Search for resonances decaying into photon pairs in 139 fb$^{-1}$ of $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s} =$ 13 TeV with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; Abbott, Dale Charles ; et al.
CERN-EP-2020-248, 2021.
Inspire Record 1849059 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.100161

Searches for new resonances in the diphoton final state, with spin 0 as predicted by theories with an extended Higgs sector and with spin 2 using a warped extra-dimension benchmark model, are presented using 139 fb$^{-1}$ of $\sqrt{s} = $ 13 TeV $pp$ collision data collected by the ATLAS experiment at the LHC. No significant deviation from the Standard Model is observed and upper limits are placed on the production cross-section times branching ratio to two photons as a function of the resonance mass.

16 data tables

The expected and observed upper limits at 95\% CL on the fiducial cross-section times branching ratio to two photons of a narrow-width (Γ_X = 4 MeV) spin-0 resonance as a function of its mass m_X. For masses greater than 1000 GeV, pseudo-experiments are used to verify the expected and observed limits, and used in place of the asymptotic limit when differences are observed.

The expected and observed upper limits at 95\% CL on the production cross-section times branching ratio to two photons of the lightest KK graviton as a function of its mass for k/Mpl=0.10. For masses greater than 1000 GeV, pseudo-experiments are used to verify the expected and observed limits, and used in place of the asymptotic limit when differences are observed.

Expected and observed limits computed using asymptotic formulas as a function of the signal mass m_{X} and the relative width $\Gamma_{X}/m_{X}$ for the spin-0 resonance search.

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Search for Higgs boson production in association with a high-energy photon via vector-boson fusion with decay into bottom quark pairs at $\sqrt{s}$=13 TeV with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; Abbott, Dale Charles ; et al.
JHEP 03 (2021) 268, 2021.
Inspire Record 1826521 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.100160

A search is presented for the production of the Standard Model Higgs boson in association with a high-energy photon. With a focus on the vector-boson fusion process and the dominant Higgs boson decay into $b$-quark pairs, the search benefits from a large reduction of multijet background compared to more inclusive searches. Results are reported from the analysis of 132 fb$^{-1}$ of $pp$ collision data at $\sqrt{s}$=13 TeV collected with the ATLAS detector at the LHC. The measured Higgs boson signal yield in this final-state signature is $1.3 \pm 1.0$ times the Standard Model prediction. The observed significance of the Higgs boson signal above the background is 1.3 standard deviations, compared to an expected significance of 1.0 standard deviations.

13 data tables

Comparisons of data and simulated event distributions of the BDT input variable \(\Delta \eta_{jj}\) in the two \(m_{bb}\) sidebands after kinematic reweighting of the non-resonant \(b\bar{b}\gamma jj\) background. The data are shown as black points, and the background contributions are stacked in coloured histograms. The Higgs boson signal contribution is scaled up and represented by the dashed red line. The bottom panel in each plot shows the ratio of the data to the SM prediction, where the uncertainty band corresponds to the statistical uncertainty only.

Comparisons of data and simulated event distributions of the BDT input variable \(p_{\text{T}}^{\text{balance}}\) in the two \(m_{bb}\) sidebands after kinematic reweighting of the non-resonant \(b\bar{b}\gamma jj\) background. The data are shown as black points, and the background contributions are stacked in coloured histograms. The Higgs boson signal contribution is scaled up and represented by the dashed red line. The bottom panel in each plot shows the ratio of the data to the SM prediction, where the uncertainty band corresponds to the statistical uncertainty only.

The \(m_{bb}\) distributions in the HighBDT categories, overlaid with contributions from the \(H\gamma jj\) signal as well as the resonant \(Z\gamma jj\) and non-resonant \(b\bar{b} \gamma jj\) background fits. The combined \(\chi^2\) per degree of freedom is \(45.2/45\). The bottom panel in each plot presents the significance of the Higgs boson signal relative to the non-resonant \(b\bar{b} \gamma jj\) background in each bin.

