Strangeness in nuclear collisions

Gazdzicki, Marek ; Rohrich, Dieter ;
Z.Phys.C 71 (1996) 55-64, 1996.
Inspire Record 420462 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.13638

Data on the mean multiplicity of strange hadrons produced in minimum bias proton--proton and central nucleus--nucleus collisions at momenta between 2.8 and 400 GeV/c per nucleon have been compiled. The multiplicities for nucleon--nucleon interactions were constructed. The ratios of strange particle multiplicity to participant nucleon as well as to pion multiplicity are larger for central nucleus--nucleus collisions than for nucleon--nucleon interactions at all studied energies. The data at AGS energies suggest that the latter ratio saturates with increasing masses of the colliding nuclei. The strangeness to pion multiplicity ratio observed in nucleon--nucleon interactions increases with collision energy in the whole energy range studied. A qualitatively different behaviour is observed for central nucleus--nucleus collisions: the ratio rapidly increases when going from Dubna to AGS energies and changes little between AGS and SPS energies. This change in the behaviour can be related to the increase in the entropy production observed in central nucleus-nucleus collisions at the same energy range. The results are interpreted within a statistical approach. They are consistent with the hypothesis that the Quark Gluon Plasma is created at SPS energies, the critical collision energy being between AGS and SPS energies.

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Pion multiplicity in nuclear collisions

Gazdzicki, M. ; Roehrich, D. ;
Z.Phys.C 65 (1995) 215-223, 1995.
Inspire Record 398172 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.14107

Data on the mean multiplicity ofπ- produced in minimum bias proton-proton, proton-neutron and proton-nucleus interactions as well as central nucleus-nucleus collisions at momenta of 1.4–400 GeV/c per nucleon have been compiled and studied. The results for neutron-neutron and nucleon-nucleon interactions were then constructed. The dependence of the mean pion multiplicity in proton-nucleus interactions and central collisions of identical nuclei are studied as a function of the collision energy and the nucleus mass number. The number of produced pions per participant nucleon in central collisions of identical nuclei is found to be independent of the number of participants at a fixed incident momentum per nucleon. The mean multiplicity of negatively charged hadrons per participant nucleon for central nucleus-nucleus collisions is lower by about 0.12 than the corresponding multiplicity for nucleon-nucleon interactions atpLAB≲15 A·GeV/c, whereas the result at 200 A·GeV/c is above the corresponding nucleon-nucleon multiplicity. This may indicate change of the collision dynamics at high energy.

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Hadron spectra in hadron - nucleus collisions

Armutliiski, D. ; Baatar, Ts. ; Batsaikhan, Ts. ; et al.
1991.
Inspire Record 319258 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.38698
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On pion production intensities in hadron - nucleus collisions

Strugalska-Gola, E. ; Strugalski, Z. ; Sredniawa, B. ; et al.
1996.
Inspire Record 428911 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.39365
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Di-jet production in gamma gamma collisions at LEP2

The DELPHI collaboration Abdallah, J. ; Abreu, P. ; Adam, W. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 58 (2008) 531-541, 2008.
Inspire Record 806241 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.51688

The production of two high-p_T jets in the interactions of quasi-real photons in e+e- collisions at sqrt{s_ee} from 189 GeV to 209 GeV is studied with data corresponding to an integrated e+e- luminosity of 550 pb^{-1}. The jets reconstructed by the k_T cluster algorithm are defined within the pseudo-rapidity range -1 < eta < 1 and with jet transverse momentum, p_T, above 3 GeV/c. The differential di-jet cross-section is measured as a function of the mean transverse momentum ptmean of the jets and is compared to perturbative QCD calculations.

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Target associated particle production in ultrarelativistic nucleus-nucleus collisions

Sengupta, K. ; Jain, P.L. ; Singh, G. ;
Mod.Phys.Lett.A 6 (1991) 29-39, 1991.
Inspire Record 316958 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37873

We report the multiplicity and angular distributions of the low energy target-associated particles from 32S and 16O induced reactions at 200 GeV/nucleon and 16O induced reactions at 60 GeV/nucleon in emulsion. The results are compared with the Monte-Carlo Code VENUS.

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Charged particle multiplicities in nuclear collisions at 200-GeV/N

The NA35 collaboration Bächler, J. ; Bartke, J. ; Bialkowska, H. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 51 (1991) 157-162, 1991.
Inspire Record 320907 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.14983

Data on multiplicities of charged particles produced in proton-nucleus and nucleus-nucleus collisions at 200 GeV per nucleon are presented. It is shown that the mean multiplicity of negative particles is proportional to the mean number of nucleons participating in the collision both for nucleus-nucleus and proton-nucleus collisions. The apparent consistency of pion multiplicity data with the assumption of an incoherent superposition of nucleon-nucleon collisions is critically discussed.

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The role of double parton collisions in soft hadron interactions

Alexopoulos, T. ; Anderson, E.W. ; Biswas, N.N. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 435 (1998) 453-457, 1998.
Inspire Record 480349 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27080

We have examined charged multiplicities arising from p − p and p− p ̄ collisions over the range of center of mass energies, s , from 30 GeV to 1800 GeV. Results from Tevatron experiment E735 support the presence of double parton interactions. These processes can be seen to account for a large fraction of the increase in the non single diffraction inelastic cross section from energies of about 200 GeV to 1800 GeV.

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Excitation of the Delta (1232) resonance in proton - nucleus collisions

Trzaska, M. ; Pelte, D. ; Lemaire, M. -C. ; et al.
Z.Phys.A 340 (1991) 325-331, 1991.
Inspire Record 314551 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.15689

The excitation of theΔ resonance is observed in proton collisions on C, Nb and Pb targets at 0.8 and 1.6 GeV incident energies. The mass E0 and widthΓ of the resonance are determined from the invariant mass spectra of correlated (p, π±)-pairs in the final state of the collision: The mass E0 is smaller than that of the free resonance, however by comparing to intra-nuclear cascade calculations, this reduction is traced back to the effects of Fermi motion, NN scattering and pion reabsorption in nuclear matter.

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Multifractal analysis of Au-197 emulsion collisions at 10.6-A/GeV

Singh, G. ; Jain, P.L. ;
Phys.Rev.C 50 (1994) 2508-2515, 1994.
Inspire Record 386053 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25989

We compute the multifractal moments Gq in terms of a new scaled variable X suggested by Bialas and Gazdzicki to study the dynamical fluctuations of particles produced in the interactions of Au197 at 10.6A GeV with nuclear emulsion. An asymptotic power-law dependence of the moments on the bin size δX has been observed in pseudorapidity (η), azimuthal (φ), and η-φ phase spaces. The dynamical values of the generalized dimensions are determined in all the phase spaces. The dynamical properties of the produced particles are mapped onto smooth multifractal spectra f(Δαq) by excluding the statistical contribution. The Au197 results are compared with a Si28 ion at 14.5A GeV and a S32 beam at 200A GeV.

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