Search for new particles in events with energetic jets and large missing transverse momentum in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration collaboration, The CMS ;
CMS-PAS-EXO-20-004, 2021.
Inspire Record 1867932 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.106002

A search is presented for new particles produced in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=13~\mathrm{TeV}$ at the LHC, using events with energetic jets and large missing transverse momentum. The analysis is based on a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $101~\mathrm{fb}^{-1}$, collected in 2017$-$2018 with the CMS detector. Separate categories are defined for events with narrow jets from initial-state radiation and with large-radius jets consistent with a hadronic decay of a W or a Z boson. Novel machine learning techniques are used to identify hadronic W and Z boson decays. The analysis is combined with an earlier search based on a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $36~\mathrm{fb}^{-1}$, collected in 2016. No significant excess of events is observed with respect to the standard model background expectation, as determined from control samples in data. The results are interpreted in terms of limits on the branching fraction of an invisible decay of the Higgs boson, as well as constraints on simplified models of dark matter, on first-generation scalar leptoquarks decaying to quarks and neutrinos, and on gravitons in models with large extra dimensions. Several of the new limits are the most restrictive to date.

55 data tables

Differential signal yields for various signal hypotheses.

Differential signal yields for various signal hypotheses.

Differential signal yields for various signal hypotheses.

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Search for strongly interacting massive particles generating trackless jets in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} = $ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; Bergauer, Thomas ; et al.
CMS-EXO-17-010, 2021.
Inspire Record 1864485 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.101628

A search for dark matter in the form of strongly interacting massive particles (SIMPs) using the CMS detector at the LHC is presented. The SIMPs would be produced in pairs that manifest themselves as pairs of jets without tracks. The energy fraction of jets carried by charged particles is used as a key discriminator to suppress efficiently the large multijet background, and the remaining background is estimated directly from data. The search is performed using proton-proton collision data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 16.1 fb$^{-1}$, collected with the CMS detector in 2016. No significant excess of events is observed above the expected background. For the simplified dark matter model under consideration, SIMPs with masses up to 100 GeV are excluded and further sensitivity is explored towards higher masses. These are the first results from a search for the production of strongly interacting dark matter candidates at a collider.

5 data tables

Distribution of the number of jets with pT > 30 GeV and |eta| < 5. The simulated QCD multijet background is compared with the signal expected for three different SIMP masses, with their cross sections scaled as indicated in the legend. The baseline selection is applied, except the events with three or more jets with pT > 30 GeV and |eta| < 5 are included.

Distribution of the value of ChF of the two leading jets. The simulated QCD multijet background is compared with the signal expected for three different SIMP masses, with their cross sections scaled as indicated in the legend. The baseline selection is applied.

The number of background events obtained from the 1- and 2-leg predictions using reconstructed objects in simulation, compared to the direct prediction from MC simulation, shown for various upper ChF thresholds. The bottom panel shows the ratios of the MC prediction to the 1-leg and the 2-leg background predictions.

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Search for W' bosons decaying to a top and a bottom quark at $\sqrt{s} =$13 TeV in the hadronic final state

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
CMS-B2G-20-005, 2021.
Inspire Record 1857809 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.102392

A search is performed for W' bosons decaying to a top and a bottom quark in the all-hadronic final state, in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV. The analyzed data were collected by the CMS experiment between 2016 and 2018 and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 137 fb$^{-1}$. Deep neural network algorithms are used to identify the jet initiated by the bottom quark and the jet containing the decay products of the top quark when the W boson from the top quark decays hadronically. No excess above the estimated standard model background is observed. Upper limits on the production cross sections of W' bosons decaying to a top and a bottom quark are set. Both left- and right-handed W' bosons with masses below 3.4 TeV are excluded at 95% confidence level, and the most stringent limits to date on W' bosons decaying to a top and a bottom quark in the all-hadronic final state are obtained.

8 data tables

The reconstructed m$_{tb}$ distributions in data and expected background in signal region for the data taking period of 2016. Yield in each bin is divided by the corresponding bin width.

The reconstructed m$_{tb}$ distributions in data and expected background in validation region for the data taking period of 2016. Yield in each bin is divided by the corresponding bin width.

