Measurement of the differential cross-section for pi- p ---> n pi0 at 317, 452, and 491 mev/c

Berardo, P.A. ; Haddock, R.P. ; Nefkens, B.M.K. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 6 (1972) 756-766, 1972.
Inspire Record 73968 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.3558

Seventeen differential cross sections of the pion-nucleon charge-exchange reaction have been measured at total center-of-mass energies of 1245, 1337, and 1363 MeV. Most measurements are based on the neutron-photon coincidence method, using carefully calibrated neutron counters and an efficient, large-area photon detector. The results are used to test the predictions of charge independence, with which they agree. The results also confirm the Ayed-Bareyre-Sonderegger phase-degeneracy hypothesis at θ̃π0=180°.

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Production of Four Prong Final States in Photon-photon Collisions

The TPC/Two Gamma collaboration Aihara, H. ; Alston-Garnjost, M. ; Avery, R.E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 37 (1988) 28, 1988.
Inspire Record 261630 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.3824

Results are presented on the exclusive production of four-prong final states in photon-photon collisions from the TPC/Two-Gamma detector at the SLAC e+e− storage ring PEP. Measurement of dE/dx and momentum in the time-projection chamber (TPC) provides identification of the final states 2π+2π−, K+K−π+π−, and 2K+2K−. For two quasireal incident photons, both the 2π+2π− and K+K−π+π− cross sections show a steep rise from threshold to a peak value, followed by a decrease at higher mass. Cross sections for the production of the final states ρ0ρ0, ρ0π+π−, and φπ+π− are presented, together with upper limits for φρ0, φφ, and K*0K¯ *0. The ρ0ρ0 contribution dominates the four-pion cross section at low masses, but falls to nearly zero above 2 GeV. Such behavior is inconsistent with expectations from vector dominance but can be accommodated by four-quark resonance models or by t-channel factorization. Angular distributions for the part of the data dominated by ρ0ρ0 final states are consistent with the production of JP=2+ or 0+ resonances but also with isotropic (nonresonant) production. When one of the virtual photons has mass (mγ2=-Q2≠0), the four-pion cross section is still dominated by ρ0ρ0 at low final-state masses Wγγ and by 2π+2π− at higher mass. Further, the dependence of the cross section on Q2 becomes increasingly flat as Wγγ increases.

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Electromagnetic Pion Form-Factor in the Timelike Region

Barkov, L.M. ; Chilingarov, A.G. ; Eidelman, S.I. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 256 (1985) 365-384, 1985.
Inspire Record 221309 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.6886

The pion electromagnetic form factor has been measured at the VEPP-2M collider in the c.m. energy range 360 MeV–1400 MeV with the detectors OLYA and CMD. On the basis of all available data for the pion form factor collected in the timelike region, the following values for ρ-meson parameters were obtained: m ρ = 775.9 ± 1.1 MeV, σ ρ = 150.5 ± 3.0 MeV. The ω-meson branching ratio into π + π − pair, electromagnetic radius of the pion, ππ scattering length in the P-wave and the strong interaction contribution to the muon ( g − 2) value were found to be B ωππ = (2.3 ± 0.4)%, 〈 r π 2 〉 = 0.422 ± 0.013 fm 2 , a 1 1 = 0.033 ± 0.033m π −3 , a H = (68.4 ± 1.1) × 10 −9 .

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Measurement of the pi- p ---> n pi0 and pi- p ---> n gamma differential cross-sections near the resonance p(11)(1460)

Cheze, J.B. ; Codreanu, N. ; Hamel, J.L. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 72 (1974) 365-375, 1974.
Inspire Record 94658 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.7810

The π − p→n γ and π − p→n π ° differential cross sections have been measured for −0.9< cos θ ∗ <−0.45 (θ ∗ c.m. scattering angle) at 475 MeV/ c and 550 MeV/ c incident momenta. The π − p→n γ measurement is a good check of the detailed balance principle in the electromagnetic interactions of hadrons at these energies and is in good agreement with Walker's analysis. On the other hand the π − p→ π °n extrapolated values of 180° allows one to verify that the phases of the A 1 2 and A 3 2 amplitudes are equal.

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Backward photoproduction of neutral pions off hydrogen at photon energies between 0.4 and 2.2 gev

Becks, H. ; Feller, P. ; Menze, D. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 60 (1973) 267-276, 1973.
Inspire Record 83927 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.6749

The differential cross section has been measured for the reaction γ +p→p+ π o at the Bonn 2.5 GeV electron synchrotron in the energy range from 0.4 to 2.2 GeV for a c.m. angle of 150 degrees. The protons were detected in a magnetic spectrometer system. The excitation curve shows a distinct resonance structure. The total corrections to the counting rate are about 3%. The contribution of the process γ +p→p+2 π was separated. The uncertainty of this separation leads to an error of about 4% in the cross section.

