On pion production intensities in hadron - nucleus collisions

Strugalska-Gola, E. ; Strugalski, Z. ; Sredniawa, B. ; et al.
Inspire Record 428911 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.39365
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Azimuthal anisotropy in U$+$U and Au$+$Au collisions at RHIC

The STAR collaboration Adamczyk, L. ; Adkins, J.K. ; Agakishiev, G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 115 (2015) 222301, 2015.
Inspire Record 1373553 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.71502

Collisions between prolate uranium nuclei are used to study how particle production and azimuthal anisotropies depend on initial geometry in heavy-ion collisions. We report the two- and four-particle cumulants, v2{2} and v2{4}, for charged hadrons from U+U collisions at sNN=193  GeV and Au+Au collisions at sNN=200  GeV. Nearly fully overlapping collisions are selected based on the energy deposited by spectators in zero degree calorimeters (ZDCs). Within this sample, the observed dependence of v2{2} on multiplicity demonstrates that ZDC information combined with multiplicity can preferentially select different overlap configurations in U+U collisions. We also show that v2 vs multiplicity can be better described by models, such as gluon saturation or quark participant models, that eliminate the dependence of the multiplicity on the number of binary nucleon-nucleon collisions.

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Observation of enhanced subthreshold K+ production in central collisions between heavy nuclei

Miskowiec, D. ; Ahner, W. ; Barth, R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 72 (1994) 3650-3653, 1994.
Inspire Record 373335 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19695
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Net-Charge Fluctuations in Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s}_{NN} = 2.76$ TeV

The ALICE collaboration Abelev, Betty ; Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamova, Dagmar ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 110 (2013) 152301, 2013.
Inspire Record 1123802 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.60476
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A study of hadron Pb collisions through hadron-induced showers in thick lead chambers

Tamada, M. ; Ohsawa, A. ;
Nucl.Phys. B581 (2000) 73-90, 2000.
Inspire Record 532697 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.32563
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Direct virtual photon production in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 200 GeV

The STAR collaboration Adamczyk, L. ; Adkins, J.K. ; Agakishiev, G. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B770 (2017) 451-458, 2017.
Inspire Record 1474129 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.77495

We report the direct virtual photon invariant yields in the transverse momentum ranges $1\!<\!p_{T}\!<\!3$ GeV/$c$ and $5\!<\!p_T\!<\!10$ GeV/$c$ at mid-rapidity derived from the dielectron invariant mass continuum region $0.10<M_{ee}<0.28$ GeV/$c^{2}$ for 0-80\% minimum-bias Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=200$ GeV. A clear excess in the invariant yield compared to the number-of-binary-collisions ($N_{bin}$) scaled $p+p$ reference is observed in the $p_T$ range $1\!<\!p_{T}\!<\!3$ GeV/$c$. For $p_T\!>6$ GeV/$c$ the production follows $N_{bin}$ scaling. Model calculations with contributions from thermal radiation and initial hard parton scattering are consistent within uncertainties with the direct virtual photon invariant yield.

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Jets of nuclear matter in He-A(T) inelastic collisions at 4.5-A-GeV/c

Besliu, C. ; Jipa, A. ; Zaharia, R. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. A1 (1998) 65-75, 1998.
Inspire Record 467239 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.43769
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On the production of fast and slow particles in nucleus-nucleus collisions at ultrarelativistic energies

Jain, P.L. ; Sengupta, K. ; Singh, G. ;
Phys.Rev. C44 (1991) 844-853, 1991.
Inspire Record 315632 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26111
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Limitations on Production Cross-section of Neutral Penetrating Particles in 70-{GeV}/c $p N$ Collisions

Agakishiev, G.N. ; Vovenko, A.S. ; Goryachev, V.N. ; et al.
Sov.J.Nucl.Phys. 32 (1980) 345, 1980.
Inspire Record 153106 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.41494
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Characteristics of neutral pion production process in pi- Xe nuclear collisions at 3.5-GeV/c momentum

Strugalski, Z. ; Sredniawa, B. ; El-Sharkawy, S. ; et al.
Inspire Record 303170 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.39384
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Grishin, V.G. ; Inogamova, T.Ya. ; Inogamov, Sh.V. ;
Sov.J.Nucl.Phys. 19 (1974) 697, 1974.
Inspire Record 80902 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.18353
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Charge correlations using the balance function in Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 2.76 TeV

The ALICE collaboration Abelev, Betty ; Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamova, Dagmar ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B723 (2013) 267-279, 2013.
Inspire Record 1211186 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.60298
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Long-range pseudorapidity dihadron correlations in $d$+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}=200$ GeV