The reconstructed m$_{tb}$ distributions in data and expected background in signal region for the data taking period of 2017. Yield in each bin is divided by the corresponding bin width.

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Study of Drell-Yan dimuon production in proton-lead collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 8.16 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 05 (2021) 182, 2021.
Inspire Record 1849180 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.88292

Differential cross sections for the Drell-Yan process, including Z boson production, using the dimuon decay channel are measured in proton-lead (pPb) collisions at a nucleon-nucleon centre-of-mass energy of 8.16 TeV. A data sample recorded with the CMS detector at the LHC is used, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 173 nb$^{-1}$. The differential cross section as a function of the dimuon mass is measured in the range 15-600 GeV, for the first time in proton-nucleus collisions. It is also reported as a function of dimuon rapidity over the mass ranges 15-60 GeV and 60-120 GeV, and ratios for the p-going over the Pb-going beam directions are built. In both mass ranges, the differential cross sections as functions of the dimuon transverse momentum $p_\mathrm{T}$ and of a geometric variable $\phi^*$ are measured, where $\phi^*$ highly correlates with $p_\mathrm{T}$ but is determined with higher precision. In the Z mass region, the rapidity dependence of the data indicate a modification of the distribution of partons within a lead nucleus as compared to the proton case. The data are more precise than predictions based upon current models of parton distributions.

28 data tables

Differential fiducial cross section (without the acceptance correction) for the DY process measured in the muon channel, as a function of dimuon invariant mass. The quoted error is the quadratic sum of the statistical and systematic uncertainties. The global normalisation uncertainty of 3.5% is listed separately.

Differential fiducial cross section (without the acceptance correction) for the DY process measured in the muon channel, as a function of rapidity in the centre-of-mass frame for $15<m_{\mu\mu}<60$ GeV. The quoted error is the quadratic sum of the statistical and systematic uncertainties. The global normalisation uncertainty of 3.5% is listed separately.

Differential fiducial cross section (without the acceptance correction) for the DY process measured in the muon channel, as a function of rapidity in the centre-of-mass frame for $60<m_{\mu\mu}<120$ GeV. The quoted error is the quadratic sum of the statistical and systematic uncertainties. The global normalisation uncertainty of 3.5% is listed separately.

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Search for top squarks in final states with two top quarks and several light-flavor jets in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
CMS-SUS-19-004, 2021.
Inspire Record 1846679 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.103064

Many new physics models, including versions of supersymmetry characterized by $R$-parity violation (RPV), compressed mass spectra, long decay chains, or additional hidden sectors, predict the production of events with top quarks, low missing transverse momentum, and many additional quarks or gluons. The results of a search for new physics in events with two top quarks and additional jets are reported. The search is performed using events with at least seven jets and exactly one electron or muon. No requirement on missing transverse momentum is imposed. The study is based on a sample of proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV corresponding to 137 fb$^{-1}$ of integrated luminosity collected with the CMS detector at the LHC in 2016-2018. The data are used to determine best fit values and upper limits on the cross section for pair production of top squarks in scenarios of RPV and stealth supersymmetry. Top squark masses up to 670 (870) GeV are excluded at 95% confidence level for the RPV (stealth) scenario, and the maximum observed local significance is 2.8 standard deviations for the RPV scenario with top squark mass of 400 GeV.

10 data tables

Fitted background prediction and observed data counts for 2016 as functions of $N_{\text{jets}}$ in each of the four $S_{\textrm{NN}}$ bins. The signal distributions normalized to the predicted cross section for the RPV model with $m_{\tilde{t}}$ = 450 GeV and the stealth SYY model with $m_{\tilde{t}}$ = 850 GeV are shown for comparison.

Fitted background prediction and observed data counts for 2017 as functions of $N_{\text{jets}}$ in each of the four $S_{\textrm{NN}}$ bins. The signal distributions normalized to the predicted cross section for the RPV model with $m_{\tilde{t}}$ = 450 GeV and the stealth SYY model with $m_{\tilde{t}}$ = 850 GeV are shown for comparison.