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ELECTROPRODUCTION CROSS-SECTIONS IN THE RESONANCE REGION MEASURED AT LARGE SCATTERING ANGLES

Gerhardt, B. ; Muller, H. ; Drees, J. ; et al.
Z.Phys.C 7 (1980) 11-15, 1980.
Inspire Record 160216 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.14097

To complete data on resonance electroproduction we constructed an electron spectrometer with large angular and momentum acceptance. As a first result inclusive cross sections for an invariant hadronic mass 1.2<W<1.7 GeV and a four momentum transfer squared 0.5<Q2<1.5 (GeV/c)2 and for values of the polarization parameter 0.1<ɛ<0.25 are presented. Combining our results with the SLAC 4°-data we obtain σL/σT in the specified kinematical range.

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INELASTIC ELECTRON PHOTON SCATTERING AT MODERATE FOUR MOMENTUM TRANSFERS

The PLUTO collaboration Berger, Christoph ; Genzel, H. ; Grigull, R. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 99 (1981) 287-291, 1981.
Inspire Record 155594 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27125

We present new high statistics data on hadron production in photon-photon reactions. The data are analyzed in terms of an electron-photon scattering formalism. The dependence of the total cross section of Q 2 , the four-momentum transfer squared of the scattered electron, and on the mass W of the hadronic system is investigated. The data are compared to predictions from Vector-Meson Dominance and the quark model.

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Study of the process e+ e- ---> eta gamma in center-of-mass energy range 600-MeV to 1380-MeV at CMD-2

The CMD-2 collaboration Akhmetshin, R.R. ; Anashkin, E.V. ; Aulchenko, V.M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 509 (2001) 217-226, 2001.
Inspire Record 554522 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27025

The cross section of the process e+ e- ---> eta gamma has been measured in the 600-1380 MeV c.m. energy range with the CMD-2 detector. The following branching ratios have been determined: B(rho ---> eta gamma) = (3.28 +- 0.37 +- 0.23) 10^{-4}, B(omega ---> eta gamma) = (5.10 +- 0.72 +- 0.34) 10^{-4}, B(phi --> eta gamma) = (1.287 +- 0.013 +- 0.063) 10^{-2}. Evidence for the rho'(1450) ---> eta gamma decay has been obtained for the first time.

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A STUDY OF DOUBLE TAGGED TWO PHOTON REACTIONS AT SPEAR

Biddick, C.J. ; Burnett, T.H. ; Lyon, D.E. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 97 (1980) 320, 1980.
Inspire Record 159793 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27144

We have identified 262 doubly tagged two-photon events. A subset of the data shows an enhancement of 21 events in the inclusive two-photon mass squared distribution between 0.8 and 2.2 GeV 2 . If these events result from spin 2 resonance production then Γ γγ = 9.5 ± 3.9 ± 2.4 keV (statistical and systematic). From another subset of 58 events in which the final state could be classified we determine the two-photon hadron to muon cross section ratio R γγ = 1.1 ± 0.3 ± 0.3.

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FORWARD ELECTROPRODUCTION OF CHARGED PIONS FROM DEUTERONS AT Q**2 = 1.0-GeV/c**2

Morris, J.V. ; Darvill, D.C. ; Davenport, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 86 (1979) 211-214, 1979.
Inspire Record 140702 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27310

The ratio of π - to π + electroproduction cross sections from deuterium has been measured in the resonance region, at a four-momentum transfer squared close to −1.0 (GeV/ c ) 2 . Results in the forward direction are presented and a comparison is made with predictions based on SU(6) W and the Melosh transformation.

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Hadron Production From Photon - Photon Interactions in the Center-of-mass Energy Range From 1-{GeV} to 5-{GeV}

The PLUTO collaboration Berger, Christoph ; Genzel, H. ; Grigull, R. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 89 (1979) 120-124, 1979.
Inspire Record 142875 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27291

We present the first data on photon-photon annihilation into hadrons for CM energies > 1 GeV obtained with the detector PLUTO at the e + e − storage ring PETRA. Cross sections are extracted using an inelastic eγ scattering formalism. The results are compared to expectations from Regge-like models.

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Pion Form-Factor Measurement by e+ e- --> pi+ pi- in the Energy Range 2 e from 0.78-GeV Up to 1.34-GeV

Bukin, A.D. ; Vasserman, I.B. ; Koop, I.A. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 73 (1978) 226-228, 1978.
Inspire Record 134220 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27474

The cross section of the reaction e + e − → π + π − has been measured in the energy range 2 E from 0.78 up to 1.34 GeV. The obtained experimental values of the pion form factor exceed notably the ρ -meson tail.