The STAR collaboration Adamczyk, L. ; Adkins, J.K. ; Agakishiev, G. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B747 (2015) 265-271, 2015.
Inspire Record 1346551 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.72303

Dihadron angular correlations in $d$+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\rm NN}}=200$ GeV are reported as a function of the measured zero-degree calorimeter neutral energy and the forward charged hadron multiplicity in the Au-beam direction. A finite correlated yield is observed at large relative pseudorapidity ($\Delta\eta$) on the near side (i.e. relative azimuth $\Delta\phi\sim0$). This correlated yield as a function of $\Delta\eta$ appears to scale with the dominant, primarily jet-related, away-side ($\Delta\phi\sim\pi$) yield. The Fourier coefficients of the $\Delta\phi$ correlation, $V_{n}=\langle\cos n\Delta\phi\rangle$, have a strong $\Delta\eta$ dependence. In addition, it is found that $V_{1}$ is approximately inversely proportional to the mid-rapidity event multiplicity, while $V_{2}$ is independent of it with similar magnitude in the forward ($d$-going) and backward (Au-going) directions.

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Multiparticle azimuthal correlations in p -Pb and Pb-Pb collisions at the CERN Large Hadron Collider

The ALICE collaboration Abelev, Betty Bezverkhny ; Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamova, Dagmar ; et al.
Phys.Rev. C90 (2014) 054901, 2014.
Inspire Record 1300038 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.65710

<p>Measurements of multiparticle azimuthal correlations (cumulants) for charged particles in <inline-formula><mml:math><mml:mi>p</mml:mi></mml:math></inline-formula>-Pb at <inline-formula><mml:math><mml:mrow><mml:msqrt><mml:msub><mml:mi>s</mml:mi><mml:mi>NN</mml:mi></mml:msub></mml:msqrt><mml:mo>=</mml:mo><mml:mn>5.02</mml:mn></mml:mrow></mml:math></inline-formula> TeV and Pb-Pb at <inline-formula><mml:math><mml:mrow><mml:msqrt><mml:msub><mml:mi>s</mml:mi><mml:mi>NN</mml:mi></mml:msub></mml:msqrt><mml:mo>=</mml:mo><mml:mn>2.76</mml:mn></mml:mrow></mml:math></inline-formula> TeV collisions are presented. They help address the question of whether there is evidence for global, flowlike, azimuthal correlations in the <inline-formula><mml:math><mml:mi>p</mml:mi></mml:math></inline-formula>-Pb system. Comparisons are made to measurements from the larger Pb-Pb system, where such evidence is established. In particular, the second harmonic two-particle cumulants are found to decrease with multiplicity, characteristic of a dominance of few-particle correlations in <inline-formula><mml:math><mml:mi>p</mml:mi></mml:math></inline-formula>-Pb collisions. However, when a <inline-formula><mml:math><mml:mrow><mml:mo>|</mml:mo><mml:mi>Δ</mml:mi><mml:mi>η</mml:mi><mml:mo>|</mml:mo></mml:mrow></mml:math></inline-formula> gap is placed to suppress such correlations, the two-particle cumulants begin to rise at high multiplicity, indicating the presence of global azimuthal correlations. The Pb-Pb values are higher than the <inline-formula><mml:math><mml:mi>p</mml:mi></mml:math></inline-formula>-Pb values at similar multiplicities. In both systems, the second harmonic four-particle cumulants exhibit a transition from positive to negative values when the multiplicity increases. The negative values allow for a measurement of <inline-formula><mml:math><mml:mrow><mml:msub><mml:mi>v</mml:mi><mml:mn>2</mml:mn></mml:msub><mml:mrow><mml:mo>{</mml:mo><mml:mn>4</mml:mn><mml:mo>}</mml:mo></mml:mrow></mml:mrow></mml:math></inline-formula> to be made, which is found to be higher in Pb-Pb collisions at similar multiplicities. The second harmonic six-particle cumulants are also found to be higher in Pb-Pb collisions. In Pb-Pb collisions, we generally find <inline-formula><mml:math><mml:mrow><mml:msub><mml:mi>v</mml:mi><mml:mn>2</mml:mn></mml:msub><mml:mrow><mml:mo>{</mml:mo><mml:mn>4</mml:mn><mml:mo>}</mml:mo></mml:mrow><mml:mo>≃</mml:mo><mml:msub><mml:mi>v</mml:mi><mml:mn>2</mml:mn></mml:msub><mml:mrow><mml:mo>{</mml:mo><mml:mn>6</mml:mn><mml:mo>}</mml:mo></mml:mrow><mml:mo>≠</mml:mo><mml:mn>0</mml:mn></mml:mrow></mml:math></inline-formula> which is indicative of a Bessel-Gaussian function for the <inline-formula><mml:math><mml:msub><mml:mi>v</mml:mi><mml:mn>2</mml:mn></mml:msub></mml:math></inline-formula> distribution. For very high-multiplicity Pb-Pb collisions, we observe that the four- and six-particle cumulants become consistent with 0. Finally, third harmonic two-particle cumulants in <inline-formula><mml:math><mml:mi>p</mml:mi></mml:math></inline-formula>-Pb and Pb-Pb are measured. These are found to be similar for overlapping multiplicities, when a <inline-formula><mml:math><mml:mrow><mml:mo>|</mml:mo><mml:mi>Δ</mml:mi><mml:mi>η</mml:mi><mml:mo>|</mml:mo><mml:mo>&gt;</mml:mo><mml:mn>1.4</mml:mn></mml:mrow></mml:math></inline-formula> gap is placed.</p>

