Neutral Particle Production in pi+ p and p p Collisions at 100-GeV/c

Alston-Garnjost, Margaret ; Erwin, J. ; Klems, J.H. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 35 (1975) 142, 1975.
Inspire Record 98682 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21191

We have measured the inclusive cross sections for γ, Ks0, Λ, and Λ¯ production in π+p and pp interactions at 100 GeV/c and compared various inclusive distributions of the produced γ and Ks0.

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Search for Direct $\gamma$ Production at Low Transverse Momentum in 63-{GeV} $p p$ Collisions

The Axial Field Spectrometer collaboration Akesson, T. ; Albrow, M.G. ; Almehed, S. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 36 (1987) 2615, 1987.
Inspire Record 246577 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23325

We have searched for direct photons of low PT (≤1.0 GeV/c) at θc.m.=90° in pp collisions at √s =63 GeV. We used two independent methods: direct detection in NaI crystals and conversion to e+e− pairs. No signal is observed; the photon spectrum is well described by the decay of hadrons. The result is consistent with a direct low-PT photon signal reported at √s =12 GeV, but excludes a rapid growth of soft-photon production with √s .

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Measurement of the Differential Cross Section for Isolated Prompt Photon Production in pp Collisions at 7 TeV

The CMS collaboration Chatrchyan, Serguei ; Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 84 (2011) 052011, 2011.
Inspire Record 922830 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.58958

A measurement of the differential cross section for the inclusive production of isolated prompt photons in proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV is presented. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 36 inverse picobarns recorded by the CMS detector at the LHC. The measurement covers the pseudorapidity range |eta|<2.5 and the transverse energy range 25 < ET < 400 GeV, corresponding to the kinematic region 0.007 < xT < 0.114. Photon candidates are identified with two complementary methods, one based on photon conversions in the silicon tracker and the other on isolated energy deposits in the electromagnetic calorimeter. The measured cross section is presented as a function of ET in four pseudorapidity regions. The next-to-leading-order perturbative QCD calculations are consistent with the measured cross section.

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Measurement of single spin asymmetry for direct photon production in p p collisions at 200-GeV/c

The E704 collaboration Adams, D.L. ; Achurin, N. ; Belikov, N.I. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 345 (1995) 569-575, 1995.
Inspire Record 399938 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28766

The single spin asymmetry for inclusive direct-photon production has been measured using a polarized proton beam of 200 GeV/c with an unpolarized proton target at −0.15 < xf < 0.15 and 2.5 < pt < 3.1 GeV/c at Fermilab. The data on the cross section for pp → γX at 2.5 < pt < 3.8 GeV/c are also provided. The measurement was done using lead-glass calorimeters and photon detectors which surrounded the fiducial area of the calorimeters. Background rejection has been done using these surrounding photon detectors. The cross section obtained is consistent with the results of previous measurements assuming a nuclear dependence of A 1.0 . The single spin asymmetry, A N , for the direct-photon production is consistent with zero within experimental uncertainty.

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High $p_T$ Direct Photon Production at 11-degrees in $p p$ Collisions at $\sqrt{s}=63$-{GeV}

The Axial Field Spectrometer collaboration Akesson, T. ; Albrow, M.G. ; Almehed, S. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 123 (1983) 367-372, 1983.
Inspire Record 188929 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.30744

The production of direct photons has been measured relative to π 0 's in the rapidity range 2.00 < y < 2.75 in pp collisions at s = 63 GeV at the CERN Intersecting Storage Rings. The γ/π 0 ratio increases from ⪅2% at p T = 1.5 GeV/ c to ∼8% at p T = 4.25 GeV/ c , similar to the value observed near 90°. The results indicate no strong enhancement of single-photon production due to quark bremsstrahlung in this kinematic region.

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Measurement of the inclusive isolated photon production cross section in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 7 TeV

The ALICE collaboration Acharya, Shreyasi ; Adamova, Dagmar ; Adhya, Souvik Priyam ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 79 (2019) 896, 2019.
Inspire Record 1738300 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.91995

The production cross section of inclusive isolated photons has been measured by the ALICE experiment at the CERN LHC in pp collisions at a centre-of-momentum energy of $\sqrt{s}=$ 7 TeV. The measurement is performed with the electromagnetic calorimeter EMCal and the central tracking detectors, covering a range of $|\eta|<0.27$ in pseudorapidity and a transverse momentum range of $ 10 < p_{\rm T}^{\gamma} < $ 60 GeV/$c$. The result extends the $p_{\rm T}$ coverage of previously published results of the ATLAS and CMS experiments at the same collision energy to smaller $p_{\rm T}$. The measurement is compared to next-to-leading order perturbative QCD calculations and to the results from the ATLAS and CMS experiments. All measurements and theory predictions are in agreement with each other.

