Measurement of Jet Production Cross Sections in Deep-inelastic ep Scattering at HERA

The H1 collaboration Andreev, Vladimir ; Baghdasaryan, Artem ; Begzsuren, Khurelbaatar ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 77 (2017) 215, 2017.
Inspire Record 1496981 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.86390

A precision measurement of jet cross sections in neutral current deep-inelastic scattering for photon virtualities $5.5<Q^2<80\,{\rm GeV}^2$ and inelasticities $0.2<y<0.6$ is presented, using data taken with the H1 detector at HERA, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $290\,{\rm pb}^{-1}$. Double-differential inclusive jet, dijet and trijet cross sections are measured simultaneously and are presented as a function of jet transverse momentum observables and as a function of $Q^2$. Jet cross sections normalised to the inclusive neutral current DIS cross section in the respective $Q^2$-interval are also determined. Previous results of inclusive jet cross sections in the range $150<Q^2<15\,000\,{\rm GeV}^2$ are extended to low transverse jet momenta $5<P_{T}^{\rm jet}<7\,{\rm GeV}$. The data are compared to predictions from perturbative QCD in next-to-leading order in the strong coupling, in approximate next-to-next-to-leading order and in full next-to-next-to-leading order. Using also the recently published H1 jet data at high values of $Q^2$, the strong coupling constant $\alpha_s(M_Z)$ is determined in next-to-leading order.

55 data tables

Inclusive jet cross sections measured as a function of $P_T^{\rm jet}$ for $Q^2$ = 5.5-8.0 GeV$^2$. The correction factors on the theoretical cross sections $c^{\rm had}$ are listed together with their uncertainties. The radiative correction factors $c^{\rm rad}$ are already included in the quoted cross sections. Note that the uncertainties labelled $\delta^{E_{e^\prime}}$ and $\delta^{\theta_{e^\prime}}$ in Table 6 of the paper (arXiv:1611.03421v3) should be swapped. See Table 5 of arXiv:1406.4709v2 for details of the correlation model.

Inclusive jet cross sections measured as a function of $P_T^{\rm jet}$ for $Q^2$ = 8.0-11.0 GeV$^2$. The correction factors on the theoretical cross sections $c^{\rm had}$ are listed together with their uncertainties. The radiative correction factors $c^{\rm rad}$ are already included in the quoted cross sections. Note that the uncertainties labelled $\delta^{E_{e^\prime}}$ and $\delta^{\theta_{e^\prime}}$ in Table 6 of the paper (arXiv:1611.03421v3) should be swapped. See Table 5 of arXiv:1406.4709v2 for details of the correlation model.

Inclusive jet cross sections measured as a function of $P_T^{\rm jet}$ for $Q^2$ = 11.0-16.0 GeV$^2$. The correction factors on the theoretical cross sections $c^{\rm had}$ are listed together with their uncertainties. The radiative correction factors $c^{\rm rad}$ are already included in the quoted cross sections. Note that the uncertainties labelled $\delta^{E_{e^\prime}}$ and $\delta^{\theta_{e^\prime}}$ in Table 6 of the paper (arXiv:1611.03421v3) should be swapped. See Table 5 of arXiv:1406.4709v2 for details of the correlation model.

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Exclusive $\rho ^0$ meson photoproduction with a leading neutron at HERA

The H1 collaboration Andreev, V. ; Baghdasaryan, A. ; Begzsuren, K. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 76 (2016) 41, 2016.
Inspire Record 1387751 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.74219

A first measurement is presented of exclusive photoproduction of $\rho^0$ mesons associated with leading neutrons at HERA. The data were taken with the H1 detector in the years $2006$ and $2007$ at a centre-of-mass energy of $\sqrt{s}=319$ GeV and correspond to an integrated luminosity of $1.16$ pb$^{-1}$. The $\rho^0$ mesons with transverse momenta $p_T<1$ GeV are reconstructed from their decays to charged pions, while leading neutrons carrying a large fraction of the incoming proton momentum, $x_L>0.35$, are detected in the Forward Neutron Calorimeter. The phase space of the measurement is defined by the photon virtuality $Q^2 < 2$ GeV$^2$, the total energy of the photon-proton system $20 < W_{\gamma p} < 100$ GeV and the polar angle of the leading neutron $\theta_n < 0.75$ mrad. The cross section of the reaction $\gamma p \to \rho^0 n \pi^+$ is measured as a function of several variables. The data are interpreted in terms of a double peripheral process, involving pion exchange at the proton vertex followed by elastic photoproduction of a $\rho^0$ meson on the virtual pion. In the framework of one-pion-exchange dominance the elastic cross section of photon-pion scattering, $\sigma^{\rm el}(\gamma\pi^+ \to \rho^0\pi^+)$, is extracted. The value of this cross section indicates significant absorptive corrections for the exclusive reaction $\gamma p\to\rho^0 n \pi^+$.

11 data tables

The $\gamma p$ cross section integrated in the domain $0.35 < x_L < 0.95$ and $-t^\prime < 1$~GeV$^2$ and averaged over the energy range $20 < W_{\gamma p} < 100$ GeV for two intervals of leading neutron transverse momentum.

Differential photoproduction cross sections ${\rm d}\sigma_{\gamma p}/{\rm d}x_L$ for the exclusive process $\gamma p \to \rho^0 n \pi^+$ in two regions of neutron transverse momentum and $20 < W_{\gamma p} < 100$ GeV. The statistical, uncorrelated and correlated systematic uncertainties, $\delta_{stat}$, $\delta_{sys}^{unc}$ and $\delta_{sys}^{cor}$ respectively, are given, which does not include the global normalisation error of $4.4\%$.