Fitted background prediction and observed data counts for 2018A as functions of $N_{\text{jets}}$ in each of the four $S_{\textrm{NN}}$ bins. The signal distributions normalized to the predicted cross section for the RPV model with $m_{\tilde{t}}$ = 450 GeV and the stealth SYY model with $m_{\tilde{t}}$ = 850 GeV are shown for comparison.

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Measurement of W$\gamma$ production cross section in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV and constraints on effective field theory coefficients

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
CMS-SMP-19-002, 2021.
Inspire Record 1844754 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.102462

A fiducial cross section for W$\gamma$ production in proton-proton collisions is measured at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV in 137 fb$^{-1}$ of data collected using the CMS detector at the LHC. The W $\to$ e$\nu$ and $\mu\nu$ decay modes are used in a maximum-likelihood fit to the lepton-photon invariant mass distribution to extract the combined cross section. The measured cross section is compared with theoretical expectations at next-to-leading order in quantum chromodynamics. In addition, 95% confidence level intervals are reported for anomalous triple-gauge couplings within the framework of effective field theory.

4 data tables

The measured Wgamma fiducial cross section and corresponding theoretical predictions from MadGraph5_aMC@NLO and POWHEG. The MadGraph5_aMC@NLO prediction includes 0 and 1 jets in the matrix element at NLO in QCD. The POWHEG prediction uses the C-NLO method described in https://arxiv.org/abs/1408.5766. The cross section is measured in a fiducial region defined with isolated prompt photons and isolated prompt dressed leptons (electrons and muons). A lepton or photon is considered isolated if the pt sum of all stable particles within Delta R = 0.4, divided by the pt of the lepton or photon, is less than 0.5. A lepton is considered prompt if it originates from the hard process or from the decay of a tau lepton that originates from the hard process; a photon is considered prompt if it originates from the hard process or an FSR or ISR process involving a particle that originates from the hard process. A lepton is dressed by adding to its four-momentum the four-momenta of all photons within DeltaR = 0.1; this procedure is intended to restore the lepton to its pre-FSR state. The fiducial region kinematic requirements are: photon and lepton |eta|<2.5 and pt > 25 GeV, and DeltaR(lepton,photon) > 0.5.

Data and SM expected event yields corresponding to photon pt distribution used to extract aTGC limits.

95% CL limits on effective field theory parameters in Wgamma events. No unitarity regularisation scheme is applied. All parameters are fixed to their SM values except the one that is fitted.

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Search for new particles in events with energetic jets and large missing transverse momentum in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=13~\mathrm{TeV}$

The CMS collaboration
CMS-PAS-EXO-20-004, 2021.
Inspire Record 1868108 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.106059

A search is presented for new particles produced in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=13~\mathrm{TeV}$ at the LHC, using events with energetic jets and large missing transverse momentum. The analysis is based on a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $101~\mathrm{fb}^{-1}$, collected in 2017$-$2018 with the CMS detector. Separate categories are defined for events with narrow jets from initial-state radiation and with large-radius jets consistent with a hadronic decay of a W or a Z boson. Novel machine learning techniques are used to identify hadronic W and Z boson decays. The analysis is combined with an earlier search based on a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $36~\mathrm{fb}^{-1}$, collected in 2016. No significant excess of events is observed with respect to the standard model background expectation, as determined from control samples in data. The results are interpreted in terms of limits on the branching fraction of an invisible decay of the Higgs boson, as well as constraints on simplified models of dark matter, on first-generation scalar leptoquarks decaying to quarks and neutrinos, and on gravitons in models with large extra dimensions. Several of the new limits are the most restrictive to date.

55 data tables

Differential signal yields for various signal hypotheses.

Differential signal yields for various signal hypotheses.

Differential signal yields for various signal hypotheses.

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Version 2
Measurement of the Z boson differential production cross section using its invisible decay mode (Z$\nu\bar{\nu}$) in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 05 (2021) 205, 2021.
Inspire Record 1837084 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.96028

Measurements of the total and differential fiducial cross sections for the Z boson decaying into two neutrinos are presented at the LHC in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV. The data were collected by the CMS detector in 2016 and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. In these measurements, events are selected containing an imbalance in transverse momentum and one or more energetic jets. The fiducial differential cross section is measured as a function of the Z boson transverse momentum. The results are combined with a previous measurement of charged-lepton decays of the Z boson.