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Search for bottom-squark pair production in $pp$ collision events at $\sqrt{s} = 13$ TeV with hadronically decaying $\tau$-leptons, $b$-jets and missing transverse momentum using the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Brad ; Abbott, Dale Charles ; et al.
CERN-EP-2020-235, 2021.
Inspire Record 1851675 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.99788

A search for pair production of bottom squarks in events with hadronically decaying $\tau$-leptons, $b$-tagged jets and large missing transverse momentum is presented. The analyzed dataset is based on proton-proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 13 TeV delivered by the Large Hadron Collider and recorded by the ATLAS detector from 2015 to 2018, and corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 139 fb$^{-1}$. The observed data are compatible with the expected Standard Model background. Results are interpreted in a simplified model where each bottom squark is assumed to decay into the second-lightest neutralino $\tilde \chi_2^0$ and a bottom quark, with $\tilde \chi_2^0$ decaying into a Higgs boson and the lightest neutralino $\tilde \chi_1^0$. The search focuses on final states where at least one Higgs boson decays into a pair of hadronically decaying $\tau$-leptons. This allows the acceptance and thus the sensitivity to be significantly improved relative to the previous results at low masses of the $\tilde \chi_2^0$, where bottom-squark masses up to 850 GeV are excluded at the 95% confidence level, assuming a mass difference of 130 GeV between $\tilde \chi_2^0$ and $\tilde \chi_1^0$. Model-independent upper limits are also set on the cross section of processes beyond the Standard Model.

15 data tables

The expected exclusion contour at $95\%$ CL as a function of the M(Sbottom) vs. M(N2) with the $\Delta M$(N2,N1) = 130 GeV. Masses within the contour are excluded.

The observed exclusion contour at $95\%$ CL as a function of the M(Sbottom) vs. M(N2) with the $\Delta M$(N2,N1) = 130 GeV. Masses within the contour are excluded.

Acceptance in the Single-bin SR as a function of the M(Sbottom) vs. M(N2) with the $\Delta M$(N2,N1) = 130 GeV. Keep in mind that the acceptance is given in units of $10^{-4}$.

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Search for lepton-flavor-violation in $Z$-boson decays with $\tau$-leptons with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration Aad, Georges ; Abbott, Braden Keim ; Abbott, Dale Charles ; et al.
CERN-EP-2021-067, 2021.
Inspire Record 1865746 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.105516

A search for lepton-flavor-violating $Z\to e\tau$ and $Z\to\mu\tau$ decays with $pp$ collision data recorded by the ATLAS detector at the LHC is presented. This analysis uses 139 fb$^{-1}$ of Run 2 $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}=13$ TeV and is combined with the results of a similar ATLAS search in the final state in which the $\tau$-lepton decays hadronically, using the same data set as well as Run 1 data. The addition of leptonically decaying $\tau$-leptons significantly improves the sensitivity reach for $Z\to\ell\tau$ decays. The $Z\to\ell\tau$ branching fractions are constrained in this analysis to $\mathcal{B}(Z\to e\tau)<7.0\times10^{-6}$ and $\mathcal{B}(Z\to \mu\tau)<7.2\times10^{-6}$ at 95% confidence level. The combination with the previously published analyses sets the strongest constraints to date: $\mathcal{B}(Z\to e\tau)<5.0\times10^{-6}$ and $\mathcal{B}(Z\to \mu\tau)<6.5\times10^{-6}$ at 95% confidence level.

16 data tables

The best-fit predicted and observed distributions of the combined NN output in the low-$p_\text{T}$-SR for the $e\tau_\mu$ channel. The first and last bin include underflow and overflow events, respectively.

The best-fit predicted and observed distributions of the combined NN output in the low-$p_\text{T}$-SR for the $\mu\tau_e$ channel. The first and last bin include underflow and overflow events, respectively.

The best-fit predicted and observed distributions of the combined NN output in the high-$p_\text{T}$-SR for the $e\tau_\mu$ channel. The first and last bin include underflow and overflow events, respectively.

