Search for heavy resonances decaying to WW, WZ, or WH boson pairs in the lepton plus merged jet final state in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; Andrejkovic, Janik Walter ; et al.
CMS-B2G-19-002, 2021.
Inspire Record 1920983 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.102645

A search for new heavy resonances decaying to pairs of bosons (WW, WZ, or WH) is presented. The analysis uses data from proton-proton collisions collected with the CMS detector at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 137 fb$^{-1}$. One of the bosons is required to be a W boson decaying to an electron or muon and a neutrino, while the other boson is required to be reconstructed as a single jet with mass and substructure compatible with a quark pair from a W, Z, or Higgs boson decay. The search is performed in the resonance mass range between 1.0 and 4.5 TeV and includes a specific search for resonances produced via vector boson fusion. The signal is extracted using a two-dimensional maximum likelihood fit to the jet mass and the diboson invariant mass distributions. No significant excess is observed above the estimated background. Model-independent upper limits on the production cross sections of spin-0, spin-1, and spin-2 heavy resonances are derived as functions of the resonance mass and are interpreted in the context of bulk radion, heavy vector triplet, and bulk graviton models. The reported bounds are the most stringent to date.

9 data tables

Exclusion limits on the product of the production cross section and the branching fraction for a Bulk Graviton produced by gluon fusion and decaying to WW, as a function of the resonance mass hypothesis.

Exclusion limits on the product of the production cross section and the branching fraction for a Bulk Graviton produced by vector boson fusion and decaying to WW, as a function of the resonance mass hypothesis.

Exclusion limits on the product of the production cross section and the branching fraction for a Radion produced by gluon fusion and decaying to WW, as a function of the resonance mass hypothesis.

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Search for new particles in events with energetic jets and large missing transverse momentum in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} = $ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; Andrejkovic, Janik Walter ; et al.
CMS-EXO-20-004, 2021.
Inspire Record 1894408 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.106115

A search is presented for new particles produced at the LHC in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV, using events with energetic jets and large missing transverse momentum. The analysis is based on a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 101 fb$^{-1}$, collected in 2017-2018 with the CMS detector. Machine learning techniques are used to define separate categories for events with narrow jets from initial-state radiation and events with large-radius jets consistent with a hadronic decay of a W or Z boson. A statistical combination is made with an earlier search based on a data sample of 36 fb$^{-1}$, collected in 2016. No significant excess of events is observed with respect to the standard model background expectation determined from control samples in data. The results are interpreted in terms of limits on the branching fraction of an invisible decay of the Higgs boson, as well as constraints on simplified models of dark matter, on first-generation scalar leptoquarks decaying to quarks and neutrinos, and on models with large extra dimensions. Several of the new limits, specifically for spin-1 dark matter mediators, pseudoscalar mediators, colored mediators, and leptoquarks, are the most restrictive to date.

55 data tables

Differential signal yields for various signal hypotheses.

Differential signal yields for various signal hypotheses.

Differential signal yields for various signal hypotheses.

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Search for strongly interacting massive particles generating trackless jets in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} = $ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; Bergauer, Thomas ; et al.
CMS-EXO-17-010, 2021.
Inspire Record 1864485 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.101628

A search for dark matter in the form of strongly interacting massive particles (SIMPs) using the CMS detector at the LHC is presented. The SIMPs would be produced in pairs that manifest themselves as pairs of jets without tracks. The energy fraction of jets carried by charged particles is used as a key discriminator to suppress efficiently the large multijet background, and the remaining background is estimated directly from data. The search is performed using proton-proton collision data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 16.1 fb$^{-1}$, collected with the CMS detector in 2016. No significant excess of events is observed above the expected background. For the simplified dark matter model under consideration, SIMPs with masses up to 100 GeV are excluded and further sensitivity is explored towards higher masses. These are the first results from a search for the production of strongly interacting dark matter candidates at a collider.

5 data tables

Distribution of the number of jets with pT > 30 GeV and |eta| < 5. The simulated QCD multijet background is compared with the signal expected for three different SIMP masses, with their cross sections scaled as indicated in the legend. The baseline selection is applied, except the events with three or more jets with pT > 30 GeV and |eta| < 5 are included.

Distribution of the value of ChF of the two leading jets. The simulated QCD multijet background is compared with the signal expected for three different SIMP masses, with their cross sections scaled as indicated in the legend. The baseline selection is applied.