Double differential photoproduction cross sections ${\rm d^2}\sigma_{\gamma p}/{\rm d}x_L{\rm d}p_{T,n}^2$ in the range $20 < W_{\gamma p} < 100$ GeV. The statistical, uncorrelated and correlated systematic uncertainties, $\delta_{stat}$, $\delta_{sys}^{unc}$ and $\delta_{sys}^{cor}$ respectively, are given, which does not include the global normalisation error of $4.4\%$.

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Production of leading charged particles and leading charged-particle jets at small transverse momenta in pp collisions at sqrt(s) = 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 92 (2015) 112001, 2015.
Inspire Record 1380605 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.70721

The per-event yield of the highest transverse momentum charged particle and charged-particle jet, integrated above a given pt(min) threshold starting at pt(min) = 0.8 and 1 GeV, respectively, is studied in pp collisions at sqrt(s) = 8 TeV. The particles and the jets are measured in the pseudorapidity ranges abs(eta) < 2.4 and 1.9, respectively. The data are sensitive to the momentum scale at which parton densities saturate in the proton, to multiple partonic interactions, and to other key aspects of the transition between the soft and hard QCD regimes in hadronic collisions.

2 data tables

Charged particles within $|\eta| < 2.4$ with $N_{ch}(p_T>40\;MeV)>0$ in $5.3<|\eta|<6.5$.

Charged particle jets within $|\eta| < 1.9$ with anti-kt (R=0.5) and $N_{ch}(p_T>40\;MeV)>0$ in $5.3<|\eta|<6.5$.


Combination of measurements of inclusive deep inelastic ${e^{\pm }p}$ scattering cross sections and QCD analysis of HERA data

The H1 & ZEUS collaborations Abramowicz, H. ; Abt, I. ; Adamczyk, L. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 75 (2015) 580, 2015.
Inspire Record 1377206 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.68951

A combination is presented of all inclusive deep inelastic cross sections previously published by the H1 and ZEUS collaborations at HERA for neutral and charged current $e^{\pm}p$ scattering for zero beam polarisation. The data were taken at proton beam energies of 920, 820, 575 and 460 GeV and an electron beam energy of 27.5 GeV. The data correspond to an integrated luminosity of about 1 fb$^{-1}$ and span six orders of magnitude in negative four-momentum-transfer squared, $Q^2$, and Bjorken $x$. The correlations of the systematic uncertainties were evaluated and taken into account for the combination. The combined cross sections were input to QCD analyses at leading order, next-to-leading order and at next-to-next-to-leading order, providing a new set of parton distribution functions, called HERAPDF2.0. In addition to the experimental uncertainties, model and parameterisation uncertainties were assessed for these parton distribution functions. Variants of HERAPDF2.0 with an alternative gluon parameterisation, HERAPDF2.0AG, and using fixed-flavour-number schemes, HERAPDF2.0FF, are presented. The analysis was extended by including HERA data on charm and jet production, resulting in the variant HERAPDF2.0Jets. The inclusion of jet-production cross sections made a simultaneous determination of these parton distributions and the strong coupling constant possible, resulting in $\alpha_s(M_Z)=0.1183 \pm 0.0009 {\rm(exp)} \pm 0.0005{\rm (model/parameterisation)} \pm 0.0012{\rm (hadronisation)} ^{+0.0037}_{-0.0030}{\rm (scale)}$. An extraction of $xF_3^{\gamma Z}$ and results on electroweak unification and scaling violations are also presented.

9 data tables

HERA combined reduced cross sections $\sigma_{r,\rm NC}^{+}$ for NC $e^{+}p$ scattering at $\sqrt{s} = 318$ GeV; $\delta_{\rm stat}$, $\delta_{\rm uncor}$ and $\delta_{\rm cor}$ represent the statistical, uncorrelated systematic and correlated systematic uncertainties, respectively; $\delta_{\rm rel}$, $\delta_{\gamma p}$, $\delta_{\rm had}$ and $\delta_{1}$ to $\delta_{4}$ are the correlated sources of uncertainties arising from the combination procedure. The uncertainties are quoted in percent relative to $\sigma_{r,\rm NC}^{+}$.

HERA combined reduced cross sections $\sigma_{r,\rm NC}^{+}$ for NC $e^{+}p$ scattering at $\sqrt{s} = 300$ GeV; $\delta_{\rm stat}$, $\delta_{\rm uncor}$ and $\delta_{\rm cor}$ represent the statistical, uncorrelated systematic and correlated systematic uncertainties, respectively; $\delta_{\rm rel}$, $\delta_{\gamma p}$, $\delta_{\rm had}$ and $\delta_{1}$ to $\delta_{4}$ are the correlated sources of uncertainties arising from the combination procedure. The uncertainties are quoted in percent relative to $\sigma_{r,\rm NC}^{+}$.

HERA combined reduced cross sections $\sigma_{r,\rm NC}^{+}$ for NC $e^{+}p$ scattering at $\sqrt{s} = 251$ GeV; $\delta_{\rm stat}$, $\delta_{\rm uncor}$ and $\delta_{\rm cor}$ represent the statistical, uncorrelated systematic and correlated systematic uncertainties, respectively; $\delta_{\rm rel}$, $\delta_{\gamma p}$, $\delta_{\rm had}$ and $\delta_{1}$ to $\delta_{4}$ are the correlated sources of uncertainties arising from the combination procedure. The uncertainties are quoted in percent relative to $\sigma_{r,\rm NC}^{+}$.

