Measurement of the polarized structure function sigma(LT-prime) for pion electroproduction in the Roper resonance region

The CLAS collaboration Joo, K. ; Smith, L.C. ; Aznauryan, I.G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 72 (2005) 058202, 2005.
Inspire Record 681275 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25214

The polarized longitudinal-transverse structure function $\sigma_{LT^\prime}$ measures the interference between real and imaginary amplitudes in pion electroproduction and can be used to probe the coupling between resonant and non-resonant processes. We report new measurements of $\sigma_{LT^\prime}$ in the $N(1440){1/2}^+$ (Roper) resonance region at $Q^2=0.40$ and 0.65 GeV$^2$ for both the $\pi^0 p$ and $\pi^+ n$ channels. The experiment was performed at Jefferson Lab with the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS) using longitudinally polarized electrons at a beam energy of 1.515 GeV. Complete angular distributions were obtained and are compared to recent phenomenological models. The $\sigma_{LT^\prime}(\pi^+ n)$ channel shows a large sensitivity to the Roper resonance multipoles $M_{1-}$ and $S_{1-}$ and provides new constraints on models of resonance formation.

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A Measurement of the electric form-factor of the neutron through polarized-d (polarized-e, e-prime n)p at Q**2 = 0.5-(GeV/c)**2

The E93026 collaboration Zhu, H. ; Ahmidouch, A. ; Anklin, H. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 87 (2001) 081801, 2001.
Inspire Record 556212 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.31418

We report the first measurement of the neutron electric form factor $G_E^n$ via $\vec{d}(\vec{e},e'n)p$ using a solid polarized target. $G_E^n$ was determined from the beam-target asymmetry in the scattering of longitudinally polarized electrons from polarized deuterated ammonia, $^{15}$ND$_3$. The measurement was performed in Hall C at Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF) in quasi free kinematics with the target polarization perpendicular to the momentum transfer. The electrons were detected in a magnetic spectrometer in coincidence with neutrons in a large solid angle segmented detector. We find $G_E^n = 0.04632\pm0.00616 (stat.) \pm0.00341 (syst.)$ at $Q^2 = 0.495$ (GeV/c)$^2$.

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Electromagnetic Form Factors of the Proton

Bumiller, F. ; Croissiaux, M. ; Dally, E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. 124 (1961) 1623-1631, 1961.
Inspire Record 47220 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.26853

This paper reports experimental findings on the Dirac (F1) and Pauli (F2) form factors of the proton. The form factors have been obtained by using the Rosenbluth formula and the method of intersecting ellipses in analyzing the elastic electron-proton scattering cross sections. A range of energies covering the interval 200-1000 Mev for the incident electrons is explored. Scattering angles vary from 35° to 145°. Values as high as q2≅31 f−2 (q=energy−momentumtransfer) are investigated, but form factors can be reliably determined only up to about q2=25 f−2. Splitting of the form factors is confirmed. The newly measured data are in good agreement with earlier Stanford data on the form factors and also with the predictions of a recent theoretical model of the proton. Consistency in determining the values of the form factors at different energies and angles gives support to the techniques of quantum electrodynamics up to q2≅25 f−2. At the extreme conditions of this experiment (975 Mev, 145°) the behavior of the form factors may be exhibiting some anomaly.

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Alekseev, G.D. ; Blokhintseva, T.D. ; Karpukhin, V.V. ; et al.
Sov.J.Nucl.Phys. 46 (1987) 801, 1987.
Inspire Record 247868 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.38865
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Day, C.T. ; Harding, D.J. ; Klinger, J.S. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 23 (1981) 576-586, 1981.
Inspire Record 166699 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24078

This paper reports the results of an experiment measuring the parameters of various electroproduction reactions for a range in the electroproduction variables 0.7<Q2<4 GeV2 and 2<W2<16 GeV2. This report is limited to nondiffractive exclusive channels, with detailed results regarding the πΔ final states, statistically limited results for KΛ final states, and upper limits on the production of a number of event topologies containing a single unseen neutral particle.

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Backward electroproduction of pi0 mesons on protons in the region of nucleon resonances at four momentum transfer squared Q**2 = 1.0-GeV**2

The JLab Hall A collaboration Laveissiere, G. ; Degrande, N. ; Jaminion, S. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.C 69 (2004) 045203, 2004.
Inspire Record 625669 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.25226

Exclusive electroproduction of pi0 mesons on protons in the backward hemisphere has been studied at Q**2 = 1.0 GeV**2 by detecting protons in the forward direction in coincidence with scattered electrons from the 4 GeV electron beam in Jefferson Lab's Hall A. The data span the range of the total (gamma* p) center-of-mass energy W from the pion production threshold to W = 2.0 GeV. The differential cross sections sigma_T+epsilon*sigma_L, sigma_TL, and sigma_TT were separated from the azimuthal distribution and are presented together with the MAID and SAID parametrizations.

