Measurements of Z bosons plus jets using variables sensitive to double parton scattering in pp collisions at 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; Andrejkovic, Janik Walter ; et al.
CMS-SMP-20-009, 2021.
Inspire Record 1866118 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.110665

Double parton scattering is investigated using events with a Z boson and jets. The measurements are performed with proton-proton collision data recorded by the CMS experiment at the LHC at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$ collected in the year 2016. Differential cross sections of Z + $\geq$1 jet and Z + $\geq$2 jets are measured with transverse momentum of the jets above 20 GeV and pseudorapidity $|\eta|\lt$ 2.4. Several distributions with sensitivity to double parton scattering effects are measured as functions of the angle and the transverse momentum imbalance between the Z boson and the jets. The measured distributions are compared with predictions from several event generators with different hadronization models and different parameter settings for multiparton interactions. The measured distributions show a dependence on the hadronization and multiparton interaction simulation parameters, and are important input for future improvements of the simulations.

25 data tables

Differential cross sections as function of Delta Phi between Z boson and the leading jet for Z+ ≥ 1 jet events.

Differential cross sections as function of transverse momentum imbalance between Z boson and the leading jet for Z+ ≥ 1 jet events.

Differential cross sections as function of Delta Phi between Z boson and dijet for Z+ ≥ 2 jets events.

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Search for top squark production in fully-hadronic final states in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
CMS-SUS-19-010, 2021.
Inspire Record 1849522 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.103065

A search for production of the supersymmetric partners of the top quark, top squarks, is presented. The search is based on proton-proton collision events containing multiple jets, no leptons, and large transverse momentum imbalance. The data were collected with the CMS detector at the CERN LHC at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 137 fb$^{-1}$. The targeted signal production scenarios are direct and gluino-mediated top squark production, including scenarios in which the top squark and neutralino masses are nearly degenerate. The search utilizes novel algorithms based on deep neural networks that identify hadronically decaying top quarks and W bosons, which are expected in many of the targeted signal models. No statistically significant excess of events is observed relative to the expectation from the standard model, and limits on the top squark production cross section are obtained in the context of simplified supersymmetric models for various production and decay modes. Exclusion limits as high as 1310 GeV are established at the 95% confidence level on the mass of the top squark for direct top squark production models, and as high as 2260 GeV on the mass of the gluino for gluino-mediated top squark production models. These results represent a significant improvement over the results of previous searches for supersymmetry by CMS in the same final state.

54 data tables

Top quark tagging efficiencies are shown as a function of the generator-level top quark $p_T$ for the merged tagging algorithm and resolved tagging algorithm described in the paper. This plot shows the efficiencies as calculated in a sample of simulated $t\bar{t}$ events in which one top quark decays leptonically, while the other decays hadronically. In addition to the individual algorithms shown as orange squares (boosted top quarks) and green inverted triangles (resolved top quarks), the total top quark tagging efficiency (blue dots) is also shown.

W boson tagging efficiencies are shown as a function of the generator-level W boson $p_T$ for the merged tagging algorithm described in the paper. This plot shows the W boson tagging efficiency when calculated in a sample of simulated WW events.

Comparison between data and simulation in the high $\Delta$m portion of the $\ell+\text{jets}$ control region as a function of $p_T^{miss}$ after scaling the simulation to match the total yield in data. The hatched region indicates the total shape uncertainty in the simulation.

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Angular analysis of the decay B$^+$ $\to$ K$^*$(892)$^+\mu^+\mu^-$ in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 8 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 04 (2021) 124, 2021.
Inspire Record 1826544 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.99387

Angular distributions of the decay B$^+$$\to$ K$^*$(892)$^+\mu^+\mu^-$ are studied using events collected with the CMS detector in $\sqrt{s} =$ 8 TeV proton-proton collisions at the LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 20.0 fb$^{-1}$. The forward-backward asymmetry of the muons and the longitudinal polarization of the K$^*$(892)$^+$ meson are determined as a function of the square of the dimuon invariant mass. These are the first results from this exclusive decay mode and are in agreement with a standard model prediction.

1 data table

The measured signal yields, FL, AFB in bins of the dimuon invariant mass squared. The first uncertainty is statistical and the second is systematic.