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Measurement of the differential cross section for top quark pair production in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 8\,\text {TeV} $

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 75 (2015) 542, 2015.
Inspire Record 1370682 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.68516

The normalized differential cross section for top quark pair (tt-bar) production is measured in pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV at the CERN LHC using the CMS detector in data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 inverse femtobarns. The measurements are performed in the lepton + jets (e/mu + jets) and in the dilepton (e+e-, mu+mu-, and e+-mu-+) decay channels. The tt-bar cross section is measured as a function of the kinematic properties of the charged leptons, the jets associated to b quarks, the top quarks, and the tt-bar system. The data are compared with several predictions from perturbative quantum chromodynamics up to approximate next-to-next-to-leading-order precision. No significant deviations are observed relative to the standard model predictions.

50 data tables

Normalized differential tt cross section (from l+jets channel) as a function of the transverse momentum pt of the lepton. The results are presented at particle level in the fiducial phase space. The statistical and systematic uncertainties are added in quadrature to yield the total uncertainty.

Normalized differential tt cross section (from l+jets channel) as a function of the pseudo-rapidity of the lepton. The results are presented at particle level in the fiducial phase space. The statistical and systematic uncertainties are added in quadrature to yield the total uncertainty.

Normalized differential tt cross section (from l+jets channel) as a function of the transverse momentum pt(b-jet) of the b-jet. The results are presented at particle level in the fiducial phase space. The statistical and systematic uncertainties are added in quadrature to yield the total uncertainty.

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Measurement of the Z boson differential cross section in transverse momentum and rapidity in proton–proton collisions at 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 749 (2015) 187-209, 2015.
Inspire Record 1359450 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.68945

We present a measurement of the Z boson differential cross section in rapidity and transverse momentum using a data sample of pp collision events at a centre-of-mass energy sqrt(s)=8 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 inverse femtobarns. The Z boson is identified via its decay to a pair of muons. The measurement provides a precision test of quantum chromodynamics over a large region of phase space. In addition, due to the small experimental uncertainties in the measurement the data has the potential to constrain the gluon parton distribution function in the kinematic regime important for Higgs boson production via gluon fusion. The results agree with the next-to-next-to-leading-order predictions computed with the FEWZ program. The results are also compared to the commonly used leading-order MADGRAPH and next-to-leading-order POWHEG generators.

4 data tables

Measured double differential fiducial cross section normalised to the inclusive fiducial cross section. The uncertainty indicates the total experimental uncertainties (statistical and systematic added in quadrature).

Measured absolute double differential fiducial cross section. The uncertainty indicates the total experimental uncertainties (statistical and systematic added in quadrature).

Covariance matrix of total experimental uncertainties (statistical and systematic uncertainties added in quadrature) of double differential fiducial cross section normalised to the inclusive fiducial cross section. The bin index is PT_i + 10*y_j.

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Angular coefficients of Z bosons produced in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 8 TeV and decaying to $\mu^+ \mu^-$ as a function of transverse momentum and rapidity

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 750 (2015) 154-175, 2015.
Inspire Record 1359451 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.69285

Measurements of the five most significant angular coefficients, A[0] through A[4], for Z bosons produced in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 8 TeV and decaying to $\mu^+ \mu^-$ are presented as a function of the transverse momentum and rapidity of Z boson. The integrated luminosity of the dataset collected with the CMS detector at the LHC corresponds to 19.7 inverse femtobarns. These measurements provide comprehensive information about Z boson production mechanisms, and are compared to QCD predictions at leading order, next-to-leading order, and next-to-next-to-leading order in perturbation theory.

2 data tables

The five angular coefficients A0 to A4 and A0-A2 in bins of qT for |y| < 1.

The five angular coefficients A0 to A4 and A0-A2 in bins of qT for 1 < |y| < 2.1.


Search for the production of dark matter in association with top-quark pairs in the single-lepton final state in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
JHEP 06 (2015) 121, 2015.
Inspire Record 1359293 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.70231

A search is presented for particle dark matter produced in association with a pair of top quarks in pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of sqrt(s) = 8 TeV. The data were collected with the CMS detector at the LHC and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 inverse femtobarns. This search requires the presence of one lepton, multiple jets, and large missing transverse energy. No excess of events is found above the SM expectation, and upper limits are derived on the production cross section. Interpreting the findings in the context of a scalar contact interaction between fermionic dark matter particles and top quarks, lower limits on the interaction scale are set. These limits are also interpreted in terms of the dark matter-nucleon scattering cross sections for the spin-independent scalar operator and they complement direct searches for dark matter particles in the low mass region.

4 data tables

Systematic uncertainties from various sources and their impact on the total background prediction.

Expected number of background events in the SR, expected number of signal events for a DM particle with the mass $M_{\chi}$ = 1 GeV, assuming an interaction scale $M_{*}$ = 100 GeV, and observed data. The statistical and systematic uncertainties are given on the expected yields.

Expected number of signal events in SR assuming an interaction scale $M_{*}$ = 100 GeV, signal efficiencies, and observed and expected limits at 90% CL on production cross sections for $\mathrm{pp \rightarrow t\bar{t} + \chi\bar{\chi}}$, for various DM particle masses.