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Investigation of the Reaction $e^+ e^- \to \eta \pi^+ \pi^-$ in the Energy Range Up to 1.4-{GeV}

Druzhinin, V.P. ; Dubrovin, M.S. ; Eidelman, S.I. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 174 (1986) 115-117, 1986.
Inspire Record 234174 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.30258

The reaction e + e − → ηπ + π − has been studied with the Neutral Detector in the CM energy range 1.05–1.40 GeV at VEPP-2M. At the maximum energy the cross section exceeds the prediction of the vector dominance with one ϱ(770). The following upper limits for the electron width times branching ratio into ηπ + π − have been obtained for a resonance with a mass of 1.28 GeV and width of 0.08 GeV observed with the Omega-spectrometer at CERN: Λ ee · B ηππ < 9 eV, and for a ϱ′(1250) with a mass of 1.26 GeV and width of 0.125 GeV: Λ ee · B ηππ < 14 eV at 90% confidence level.

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Production of $\pi^0 \pi^0$ and $\pi^0 \eta$ in Photon - Photon Collisions

Edwards, C. ; Partridge, Richard ; Peck, C. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 110 (1982) 82-86, 1982.
Inspire Record 168793 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.30959

We investigate the four-photon final state produced in γγ colissions. In the π 0 π 0 channel we observe f(1270) production with predominantly helicity 2 and measure a partial width Γ γγ 2.9 +0.6 −0.4 ± keV (independent of assumptions on the helicity). We observe A 2 (1310) production in the π 0 η channel and find a partial width Γ γγ = 0.77 ± 0.18 ± 0.27 KeV (assuming helicity 2). We give an upper limit for f ≈ ηη .

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Bukin, A.D. ; Kurdadze, L.M. ; Lelchuk, M.Yu. ; et al.
Yad.Fiz. 35 (1982) 1444-1447, 1982.
Inspire Record 182031 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.37152
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The total pair production cross-section of gamma-rays in hydrogen and deuterium

Rawlinson, W.R. ; Tait, N.R.S. ; Thompson, J.C. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 45 (1972) 41-46, 1972.
Inspire Record 75026 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.32781

The total electromagnetic cross sections of g-rays in hydrogen and deuterium have been measured over the energy range 265–4215 MeV using a photon tagging system. From these measurements, the total pair production cross sections are obtained, and the results are found to be in good agreement with the predictions of Jost, Luttinger and Slotnick.

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Electroproduction of Single Charged Pions From Deuterons at $Q^2$ Approximately = to 0.5-{GeV}/$c^2$

Wright, J. ; Darvill, D.C. ; Davenport, M. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 181 (1981) 403-420, 1981.
Inspire Record 154655 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.34298

The ratio of π − to π + electroproduction cross sections from deuterons has been measured in the resonance region at an average four-momentum transfer squared of 0.5 (GeV/ c ) 2 . Results are presented over a wide range of pion production angles and comparisons are made with theoretical predictions based on SU(6) w symmetry and the Melosh transformation.

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Study of the process e+ e- ---> omega pi0 ---> pi0 pi0 gamma in c.m. energy range 920-MeV - 1380-MeV at CMD-2

The CMD-2 collaboration Akhmetshin, R.R. ; Aulchenko, V.M. ; Banzarov, V.Sh. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 562 (2003) 173-181, 2003.
Inspire Record 616446 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.41951

The cross section of the process e+ e- --> omega pi0 --> pi0 pi0 gamma has been measured in the c.m. energy range 920-1380 MeV with the CMD-2 detector. Its energy dependence is well described by the interference of the rho(770) and rho'(1450) mesons decaying to omega pi0. Upper limits for the cross sections of the direct processes e+ e- --> pi0 pi0 gamma, eta pi0 gamma have been set.

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First observation of Sigma- e- elastic scattering in the hyperon beam experiment WA89 at CERN

The WA89 collaboration Adamovich, M.I. ; Aleksandrov, Yu.A. ; Barberis, D. ; et al.
Eur.Phys.J.C 8 (1999) 59-66, 1999.
Inspire Record 500379 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.43061

We have investigated the elastic scattering of high energy $\Sigma^-$ off electrons from carbon and copper targets using the CERN hyperon beam. Scattering events a

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Study of the processes e+ e- ---> eta gamma, pi0 gamma ---> 3 gamma in the c.m. energy range 600-MeV to 1380-MeV at CMD-2

The CMD-2 collaboration Akhmetshin, R.R. ; Aulchenko, V.M. ; Banzarov, V.Sh. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 605 (2005) 26-36, 2005.
Inspire Record 658856 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.41864