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Inclusive photon production at forward rapidities in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 0.9, 2.76 and 7 TeV

The ALICE collaboration Abelev, Betty Bezverkhny ; Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamova, Dagmar ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 75 (2015) 146, 2015.
Inspire Record 1328669 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.69495

The multiplicity and pseudorapidity distributions of inclusive photons have been measured at forward rapidities ($2.3 < \eta < 3.9$) in proton-proton collisions at three center-of-mass energies, $\sqrt{s}=0.9$, 2.76 and 7 TeV using the ALICE detector. It is observed that the increase in the average photon multiplicity as a function of beam energy is compatible with both a logarithmic and a power-law dependence. The relative increase in average photon multiplicity produced in inelastic pp collisions at 2.76 and 7 TeV center-of-mass energies with respect to 0.9 TeV are 37.2% $\pm$ 0.3% (stat) $\pm$ 8.8% (sys) and 61.2% $\pm$ 0.3% (stat) $\pm$ 7.6% (sys), respectively. The photon multiplicity distributions for all center-of-mass energies are well described by negative binomial distributions. The multiplicity distributions are also presented in terms of KNO variables. The results are compared to model predictions, which are found in general to underestimate the data at large photon multiplicities, in particular at the highest center-of-mass energy. Limiting fragmentation behavior of photons has been explored with the data, but is not observed in the measured pseudorapidity range.

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Inclusive photon production at forward rapidities in pp and p$-$Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}} = 5.02$ TeV

The ALICE collaboration Acharya, Shreyasi ; Adamova, Dagmar ; Adler, Alexander ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 83 (2023) 661, 2023.
Inspire Record 2637678 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.141495

A study of multiplicity and pseudorapidity distributions of inclusive photons measured in pp and p$-$Pb collisions at a center-of-mass energy per nucleon$-$nucleon collision of $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}} = 5.02$ TeV using the ALICE detector in the forward pseudorapidity region $2.3 < \eta_{\rm lab} < 3.9$ is presented. Measurements in p$-$Pb collisions are reported for two beam configurations in which the directions of the proton and lead ion beam were reversed. The pseudorapidity distributions in p$-$Pb collisions are obtained for seven centrality classes which are defined based on different event activity estimators, i.e., the charged-particle multiplicity measured at midrapidity as well as the energy deposited in a calorimeter at beam rapidity. The inclusive photon multiplicity distributions for both pp and p$-$Pb collisions are described by double negative binomial distributions. The pseudorapidity distributions of inclusive photons are compared to those of charged particles at midrapidity in \pp collisions and for different centrality classes in p$-$Pb collisions. The results are compared to predictions from various Monte Carlo event generators. None of the generators considered in this paper reproduces the inclusive photon multiplicity distributions in the reported multiplicity range. The pseudorapidity distributions are, however, better described by the same generators.

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Measurement of forward photon production cross-section in proton–proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV with the LHCf detector

The LHCf collaboration Adriani, O. ; Berti, E. ; Bonechi, L. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 780 (2018) 233-239, 2018.
Inspire Record 1518782 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.86566

In this paper, we report the production cross-section of forward photons in the pseudorapidity regions of $\eta\,&gt;\,10.94$ and $8.99\,&gt;\,\eta\,&gt;\,8.81$, measured by the LHCf experiment with proton--proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV. The results from the analysis of 0.191 $\mathrm{nb^{-1}}$ of data obtained in June 2015 are compared to the predictions of several hadronic interaction models that are used in air-shower simulations for ultra-high-energy cosmic rays. Although none of the models agree perfectly with the data, EPOS-LHC shows the best agreement with the experimental data among the models.

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Search for Direct Single Photon Production at Large p(T) in Proton Proton Collisions at s**(1/2) = 62.4-GeV

The CERN-Columbia-Oxford-Rockefeller & CCOR collaborations Angelis, A.L.S. ; Besch, H.J. ; Blumenfeld, Barry J. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 94 (1980) 106-112, 1980.
Inspire Record 153483 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27178

As part of a study of large p T phenomena in photon-proton collisions at the CERN ISR, a search for direct single photon production has been performed. A statistical division of the data sample into the fraction consistent with single photon and the fraction due to multiphoton decays of neutral hadrons is accomplished by measuring the average conversion probability for the sample in a one radiation length thick converter. The fraction of the sample attributable to direct single photon production is 〈 γ /all〉 = 0.074 ± 0.012 for 6 GeV/ c < p T 10 GeV/ c , and 〈 γ /all〉 = 0.26 ± 0.04 for p T > 10 GeV/ c , with an additional systematic uncertainty of ±0.05 for both values.

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