Low-mass dark matter search using ionization signals in XENON100

The XENON collaboration Aprile, E. ; Aalbers, J. ; Agostini, F. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 94 (2016) 092001, 2016.
Inspire Record 1463250 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.78548

We perform a low-mass dark matter search using an exposure of 30\,kg$\times$yr with the XENON100 detector. By dropping the requirement of a scintillation signal and using only the ionization signal to determine the interaction energy, we lowered the energy threshold for detection to 0.7\,keV for nuclear recoils. No dark matter detection can be claimed because a complete background model cannot be constructed without a primary scintillation signal. Instead, we compute an upper limit on the WIMP-nucleon scattering cross section under the assumption that every event passing our selection criteria could be a signal event. Using an energy interval from 0.7\,keV to 9.1\,keV, we derive a limit on the spin-independent WIMP-nucleon cross section that excludes WIMPs with a mass of 6\,GeV/$c^2$ above $1.4 \times 10^{-41}$\,cm$^2$ at 90\% confidence level.

1 data table

WIMP exclusion limit on the spin-independent WIMP-nucleon scattering cross section at 90% confidence level.


Limits on Dark Matter Annihilation in the Sun using the ANTARES Neutrino Telescope

The ANTARES collaboration Adrian-Martinez, S. ; Albert, A. ; Andre, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 759 (2016) 69-74, 2016.
Inspire Record 1426493 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.77062

A search for muon neutrinos originating from dark matter annihilations in the Sun is performed using the data recorded by the ANTARES neutrino telescope from 2007 to 2012. In order to obtain the best possible sensitivities to dark matter signals, an optimisation of the event selection criteria is performed taking into account the background of atmospheric muons, atmospheric neutrinos and the energy spectra of the expected neutrino signals. No significant excess over the background is observed and $90\%$ C.L. upper limits on the neutrino flux, the spin--dependent and spin--independent WIMP-nucleon cross--sections are derived for WIMP masses ranging from $ \rm 50$ GeV to $\rm 5$ TeV for the annihilation channels $\rm WIMP + WIMP \to b \bar b, W^+ W^-$ and $\rm \tau^+ \tau^-$.

3 data tables

Upper limit on neutrino flux coming from the Sun for different annihiliation channels and WIMP masses. Limits for the $W^+W^-$ channel cannot be produced for WIMP masses below the mass of the $W$ boson.

Upper limit on spin-dependent cross-section for different annihiliation channels and WIMP masses. Limits for the $W^+W^-$ channel cannot be produced for WIMP masses below the mass of the $W$ boson.

Upper limit on spin-independent cross-section for different annihiliation channels and WIMP masses. Limits for the $W^+W^-$ channel cannot be produced for WIMP masses below the mass of the $W$ boson.


Measurements of the atmospheric neutrino flux by Super-Kamiokande: energy spectra, geomagnetic effects, and solar modulation

The Super-Kamiokande collaboration Richard, E. ; Okumura, K. ; Abe, K. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 94 (2016) 052001, 2016.
Inspire Record 1401192 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.76912

A comprehensive study on the atmospheric neutrino flux in the energy region from sub-GeV up to several TeV using the Super-Kamiokande water Cherenkov detector is presented in this paper. The energy and azimuthal spectra of the atmospheric ${\nu}_e+{\bar{\nu}}_e$ and ${\nu}_{\mu}+{\bar{\nu}}_{\mu}$ fluxes are measured. The energy spectra are obtained using an iterative unfolding method by combining various event topologies with differing energy responses. The azimuthal spectra depending on energy and zenith angle, and their modulation by geomagnetic effects, are also studied. A predicted east-west asymmetry is observed in both the ${\nu}_e$ and ${\nu}_{\mu}$ samples at 8.0 {\sigma} and 6.0 {\sigma} significance, respectively, and an indication that the asymmetry dipole angle changes depending on the zenith angle was seen at the 2.2 {\sigma} level. The measured energy and azimuthal spectra are consistent with the current flux models within the estimated systematic uncertainties. A study of the long-term correlation between the atmospheric neutrino flux and the solar magnetic activity cycle is also performed, and a weak indication of a correlation was seen at the 1.1 {\sigma} level, using SK I-IV data spanning a 20 year period. For particularly strong solar activity periods known as Forbush decreases, no theoretical prediction is available, but a deviation below the typical neutrino event rate is seen at the 2.4 {\sigma} level.