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Combination of differential D$^{∗\pm}$ cross-section measurements in deep-inelastic ep scattering at HERA

The H1 & ZEUS collaborations Abramowicz, H. ; Abt, I. ; Adamczyk, L. ; et al.
JHEP 09 (2015) 149, 2015.
Inspire Record 1353667 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73328

H1 and ZEUS have published single-differential cross sections for inclusive D^{*\pm}-meson production in deep-inelastic ep scattering at HERA from their respective final data sets. These cross sections are combined in the common visible phase-space region of photon virtuality Q2 > 5 GeV2, electron inelasticity 0.02 < y < 0.7 and the D^{*\pm} meson's transverse momentum pT (D^*) > 1.5 GeV and pseudorapidity |eta(D^*)| < 1.5. The combination procedure takes into account all correlations, yielding significantly reduced experimental uncertainties. Double-differential cross sections d2s /dQ2dy are combined with earlier D^{*\pm} data, extending the kinematic range down to Q2 > 1.5 GeV2. Perturbative next-to-leadingorder QCD predictions are compared to the results.

6 data tables

The combined differential $D^{*\pm}$-production cross section as a function of $p_T(D^{*})$, with its uncorrelated and correlated uncertainties.

The combined differential $D^{*\pm}$-production cross section as a function of $\eta(D^{*})$, with its uncorrelated and correlated uncertainties.

The combined differential $D^{*\pm}$-production cross section as a function of $z(D^{*})$, with its uncorrelated and correlated uncertainties.

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Study of W boson production in pPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{\mathrm{NN}}} =$ 5.02 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 750 (2015) 565-586, 2015.
Inspire Record 1353541 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.69232

The first study of W boson production in pPb collisions is presented, for bosons decaying to a muon or electron, and a neutrino. The measurements are based on a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 34.6 inverse nanobarns at a nucleon-nucleon centre-of-mass energy of sqrt(s[NN]) = 5.02 TeV, collected by the CMS experiment. The W boson differential cross sections, lepton charge asymmetry, and forward-backward asymmetries are measured for leptons of transverse momentum exceeding 25 GeV, and as a function of the lepton pseudorapidity in the abs(eta[lab]) < 2.4 range. Deviations from the expectations based on currently available parton distribution functions are observed, showing the need for including W boson data in nuclear parton distribution global fits.

6 data tables

Lepton charge asymmetry, $(N_{\ell}^+ - N_{\ell}^-)/(N_{\ell}^+ + N_{\ell}^-)$ as a function of the lepton pseudorapidity.

Production cross section for $\textrm{pPb} \to W^+ + X \to \ell \nu + X$ for positively (top) and negatively (bottom) charged leptons of $p_T$ larger than 25 GeV$/c$, in nanobarns, as a function of the lepton pseudorapidity. Values are given first for muons and electrons separately, then combined. The global normalization uncertainty of 3.5\% is not included in the listed uncertainties.

Production cross section for $\textrm{pPb} \to W^- + X \to \ell \nu + X$ for positively (top) and negatively (bottom) charged leptons of $p_T$ larger than 25 GeV$/c$, in nanobarns, as a function of the lepton pseudorapidity. Values are given first for muons and electrons separately, then combined. The global normalization uncertainty of 3.5\% is not included in the listed uncertainties.

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Measurements of the $\mathrm{Z}$ $\mathrm{Z}$ production cross sections in the $2\mathrm{l} 2\nu $ channel in proton–proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 7$ and $8~\mathrm{TeV} $ and combined constraints on triple gauge couplings

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 75 (2015) 511, 2015.
Inspire Record 1353393 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.69984

Measurements of the ZZ production cross sections in proton-proton collisions at center-of-mass energies of 7 and 8 TeV are presented. Candidate events for the leptonic decay mode ZZ to 2 l 2 nu, where l denotes an electron or a muon, are reconstructed and selected from data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 5.1 (19.6) inverse femtobarns at 7 (8) TeV collected with the CMS experiment. The measured cross sections, sigma(pp to ZZ) = 5.1 -1.4 +1.5 (stat) -1.1 +1.4 (syst) +/- 0.1 (lumi) pb at 7 TeV, and 7.2 -0.8 +0.8 (stat.) -1.5 +1.9 (syst) +/- 0.2 (lumi) pb at 8 TeV, are in good agreement with the standard model predictions with next-to-leading-order accuracy. The selected data are analyzed to search for anomalous triple gauge couplings involving the ZZ final state. In the absence of any deviation from the standard model predictions, limits are set on the relevant parameters. These limits are then combined with the previously published CMS results for ZZ in 4 l final states, yielding the most stringent constraints on the anomalous couplings.

5 data tables

pp->ZZ->2l2nu reduced-MET distribution in the 7 TeV dataset. Uncertainties are statistical. Last bin includes overflow events.

pp->ZZ->2l2nu reduced-MET distribution in the 8 TeV dataset. Uncertainties are statistical. Last bin includes overflow events.

pp->ZZ->2l2nu dilepton pT distribution in the 7 TeV dataset. Uncertainties are statistical. Last bin includes overflow events.

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Evidence for transverse momentum and pseudorapidity dependent event plane fluctuations in PbPb and pPb collisions

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 92 (2015) 034911, 2015.
Inspire Record 1347386 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.67151

A systematic study of the factorization of long-range azimuthal two-particle correlations into a product of single-particle anisotropies is presented as a function of pt and eta of both particles, and as a function of the particle multiplicity in PbPb and pPb collisions. The data were taken with the CMS detector for PbPb collisions at sqrt(s[NN]) = 2.76 TeV and pPb collisions at sqrt(s[NN]) = 5.02 TeV, covering a very wide range of multiplicity. Factorization is observed to be broken as a function of both particle pt and eta. When measured with particles of different pt, the magnitude of the factorization breakdown for the second Fourier harmonic reaches 20% for very central PbPb collisions but decreases rapidly as the multiplicity decreases. The data are consistent with viscous hydrodynamic predictions, which suggest that the effect of factorization breaking is mainly sensitive to the initial-state conditions rather than to the transport properties (e.g., shear viscosity) of the medium. The factorization breakdown is also computed with particles of different eta. The effect is found to be weakest for mid-central PbPb events but becomes larger for more central or peripheral PbPb collisions, and also for very high-multiplicity pPb collisions. The eta-dependent factorization data provide new insights to the longitudinal evolution of the medium formed in heavy ion collisions.