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Production of neutral strange particles in p Ar, p Xe and anti-p Xe collisions at 200-GeV

Derado, I. ; Kadija, K. ; Malecki, M. ; et al.
Z.Phys. C50 (1991) 31-36, 1991.
Inspire Record 28958 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.15007
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Observation of charge asymmetry dependence of pion elliptic flow and the possible chiral magnetic wave in heavy-ion collisions

The STAR collaboration Adamczyk, L. ; Adkins, J.K. ; Agakishiev, G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 114 (2015) 252302, 2015.
Inspire Record 1358666 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.72237

We present measurements of π- and π+ elliptic flow, v2, at midrapidity in Au+Au collisions at sNN=200, 62.4, 39, 27, 19.6, 11.5, and 7.7 GeV, as a function of event-by-event charge asymmetry, Ach, based on data from the STAR experiment at RHIC. We find that π- (π+) elliptic flow linearly increases (decreases) with charge asymmetry for most centrality bins at sNN=27  GeV and higher. At sNN=200  GeV, the slope of the difference of v2 between π- and π+ as a function of Ach exhibits a centrality dependence, which is qualitatively similar to calculations that incorporate a chiral magnetic wave effect. Similar centrality dependence is also observed at lower energies.

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Similarity of Multiplicity Distributions of Secondary Particles Produced in $p$ C and $p$ Ta Collisions at 2-{GeV}/$c$ - 10-{GeV}/$c$

Armutliisky, D. ; Akhababian, N. ; Grekova, L. ;
Bulg.J.Phys. 7 (1980) 592-600, 1980.
Inspire Record 154320 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.38624
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Multiplicities of Secondary Pions in Relativistic Nucleus-nucleus Collisions and the Distribution of the Number of Interacting Nucleons of the Incident Nucleus

Bartke, J. ;
Conference Paper, 1980.
Inspire Record 156735 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.39555
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Inclusive Cross-Sections for 180-Degree Production of High-Energy Protons, Deuterons, and Tritons in p-Nucleus Collisions at 600-MeV and 800-MeV

Frankel, S. ; Frati, W. ; Van Dyck, O. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 36 (1976) 642, 1976.
Inspire Record 100888 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21102
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Anisotropic flow of charged hadrons, pions and (anti-)protons measured at high transverse momentum in Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$=2.76 TeV

The ALICE collaboration Abelev, Betty ; Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamova, Dagmar ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B719 (2013) 18-28, 2013.
Inspire Record 1116150 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.62177
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Centrality and transverse momentum dependence of elliptic flow of multistrange hadrons and $\phi$ meson in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 200 GeV

The STAR collaboration Adamczyk, L. ; Adkins, J.K. ; Agakishiev, G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 116 (2016) 062301, 2016.
Inspire Record 1383879 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.71571

We present high precision measurements of elliptic flow near midrapidity ($|y|<1.0$) for multi-strange hadrons and $\phi$ meson as a function of centrality and transverse momentum in Au+Au collisions at center of mass energy $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=$ 200 GeV. We observe that the transverse momentum dependence of $\phi$ and $\Omega$ $v_{2}$ is similar to that of $\pi$ and $p$, respectively, which may indicate that the heavier strange quark flows as strongly as the lighter up and down quarks. This observation constitutes a clear piece of evidence for the development of partonic collectivity in heavy-ion collisions at the top RHIC energy. Number of constituent quark scaling is found to hold within statistical uncertainty for both 0-30$\%$ and 30-80$\%$ collision centrality. There is an indication of the breakdown of previously observed mass ordering between $\phi$ and proton $v_{2}$ at low transverse momentum in the 0-30$\%$ centrality range, possibly indicating late hadronic interactions affecting the proton $v_{2}$.

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