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Beam energy dependence of moments of the net-charge multiplicity distributions in Au+Au collisions at RHIC

The STAR collaboration Adamczyk, L. ; Adkins, J.K. ; Agakishiev, G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 113 (2014) 092301, 2014.
Inspire Record 1280557 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.105915

We report the first measurements of the moments -- mean ($M$), variance ($\sigma^{2}$), skewness ($S$) and kurtosis ($\kappa$) -- of the net-charge multiplicity distributions at mid-rapidity in Au+Au collisions at seven energies, ranging from $\sqrt {{s_{\rm NN}}}$= 7.7 to 200 GeV, as a part of the Beam Energy Scan program at RHIC. The moments are related to the thermodynamic susceptibilities of net-charge, and are sensitive to the proximity of the QCD critical point. We compare the products of the moments, $\sigma^{2}/M$, $S\sigma$ and $\kappa\sigma^{2}$ with the expectations from Poisson and negative binomial distributions (NBD). The $S\sigma$ values deviate from Poisson and are close to NBD baseline, while the $\kappa\sigma^{2}$ values tend to lie between the two. Within the present uncertainties, our data do not show non-monotonic behavior as a function of collision energy. These measurements provide a distinct way of determining the freeze-out parameters in heavy-ion collisions by comparing with theoretical models.

45 data tables

The efficiency and centrality bin width corrected mean (M) of the net-charge multiplicity distributions as a function of number of participating nucleons $N_{part}$ for Au+Au collisions at 7.7 GeV. The dotted lines represent calculations from the central limit theorem. The error bars are statisticaland systematic errors.

The efficiency and centrality bin width corrected mean (M) of the net-charge multiplicity distributions as a function of number of participating nucleons $N_{part}$ for Au+Au collisions at 11.5 GeV. The dotted lines represent calculations from the central limit theorem. The error bars are statisticaland systematic errors.

The efficiency and centrality bin width corrected mean (M) of the net-charge multiplicity distributions as a function of number of participating nucleons $N_{part}$ for Au+Au collisions at 19.6 GeV. The dotted lines represent calculations from the central limit theorem. The error bars are statisticaland systematic errors.

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Three-particle coincidence of the long range pseudorapidity correlation in high energy nucleus-nucleus collisions

The STAR collaboration Abelev, B.I. ; Aggarwal, M.M. ; Ahammed, Z. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 105 (2010) 022301, 2010.
Inspire Record 840812 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.102404

We report the first three-particle coincidence measurement in pseudorapidity ($\Delta\eta$) between a high transverse momentum ($p_{\perp}$) trigger particle and two lower $p_{\perp}$ associated particles within azimuth $\mid$$\Delta\phi$$\mid$$&lt;$0.7 in $\sqrt{{\it s}_{NN}}$ = 200 GeV $d$+Au and Au+Au collisions. Charge ordering properties are exploited to separate the jet-like component and the ridge (long-range $\Delta\eta$ correlation). The results indicate that the particles from the ridge are uncorrelated in $\Delta\eta$ not only with the trigger particle but also between themselves event-by-event. In addition, the production of the ridge appears to be uncorrelated to the presence of the narrow jet-like component.

15 data tables

Correlated hadron distribution in ∆φ(|η|<1 with a high-p⊥trigger particle in 0-12% Au+Au collisions for 3<p(t)⊥<10 GeV/cand 1<p(a)⊥<3GeV/c. The ZYA1-normalized flow background is shown by the curve.

Correlated hadron distribution ∆η(|∆φ|<0.7) with a high-p⊥ trigger particle in 0-12% Au+Au collisions for 3<p(t)⊥<10 GeV/c and 1<p(a)⊥<3GeV/c. The ∆η distributions are background subtracted and corrected for ∆η acceptance and are for like and unlike-sign pairs separately. The curves in are Gaussian fits. Errors are statistical.

Background-subtracted charge-independent (AAT ) correlated hadron pair density in minimum bias d+Au collisions for 3<p(t)⊥<10 GeV/cand 1<p(a)⊥<3 GeV/c. The results are for near-side correlated hadrons within |∆φ1,2|<0.7, and corrected for the 3-particle ∆η-∆η acceptance. Statistical errors at (∆η1,∆η2)∼(0,0)are approximately 0.033 for d+Au respectively.