Observation of electroweak production of W$\gamma$ with two jets in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt {s}$ = 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 811 (2020) 135988, 2020.
Inspire Record 1812981 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.95243

A first observation is presented for the electroweak production of a W boson, a photon, and two jets in proton-proton collisions. The W boson decays are selected by requiring one identified electron or muon and an imbalance in transverse momentum. The two jets are required to have a high dijet mass and a large separation in pseudorapidity. The measurement is based on data collected with the CMS detector at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. The observed (expected) significance for this process is 4.9 (4.6) standard deviations. After combining with previously reported CMS results at 8 TeV, the observed (expected) significance is 5.3 (4.8) standard deviations. The cross section for the electroweak W$\gamma$jj production in a restricted fiducial region is measured as 20.4 $\pm$ 4.5 fb and the total cross section for W$\gamma$ production in association with 2 jets in the same fiducial region is 108 $\pm$ 16 fb. All results are in good agreement with recent theoretical predictions. Constraints are placed on anomalous quartic gauge couplings in terms of dimension-8 effective field theory operators.

3 data tables

The measured EW W$\gamma$jj fiducial cross section. The uncertainty is the combined stastical uncertianty and the systematic uncertainty including experimental and theortical sources. The EW W$\gamma$jj is produced using MadGraph5_aMC@NLO v2.6.0 at LO. Within the acceptance, the theoretical cross section is 17.0 fb.

The measured W$\gamma$jj cross section, combining the EW and QCD-induced production mechanisms. The uncertainty is the combined stastical uncertianty and the systematic uncertainty including experimental and theortical sources. The QCD W$\gamma$jj is produced using MadGraph5_aMC@NLO v2.4.2 at NLO in QCD. Within the acceptance, the theoretical cross section of QCD W$\gamma$jj is 72.7 fb. The EW W$\gamma$jj is produced using MadGraph5_aMC@NLO v2.6.0 at LO. Within the acceptance, the theoretical cross section of EW W$\gamma$jj is 17.0 fb. The total EW+QCD W$\gamma$ jj cross section is the sum of the two processes.

Constraints on dimension-8 effective field theory operators.


Evidence for electroweak production of four charged leptons and two jets in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt {s}$ = 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 812 (2021) 135992, 2021.
Inspire Record 1811911 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.95433

Evidence is presented for the electroweak (EW) production of two jets (jj) in association with two Z bosons and constraints on anomalous quartic gauge couplings are set. The analysis is based on a data sample of proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} = $ 13 TeV collected with the CMS detector in 2016-2018, and corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 137 fb$^{-1}$. The search is performed in the fully leptonic final state ZZ $\to$ $\ell\ell\ell'\ell'$, where $\ell,\ell' = $ e, $\mu$. The EW production of two jets in association with two Z bosons is measured with an observed (expected) significance of 4.0 (3.5) standard deviations. The cross sections for the EW production are measured in three fiducial volumes and the result is $\sigma_{\mathrm{EW}}$(pp $\to$ ZZjj $\to$ $\ell\ell\ell'\ell'$jj) = 0.33 $^{+0.11}_{-0.10}$ (stat) $^{+0.04}_{-0.03}$ (syst) fb in the most inclusive volume, in agreement with the standard model prediction of 0.275 $\pm$ 0.021 fb. Measurements of total cross sections for jj production in association with two Z bosons are also reported. Limits on anomalous quartic gauge couplings are derived in terms of the effective field theory operators T0, T1, T2, T8, and T9.

5 data tables

Data from paper Table 3. Measured and expected fiducial cross-sections in the ZZjj inclusive fiducial region.

Data from paper Table 3. Measured and expected fiducial cross-sections in the VBS-enriched loose fiducial region.

Data from paper Table 3. Measured and expected fiducial cross-sections in the VBS-enriched tight fiducial region.