The number of background events obtained from the 1- and 2-leg predictions using reconstructed objects in simulation, compared to the direct prediction from MC simulation, shown for various upper ChF thresholds. The bottom panel shows the ratios of the MC prediction to the 1-leg and the 2-leg background predictions.

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Search for a heavy resonance decaying to a top quark and a W boson at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV in the fully hadronic final state

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
CMS-B2G-19-003, 2021.
Inspire Record 1860980 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.99692

A search for a heavy resonance decaying to a top quark and a W boson in the fully hadronic final state is presented. The analysis is performed using data from proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 137 fb$^{-1}$ recorded by the CMS experiment at the LHC. The search is focused on heavy resonances, where the decay products of each top quark or W boson are expected to be reconstructed as a single, large-radius jet with a distinct substructure. The production of an excited bottom quark, b*, is used as a benchmark when setting limits on the cross section for a heavy resonance decaying to a top quark and a W boson. The hypotheses of b* quarks with left-handed, right-handed, and vector-like chiralities are excluded at 95% confidence level for masses below 2.6, 2.8, and 3.1 TeV, respectively. These are the most stringent limits on the b* quark mass to date, extending the previous best limits by almost a factor of two.

20 data tables

Upper limits on the product of the cross section and branching fraction at 95% CL for a left-handed b* quark as a function of b* quark mass.

Upper limits on the product of the cross section and branching fraction at 95% CL for a right-handed b* quark as a function of b* quark mass.

Upper limits on the product of the cross section and branching fraction at 95% CL for a vector-like b* quark as a function of b* quark mass.

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Measurements of production cross sections of the Higgs boson in the four-lepton final state in proton–proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 13\,\text {Te}\text {V} $

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 81 (2021) 488, 2021.
Inspire Record 1850544 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.102525

Production cross sections of the Higgs boson are measured in the H $\to$ ZZ $\to$ $4\ell$ ($\ell$ $=$ e, $\mu$) decay channel. A data sample of proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, collected by the CMS detector at the LHC and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 137 fb$^{-1}$ is used. The signal strength modifier $\mu$, defined as the ratio of the Higgs boson production rate in the $4\ell$ channel to the standard model (SM) expectation, is measured to be $\mu$ $=$ 0.94 $\pm$ 0.07 (stat) ${}^{+0.09}_{-0.08}$ (syst) at a fixed value of $m_H$ = 125.38 GeV. The signal strength modifiers for the individual Higgs boson production modes are also reported. The inclusive fiducial cross section for the H $\to$ $4\ell$ process is measured to be 2.84 $^{+0.23}_{-0.22}$ (stat) ${}^{+0.26}_{-0.21}$ (syst) fb, which is compatible with the SM prediction of 2.84 $\pm$ 0.15 fb for the same fiducial region. Differential cross sections as a function of the transverse momentum and rapidity of the Higgs boson, the number of associated jets, and the transverse momentum of the leading associated jet are measured. A new set of cross section measurements in mutually exclusive categories targeted to identify production mechanisms and kinematical features of the events is presented. The results are in agreement with the SM predictions.

13 data tables

Integrated Fiducial Higgs cross section. The first uncertainty is the combined statistical uncertainty, the second is the combined systematic uncertainty. As described in the publication, the fiducial volume for 7 and 8 TeV is different than for 13 TeV.

Integrated Fiducial Higgs cross section individually with 2016, 2017 and 2018 dataset and with full Run 2 dataset. The first uncertainty is the combined statistical uncertainty, the second is the combined systematic uncertainty. Results are shown inclusively for all final states.

Higgs fiducial cross section in bins of pT for the 4 leptons. The first uncertainty is statistical, the second is systematic uncertainties. The numbers in this HEP data entry are not divided by the bin width, and therefore the units are in fb.

