Polarization of omega- hyperons produced in 800-GeV proton - beryllium collisions

Luk, K.B. ; James, C. ; Rameika, R. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 70 (1993) 900-903, 1993.
Inspire Record 345978 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19740
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Observation of significant spin effects in hard collisions at 40-GeV/c

Apokin, V.D. ; Arestov, Yu.I. ; Astafev, O.V. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B243 (1990) 461-464, 1990.
Inspire Record 303587 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.29694
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Inclusive $\Lambda^0$ Polarization in Proton Nucleus Collisions at 12-{GeV}

Abe, F. ; Hara, K. ; Kim, S. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D34 (1986) 1950-1959, 1986.
Inspire Record 237791 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23459
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$\Upsilon$ production and polarization in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 1.8-TeV

The CDF collaboration Acosta, D. ; Affolder, T. ; Akimoto, H. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 88 (2002) 161802, 2002.
Inspire Record 569269 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42894
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Global $\Lambda$ hyperon polarization in nuclear collisions: evidence for the most vortical fluid

The STAR collaboration Adamczyk, L. ; Adkins, J.K. ; Agakishiev, G. ; et al.
No Journal Information, 2017.
Inspire Record 1510474 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.77494

The extreme temperatures and energy densities generated by ultra-relativistic collisions between heavy nuclei produce a state of matter with surprising fluid properties. Non-central collisions have angular momentum on the order of 1000$\hbar$, and the resulting fluid may have a strong vortical structure that must be understood to properly describe the fluid. It is also of particular interest because the restoration of fundamental symmetries of quantum chromodynamics is expected to produce novel physical effects in the presence of strong vorticity. However, no experimental indications of fluid vorticity in heavy ion collisions have so far been found. Here we present the first measurement of an alignment between the angular momentum of a non-central collision and the spin of emitted particles, revealing that the fluid produced in heavy ion collisions is by far the most vortical system ever observed. We find that $\Lambda$ and $\overline{\Lambda}$ hyperons show a positive polarization of the order of a few percent, consistent with some hydrodynamic predictions. A previous measurement that reported a null result at higher collision energies is seen to be consistent with the trend of our new observations, though with larger statistical uncertainties. These data provide the first experimental access to the vortical structure of the "perfect fluid" created in a heavy ion collision. They should prove valuable in the development of hydrodynamic models that quantitatively connect observations to the theory of the Strong Force. Our results extend the recent discovery of hydrodynamic spin alignment to the subatomic realm.

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Analyzing power A(y) for omega meson production in proton-proton collisions

Abdel-Bary, M. ; Brinkmann, K.Th. ; Clement, H. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B662 (2008) 14-18, 2008.
Inspire Record 784829 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26964

We report on a determination of the analyzing power Ay in the reaction studied with the TOF spectrometer located at the COSY-accelerator (Forschungszentrum Juelich, Germany). This spectrometer is very well suited for polarization measurements due to its rotational symmetry and full coverage of the azimuthal angle. For a beam momentum of p=3065MeV/c corresponding to an excess energy of epsilon (Porson) =129MeV Ay is found to be compatible with zero.

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Production asymmetry measurement of high chi(T) hadrons in p (polarized) p collisions at 40-GeV

Abramov, V.V. ; Dyshkant, A.S. ; Evdokimov, V.N. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys. B492 (1997) 3-17, 1997.
Inspire Record 429347 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.40519
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Measurement of $\psi(2S)$ polarisation in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV

The LHCb collaboration Aaij, Roel ; Adeva, Bernardo ; Adinolfi, Marco ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C74 (2014) 2872, 2014.
Inspire Record 1283844 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.64674

The polarisation of prompt $\psi(2S)$ mesons is measured by performing an angular analysis of $\psi(2S)\rightarrow \mu^{+} \mu^{-}$ decays using proton-proton collision data, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 1.0 fb$^{-1}$, collected by the LHCb detector at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV. The polarisation is measured in bins of transverse momentum $p_\mathrm{T}$ and rapidity $y$ in the kinematic region $3.5<p_\mathrm{T}<15$ GeV$/c$ and $2.0<y<4.5$, and is compared to theoretical models. No significant polarisation is observed.

