Multiple Meson Production in Proton-Proton Collisions at 2.85 Bev

Hart, E.L. ; Louttit, R.I. ; Luers, D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. 126 (1962) 747-756, 1962.
Inspire Record 47769 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26782

Measurements have been made on 753 four-prong events obtained by exposing the Brookhaven National Laboratory 20-in. liquid hydrogen bubble chamber to 2.85-Bev protons. The partial cross sections observed for multiple meson production reactions are: pp+−(p+p→p+p+π++π−), 2.67±0.13; pn++−, 1.15±0.09; pp+−0, 0.74±0.07; d++−, 0.06±0.02; four or more meson production, 0.04±0.02, all in mb. Production of two mesons appears to occur mainly in peripheral collisions with relatively little momentum transfer. In cases of three-meson production, however, the protons are typically deflected at large angles and are more strongly degraded in energy. The 32, 32 pion-nucleon resonance dominates the interaction; there is some indication that one or both of the T=12, pion-nucleon resonances also play a part. The recently discovered resonance in a T=0, three-pion state appears to be present in the pp+−0 reaction. Results are compared with the predictions of the isobaric nucleon model of Sternheimer and Lindenbaum, and with the statistical model of Cerulus and Hagedorn. The cross section for the reaction π0+p→π++π−+p is derived using an expression from the one-pion exchange model of Drell.

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Pion Production in 650-MeV p-p Collisions

Guzhavin, V.M. ; Kliger, G.K. ; Kolganov, V.Z. ; et al.
Sov.Phys.JETP 19 (1964) 847-854, 1964.
Inspire Record 1387586 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.70070

The angular and energy distributions of pions produced by 650-MeV protons and pion-nucleon correlations were studied using a liquid hydrogen bubble chamber. The present investigation indicates that the experimental angular distributions of neutral and charged pions are consis- tent with the assumption of isotopic spin conservation. The contributions of rrN subsystem states with isospin T 11'N = 7' 2 and % are measured; the contribution of the latter is 72 ± 3%.

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Inelastic cross-section for p-air collisions from air shower experiment and total cross-section for p p collisions at SSC energy

Honda, M. ; Nagano, M. ; Tonwar, S. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 70 (1993) 525-528, 1993.
Inspire Record 342678 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19743
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Chapman, J.W. ; Green, N. ; Roe, B.P. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 29 (1972) 1686-1688, 1972.
Inspire Record 73777 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21427
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Correlations Between Neutral and Charged Pions Produced in 300-{GeV}/$c p p$ Collisions

Kafka, T. ; LoPinto, F. ; Brody, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D19 (1979) 76, 1979.
Inspire Record 6901 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24255

Neutral-pion production in pp interactions has been studied using 8000 photon conversions in the Fermilab 15-ft bubble chamber. Inclusive π0 multiplicity moments and ππ correlation integrals are presented; f200 is determined to be + 3.0±0.8. For the semi-inclusive π0 multiplicity distributions we find 〈n(π0)〉n− to increase with n−, while the dispersions are n− independent. Results on f2−0, f200, and f2,n−00 are compared to predictions of simple cluster models.

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Neutral Particle Production in pi+ p and p p Collisions at 100-GeV/c

Alston-Garnjost, Margaret ; Erwin, J. ; Klems, J.H. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 35 (1975) 142, 1975.
Inspire Record 98682 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21191
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Measurement of Elastic Scattering in Anti-proton - Proton Collisions at 52.8-{GeV} Center-of-mass Energy

The CERN-Naples-Pisa-Stony Brook collaboration Ambrosio, M. ; Anzivino, G. ; Barbarino, G. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B115 (1982) 495-502, 1982.
Inspire Record 178572 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.30888
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Search for Direct Single Photon Production at Large p(T) in Proton Proton Collisions at s**(1/2) = 62.4-GeV

The CERN-Columbia-Oxford-Rockefeller CCOR collaborations Angelis, A.L.S. ; Besch, H.J. ; Blumenfeld, Barry J. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B94 (1980) 106-112, 1980.
Inspire Record 153483 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27178
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Measurements of Elastic Scattering in $\alpha^- \alpha$ and $\alpha$ - Proton Collisions at the {CERN} Intersecting Storage Rings

The CERN-Naples-Pisa-Stony Brook collaboration Ambrosio, M. ; Anzivino, G. ; Barbarino, G. ; et al.
Phys.Lett. B113 (1982) 347-352, 1982.
Inspire Record 176959 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.30919
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Insight into particle production mechanisms via angular correlations of identified particles in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}=7$ TeV

The ALICE collaboration Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamova, Dagmar ; Aggarwal, Madan Mohan ; et al.
No Journal Information, 2016.
Inspire Record 1507157 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.78803

Two-particle angular correlations were measured in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 7$ TeV. The analysis was carried out for pions, kaons, protons, and lambdas, for all particle/anti-particle combinations in the pair. Data for mesons exhibit an expected peak dominated by effects associated with mini-jets and are well reproduced by general purpose Monte Carlo generators. However, for baryon--baryon and anti-baryon--anti-baryon pairs, where both particles have the same baryon number, a near-side anti-correlation structure is observed instead of a peak. This effect is interpreted in the context of baryon production mechanisms in the fragmentation process. It currently presents a challenge to Monte Carlo models and its origin remains an open question.