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Study of Drell-Yan dimuon production in proton-lead collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}} =$ 8.16 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 05 (2021) 182, 2021.
Inspire Record 1849180 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.88292

Differential cross sections for the Drell-Yan process, including Z boson production, using the dimuon decay channel are measured in proton-lead (pPb) collisions at a nucleon-nucleon centre-of-mass energy of 8.16 TeV. A data sample recorded with the CMS detector at the LHC is used, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 173 nb$^{-1}$. The differential cross section as a function of the dimuon mass is measured in the range 15-600 GeV, for the first time in proton-nucleus collisions. It is also reported as a function of dimuon rapidity over the mass ranges 15-60 GeV and 60-120 GeV, and ratios for the p-going over the Pb-going beam directions are built. In both mass ranges, the differential cross sections as functions of the dimuon transverse momentum $p_\mathrm{T}$ and of a geometric variable $\phi^*$ are measured, where $\phi^*$ highly correlates with $p_\mathrm{T}$ but is determined with higher precision. In the Z mass region, the rapidity dependence of the data indicate a modification of the distribution of partons within a lead nucleus as compared to the proton case. The data are more precise than predictions based upon current models of parton distributions.

28 data tables

Differential fiducial cross section (without the acceptance correction) for the DY process measured in the muon channel, as a function of dimuon invariant mass. The quoted error is the quadratic sum of the statistical and systematic uncertainties. The global normalisation uncertainty of 3.5% is listed separately.

Differential fiducial cross section (without the acceptance correction) for the DY process measured in the muon channel, as a function of rapidity in the centre-of-mass frame for $15<m_{\mu\mu}<60$ GeV. The quoted error is the quadratic sum of the statistical and systematic uncertainties. The global normalisation uncertainty of 3.5% is listed separately.

Differential fiducial cross section (without the acceptance correction) for the DY process measured in the muon channel, as a function of rapidity in the centre-of-mass frame for $60<m_{\mu\mu}<120$ GeV. The quoted error is the quadratic sum of the statistical and systematic uncertainties. The global normalisation uncertainty of 3.5% is listed separately.

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Search for a heavy vector resonance decaying to a ${\mathrm{Z}}_{\mathrm{}}^{\mathrm{}}$  boson and a Higgs boson in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 13\,\text {Te}\text {V} $

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 81 (2021) 688, 2021.
Inspire Record 1846987 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.101374

This paper describes the search for a heavy vector resonance decaying into a Z boson and the standard model Higgs boson, where the Z boson is identified through its leptonic decays to electrons, muons, or neutrinos, and the Higgs boson is identified through its hadronic decays. The search is performed in a Lorentz-boosted regime for resonances with masses larger than 800 GeV. The data samples of proton-proton collisions were collected from 2016 to 2018 at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV by the CMS experiment at CERN and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 137 fb$^{-1}$. Upper limits are derived on the production of a narrow heavy resonance Z' as a function of the Z' mass, and a mass below 3.5 and 3.7 TeV is excluded at 95% confidence level in models where the heavy vector boson couples exclusively to fermions and to bosons, respectively. These are the most stringent limits placed on the Heavy Vector Triplet Z' model to date. If the heavy vector boson couples exclusively to standard model bosons, upper limits on the product of the cross section and branching fraction are set between 23 and 0.3 fb for a Z' mass between 0.8 and 4.6 TeV, respectively. This is the first limit set on a heavy vector boson coupling exclusively to standard model bosons in its production and decay.

21 data tables

The product of signal acceptance and efficiency in the 0l categories for the signal produced via qqbar annihilation.

The product of signal acceptance and efficiency in the 2l categories for the signal produced via qqbar annihilation.

The product of signal acceptance and efficiency in the 0l categories for the signal produced via vector boson fusion.

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Search for new particles in events with energetic jets and large missing transverse momentum in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=13~\mathrm{TeV}$

The CMS collaboration
CMS-PAS-EXO-20-004, 2021.
Inspire Record 1869138 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.106059

A search is presented for new particles produced in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=13~\mathrm{TeV}$ at the LHC, using events with energetic jets and large missing transverse momentum. The analysis is based on a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $101~\mathrm{fb}^{-1}$, collected in 2017$-$2018 with the CMS detector. Separate categories are defined for events with narrow jets from initial-state radiation and with large-radius jets consistent with a hadronic decay of a W or a Z boson. Novel machine learning techniques are used to identify hadronic W and Z boson decays. The analysis is combined with an earlier search based on a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $36~\mathrm{fb}^{-1}$, collected in 2016. No significant excess of events is observed with respect to the standard model background expectation, as determined from control samples in data. The results are interpreted in terms of limits on the branching fraction of an invisible decay of the Higgs boson, as well as constraints on simplified models of dark matter, on first-generation scalar leptoquarks decaying to quarks and neutrinos, and on gravitons in models with large extra dimensions. Several of the new limits are the most restrictive to date.