2 data tables

Electron neutrino flux measured by SK I-IV data. Error written in percentage including both statistical and systematic uncertainties.

Muon neutrino flux measured by SK I-IV data. Error written in percentage including both statistical and systematic uncertainties.


Cosmic ray proton plus helium energy spectrum measured by the ARGO-YBJ experiment in the energy range 3–300 TeV

The ARGO-YBJ collaboration Bartoli, B. ; Bernardini, P. ; Bi, X. J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 91 (2015) 112017, 2015.
Inspire Record 1355361 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.73337

The ARGO-YBJ experiment is a full-coverage air shower detector located at the Yangbajing Cosmic Ray Observatory (Tibet, People's Republic of China, 4300 m a.s.l.). The high altitude, combined with the full-coverage technique, allows the detection of extensive air showers in a wide energy range and offer the possibility of measuring the cosmic ray proton plus helium spectrum down to the TeV region, where direct balloon/space-borne measurements are available. The detector has been in stable data taking in its full configuration from November 2007 to February 2013. In this paper the measurement of the cosmic ray proton plus helium energy spectrum is presented in the region 3-300 TeV by analyzing the full collected data sample. The resulting spectral index is $\gamma = -2.64 \pm 0.01$. These results demonstrate the possibility of performing an accurate measurement of the spectrum of light elements with a ground based air shower detector.

2 data tables

Proton plus helium flux measured at $5.0 \times 10^4$ GeV.

Light component energy spectrum measured by the ARGO-YBJ experiment by using the full 2008-2012 data sample in each energy bin.


Production of neutrons in Pb, Cd, Fe, and Al under the influence of cosmic-ray muons at a depth of 150 m water equivalent

Gorshkov, G.V. ; Zyabkin, V.A. ;
Sov.J.Nucl.Phys. 7 (1968) 470-474, 1968.
Inspire Record 1392567 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.17076
1 data table

No description provided.


Search for neutrino emission from relic dark matter in the Sun with the Baikal NT200 detector

The Baikal collaboration Avrorin, A.D. ; Avrorin, A.V. ; Aynutdinov, V.M. ; et al.
Astropart.Phys. 62 (2015) 12-20, 2015.
Inspire Record 1296058 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.64126

We have analyzed a data set taken over 2.76 years live time with the Baikal neutrino telescope NT200. The goal of the analysis is to search for neutrinos from dark matter annihilation in the center of the Sun. Apart from the conventional annihilation channels $b\bar{b}$, $W^+W^-$ and $\tau^+\tau^-$ we consider also the annihilation of dark matter particles into monochromatic neutrinos. From the absence of any excess of events from the direction of the Sun over the expected background, we derive 90% upper limits on the fluxes of muons and muon neutrinos from the Sun, as well as on the elastic cross sections of dark matter scattering on protons.

6 data tables

Process: DM DM --> BOTTOM BOTTOMBAR. Half-cone angle GAMMA, 90% upper limit N(SIGNAL) on the number of signal events, the muon flux PHI(MU), the dark matter annihilation rate in the Sun GAMMA(ANN), the dark matter-proton spin-dependent SIG(SD) and spin-independent SIG(SI) scattering cross sections and neutrino flux PHI(NU).

Process: DM DM --> TAU+ TAU-. Half-cone angle GAMMA, 90% upper limit N(SIGNAL) on the number of signal events, the muon flux PHI(MU), the dark matter annihilation rate in the Sun GAMMA(ANN), the dark matter-proton spin-dependent SIG(SD) and spin-independent SIG(SI) scattering cross sections and neutrino flux PHI(NU).

Process: DM DM --> W+ W-. Half-cone angle GAMMA, 90% upper limit N(SIGNAL) on the number of signal events, the muon flux PHI(MU), the dark matter annihilation rate in the Sun GAMMA(ANN), the dark matter-proton spin-dependent SIG(SD) and spin-independent SIG(SI) scattering cross sections and neutrino flux PHI(NU).