162 data tables

The $p_{T}$-dependent factorization ratio, $r_{2}$, as a function of $p^{a}_{T} - p^{b}_{T}$ for $1.0<p^{trig}_{T}<1.5$ GeV/c for centrality 0-0.2% in PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 2.76 TeV.

The $p_{T}$-dependent factorization ratio, $r_{2}$, as a function of $p^{a}_{T} - p^{b}_{T}$ for $1.5<p^{trig}_{T}<2.0$ GeV/c for centrality 0-0.2% in PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 2.76 TeV.

The $p_{T}$-dependent factorization ratio, $r_{2}$, as a function of $p^{a}_{T} - p^{b}_{T}$ for $2.0<p^{trig}_{T}<2.5$ GeV/c for centrality 0-0.2% in PbPb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 2.76 TeV.

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Study of Final-State Radiation in Decays of Z Bosons Produced in $pp$ Collisions at 7 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 91 (2015) 092012, 2015.
Inspire Record 1346843 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.67634

The differential cross sections for the production of photons in Z to mu+ mu- gamma decays are presented as a function of the transverse energy of the photon and its separation from the nearest muon. The data for these measurements were collected with the CMS detector and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 4.7 inverse femtobarns of pp collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV delivered by the CERN LHC. The cross sections are compared to simulations with POWHEG and PYTHIA, where PYTHIA is used to simulate parton showers and final-state photons. These simulations match the data to better than 5%.

8 data tables

Measured differential cross section dsigma/dET in pb/GeV. For the data values, the first uncertainty is statistical and the second is systematic. For the theory values, the uncertainty combines statistical, PDF, and renormalization/factorization scale components.

Measured differential cross section dsigma/dET in pb/GeV given (0.05 < DeltaR < 0.5). For the data values, the first uncertainty is statistical and the second is systematic. For the theory values, the uncertainty combines statistical, PDF, and renormalization/factorization scale components.

Measured differential cross section dsigma/dET in pb/GeV given (0.5 < DeltaR < 3.0). For the data values, the first uncertainty is statistical and the second is systematic. For the theory values, the uncertainty combines statistical, PDF, and renormalization/factorization scale components.

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Measurement of the Zγ Production Cross Section in pp Collisions at 8 TeV and Search for Anomalous Triple Gauge Boson Couplings

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
JHEP 04 (2015) 164, 2015.
Inspire Record 1345354 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66985

The cross section for the production of Z gamma in proton-proton collisions at 8 TeV is measured based on data collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.5 inverse femtobarns. Events with an oppositely-charged pair of muons or electrons together with an isolated photon are selected. The differential cross section as a function of the photon transverse momentum is measured inclusively and exclusively, where the exclusive selection applies a veto on central jets. The observed cross sections are compatible with the expectations of next-to-next-to-leading-order quantum chromodynamics. Limits on anomalous triple gauge couplings of Z Z gamma and Z gamma gamma are set that improve on previous experimental results obtained with the charged lepton decay modes of the Z boson.

4 data tables

Inclusive fiducial cross sections in bins of pT(gamma) with statistical, systematic, and luminosity uncertainties, respectivley. Results are not divided by bin-widths. The last bin is the cross section for pT(gamma) > 120 GeV. Combined result of electron and muon channels.

Fiducial cross sections with jet-veto in bins of pT(gamma) with statistical, systematic, and luminosity uncertainties, respectivley. Results are not divided by bin-widths. The last bin is the cross section for pT(gamma) > 120 GeV. Combined result of electron and muon channels.

Ratio of fiducial cross section with jet-veto and the inclusive cross section in bins of pT(gamma). The last bin is the cross section for pT(gamma) > 120 GeV. Combined result of electron and muon channels.

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Evidence for Collective Multiparticle Correlations in p-Pb Collisions

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 115 (2015) 012301, 2015.
Inspire Record 1345262 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.67530

The second-order azimuthal anisotropy Fourier harmonics, v2, are obtained in pPb and PbPb collisions over a wide pseudorapidity (eta) range based on correlations among six or more charged particles. The pPb data, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35 inverse nanobarns, were collected during the 2013 LHC pPb run at a nucleon-nucleon center-of-mass energy of 5.02 TeV by the CMS experiment. A sample of semi-peripheral PbPb collision data at sqrt(s[NN])= 2.76 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 2.5 inverse microbarns and covering a similar range of particle multiplicities as the pPb data, is also analyzed for comparison. The six- and eight-particle cumulant and the Lee-Yang zeros methods are used to extract the v2 coefficients, extending previous studies of two- and four-particle correlations. For both the pPb and PbPb systems, the v2 values obtained with correlations among more than four particles are consistent with previously published four-particle results. These data support the interpretation of a collective origin for the previously observed long-range (large Delta[eta]) correlations in both systems. The ratios of v2 values corresponding to correlations including different numbers of particles are compared to theoretical predictions that assume a hydrodynamic behavior of a pPb system dominated by fluctuations in the positions of participant nucleons. These results provide new insights into the multi-particle dynamics of collision systems with a very small overlapping region.

14 data tables

The cumulant $c_2\{6\}$ extracted for all charged particles with $0.3 < p_T < 3.0$ GeV/c as a function of $N_{trk}^{offline}$ in PbPb collisions.