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Forward Electroproduction of Single Charged Pions in the Resonance Region Using a Deuterium Target

Morris, J.V. ; Darvill, D.C. ; Davenport, M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 73 (1978) 495-499, 1978.
Inspire Record 122614 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27480

The rates for forward electroproduction of single charged pions from deutrium have been measured in the resonance region, at a virtual photon mass squared ≈−0.5( GeV/ c 2 ) 2 . Results are presented in the form of a π − to π + cross-section ratio.

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Inclusive K0(s) Production in e+ e- Annihilation at Energies of 3.6-GeV to 5.0-GeV

The PLUTO collaboration Burmester, J. ; Criegee, L. ; Dehne, H.C. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 67 (1977) 367-370, 1977.
Inspire Record 118873 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.27568

We have measured the production cross section for K s 0 in e + e − annihilation from 3.6 to 5.0 GeV center of mass energy. A substantial increase of the K s 0 yield is observed around 4 GeV in qualitative agreement with the charm hypothesis.

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Study of the process e+ e- ---> pi+ pi- pi+ pi- pi0 with CMD-2 detector

The CMD-2 collaboration Akhmetshin, R.R. ; Anashkin, E.V. ; Aulchenko, V.M. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 489 (2000) 125-130, 2000.
Inspire Record 532970 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28019

The process e+e- to pi+ pi- pi+ pi- pi0 has been studied in the center of mass energy range 1280 -- 1380 MeV using 3.0 1/pb of data collected with the CMD-2 detector in Novosibirsk. Analysis shows that the cross section of the five pion production is dominated by the contributions of the eta pi+pi- and omega pi+pi- intermediate states.

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Total hadronic cross-section of gamma rays in hydrogen in the energy range 0.265-GeV to 4.215-GeV

Armstrong, T.A. ; Hogg, W.R. ; Lewis, G.M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 5 (1972) 1640-1652, 1972.
Inspire Record 67298 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22462

The total cross section of γ rays in hydrogen resulting in hadron production, σT, has been measured over the energy range 265-4215 MeV. A tagging system with narrow energy bins was employed. Structure in the resonance region followed by a steady fall with energy has been observed and the results are analyzed. The forward amplitude of γ-proton scattering is evaluated, and its behavior in the Argand diagram studied as a function of energy. The relationships of the measurements to Regge-pole theory and the vector-dominance model are detailed.

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Measurement of the left-right asymmetry in pi- p ---> gamma n from 301-GeV/c to 625-MeV/c at backward angles

Kim, G.J. ; Engelage, J. ; Nefkens, B.M.K. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 43 (1991) 687-695, 1991.
Inspire Record 316108 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22828

The left-right asymmetry of π−p→γn has been measured using a transversely polarized target at seven pion momenta from 301 to 625 MeV/c, mostly at photon angles of 90° and 110° c.m. The final-state γ and neutron were detected in coincidence. Neutrons were recorded in two arrays of plastic scintillators and the γ's in two matching sets of lead-glass counters. The results are compared with the predictions from the two most recent single-pion photoproduction partial-wave analyses. The agreement with the analysis of Arai and Fujii is poor, casting some doubt on the correctness of their values for the radiative decay amplitude of the neutral Roper resonance which are used widely. The agreement is much better with the results of the VPI analysis. Also, a comparison is made with the recoil-proton polarization data from the inverse reaction measured at 90° with a deuterium target. It reveals substantial discrepancies, indicating the shortcomings of the deuterium experiments for neutron target experiments. Our data are also compared with several bag-model calculations.

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Backward-angle electron-proton elastic scattering and proton electromagnetic form-factors

Price, L.E. ; Dunning, J.R. ; Goitein, M. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 4 (1971) 45-53, 1971.
Inspire Record 67836 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23074

Elastic electron-proton scattering cross sections were measured at backward angles (80°-90°) in the laboratory for four-momentum transfers between 7 F−2 and 45 F−2. Experimental errors range from 3.1% to 5.3%, including a systematic error estimated to be 1.9% added in quadrature. Electric and magnetic form factors are computed from all the recent data in this q2 range, with allowance made for possible normalization differences. The results show a deviation from the scaling law.

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DIFFERENTIAL CROSS-SECTION FOR PI- P ---> GAMMA N FROM 427-MEV/C TO 625-MEV/C

Kim, G.J. ; Arends, J. ; Briscoe, W.J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 40 (1989) 244-247, 1989.
Inspire Record 285141 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23110

Differential cross sections for π−p→γn have been determined from 427 to 625 MeV/c, mainly at 90° and 110° c.m. The data were obtained by combining measurements of the Panofsky ratio in flight with known charge-exchange cross sections. The results are compared with γn→π−p data derived from γd experiments; the difference is typically 30%. The radiative decay amplitudes of neutral πN resonances are therefore uncertain by at least 30%.