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Detection of $B$-Mode Polarization at Degree Angular Scales by BICEP2

The BICEP2 collaboration Ade, P.A.R. ; Aikin, R.W. ; Barkats, D. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 112 (2014) 241101, 2014.
Inspire Record 1286113 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.62706

(abridged for arXiv) We report results from the BICEP2 experiment, a cosmic microwave background (CMB) polarimeter specifically designed to search for the signal of inflationary gravitational waves in the B-mode power spectrum around $\ell\sim80$. The telescope comprised a 26 cm aperture all-cold refracting optical system equipped with a focal plane of 512 antenna coupled transition edge sensor 150 GHz bolometers each with temperature sensitivity of $\approx300\mu\mathrm{K}_\mathrm{CMB}\sqrt{s}$. BICEP2 observed from the South Pole for three seasons from 2010 to 2012. A low-foreground region of sky with an effective area of 380 square deg was observed to a depth of 87 nK deg in Stokes $Q$ and $U$. We find an excess of $B$-mode power over the base lensed-LCDM expectation in the range $30< \ell< 150$, inconsistent with the null hypothesis at a significance of $> 5\sigma$. Through jackknife tests and simulations we show that systematic contamination is much smaller than the observed excess. We also examine a number of available models of polarized dust emission and find that at their default parameter values they predict power $\sim(5-10)\times$ smaller than the observed excess signal. However, these models are not sufficiently constrained to exclude the possibility of dust emission bright enough to explain the entire excess signal. Cross correlating BICEP2 against 100 GHz maps from the BICEP1 experiment, the excess signal is confirmed and its spectral index is found to be consistent with that of the CMB, disfavoring dust at $1.7\sigma$. The observed $B$-mode power spectrum is well fit by a lensed-LCDM + tensor theoretical model with tensor-to-scalar ratio $r=0.20^{+0.07}_{-0.05}$, with $r=0$ disfavored at $7.0\sigma$. Accounting for the contribution of foreground dust will shift this value downward by an amount which will be better constrained with upcoming data sets.

2 data tables

BICEP2 TT, TE, EE, BB, TB, and EB bandpowers, ell*(ell+1)*C(ell)/(2*PI), and uncertainties, corresponding to Figure 2. Uncertainties are statistical only, the standard deviation of the constrained lensed-LambdaCDM+noise simulations, and are calculated as the square root of diagonal elements of the bandpower covariance matrix. The nature of the simulations constrains T to match the observed sky, thus TT, TE, and TB uncertainties do not include appropriate sample variance, and sample variance for a tensor BB signal is not included either. The calibration procedure uses TB and EB to constrain the polarization angle, thus TB and EB cannot be used to measure astrophysical polarization rotation.

Likelihood for the tensor-to-scalar ratio, r, derived from the BICEP2 BB spectrum, corresponding to the black curve from the middle panel of Figure 10, and calculated via the "direct likelihood" method described in Section 11.1.


Forward pi+/- production in p-O(2) and p-N(2) interactions at 12-GeV/c

The HARP collaboration Catanesi, M.G. ; Radicioni, E. ; Edgecock, R. ; et al.
Astropart.Phys. 30 (2008) 124-132, 2008.
Inspire Record 790079 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.50531

Measurements of double-differential charged pion production cross-sections in interactions of 12 GeV/c protons on O_2 and N_2 thin targets are presented in the kinematic range 0.5 GeV/c &lt; p_{\pi} &lt; 8 GeV/c and 50 mrad &lt; \theta_{\pi} &lt; 250 mrad (in the laboratory frame) and are compared with p--C results. For p--N_2 (p--O_2) interactions the analysis is performed using 38576 (7522) reconstructed secondary pions. The analysis uses the beam instrumentation and the forward spectrometer of the HARP experiment at CERN PS. The measured cross-sections have a direct impact on the precise calculation of atmospheric neutrino fluxes and on the improved reliability of extensive air shower simulations by reducing the uncertainties of hadronic interaction models in the low energy range. In particular, the present results allow the common hypothesis that p--C data can be used to predict the p--N_2 and p--O_2 pion production cross-sections to be tested.

12 data tables

Double differential cross section for pion production in P-N2 interactions for the pion scattered polar angle range 50 to 100 mrad.

Double differential cross section for pion production in P-N2 interactions for the pion scattered polar angle range 100 to 150 mrad.

Double differential cross section for pion production in P-N2 interactions for the pion scattered polar angle range 150 to 200 mrad.