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Femtoscopy of $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=0.9$ and 7 TeV at the LHC with two-pion Bose-Einstein correlations

The ALICE collaboration Aamodt, K. ; Abrahantes Quintana, A. ; Adamova, D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. D84 (2011) 112004, 2011.
Inspire Record 884741 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.74220

We report on the high statistics two-pion correlation functions from pp collisions at sqrt{s}=0.9 TeV and sqrt{s}=7 TeV, measured by the ALICE experiment at the Large Hadron Collider. The correlation functions as well as the extracted source radii scale with event multiplicity and pair momentum. When analyzed in the same multiplicity and pair transverse momentum range, the correlation is similar at the two collision energies. A three-dimensional femtoscopic analysis shows an increase of the emission zone with increasing event multiplicity as well as decreasing homogeneity lengths with increasing transverse momentum. The latter trend gets more pronounced as multiplicity increases. This suggests the development of space-momentum correlations, at least for collisions producing a high multiplicity of particles. We consider these trends in the context of previous femtoscopic studies in high-energy hadron and heavy-ion collisions, and discuss possible underlying physics mechanisms. Detailed analysis of the correlation reveals an exponential shape in the outward and longitudinal directions, while the sideward remains a Gaussian. This is interpreted as a result of a significant contribution of strongly decaying resonances to the emission region shape. Significant non-femtoscopic correlations are observed, and are argued to be the consequence of "mini-jet"-like structures extending to low p_T. They are well reproduced by the Monte-Carlo generators and seen also in pi^+ pi^- correlations.

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Version 2
Constraining gluon distributions in nuclei using dijets in proton-proton and proton-lead collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_\mathrm{NN}}} =$ 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
No Journal Information, 2018.
Inspire Record 1672941 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.83198

The pseudorapidity distributions of dijets as a function of their average transverse momentum ($p_\mathrm{T}^\text{ave}$) are measured in proton-lead (pPb) and proton-proton (pp) collisions. The data samples were collected by the CMS experiment at the CERN LHC, at a nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV. A significant modification of the pPb spectra with respect to the pp spectra is observed in all $p_\mathrm{T}^\text{ave}$ intervals investigated. The ratios of the pPb and pp distributions are compared to next-to-leading order perturbative quantum chromodynamics calculations with unbound nucleon and nuclear parton distribution functions (PDFs). These results give the first evidence that the gluon PDF at large Bjorken $x$ in lead ions is strongly suppressed with respect to the PDF in unbound nucleons.

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Study of jet quenching with isolated-photon+jet correlations in PbPb and pp collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{\mathrm{NN}}}} =$ 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
No Journal Information, 2017.
Inspire Record 1638996 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.80815

Measurements of azimuthal angle and transverse momentum ($p_\mathrm{T}$) correlations of isolated photons and associated jets are reported for pp and PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{\mathrm{NN}}}} =$ 5.02 TeV. The data were recorded with the CMS detector at the CERN LHC. For events containing a leading isolated photon with $p_\mathrm{T}^\gamma >$ 40 GeV$/c$ and an associated jet with $p_\mathrm{T}^\text{jet} >$ 30 GeV$/c$, the photon+jet azimuthal correlation and \pt imbalance in PbPb collisions are studied as functions of collision centrality and $p_\mathrm{T}^\gamma$. The results are compared to pp reference data collected at the same collision energy and to predictions from several theoretical models for parton energy loss. No evidence of broadening of the photon+jet azimuthal correlations is observed, while the ratio $p_\mathrm{T}^\text{jet}/p_\mathrm{T}^\gamma$ decreases significantly for PbPb data relative to the pp reference. All models considered agree within uncertainties with the data. The number of associated jets per photon with $p_\mathrm{T}^\gamma >$ 80 GeV$/c$ is observed to be shifted towards lower $p_\mathrm{T}^\text{jet}$ values in central PbPb collisions compared to pp collisions.

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Correlated long-range mixed-harmonic fluctuations measured in $pp$, $p$+Pb and low-multiplicity Pb+Pb collisions with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aaboud, Morad ; Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; et al.
No Journal Information, 2018.
Inspire Record 1681154 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.83969

Correlations of two flow harmonics $v_n$ and $v_m$ via three- and four-particle cumulants are measured in 13 TeV $pp$, 5.02 TeV $p$+Pb, and 2.76 TeV peripheral Pb+Pb collisions with the ATLAS detector at the LHC. The goal is to understand the multi-particle nature of the long-range collective phenomenon in these collision systems. The large non-flow background from dijet production present in the standard cumulant method is suppressed using a method of subevent cumulants involving two, three and four subevents separated in pseudorapidity. The results show a negative correlation between $v_2$ and $v_3$ and a positive correlation between $v_2$ and $v_4$ for all collision systems and over the full multiplicity range. However, the magnitudes of the correlations are found to depend strongly on the event multiplicity, the choice of transverse momentum range and collision system. The relative correlation strength, obtained by normalisation of the cumulants with the $\langle v_n^2\rangle$ from a two-particle correlation analysis, is similar in the three collision systems and depends weakly on the event multiplicity and transverse momentum. These results based on the subevent methods provide strong evidence of a similar long-range multi-particle collectivity in $pp$, $p$+Pb and peripheral Pb+Pb collisions.

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