The cumulant $c_2\{8\}$ extracted for all charged particles with $0.3 < p_T < 3.0$ GeV/c as a function of $N_{trk}^{offline}$ in PbPb collisions.

The cumulant $c_2\{6\}$ extracted for all charged particles with $0.3 < p_T < 3.0$ GeV/c as a function of $N_{trk}^{offline}$ in pPb collisions.

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Distributions of Topological Observables in Inclusive Three- and Four-Jet Events in pp Collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 75 (2015) 302, 2015.
Inspire Record 1345159 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.75115

This paper presents distributions of topological observables in inclusive three- and four-jet events produced in pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV with a data sample collected by the CMS experiment corresponding to a luminosity of 5.1 inverse femtobarns. The distributions are corrected for detector effects, and compared with several event generators based on two- and multi-parton matrix elements at leading order. Among the considered calculations, MADGRAPH interfaced with PYTHIA6 displays the best overall agreement with data.

7 data tables

CORRECTED NORMALIZED DISTRIBUTION OF THREE-JET MASS IN THE INCLUSIVE THREE-JET SAMPLE. THE PROVIDED UNCERTAINTY CORRESPONDS TO SYSTEMATIC UNCERTAINTY.

CORRECTED NORMALIZED DISTRIBUTION OF SCALED ENERGY OF THE LEADING-JET IN THE INCLUSIVE THREE-JET SAMPLE. THE PROVIDED UNCERTAINTY CORRESPONDS TO SYSTEMATIC UNCERTAINTY.

CORRECTED NORMALIZED DISTRIBUTION OF SCALED ENERGY OF THE SECOND-LEADING-JET IN THE INCLUSIVE THREE-JET SAMPLE. THE PROVIDED UNCERTAINTY CORRESPONDS TO SYSTEMATIC UNCERTAINTY.

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Measurement of J/ψ and ψ(2S) Prompt Double-Differential Cross Sections in pp Collisions at $\sqrt{s}$=7 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 114 (2015) 191802, 2015.
Inspire Record 1345023 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66886

The double-differential cross sections of promptly produced J/psi and psi(2S) mesons are measured in pp collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV, as a function of transverse momentum pt and absolute rapidity abs(y). The analysis uses J/psi and psi(2S) dimuon samples collected by CMS, corresponding to integrated luminosities of 4.55 and 4.90 inverse femtobarns, respectively. The results are based on a two-dimensional analysis of the dimuon invariant mass and decay length, and extend to pt = 120 and 100 GeV for the J/psi and psi(2S), respectively, when integrated over the interval abs(y) < 1.2. The ratio of the psi(2S) to J/psi cross sections is also reported for abs(y) < 1.2, over the range 10 < pt < 100 GeV. These are the highest pt values for which the cross sections and ratio have been measured.

5 data tables

J/psi double-differential cross section times branching fraction assuming unpolarized production as a function of pT and y for 0.0 < |y| < 0.3, 0.3 < |y| < 0.6, 0.6 < |y| < 0.9 and 0.9 < |y| < 1.2.

psi(2S) double-differential cross section times branching fraction assuming unpolarized production as a function of pT and y for 0.0 < |y| < 0.3, 0.3 < |y| < 0.6, 0.6 < |y| < 0.9 and 0.9 < |y| < 1.2.

J/psi double-differential cross section times branching fraction and the corresponding scaling factors to obtain the cross sections for different polarization scenarios (azimuthal polarization parameter in the center of mass helicity frame lambda_theta^HX = +1, -1, +0.1) as a function of pT for |y| < 1.2.

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Constraints on the pMSSM, AMSB model and on other models from the search for long-lived charged particles in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 75 (2015) 325, 2015.
Inspire Record 1343509 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66613

Stringent limits are set on the long-lived lepton-like sector of the phenomenological minimal supersymmetric standard model (pMSSM) and the anomaly-mediated supersymmetry breaking (AMSB) model. The limits are derived from the results presented in a recent search for long-lived charged particles in proton-proton collisions, based on data collected by the CMS detector at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV at the Large Hadron Collider. In the pMSSM parameter sub-space considered, 95.9% of the points predicting charginos with a lifetime of at least 10 ns are excluded. These constraints on the pMSSM are the first obtained at the LHC. Charginos with a lifetime greater than 100 ns and masses up to about 800 GeV in the AMSB model are also excluded. The method described can also be used to set constraints on other models.

0 data tables

Search for a Standard Model Higgs Boson Produced in Association with a Top-Quark Pair and Decaying to Bottom Quarks Using a Matrix Element Method

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 75 (2015) 251, 2015.
Inspire Record 1343506 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.68402

A search for a standard model Higgs boson produced in association with a top-quark pair and decaying to bottom quarks is presented. Events with hadronic jets and one or two oppositely charged leptons are selected from a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.5 inverse femtobarns collected by the CMS experiment at the LHC in pp collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV. In order to separate the signal from the larger t t-bar + jets background, this analysis uses a matrix element method that assigns a probability density value to each reconstructed event under signal or background hypotheses. The ratio between the two values is used in a maximum likelihood fit to extract the signal yield. The results are presented in terms of the measured signal strength modifier, mu, relative to the standard model prediction for a Higgs boson mass of 125 GeV. The observed (expected) exclusion limit at a 95% confidence level is mu < 4.2 (3.3), corresponding to a best fit value mu-hat = 1.2 +1.6 -1.5.