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Measurement of the cross section for electroweak production of a Z boson, a photon and two jets in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV and constraints on anomalous quartic couplings

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 06 (2020) 076, 2020.
Inspire Record 1781935 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.93069

A measurement is presented of the cross section for electroweak production of a Z boson and a photon in association with two jets (Z$\gamma$jj) in proton-proton collisions. The Z boson candidates are selected through their decay into a pair of electrons or muons. The process of interest, electroweak Z$\gamma$jj production, is isolated by selecting events with a large dijet mass and a large pseudorapidity gap between the two jets. The measurement is based on data collected at the CMS experiment at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. The observed significance of the signal is 3.9 standard deviations, where a significance of 5.2 standard deviations is expected in the standard model. These results are combined with published results by CMS at $\sqrt{s} =$ 8 TeV, which leads to observed and expected respective significances of 4.7 and 5.5 standard deviations. From the 13 TeV data, a value is obtained for the signal strength of electroweak Z$\gamma$jj production and bounds are given on quartic vector boson interactions in the framework of dimension-eight effective field theory operators.

3 data tables

The measured EWK Zgamma+2j fiducial cross section. The uncertainty is the combined stastical uncertianty and the systematic uncertainty including experimental and theortical sources

The measured combined QCD-induced and EWK Zgamma+2j fiducial cross section. The uncertainty is the combined stastical uncertianty and the systematic uncertainty including experimental and theortical sources

aQGC limits on effective field theory parameters in EWK Zgamma events


Measurement of the $\Upsilon$(1S) pair production cross section and search for resonances decaying to $\Upsilon$(1S)$\mu^+\mu^-$ in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 808 (2020) 135578, 2020.
Inspire Record 1780982 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.93921

The fiducial cross section for $\Upsilon$(1S) pair production in proton-proton collisions at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV in the region where both $\Upsilon$(1S) mesons have an absolute rapidity below 2.0 is measured to be 79 $\pm$ 11 (stat) $\pm$ 6 (syst) $\pm$ 3 ($\mathcal{B}$) pb assuming the mesons are produced unpolarized. The last uncertainty corresponds to the uncertainty in the $\Upsilon$(1S) meson dimuon branching fraction. The measurement is performed in the final state with four muons using proton-proton collision data collected in 2016 by the CMS experiment at the LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. This process serves as a standard model reference in a search for narrow resonances decaying to $\Upsilon$(1S)$\mu^+\mu^-$ in the same final state. Such a resonance could indicate the existence of a tetraquark that is a bound state of two b quarks and two $\bar{\mathrm{b}}$ antiquarks. The tetraquark search is performed for masses in the vicinity of four times the bottom quark mass, between 17.5 and 19.5 GeV, while a generic search for other resonances is performed for masses between 16.5 and 27 GeV. No significant excess of events compatible with a narrow resonance is observed in the data. Limits on the production cross section times branching fraction to four muons via an intermediate $\Upsilon$(1S) resonance are set as a function of the resonance mass.

9 data tables

The fiducial cross section measured in bins of the absolute rapidity difference between the mesons for events in the fiducial region with 2 Y(1S) with absolute rapidity less than 2.0.

The fiducial cross section measured in bins of the invariant mass of the two mesons for events in the fiducial region with 2 Y(1S) with absolute rapidity less than 2.0.

The fiducial cross section measured in bins of the transverse momentum of the meson pair for events in the fiducial region with 2 Y(1S) with absolute rapidity less than 2.0.

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Relative cross sections of the ${\rm B_c^+(2S)}$ and ${\rm B_c^{*+}(2S)}$ states with respect to the ${\rm B_c^+}$ state in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 13$ TeV

The CMS collaboration
CMS-PAS-BPH-19-001, 2020.
Inspire Record 1797810 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.94835

The ${\rm B_c^+(2S)}$ to ${\rm B_c^+}$ and ${\rm B_c^{*+}(2S)}$ to ${\rm B_c^+}$ cross section ratios, as well as the ${\rm B_c^{*+}(2S)}$ to ${\rm B_c^+(2S)}$ cross section ratio, are measured in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s} = 13$ TeV, using a data sample collected by the CMS experiment, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 143 fb$^{-1}$. The three measurements are made in the ${\rm B_c^+}$ phase space window defined by transverse momentum $p_{\rm T} > 15$ GeV and absolute rapidity $|y| < 2.4$, with the excited ${\rm B_c^{(*)+}(2S)}$ states reconstructed in their ${\rm B_c^+} \pi^+ \pi^-$ decay. The ${\rm B_c^+(2S)}$ to ${\rm B_c^+}$, ${\rm B_c^{*+}(2S)}$ to ${\rm B_c^+}$, and ${\rm B_c^{*+}(2S)}$ to ${\rm B_c^+(2S)}$ cross section ratios, including the (unknown) ${\rm B_c^{(*)+}(2S) \to B_c^+}\pi^+\pi^-$ branching fractions, are ${\rm (3.57 \pm 0.69~(stat) \pm 0.32~(syst))\,\%}$, ${\rm (4.91 \pm 0.69~(stat) \pm 0.57~(syst))\,\%}$, and ${\rm 1.39 \pm 0.35~(stat) \pm 0.09~(syst)}$, respectively, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second is systematic. None of these ratios shows a significant dependence on the $p_{\rm T}$ or $|y|$ of the ${\rm B_c^+}$. The shape of the invariant mass distribution of the dipions emitted in the ${\rm B_c^{(*)+}(2S) \to B_c^+}\pi^+\pi^-$ decays is also reported.