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Study of Neutrino Interactions in Hydrogen and Deuterium. 1. Description of the Experiment and Study of the Reaction Neutrino d --> mu- p p(s)

Barish, S.J. ; Campbell, J. ; Charlton, G. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 16 (1977) 3103, 1977.
Inspire Record 5566 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.24481

This paper gives a detailed description of an experiment which studies the interactions of muon-type neutrinos in hydrogen and deuterium. The experiment was performed at the Zero Gradient Synchrotron using the wide-band neutrino beam incident on the Argonne 12-foot bubble chamber filled with hydrogen and deuterium. The neutrino energy spectrum peaks at 0.5 GeV and has a tail extending to 6 GeV. The shape and intensity of the flux is determined using measurements of pion yields from beryllium. The produced pions are focused by one or (for the latter part of the experiment) two magnetic horns. A total of 364000 pictures were taken with a hydrogen filling of the bubble chamber and 903 000 with a deuterium filling. The scanning and other analyses of the events are described. The most abundant reaction occurs off neutrons and is quasi-elastic scattering νd→μ−pps. The separation of these events from background channels is discussed. The total and differential cross sections are analyzed to obtain the axial-vector form factor of the nucleon. Our result, expressed in terms of a dipole form factor, gives an axial-vector mass of 0.95±0.09 GeV. A comparison is made to previous measurements using neutrino beams, and also to determinations based upon threshold pion electroproduction experiments. In addition, the data are used to measure the weak vector form factor and so check the conserved-vector-current hypothesis.

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Neutral pion photoproduction from protons at forward angles in the energy region between 350 mev and 1175 mev

Hemmi, Y. ; Inagaki, Y. ; Inagaki, T. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 43 (1973) 79-84, 1973.
Inspire Record 84945 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28128

The differential cross section for the reaction γp → π 0 p at forward angles has been measured in the energy region between 350 MeV and 1175 MeV. A phenomenological multiple analysis was carried out on the present data together with other data.

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Total cross-section measurement for the three double pion production channels on the proton

Braghieri, A ; Murphy, L.Y ; Ahrens, J ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 363 (1995) 46-50, 1995.
Inspire Record 382744 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28464

The total cross sections for the three γp → Nππ reactions have been measured for photon energies from 400 to 800 MeV. The γ p → p π 0 π 0 and γ p → n π + π 0 cross sections have never been measured before while the γ p → p π + π − results are much improved compared to earlier data. These measurements were performed with the large acceptance hadronic detector DAPHNE, at the tagged photon beam facility of the MAMI microtron in Mainz.

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The timelike electromagnetic form-factors of the charged pseudoscalar mesons from 1.44-GeV**2 to 9.0-GeV**2

Bernardini, M. ; Bollini, D. ; Brunini, P.L. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 46 (1973) 261-264, 1973.
Inspire Record 85277 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28063

The study of 620 hadron pairs produced in the s -range (1.44−9.0) GeV 2 , has yielded 110 collinear hadronic events. Their identification in terms of π and K mesons allows the determination of the time-like electromagnetic from factors of these pseudoscalar mesons in the above time-like range. The total number of (e + e − ) events observed in the same experimental conditions is 18 048.

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The Process e+ e- to pi+ pi- pi0 in the energy range 2E(0) = 1.04-GeV - 1.38-GeV

Achasov, M.N. ; Aulchenko, V.M. ; Baru, S.E. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 462 (1999) 365-370, 1999.
Inspire Record 508003 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.28071

In the experiment with the SND detector at VEPP-2M e^+e^- collider the process $e^+e^-\to\pi^+\pi^-\pi^0$ was studied in the energy range 2E_0 from 1.04 to 1.38 GeV. A broad peak was observed with the visible mass $M_{vis}=1220\pm 20$ MeV and cross section in the maximum $\sigma_0\simeq 4$ nb. The peak can be interpreted as a $\omega$-like resonance $\omega (1200)$.

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PRECISE MEASUREMENT OF THE PION CHARGE EXCHANGE FORWARD DIFFERENTIAL CROSS-SECTION AT 522-MEV/C

Gaille, F.C. ; Highland, V.L. ; Auerbach, L.B. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 30 (1984) 2408-2410, 1984.
Inspire Record 215121 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23596

A precise measurement of the differential cross section at zero degrees for the pion charge-exchange reaction π−p→π0n at pπ=522 MeV/c has been made. The result is dσdΩ (0∘)=4.32±0.11 mb/sr.

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