π − p→ ωω n reaction has studied for the first time at the 70 GeV IHEP accelerator. The six photons from the decay of the two ω mesons were detected in GAMS-2000, a hodoscope multi-photon spectometer. Two resonances decaying into ωω,X (1640) and X(1960), have been observed. Their quantum numbers are J PC =2 ++ , I G =0 + . The reaction is dominated by the one-pion exchange mechanism. The production cross sections σ. BR(X→ ωω ) are 0.65±0.15 μ b and 1.0±0.2 μ b, respectively.

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Multiple Pion Production in pi-Ne Collisions at 10.5-GeV and 200-GeV

Elliott, J.R. ; Fortney, L.R. ; Goshaw, A.T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 34 (1975) 607, 1975.
Inspire Record 2065 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31340
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Global $\Lambda$ hyperon polarization in nuclear collisions: evidence for the most vortical fluid

The STAR collaboration Adamczyk, L. ; Adkins, J.K. ; Agakishiev, G. ; et al.
2017.
Inspire Record 1510474 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.77494

The extreme temperatures and energy densities generated by ultra-relativistic collisions between heavy nuclei produce a state of matter with surprising fluid properties. Non-central collisions have angular momentum on the order of 1000$\hbar$, and the resulting fluid may have a strong vortical structure that must be understood to properly describe the fluid. It is also of particular interest because the restoration of fundamental symmetries of quantum chromodynamics is expected to produce novel physical effects in the presence of strong vorticity. However, no experimental indications of fluid vorticity in heavy ion collisions have so far been found. Here we present the first measurement of an alignment between the angular momentum of a non-central collision and the spin of emitted particles, revealing that the fluid produced in heavy ion collisions is by far the most vortical system ever observed. We find that $\Lambda$ and $\overline{\Lambda}$ hyperons show a positive polarization of the order of a few percent, consistent with some hydrodynamic predictions. A previous measurement that reported a null result at higher collision energies is seen to be consistent with the trend of our new observations, though with larger statistical uncertainties. These data provide the first experimental access to the vortical structure of the "perfect fluid" created in a heavy ion collision. They should prove valuable in the development of hydrodynamic models that quantitatively connect observations to the theory of the Strong Force. Our results extend the recent discovery of hydrodynamic spin alignment to the subatomic realm.

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Study of $t\bar{t}$ production $p\bar{p}$ collisions using total transverse energy

The CDF collaboration Abe, F. ; Akimoto, H. ; Akopian, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 75 (1995) 3997, 1995.
Inspire Record 396003 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42358

We analyze a sample of W + jet events collected with the Collider Detector at Fermilab (CDF) in ppbar collisions at sqrt(s) = 1.8 TeV to study ttbar production. We employ a simple kinematical variable "H", defined as the scalar sum of the transverse energies of the lepton, neutrino and jets. For events with a W boson and four or more jets, the shape of the "H" distribution deviates by 3.8 standard deviations from that expected from known backgrounds to ttbar production. However this distribution agrees well with a linear combination of background and ttbar events, the agreement being best for a top mass of 180 GeV/c^2.

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Charged Particle Spectra in $\alpha \alpha$ and $\alpha p$ Collisions at the {CERN} {ISR}

The CERN-Heidelberg-Lund collaboration Bell, W. ; Braune, K. ; Claesson, G. ; et al.
Z.Phys. C27 (1985) 191, 1985.
Inspire Record 205679 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.16095

Momenta of charged particles produced in inelastic αα, αp, andpp collisions were measured using the Split-Field-Magnet detector at the CERN Intersecting Storage Rings. Inclusive and semi-in-clusive spectra are presented as a function of rapidityy, Feynman-x, and transverse momentumpT. The inclusivey distributions agree well with predictions of the dual parton model; the highest particle densities are reached aty≃0 and the momenta of leading protons decrease significantly for increasing total multiplicity. ‘Temperatures’ are equal in αα, αp, andpp interactions. ThepT distributions depend weakly on the multiplicity.

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One, Two and Three Pion Production in p d Collisions at 19-GeV/c

The Scandinavian Bubble Chamber collaboration Bakken, V. ; Gennow, H. ; Jacobsen, T. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys. B124 (1977) 229-254, 1977.
Inspire Record 111511 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.35429
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DIFFRACTION DISSOCIATION OF ANTI-PROTONS IN anti-p p COLLISIONS AT 22.4-GeV/c

The Dubna-Alma Ata-Yerevan-Helsinki-Moscow-Prague-Tbilisi collaboration Batyunya, B.V. ; Boguslavsky, I.V. ; Gramenitsky, I.M. ; et al.
Sov.J.Nucl.Phys. 37 (1983) 58, 1983.
Inspire Record 178090 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.71073
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Search for third generation leptoquarks in $\bar{p}p$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Abe, F. ; Akimoto, H. ; Akopian, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 78 (1997) 2906-2911, 1997.
Inspire Record 427318 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42235
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Small angle $J/\psi$ production in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The D0 collaboration Abbott, B. ; Abolins, M. ; Abramov, V. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 82 (1999) 35-40, 1999.
Inspire Record 473954 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42141

This paper presents the first measurement of the inclusive J/Psi production cross section in the forward pseudorapidity region 2.5<|eta|<3.7 in ppbar collisions at sqrt(s)=1.8TeV. The results are based on 9.8 pb-1 of data collected using the D0 detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. The inclusive J/Psi cross section for transverse momenta between 1 and 16 GeV/c is compared with theoretical models of charmonium production.

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