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Measurement of the production cross-sections of $\pi^\pm$ in p-C and $\pi^\pm$-C interactions at 12 GeV/c

The HARP collaboration Catanesi, M.G. ; Radicioni, E. ; Edgecock, R. ; et al.
Astropart.Phys. 29 (2008) 257-281, 2008.
Inspire Record 778842 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.50415

The results of the measurements of the double-differential production cross-sections of pions in p-C and $\pi^\pm$-C interactions using the forward spectrometer of the HARP experiment are presented. The incident particles are 12 GeV/c protons and charged pions directed onto a carbon target with a thickness of 5% of a nuclear interaction length. For p-C interactions the analysis is performed using 100035 reconstructed secondary tracks, while the corresponding numbers of tracks for $\pi^-$-C and $\pi^+$-C analyses are 106534 and 10122 respectively. Cross-section results are presented in the kinematic range 0.5 GeV/c $\leq p_{\pi} &lt;$ 8 GeV/c and 30 mrad $\leq \theta_{\pi} &lt;$ 240 mrad in the laboratory frame. The measured cross-sections have a direct impact on the precise calculation of atmospheric neutrino fluxes and on the improved reliability of extensive air shower simulations by reducing the uncertainties of hadronic interaction models in the low energy range.

19 data tables

Double-differential cross section for 12 GeV proton-carbon interactions with the scattered polar angle 30 to 60 mrad.

Double-differential cross section for 12 GeV proton-carbon interactions with the scattered polar angle 60 to 90 mrad.

Double-differential cross section for 12 GeV proton-carbon interactions with the scattered polar angle 90 to 120 mrad.

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Anti-proton helium-3 annihilation at 55-MeV/c

Bianconi, A. ; Bonomi, G. ; Bussa, M.P. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 492 (2000) 254-258, 2000.
Inspire Record 538722 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27999

The p̄ 3 He annihilation cross section is measured for the first time in the momentum interval (50÷60) MeV/ c . About 9000 pictures collected by the Streamer Chamber Collaboration (PS179) at LEAR–CERN have been scanned. Six events are found, corresponding to σ ann =1850±700 mb. The result is compared to the set of measurements presently available in the region of low p̄ momentum.

1 data table

The mean beam momentum at the center of the fiducial volume = 55 MeV.


A Measurement of the Coulomb dissociation of B-8 at 254-MeV / nucleon and the B-8 solar neutrino flux

Iwasa, N. ; Boue, F. ; Surowka, G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 83 (1999) 2910-2913, 1999.
Inspire Record 507363 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.50399

We have measured the Coulomb dissociation of 8B into 7Be and proton at 254 MeV/nucleon using a large-acceptance focusing spectrometer. The astrophysical S17 factor for the 7Be(p,gamma)8B reaction at E{c.m.} = 0.25-2.78 MeV is deduced yielding S17(0)=20.6 \pm 1.2 (exp.) \pm 1.0 (theo.) eV-b. This result agrees with the presently adopted zero-energy S17 factor obtained in direct-reaction measurements and with the results of other Coulomb-dissociation studies performed at 46.5 and 51.2 MeV/nucleon.

1 data table

S17(0) = E * SIG * EXP(CONST(C=ZOMMERFELD PARAMETER)). CONST(C=ZOMMERFELD PARAMETER) = 31.29*Z1*Z2*SQRT(M/E), where Z1 and Z2 are the nuclear charges of the interacting particles, M is the reduced mass, E is the center-of-mass energy. P BE7 reaction is extrapolation to inverse kinematics.


DETERMINING INELASTIC INTERACTION CROSS-SECTIONS FOR NUCLEONS AND PIONS INCIDENT ON CARBON AND LEAD NUCLEI AT 0.5-TEV - 5-TEV

Avakian, V.V. ; Gevorkian, S.P. ; Zhamkochian, V.M. ; et al.
Bull.Russ.Acad.Sci.Phys. 50N11 (1986) 4-7, 1986.
Inspire Record 242221 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.41509
1 data table

No description provided.


The interaction cross-section of protons with nuclei of air atoms at energies 2 x 10**16-eV

Efimov, N.N. ; Zhukov, V.Yu. ; Kalmykov, N.N. ; et al.
Sov.J.Nucl.Phys. 49 (1989) 558-559, 1989.
Inspire Record 292948 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.17328
1 data table

NUCLEUS IS AVERAGE AIR NUCLEUS.