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Polarization of $J/\psi$ and $\psi_{2S}$ mesons produced in $p \bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 1.96-TeV

The CDF collaboration Abulencia, A. ; Adelman, Jahred A. ; Affolder, T. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 99 (2007) 132001, 2007.
Inspire Record 747876 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42742
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Measurement of the prompt $J/\psi$ and $\psi$(2S) polarizations in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 7 TeV

The CMS collaboration Chatrchyan, Serguei ; Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B727 (2013) 381-402, 2013.
Inspire Record 1244128 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.63898

The polarizations of prompt J/psi and psi(2S) mesons are measured in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV, using a dimuon data sample collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 4.9 inverse femtobarns. The prompt J/psi and psi(2S) polarization parameters lambda[theta], lambda[phi], and lambda[theta,phi], as well as the frame-invariant quantity lambda(tilde), are measured from the dimuon decay angular distributions in three different polarization frames. The J/psi results are obtained in the transverse momentum range 14 < pt < 70 GeV, in the rapidity intervals abs(y) < 0.6 and 0.6 < abs(y) < 1.2. The corresponding psi(2S) results cover 14 < pt < 50 GeV and include a third rapidity bin, 1.2 < abs(y) < 1.5. No evidence of large transverse or longitudinal polarizations is seen in these kinematic regions, which extend much beyond those previously explored.

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Angular analysis of the decay $B^0 \to K^{*0} \mu^+ \mu^-$ from pp collisions at $\sqrt s = 8$ TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B753 (2016) 424-448, 2016.
Inspire Record 1385600 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.17057
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Analyzing power of collisions between polarized protons with energies in the range 0.71-GeV to 3.61-GeV and carbon nuclei

Anoshina, E.V. ; Bodyagin, V.A. ; Vardanian, I.N. ; et al.
Phys.Atom.Nucl. 60 (1997) 224-229, 1997.
Inspire Record 457394 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.17091
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Angular and Momentum Dependence of Polarization of Protons Emitted in the $p c$ Collisions at 640-{MeV}

Zulkarneev, R.Ya. ; Kutuev, R.Kh. ; Murtazaev, Kh. ;
Yad.Fiz. 32 (1980) 889-892, 1980.
Inspire Record 153351 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.39226
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Measurement of single spin asymmetry for direct photon production in p p collisions at 200-GeV/c

The E704 collaboration Adams, D.L. ; Akchurin, N. ; Belikov, N.I. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B345 (1995) 569-575, 1995.
Inspire Record 399938 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28766
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Measurement of $J/\psi$ and $\psi(2S)$ polarization in $p\bar{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 1.8$ TeV

The CDF collaboration Affolder, T. ; Akimoto, H. ; Akopian, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 85 (2000) 2886-2891, 2000.
Inspire Record 526553 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42989

We have measured the polarization of J/Psi and Psi(2S) mesons produced in p\bar{p} collisions at \sqrt{s} = 1.8 TeV, using data collected at CDF during 1992-95. The polarization of promptly produced J/Psi [Psi(2S)] mesons is isolated from those produced in B-hadron decay, and measured over the kinematic range 4[5.5] < P_T < 20 GeV/c and |y| < 0.6. For P_T \gessim 12 GeV/c we do not observe significant polarization in the prompt component.

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Angular distributions of leptons from $J/\psi$ ' $s$ produced in 920 GeV fixed-target proton-nucleus collisions

The HERA-B collaboration Abt, I. ; Adams, M. ; Agari, M. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J. C60 (2009) 517-524, 2009.
Inspire Record 810555 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.57473

A study of the angular distributions of leptons from decays of J/psi's produced in p-C and p-W collisions at sqrt{s}=41.6 GeV has been performed in the Feynman-x region -0.34 < x_F < 0.14 and for transverse momentum up to 5.4 GeV/c. The data were collected by the HERA-B experiment at the HERA proton ring of the DESY laboratory. The results, based on a clean selection of 2.3 x 10^5 J/psi's reconstructed in both the e^+ e^- and mu^+ mu^- decay channels, indicate that J/psi's are produced with longitudinal polarization. The magnitude of the effect is maximal at low p_T. For p_T >1 GeV/c a significant dependence on the reference frame is found: the polar anisotropy is more pronounced in the Collins-Soper frame and almost vanishes in the helicity frame, where, instead, a significant azimuthal anisotropy arises.