1 data table

The best-fit values of the signal strength modifier obtained from the single lepton (SL) and dilepton (DL) channels alone,and from their combination (COMBINED). The observed 95% CL upper limit (UL) on mu are given in the third column, and are compared to the median expected limits for both the signal-plus-background and for the background-only hypotheses. For the latter, the 1sigma and 2sigma CL intervals are also given.


Diffractive Dijet Production with a Leading Proton in $ep$ Collisions at HERA

The H1 collaboration Andreev, V. ; Baghdasaryan, A. ; Begzsuren, K. ; et al.
JHEP 05 (2015) 056, 2015.
Inspire Record 1343110 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73234

The cross section of the diffractive process e^+p -> e^+Xp is measured at a centre-of-mass energy of 318 GeV, where the system X contains at least two jets and the leading final state proton p is detected in the H1 Very Forward Proton Spectrometer. The measurement is performed in photoproduction with photon virtualities Q^2 <2 GeV^2 and in deep-inelastic scattering with 4 GeV^2<Q^2<80 GeV^2. The results are compared to next-to-leading order QCD calculations based on diffractive parton distribution functions as extracted from measurements of inclusive cross sections in diffractive deep-inelastic scattering.

23 data tables

Integrated $e^{+}p$ diffractive dijet cross sections in $\gamma p$. The hadronisation correction factor ($1+\delta_{\text{hadr}}$) applied to the NLO calculation is also listed. The overall normalisation uncertainty of $6\%$ is not included in the table.

Integrated $e^{+}p$ diffractive dijet cross sections in DIS. The hadronisation correction factor ($1+\delta_{\text{hadr}}$) applied to the NLO calculation and the radiative correction ($1+\delta_{\text{rad}}$) are also listed. The overall normalisation uncertainty of $6\%$ is not included in the table.

Ratio of integrated $e^{+}p$ diffractive dijet cross sections for $Q^2<2\,\text{GeV}^2$ (photoproduction) to $Q^2>4\,\text{GeV}^2$ (DIS).

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Measurements of the $\Upsilon$(1S), $\Upsilon$(2S), and $\Upsilon$(3S) differential cross sections in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 7 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 749 (2015) 14-34, 2015.
Inspire Record 1342266 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.64486

Differential cross sections as a function of transverse momentum pt are presented for the production of Y(nS) (n = 1, 2, 3) states decaying into a pair of muons. Data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 4.9 inverse femtobarns in pp collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV were collected with the CMS detector at the LHC. The analysis selects events with dimuon rapidity abs(y) < 1.2 and dimuon transverse momentum in the range 10 < pt < 100 GeV. The measurements show a transition from an exponential to a power-law behavior at pt ~ 20 GeV for the three Y states. Above that transition, the Y spectrum is significantly harder than that of the Y(1S) and Y(2S). The ratios of the Y(3S) and Y(2S) differential cross sections to the Y(1S) cross section show a rise as pt increases at low pt, then become flatter at higher pt.

15 data tables

The $p_{\rm T}$ bin width, the weighted mean $p_{\rm T}$ within a bin, and the differential cross section times the dimuon branching fraction for the $\Upsilon$(1S), $\Upsilon$(2S), and $\Upsilon$(3S) with $0 < |y| < 0.6$. The statistical and systematic uncertainties in the differential cross section are given as the percentage of the cross section.

The $p_{\rm T}$ bin width, the weighted mean $p_{\rm T}$ within a bin, and the differential cross section times the dimuon branching fraction for the $\Upsilon$(1S), $\Upsilon$(2S), and $\Upsilon$(3S) with $0.6 < |y| < 1.2$. The statistical and systematic uncertainties in the differential cross section are given as the percentage of the cross section.

The $p_{\rm T}$ bin width, the weighted mean $p_{\rm T}$ within a bin, and the differential cross section times the dimuon branching fraction for the $\Upsilon$(1S), $\Upsilon$(2S), and $\Upsilon$(3S) with $|y| < 1.2$. The statistical and systematic uncertainties in the differential cross section are given as the percentage of the cross section.

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Search for resonances and quantum black holes using dijet mass spectra in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 91 (2015) 052009, 2015.
Inspire Record 1340084 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.66764

A search for resonances and quantum black holes is performed using the dijet mass spectra measured in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 8 TeV with the CMS detector at the LHC. The data set corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 inverse femtobarns. In a search for narrow resonances that couple to quark-quark, quark-gluon, or gluon-gluon pairs, model-independent upper limits, at 95% confidence level, are obtained on the production cross section of resonances, with masses above 1.2 TeV. When interpreted in the context of specific models the limits exclude: string resonances with masses below 5.0 TeV; excited quarks below 3.5 TeV; scalar diquarks below 4.7 TeV; W' bosons below 1.9 TeV or between 2.0 and 2.2 TeV; Z' bosons below 1.7 TeV; and Randall-Sundrum gravitons below 1.6 TeV. A separate search is conducted for narrow resonances that decay to final states including b quarks. The first exclusion limit is set for excited b quarks, with a lower mass limit between 1.2 and 1.6 TeV depending on their decay properties. Searches are also carried out for wide resonances, assuming for the first time width-to-mass ratios up to 30%, and for quantum black holes with a range of model parameters. The wide resonance search excludes axigluons and colorons with mass below 3.6 TeV, and color-octet scalars with mass below 2.5 TeV. Lower bounds between 5.0 and 6.3 TeV are set on the masses of quantum black holes.