55 data tables

Differential signal yields for various signal hypotheses.

Differential signal yields for various signal hypotheses.

Differential signal yields for various signal hypotheses.

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Measurements of ${\mathrm{p}} {\mathrm{p}} \rightarrow {\mathrm{Z}} {\mathrm{Z}} $ production cross sections and constraints on anomalous triple gauge couplings at $\sqrt{s} = 13\,\text {TeV} $

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 81 (2021) 200, 2021.
Inspire Record 1814609 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.101183

The production of Z boson pairs in proton-proton (pp) collisions, pp $\to$ (Z/$\gamma^*$)(Z/$\gamma^*$) $\to$ 2$\ell$ 2$\ell'$, where $\ell,\ell'$ = e or $\mu$, is studied at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV with the CMS detector at the CERN LHC. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 137 fb$^{-1}$, collected during 2016-2018. The ZZ production cross section, $\sigma_{\text{tot}}$ (pp $\to$ ZZ) = 17.2 $\pm$ 0.3 (stat) $\pm$ 0.5 (syst) $\pm$ 0.4 (theo) $\pm$ 0.3 (lumi) pb, measured for events with two pairs of opposite-sign, same-flavor leptons produced in the mass region 60 $\lt$ $m_{\ell^+\ell^-}$ $\lt $ 120 GeV is consistent with standard model predictions. Differential cross sections are also measured and agree with theoretical predictions. The invariant mass distribution of the four-lepton system is used to set limits on anomalous ZZZ and ZZ$\gamma$ couplings.

10 data tables

Differential cross sections normalized to the fiducial cross section for the combined 4e, 2e2µ, and 4µ decay channels as a function of pT for all leptons in the event

Differential cross sections normalized to the fiducial cross section for the combined 4e, 2e2µ, and 4µ decay channels as a function of pT for all Z bosons in the event

Differential cross sections normalized to the fiducial cross section for the combined 4e, 2e2µ, and 4µ decay channels as a function of pT of the ZZ system

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Observation of electroweak production of W$\gamma$ with two jets in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt {s}$ = 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 811 (2020) 135988, 2020.
Inspire Record 1812981 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.95243

A first observation is presented for the electroweak production of a W boson, a photon, and two jets in proton-proton collisions. The W boson decays are selected by requiring one identified electron or muon and an imbalance in transverse momentum. The two jets are required to have a high dijet mass and a large separation in pseudorapidity. The measurement is based on data collected with the CMS detector at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. The observed (expected) significance for this process is 4.9 (4.6) standard deviations. After combining with previously reported CMS results at 8 TeV, the observed (expected) significance is 5.3 (4.8) standard deviations. The cross section for the electroweak W$\gamma$jj production in a restricted fiducial region is measured as 20.4 $\pm$ 4.5 fb and the total cross section for W$\gamma$ production in association with 2 jets in the same fiducial region is 108 $\pm$ 16 fb. All results are in good agreement with recent theoretical predictions. Constraints are placed on anomalous quartic gauge couplings in terms of dimension-8 effective field theory operators.

3 data tables

The measured EW W$\gamma$jj fiducial cross section. The uncertainty is the combined stastical uncertianty and the systematic uncertainty including experimental and theortical sources. The EW W$\gamma$jj is produced using MadGraph5_aMC@NLO v2.6.0 at LO. Within the acceptance, the theoretical cross section is 17.0 fb.

The measured W$\gamma$jj cross section, combining the EW and QCD-induced production mechanisms. The uncertainty is the combined stastical uncertianty and the systematic uncertainty including experimental and theortical sources. The QCD W$\gamma$jj is produced using MadGraph5_aMC@NLO v2.4.2 at NLO in QCD. Within the acceptance, the theoretical cross section of QCD W$\gamma$jj is 72.7 fb. The EW W$\gamma$jj is produced using MadGraph5_aMC@NLO v2.6.0 at LO. Within the acceptance, the theoretical cross section of EW W$\gamma$jj is 17.0 fb. The total EW+QCD W$\gamma$ jj cross section is the sum of the two processes.

Constraints on dimension-8 effective field theory operators.