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Measurement of the $Y(1S), Y(2S)$ and $Y(3S)$ polarizations in $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV

The CMS collaboration Chatrchyan, Serguei ; Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 110 (2013) 081802, 2013.
Inspire Record 1185414 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.60126
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Angular coefficients of Z bosons produced in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 8 TeV and decaying to $\mu^+ \mu^-$ as a function of transverse momentum and rapidity

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B750 (2015) 154-175, 2015.
Inspire Record 1359451 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.69285

Measurements of the five most significant angular coefficients, A[0] through A[4], for Z bosons produced in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 8 TeV and decaying to $\mu^+ \mu^-$ are presented as a function of the transverse momentum and rapidity of Z boson. The integrated luminosity of the dataset collected with the CMS detector at the LHC corresponds to 19.7 inverse femtobarns. These measurements provide comprehensive information about Z boson production mechanisms, and are compared to QCD predictions at leading order, next-to-leading order, and next-to-next-to-leading order in perturbation theory.

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Measurement of the transverse polarization of $\Lambda$ and $\bar{\Lambda}$ hyperons produced in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV using the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; Abdallah, Jalal ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D91 (2015) 032004, 2015.
Inspire Record 1332748 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66547
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Inclusive double-helicity asymmetries in neutral-pion and eta-meson production in $\vec{p}+\vec{p}$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=200$ GeV

The PHENIX collaboration Adare, A. ; Aidala, C. ; Ajitanand, N.N. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D90 (2014) 012007, 2014.
Inspire Record 1282448 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.64716

Results are presented from data recorded in 2009 by the PHENIX experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider for the double-longitudinal spin asymmetry, $A_{LL}$, for $\pi^0$ and $\eta$ production in $\sqrt{s} = 200$ GeV polarized $p$$+$$p$ collisions. Comparison of the $\pi^0$ results with different theory expectations based on fits of other published data showed a preference for small positive values of gluon polarization, $\Delta G$, in the proton in the probed Bjorken $x$ range. The effect of adding the new 2009 \pz data to a recent global analysis of polarized scattering data is also shown, resulting in a best fit value $\Delta G^{[0.05,0.2]}_{\mbox{DSSV}} = 0.06^{+0.11}_{-0.15}$ in the range $0.05<x<0.2$, with the uncertainty at $\Delta \chi^2 = 9$ when considering only statistical experimental uncertainties. Shifting the PHENIX data points by their systematic uncertainty leads to a variation of the best-fit value of $\Delta G^{[0.05,0.2]}_{\mbox{DSSV}}$ between $0.02$ and $0.12$, demonstrating the need for full treatment of the experimental systematic uncertainties in future global analyses.

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Measurement of the polarization in the decay $B^0 \to J/\psi$ K*0 in $\bar{p} p$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 1.8-TeV

The CDF collaboration
Conference Paper, 1994.
Inspire Record 374206 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.50099
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Measurement of the $\Lambda_b$ polarization and angular parameters in $\Lambda_b\to J/\psi\, \Lambda$ decays from pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 7 and 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D97 (2018) 072010, 2018.
Inspire Record 1654926 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.83664

An analysis of the bottom baryon decay Λb→J/ψ(→μ+μ-)Λ(→pπ-) is performed to measure the Λb polarization and three angular parameters in data from pp collisions at s=7 and 8 TeV, collected by the CMS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider. The Λb polarization is measured to be 0.00±0.06(stat)±0.06(syst) and the parity-violating asymmetry parameter is determined to be 0.14±0.14(stat)±0.10(syst). The measurements are compared to various theoretical predictions, including those from perturbative quantum chromodynamics.

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