10 data tables

Inclusive dijet mass spectrum from wide jets (points) compared to a fit (solid curve) and to predictions including detector simulation of multijet events and signal resonances. The predicted multijet shape (QCD MC) has been scaled to the data (see text). The vertical error bars are statistical only and the horizontal error bars are the bin widths. For comparison,the signal distributions for a W resonance of mass 1900 GeV and an excited quark of mass 3.6 TeV are shown. The bin-by-bin fit residuals scaled to the statistical uncertainty of the data , (data - fit)/$\sigma_{data}$, are shown at the bottom and compared with the expected signal contributions.

Observed 95% CL upper limits on $\sigma B A$ for narrow qq, qg, and gg resonances, from the inclusive analysis for signal masses between 1.2 and 5.5 TeV.

Observed 95% CL upper limits on $\sigma B A$ for narrow gg/bb, qq/bb, and bg resonances from the b-enriched analysis, for signal masses between 1.2 and 4.0 TeV. The upper limits are given for different ratios $f_{bb}$ for gg/bb and qq/bb resonances, and for 100% branching fraction into bg.

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Measurement of the inclusive 3-jet production differential cross section in proton–proton collisions at 7 TeV and determination of the strong coupling constant in the TeV range

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 75 (2015) 186, 2015.
Inspire Record 1332746 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.70049

This paper presents a measurement of the inclusive 3-jet production differential cross section at a proton-proton centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV using data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 5 inverse femtobarns collected with the CMS detector. The analysis is based on the three jets with the highest transverse momenta. The cross section is measured as a function of the invariant mass of the three jets in a range of 445-3270 GeV and in two bins of the maximum rapidity of the jets up to a value of 2. A comparison between the measurement and the prediction from perturbative QCD at next-to-leading order is performed. Within uncertainties, data and theory are in agreement. The sensitivity of the observable to the strong coupling constant alpha[S] is studied. A fit to all data points with 3-jet masses larger than 664 GeV gives a value of the strong coupling constant of alpha[S](MZ) = 0.1171 +/- 0.0013 (exp) +0.0073/-0.0047 (theo).

6 data tables

Measured 3-jet mass cross section with uncertainties.

Overview of the NP correction factors and their uncertainties in the inner and outer rapidity region.

Determinations of $\alpha_s(M_Z)$ in the considered $m_3$ ranges.

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Measurements of differential and double-differential Drell-Yan cross sections in proton-proton collisions at 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Khachatryan, Vardan ; Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 75 (2015) 147, 2015.
Inspire Record 1332509 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.69869

Measurements of the differential and double-differential Drell-Yan cross sections in the dielectron and dimuon channels are presented. They are based on proton-proton collision data at sqrt(s) = 8 TeV recorded with the CMS detector at the LHC and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 inverse femtobarns. The measured inclusive cross section in the Z peak region (60-120 GeV), obtained from the combination of the dielectron and dimuon channels, is 1138 +/- 8 (exp) +/- 25 (theo) +/- 30 (lumi) pb, where the statistical uncertainty is negligible. The differential cross section d(sigma)/d(m) in the dilepton mass range 15 to 2000 GeV is measured and corrected to the full phase space. The double-differential cross section d2(sigma)/d(m)d(abs(y)) is also measured over the mass range 20 to 1500 GeV and absolute dilepton rapidity from 0 to 2.4. In addition, the ratios of the normalized differential cross sections measured at sqrt(s) = 7 and 8 TeV are presented. These measurements are compared to the predictions of perturbative QCD at next-to-leading and next-to-next-to-leading (NNLO) orders using various sets of parton distribution functions (PDFs). The results agree with the NNLO theoretical predictions computed with FEWZ 3.1 using the CT10 NNLO and NNPDF2.1 NNLO PDFs. The measured double-differential cross section and ratio of normalized differential cross sections are sufficiently precise to constrain the proton PDFs.

15 data tables

Absolute Drell-Yan cross section measurements in the Z peak region (60 < m < 120 GeV). The uncertainties in the measurements include the experimental and theoretical systematic sources and the uncertainty in the integrated luminosity. The statistical component is negligible.

The Drell-Yan differential pre-FSR cross section D(SIG)/DM as measured in the combined dilepton channel for the full phase space. Theoretical uncertainty on acceptance is included.

The Drell-Yan pre-FSR dilepton rapidity distribution D(SIG)/DABS(YRAP) within the detector acceptance, for the mass bin 20-30 GeV, as measured in the combined dilepton channel.

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Measurement of Dijet Production in Diffractive Deep-Inelastic ep Scattering at HERA

The H1 collaboration Andreev, V. ; Baghdasaryan, A. ; Begzsuren, K. ; et al.
JHEP 03 (2015) 092, 2015.
Inspire Record 1332186 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73124

A measurement is presented of single- and double-differential dijet cross sections in diffractive deep-inelastic $ep$ scattering at HERA using data collected by the H1 experiment corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 290 pb^{-1}. The investigated phase space is spanned by the photon virtuality in the range of 4<Q^{2}<100 GeV^{2} and by the fractional proton longitudinal momentum loss x_pom<0.03. The resulting cross sections are compared with next-to-leading order QCD predictions based on diffractive parton distribution functions and the value of the strong coupling constant is extracted.

11 data tables

Integrated cross section in the measurement phase space.

Diffractive DIS dijet cross section measured differentially as a function of $Q^2$. The global normalisation uncertainty of $7.8\%$ is not listed explicitly but is included in the total systematic uncertainty. The last two columns show the correction factors for hadronisation and QED radiation, respectively.

Diffractive DIS dijet cross section measured differentially as a function of $y$. The global normalisation uncertainty of $7.8\%$ is not listed explicitly but is included in the total systematic uncertainty. The last two column show the correction factors for hadronisation and QED radiation, respectively.

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