5 data tables

Relative cross sections of the Bc(2S) and Bc(2S)* states with respect to the Bc.

Invariant mass distribution of the dipion system.

Invariant mass distribution of the dipion system.

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Measurement of the top quark pair production cross section in dilepton final states containing one $\tau$ lepton in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
JHEP 02 (2020) 191, 2020.
Inspire Record 1767671 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.93743

The cross section of top quark pair production is measured in the $\mathrm{t\bar{t}}\to (\ell\nu_{\ell})(\tau_\mathrm{h}\nu_{\tau})\mathrm{b\bar{b}}$ final state, where $\tau_\mathrm{h}$ refers to the hadronic decays of the $\tau$ lepton, and $\ell$ is either an electron or a muon. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$ collected in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV with the CMS detector. The measured cross section is $\sigma_{\mathrm{t\bar{t}}} =$ 781 $\pm$ 7 (stat) $\pm$ 62 (syst) $\pm$ 20 (lum) pb, and the ratio of the partial width $\Gamma($t$\to\tau\nu_{\tau}$b) to the total decay width of the top quark is measured to be 0.1050 $\pm$ 0.0009 (stat) $\pm$ 0.0071 (syst). This is the first measurement of the $\mathrm{t\bar{t}}$ production cross section in proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=$ 13 TeV that explicitly includes $\tau$ leptons. The ratio of the cross sections in the $\ell\tau_\mathrm{h}$ and $\ell\ell$ final states yields a value $R_{\ell\tau_\mathrm{h}/\ell\ell}=$ 0.973 $\pm$ 0.009 (stat) $\pm$ 0.066 (syst), consistent with lepton universality.

3 data tables

The measured inclusive top quark pair production cross section in the dilepton final state with one tau lepton.

The ratio between top quark production cross sections measured in lepton-tau and light dilepton final states.

The ratio of the partial width to the total decay width of the top quark.


Version 2
Measurement of the Jet Mass Distribution and Top Quark Mass in Hadronic Decays of Boosted Top Quarks in $pp$ Collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ TeV

The CMS collaboration Sirunyan, Albert M ; Tumasyan, Armen ; Adam, Wolfgang ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 124 (2020) 202001, 2020.
Inspire Record 1764472 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.93067

A measurement is reported of the jet mass distribution in hadronic decays of boosted top quarks produced in pp collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV. The data were collected with the CMS detector at the LHC and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 35.9 fb$^{-1}$. The measurement is performed in the lepton+jets channel of $\mathrm{t\bar{t}}$ events, where the lepton is an electron or muon. The products of the hadronic top quark decay t $\to$ bW $\to$ bq$\mathrm{\bar{q}}'$ are reconstructed as a single jet with transverse momentum larger than 400 GeV. The $\mathrm{t\bar{t}}$ cross section as a function of the jet mass is unfolded at the particle level and used to extract a value of the top quark mass of 172.6 $\pm$ 2.5 GeV. A novel jet reconstruction technique is used for the first time at the LHC, which improves the precision by a factor of three relative to an earlier measurement. This highlights the potential of measurements using boosted top quarks, where the new technique will enable future precision measurements.

8 data tables

The particle-level $\mathrm{t}\overline{\mathrm{t}}$ differential cross section in the fiducial region as a function of the XCone-jet mass.

The normalized particle-level $\mathrm{t}\overline{\mathrm{t}}$ differential cross section in the fiducial region as a function of the XCone-jet mass.

The covariance matrix containing the statistical uncertainties of Figure 2a is shown.

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