The processes e+ e- --> eta gamma, e+ e- --> pi0 gamma --> 3 gamma have been studied in the c.m. energy range 600--1380 MeV with the CMD-2 detector. The following branching ratios have been determined: Br(rho --> eta gamma) = (3.21 +- 1.39 +- 0.20)x 10^{-4}; Br(omega --> eta gamma) = (4.44 + 2.29 -1.83 +- 0.28)x 10^{-4}; Br(phi --> eta gamma) = (1.373 +- 0.014 +- 0.085)x 10^{-2}; Br(rho --> pi0 gamma) = (6.21 +1.28 - 1.18 +- 0.39)x 10^{-4}; Br(omega --> pi0 gamma) = (9.06 +- 0.20 +- 0.57)x 10^{-2}; Br(phi --> pi0 gamma) = (1.258 +- 0.037 +- 0.077)x 10^{-3};

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Study of the e+ e- ---> eta gamma process with SND detector at the VEPP-2M e+ e- collider

Achasov, M.N. ; Aulchenko, V.M. ; Beloborodov, K.I. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 74 (2006) 014016, 2006.
Inspire Record 717778 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.41804

In experiment with the SND detector at VEPP-2M $e^+e^-$ collider the $e^+e^-\to\eta\gamma$ cross section was measured in the energy range $E$=0.60--1.38 GeV with the integrated luminosity of 27.8 pb$^{-1}$. The measured cross section is well described by the vector meson dominance model with contributions from the $\rho(770)$, $\omega(783)$, $\phi(1020)$, $\rho^{\prime}(1465)$ resonances and agrees with results of previous measurements. The decay probabilities $\BR(\phi\to\eta\gamma)$, $\BR(\omega\to\eta\gamma)$ and $\BR(\rho\to\eta\gamma)$ were measured with the accuracies better than or comparable to the world averages.

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Measurement of the Sigma- Charge Radius by Sigma- Electron Elastic Scattering

The SELEX collaboration Gough Eschrich, Ivo M. ; Kruger, H. ; Simon, J. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 522 (2001) 233-239, 2001.
Inspire Record 558329 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42898

The Sigma^- mean squared charge radius has been measured in the space-like Q^2 range 0.035-0.105 GeV^2/c^2 by elastic scattering of a Sigma^- beam off atomic electrons. The measurement was performed with the SELEX (E781) spectrometer using the Fermilab hyperon beam at a mean energy of 610 GeV/c. We obtain <r^2> = (0.61 +/- 0.12 (stat.) +/- 0.09 (syst.)) fm^2. The proton and pi^- charge radii were measured as well and are consistent with results of other experiments. Our result agrees with the recently measured strong interaction radius of the Sigma^-.

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Eta-prime production in proton proton scattering close to threshold

Moskal, P. ; Balewski, J.T. ; Budzanowski, A. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 80 (1998) 3202-3205, 1998.
Inspire Record 467809 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.42086

The $pp \to pp \eta^{\prime}$ (958) reaction has been measured at COSY using the internal beam and the COSY-11 facility. The total cross sections at the four different excess energies \mbox{$ Q = ~1.5 ~MeV, ~1.7 ~MeV, ~2.9 ~MeV,$ and $ ~4.1 MeV$} have been evaluated to be \mbox{$ \sigma = 2.5 \pm 0.5~nb$, $~~~ 2.9 \pm 1.1~nb$, $~~~ 12.7 \pm 3.2~nb$, ~ and $~~~ 25.2 \pm 3.6 ~nb $}, respectively. In this region of excess energy the $\eta^{\prime}$ (958) cross sections are much lower compared to those of the $\pi ^0$ and $\eta$ production.

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Electromagnetic Properties of the Proton and Neutron

Olson, D.N. ; Schopper, H.F. ; Wilson, R.R. ;
Phys.Rev.Lett. 6 (1961) 286-290, 1961.
Inspire Record 944908 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.20172
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Gerhardt, B. ; Muller, H. ; Drees, J. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 7 (1980) 11-15, 1980.
Inspire Record 160216 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.14097

To complete data on resonance electroproduction we constructed an electron spectrometer with large angular and momentum acceptance. As a first result inclusive cross sections for an invariant hadronic mass 1.2<W<1.7 GeV and a four momentum transfer squared 0.5<Q2<1.5 (GeV/c)2 and for values of the polarization parameter 0.1<ɛ<0.25 are presented. Combining our results with the SLAC 4°-data we obtain σL/σT in the specified kinematical range.