13 data tables

The measured and predicted inclusive fiducial cross sections in fb. The experimental measurement includes both statistical and systematics uncertainties. The theoretical prediction includes both the QCD scale and PDF uncertainties.

Experimental uncertainties affecting transfer factors in the analysis that is used to estimate the W background in the signal region (SR). The number of W boson events are denoted as $W_{SR}$ for the SR and in analogy as $W_{\mu\nu}$ ($W_{e\nu}$) for the single-muon (single-electron) control region (CR).

Uncertainties assigned to the simulation based processes in SR and CRs.

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Measurements of ${\mathrm{p}} {\mathrm{p}} \rightarrow {\mathrm{Z}} {\mathrm{Z}} $ production cross sections and constraints on anomalous triple gauge couplings at $\sqrt{s} = 13\,\text {TeV} $

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 81 (2021) 200, 2021.
Inspire Record 1814609 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.101183

The production of Z boson pairs in proton-proton (pp) collisions, pp $\to$ (Z/$\gamma^*$)(Z/$\gamma^*$) $\to$ 2$\ell$ 2$\ell'$, where $\ell,\ell'$ = e or $\mu$, is studied at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV with the CMS detector at the CERN LHC. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 137 fb$^{-1}$, collected during 2016-2018. The ZZ production cross section, $\sigma_{\text{tot}}$ (pp $\to$ ZZ) = 17.2 $\pm$ 0.3 (stat) $\pm$ 0.5 (syst) $\pm$ 0.4 (theo) $\pm$ 0.3 (lumi) pb, measured for events with two pairs of opposite-sign, same-flavor leptons produced in the mass region 60 $\lt$ $m_{\ell^+\ell^-}$ $\lt $ 120 GeV is consistent with standard model predictions. Differential cross sections are also measured and agree with theoretical predictions. The invariant mass distribution of the four-lepton system is used to set limits on anomalous ZZZ and ZZ$\gamma$ couplings.

10 data tables

Differential cross sections normalized to the fiducial cross section for the combined 4e, 2e2µ, and 4µ decay channels as a function of pT for all leptons in the event

Differential cross sections normalized to the fiducial cross section for the combined 4e, 2e2µ, and 4µ decay channels as a function of pT for all Z bosons in the event

Differential cross sections normalized to the fiducial cross section for the combined 4e, 2e2µ, and 4µ decay channels as a function of pT of the ZZ system

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Version 2
W$^+$W$^-$ boson pair production in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 102 (2020) 092001, 2020.
Inspire Record 1814328 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.94259

A measurement of the W$^+$W$^-$ boson pair production cross section in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV is presented. The data used in this study are collected with the CMS detector at the CERN LHC and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. The W$^+$W$^-$ candidate events are selected by requiring two oppositely charged leptons (electrons or muons). Two methods for reducing background contributions are employed. In the first one, a sequence of requirements on kinematic quantities is applied allowing a measurement of the total production cross section: 117.6 $\pm$ 6.8 pb, which agrees well with the theoretical prediction. Fiducial cross sections are also reported for events with zero or one jet, and the change in the zero-jet fiducial cross section with the jet transverse momentum threshold is measured. Normalized differential cross sections are reported within the fiducial region. A second method for suppressing background contributions employs two random forest classifiers. The analysis based on this method includes a measurement of the total production cross section and also a measurement of the normalized jet multiplicity distribution in W$^+$W$^-$ events. Finally, a dilepton invariant mass distribution is used to probe for physics beyond the standard model in the context of an effective field theory, and constraints on the presence of dimension-6 operators are derived.

8 data tables

Summary of cross sections obtained in the sequential cut analysis. The uncertainty listed is the total uncertainty obtained from the fit to the yields. Same flavor, SF, and different flavor, DF, cross sections are given.

Measured fraction of events after unfolding for $N_J = 0, 1, \geq 2$ jets. The first uncertainty is statistical and the second combines systematic uncertainties from the response matrix and from the background subtraction.

Expected and observed 68% and 95% confidence intervals on the measurement of the Wilson coefficients associated with the three CP-preserving, dimension-6 operators.

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