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Measurement of the $^3_{\Lambda}$H lifetime in Au+Au collisions at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider

The STAR collaboration Adamczyk, L. ; Adams, Joseph ; Adkins, Kevin ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 97 (2018) 054909, 2018.
Inspire Record 1628155 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.102407

A precise measurement of the hypertriton lifetime is presented. In this letter, the mesonic decay modes $\mathrm{{^3_\Lambda}H \rightarrow ^3He + \pi^-}$ and $\mathrm{{^3_\Lambda}H \rightarrow d + p + \pi^-}$ are used to reconstruct the hypertriton from Au+Au collision data collected by the STAR collaboration at RHIC. A minimum $\chi^2$ estimation is used to determine the lifetime of $\tau = 142^{+24}_{-21}\,{\rm (stat.)} {\pm} 31\,{\rm (syst.)}$ ps. This lifetime is about 50\% shorter than the lifetime $\tau = 263\pm2$ ps of a free $\Lambda$, indicating strong hyperon-nucleon interaction in the hypernucleus system. The branching ratios of the mesonic decay channels are also determined to satisfy B.R.$_{(^3{\rm He}+\pi^-)}/$(B.R.$_{(^3{\rm He}+\pi^-)}+$B.R.$_{(d+p+\pi^-)})$ = $0.32\rm{\pm}0.05\,{\rm (stat.)}\pm 0.08\,{\rm (syst.)}$. Our ratio result favors the assignment $J(\mathrm{^{3}_{\Lambda}H})$ = $\frac{1}{2}$ over $J(\mathrm{^{3}_{\Lambda}H})$ = $\frac{3}{2}$. These measurements will help to constrain models of hyperon-baryon interactions.

4 data tables

The hypertriton yield as a function of ~l/βγ for each of the two analyzed decay channels. The redpoints are for 2-body decays in four bins of ~l/βγ. The yields indicate the number of $^3_{\Lambda}$H per million events for each channel, and are already divided by the theoretical branching ratio 24.89% for the 2-body channel. The data points are fitted with the usual radioactive decay function. Using a minimum chisquare estimation.

The hypertriton yield as a function of l/βγ for each of the two analyzed decay channels. The bluesquares are for 3-body decays in four bins of l/βγ. The yield of hypertriton per million events in 3-body correct for theoretical branching ratio 40.06% 3-body channel. The data points are fitted with the usual radioactive decay function. Using a minimum chisquare estimation.

A summary of worldwide $^3_{\Lambda}$H lifetime experimental measurements and theoretical calculations. The two star markers are the STAR collaboration’s measurement published in 2010 and the present analysis. This measurement was based on the 3-body decay channel $^3_{\Lambda}$H→p+d+π−in a nuclear emulsion experiment. The shorter lifetime was attributed to the dissociation of the lightly-bound Λ and deuteron when traveling in a dense medium.

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Measurement of the mass difference and the binding energy of the hypertriton and antihypertriton

The STAR collaboration Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamczyk, Leszek ; Adams, Joseph ; et al.
Nature Phys. 16 (2020) 409-412, 2020.
Inspire Record 1731117 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.105279

Using the STAR (Solenoidal Tracker At RHIC) detector at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), we have measured the $\Lambda$ hyperon binding energy $B_\Lambda$ for the hypertriton, which is the lightest hypernucleus yet discovered and consists of a proton, a neutron, and a $\Lambda$ hyperon. The measured $B_\Lambda$ differs from the widely used value and from predictions in which the hypertriton is modeled as a $\Lambda$ weakly bound to a deuterium nucleus. Our results place stringent constraints on the hyperon-nucleon interaction, and provide critical inputs for studying neutron star interiors, where strange matter may be present. The same data also permit more precise comparison between the masses of the hypertriton and the antihypertriton. Matter-antimatter symmetry pertaining to the binding of strange and antistrange quarks in a nucleus is thus tested quantitatively for the first time. No deviation from the expected exact symmetry is observed.