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Scattering of Bev Electrons by Hydrogen and Deuterium

Littauer, R.M. ; Schopper, H.F. ; Wilson, R.R. ;
Phys.Rev.Lett. 7 (1961) 141-143, 1961.
Inspire Record 47833 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19791
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Axial and pseudoscalar nucleon form-factors from low-energy pion electroproduction

Choi, Seonho ; Estenne, V. ; Bardin, G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.Lett. 71 (1993) 3927-3930, 1993.
Inspire Record 360772 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19697

The cross section for exclusive π+ electroproduction on the proton has been measured near threshold for the first time at two different values of the virtual photon polarization (ɛ∼0.2 and ɛ∼0.7). Using the low energy theorem for this reaction we deduce the axial and pseudoscalar weak form factors GA and GP at ‖t‖=0.073, 0.139, and 0.179 (GeV/c)2. The slope of GA agrees with the value obtained in neutrino experiments. GP satisfies the pion pole dominance hypothesis, which is thus verified for the first time in this range of transfer.

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Measurement of Resonance Productions in the Reactions $\gamma \gamma \to \pi^0 \pi^0$ and $\gamma \gamma \to \pi^0 \eta$

The JADE collaboration Oest, T. ; Olsson, J. ; Allison, J. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 47 (1990) 343-352, 1990.
Inspire Record 295180 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.15242

Resonance production in the γγ reactionse+e−→e+e+e−π0π0 ande+e−π0η has been studied with the JADE detector at PETRA. The decay widths into γγ of thef2(1270),a0(980) anda2(1320) were measured to be\(\Gamma _{\gamma \gamma } (f_2 (1270)) = 3.19 \pm 0.09_{ - 0.38}^{ + 0.22} \) Kev,Γλλ(a0(980))=0.28±0.04±0.10 KeV/BR(a0(980)→π0η) andΓλλ(a2(1320))=1.01±0.14±0.22KeV. For thef0(975) andf4(2050) upper limits of the widths were obtained,Γλλ(f0(975))<0.6 KeV, andΓλλ(f4(2050))<1.1 KeV, both at the 95% C.L. Assuming that the spin 0 background under thef2(1270) is small, thef2(1270) was found to be produced exclusively in a helicity 2 state. The helicity 0 contribution is <15% at the 95% C.L. The cross section forλλ→π0π0 in the mass range 2.0–3.5 GeV/c2 was measured for the first time. Since the cross section forλλ→π+π− is a factor ∼2 larger, ππ production in this range can be interpreted as taking place via isospin 0 production.

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Precise pion electroproduction in the p (e, e-prime pi+) n reaction at W = 1125-MeV

Blomqvist, K.I. ; Boeglin, W.U. ; Böhm, R. ; et al.
Z.Phys.A 353 (1996) 415-421, 1996.
Inspire Record 428951 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.16502

The reactione+p →> e+π++n at c.m. energyW=1125MeV and momentum transfer Q2=0.117GeV2/c2 has been measured. The transverse and longitudinal structure functions have been separated by varying the polarization of the virtual photon (Rosenbluth plot) with a 3 to 4% error. In addition the longitudinal-transverse interference term has been determined measuring the right-left asymmetry with an accuracy of 3%. The experimental data are compared to model calculations, and the sensitivity of the results to the axial and pion formfactors is discussed.

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Summary of experiments with the neutral detector at the e+ e- storage ring VEPP-2M

Dolinsky, S.I. ; Druzhinin, V.P. ; Dubrovin, M.S. ; et al.
Phys.Rept. 202 (1991) 99-170, 1991.
Inspire Record 321108 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.19310

The complete results of the experiments carried out with the Neutral Detector at the e + e − storage ring VEPP-2M in the energy range 2 E =0.5–1.4 GeV are reviewed. The data sample corresponds to a total integrated luminosity of 19 pb −1 .

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ELECTROPRODUCTION OF pi0 MESONS ON PROTONS AT W = 1400-MeV TO 2000-MeV, q**2 = 0.01-GeV**2 TO 0.1-GeV**2, AND t = 0.6-GeV**2 TO 2.2-GeV**2 CORRESPONDING TO Theta (CM) pi = 145-degrees TO 180-degrees

Blume, H. ; Farber, R. ; Feldmann, N. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 16 (1983) 283, 1983.
Inspire Record 180101 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.16387

The electroproduction of π0-mesons on protons has been measured with electrons of 1.7 and 2.1 GeV energy in the region of the nucleon resonances at\(W = \sqrt {(q + p)^2 }= 1,400 - 2,000MeV\) at rather low values of |q2|=|(e−e′)2|=0.01–0.1 GeV2 but at high values of the nucleon recoil |t|=|(p−p′)2|≈0.6–2.2 GeV2 corresponding to\(\Theta _\pi ^{cm}\approx 145^ \circ- 180^ \circ\). Up toW≈1,650 MeV the cross section for π0-production with virtual photons of |q2|≈0.03 GeV2 is only slightly smaller than that with real photons. ForW≳1,700 MeV the cross section at |q2|≈0.03 GeV2 is on average a factor of 2 smaller than that atq2=0 but only slightly higher than that at |q2|≈0.3–1 GeV2.

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