7 data tables

Measurements of relative mass-to-charge ratio differences between nuclei and antinuclei (d and antid)

Measurements of relative mass-to-charge ratio differences between nuclei and antinuclei (He and antiHe)

Measurements of relative mass-to-charge ratio differences between nuclei and antinuclei (hypertriton and antihypertriton)

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Azimuthal anisotropy measurements of strange and multi-strange hadrons in U+U collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 193$ GeV at RHIC

The STAR collaboration Abdallah, Mohamed ; Adam, Jaroslav ; Adamczyk, Leszek ; et al.
2021.
Inspire Record 1852040 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.102643

We present systematic measurements of azimuthal anisotropy for strange and multi-strange hadrons ($K^{0}_{s}$, $\Lambda$, $\Xi$, and $\Omega$) and $\phi$-mesons at mid-rapidity ($|y| <$ 1.0) in collisions of U+U nuclei at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 193$ GeV, recorded by the STAR detector at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). Transverse momentum ($p_{\text{T}}$) dependence of flow coefficients ($v_{2}$, $v_{3}$, and $v_{4}$) is presented for minimum bias collisions and three different centrality intervals. The results are obtained using the $\eta$ sub-event plane method. These measurements are compared with the published results from Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 200$ GeV. Number of Constituent Quark (NCQ) scaling of the measured flow coefficients in U+U collisions is discussed. We also present the ratio of $v_{n}$ scaled by the participant eccentricity ($\varepsilon_{n}\left\lbrace 2 \right\rbrace$) to explore system size dependence and collectivity in U+U collisions. The magnitude of $v_{2}/\varepsilon_{2}$ is found to be smaller in U+U collisions than that in central Au+Au collisions contradicting naive eccentricity scaling. Furthermore, the ratios between various flow harmonics ($v_{3}/v_{2}^{3/2}$, $v_{4}/v_{2}^{4/2}$) are studied as they are sensitive to the properties of the medium and mechanism of hadronization. The measured flow coefficients and the ratios between different flow harmonics are compared with hydrodynamic and transport model calculations.

137 data tables

Event plane resolution as a function of centrality for $\psi_{2}$, $\psi_{3}$, and $\psi_{4}$ in U+U collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 193 GeV. The statistical uncertainties are smaller than the markers.

The $p_{\text{T}}$ dependence of $v_{n}$ coefficients at mid-rapidity ($|y| <$ 1) in minimum bias U+U collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 193 GeV. The error bars represent statistical uncertainties. The bands represent point-by-point systematic uncertainties.

The $p_{\text{T}}$ dependence of $v_{n}$ coefficients at mid-rapidity ($|y| <$ 1) in minimum bias U+U collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 193 GeV. The error bars represent statistical uncertainties. The bands represent point-by-point systematic uncertainties.

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Energy dependence of $J/\psi$ production in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} =$ 39, 62.4 and 200 GeV

The STAR collaboration Adamczyk, L. ; Adkins, J.K. ; Agakishiev, G. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 771 (2017) 13-20, 2017.
Inspire Record 1478040 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.104506

The inclusive $J/\psi$ transverse momentum ($p_{T}$) spectra and nuclear modification factors are reported at midrapidity ($|y|<1.0$) in Au+Au collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=$ 39, 62.4 and 200 GeV taken by the STAR experiment. A suppression of $J/\psi$ production, with respect to {\color{black}the production in $p+p$ scaled by the number of binary nucleon-nucleon collisions}, is observed in central Au+Au collisions at these three energies. No significant energy dependence of nuclear modification factors is found within uncertainties. The measured nuclear modification factors can be described by model calculations that take into account both suppression of direct $J/\psi$ production due to the color screening effect and $J/\psi$ regeneration from recombination of uncorrelated charm-anticharm quark pairs.

6 data tables

J/psi invariant yields in Au+Au collisions = 39 GeV as a function of pT for different centralities.

J/psi invariant yields in Au+Au collisions = 62.4 GeV as a function of pT for different centralities.

J/psi invariant yields in Au+Au collisions = 200 GeV as a function of pT for different centralities.

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