Pion-Nucleon Total Cross Sections from 0.5 to 2.65 GeV/c

Carter, A.A. ; Riley, K.F. ; Tapper, R.J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. 168 (1968) 1457-1465, 1968.
Inspire Record 54182 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.250

Total cross sections of π+ and π− mesons on protons and deuterons have been measured in a transmission experiment to relative accuracies of ±0.2% over the laboratory momentum range 0.46-2.67 GeV/c. The systematic error is estimated to be about ±0.5% over most of the range, increasing to about ±2% near both ends. Data have been obtained at momentum intervals of 25-50 MeV/c with a momentum resolution of ±0.6%. No new structure is observed in the π±p total cross sections, but results differ in several details from previous experiments. From 1-2 GeV/c, where systematic erros are the smallest, the total cross section of π− mesons on deuterons is found to be consistently higher than that of π+ mesons by (1.3±0.3)%; about half of this difference may be understood in terms of Coulomb-barrier effects. The πd and πN total cross sections are used to check the validity of the Glauber theory. Substantial disagreements (up to 2 mb) are observed, and the conclusion is drawn that the Glauber theory is inadequate in this momentum range.

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Negative-to-Positive Ratio of Photomesons from Deuterium

Sands, Matthew ; Teasdale, J.G. ; Walker, Robert L. ;
Phys.Rev. 95 (1954) 592-593, 1954.
Inspire Record 944931 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.589

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Angular Distribution of Charge Exchange and Inelastic Neutrons in $\pi^- - p$ Interactions at 313 and 371 MeV

Lind, Don L. ; Barish, Barry C. ; Ku, Richard J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. 138 (1965) B1509-B1517, 1965.
Inspire Record 1186787 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.467

Neutron angular distributions from the charge-exchange (π0n) and inelastic modes (π0π0n,π+π−n) of the π−−p interaction have been investigated at 313 and 371 MeV incident-pion kinetic energy. The data were obtained with an electronic counter system. Elastic and inelastic neutrons were separated in the all-neutral final states by time of flight. At both energies the charge-exchange differential cross section at the forward neutron angles differs from that determined by Caris et al. from measurements of the π0-decay gamma distributions, but generally agrees with the phase-shift-analysis calculations of Roper. The distribution of inelastic neutrons from both modes shows a strong preference for low center-of-mass neutron energies. The distribution of these neutrons does not correspond to that expected from the I=0, π−π interaction (ABC effect) suggested to account for the anomaly in p−d collisions observed by Abashian et al. Finally, all available charge-exchange differential-cross-section data from this and other experiments were combined by at least-squares fit to a Legendre expansion of the form dσdΩ*(cosθπ0*)=Σl=0NalPl(cosθπ0*) with the following results (in mb/sr):

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MEASUREMENT OF DIFFERENTIAL CROSS-SECTIONS OF pi+ p AND pi- p ELASTIC SCATTERING IN THE REGION 425-MeV TO 640-MeV

Gordeev, V.A. ; Koptev, V.P. ; Kruglov, S.P. ; et al.
Sov.J.Nucl.Phys. 29 (1979) 339, 1979.
Inspire Record 132291 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.1059

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The Scattering of $\pi^{+}-$ Mesons on Hydrogen. I. Angular Distributions at Energies of 176, 200, 240, 270 and 307 MeV

Mukhin, A. I. ; Ozerov, E. B. ; Pontecorvo ;
Sov.Phys.JETP 4 (1957) 237-250, 1957.
Inspire Record 1388439 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.1187

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Search for a Possible Exotic State C (1480) at the Vepp-2m Storage Ring

Aulchenko, V.M. ; Golubev, V.B. ; Dolinsky, S.I. ; et al.
JETP Lett. 45 (1987) 145-147, 1987.
Inspire Record 253283 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.2401

None

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Measurement of the differential cross-section for pi- p ---> n pi0 at 317, 452, and 491 mev/c

Berardo, P.A. ; Haddock, R.P. ; Nefkens, B.M.K. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 6 (1972) 756-766, 1972.
Inspire Record 73968 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.3558

Seventeen differential cross sections of the pion-nucleon charge-exchange reaction have been measured at total center-of-mass energies of 1245, 1337, and 1363 MeV. Most measurements are based on the neutron-photon coincidence method, using carefully calibrated neutron counters and an efficient, large-area photon detector. The results are used to test the predictions of charge independence, with which they agree. The results also confirm the Ayed-Bareyre-Sonderegger phase-degeneracy hypothesis at θ̃π0=180°.

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Production of Four Prong Final States in Photon-photon Collisions

The TPC/Two Gamma collaboration Aihara, H. ; Alston-Garnjost, M. ; Avery, R.E. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 37 (1988) 28, 1988.
Inspire Record 261630 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.3824

Results are presented on the exclusive production of four-prong final states in photon-photon collisions from the TPC/Two-Gamma detector at the SLAC e+e− storage ring PEP. Measurement of dE/dx and momentum in the time-projection chamber (TPC) provides identification of the final states 2π+2π−, K+K−π+π−, and 2K+2K−. For two quasireal incident photons, both the 2π+2π− and K+K−π+π− cross sections show a steep rise from threshold to a peak value, followed by a decrease at higher mass. Cross sections for the production of the final states ρ0ρ0, ρ0π+π−, and φπ+π− are presented, together with upper limits for φρ0, φφ, and K*0K¯ *0. The ρ0ρ0 contribution dominates the four-pion cross section at low masses, but falls to nearly zero above 2 GeV. Such behavior is inconsistent with expectations from vector dominance but can be accommodated by four-quark resonance models or by t-channel factorization. Angular distributions for the part of the data dominated by ρ0ρ0 final states are consistent with the production of JP=2+ or 0+ resonances but also with isotropic (nonresonant) production. When one of the virtual photons has mass (mγ2=-Q2≠0), the four-pion cross section is still dominated by ρ0ρ0 at low final-state masses Wγγ and by 2π+2π− at higher mass. Further, the dependence of the cross section on Q2 becomes increasingly flat as Wγγ increases.

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TAGGED DATA, RESULTS OBTAINED USING TRANSVERSE-TRANSVERSE LUMINOSITY ONLY. DATA FOR Q2=0 ARE FROM UNTAGGED SAMPLE, ERRORS DUE TO RELATIVE NORMALISATION OF THESE SAMPLES IS INCLUDED INTO ERRORS QUOTED.

UNTAGGED DATA. DATA REPRESENT TWO ENTRIES FOR EACH EVENT WEIGHTED BY THE RHO0 RHO0 MATRIX ELEMENT (PROPORTIONAL TO THE SUM OF TWO BREIGHT-WIGNER BUMPS). THIS PROCEDURE IS ASSUMED TO DECREASE BACKGROUND FROM RHO PI PI AND 4PI STATES TO A LEVEL OF 0.1-0.15.

UNTAGGED DATA. DATA REPRESENT TWO ENTRIES FOR EACH EVENT WEIGHTED BY THE RHO0 RHO0 MATRIX ELEMENT (PROPORTIONAL TO THE SUM OF TWO BREIGHT-WIGNER BUMPS). THIS PROCEDURE IS ASSUMED TO DECREASE BACKGROUND FROM RHO PI PI AND 4PI STATES TO A LEVEL OF 0.1-0.15.

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Photoproduction of Charged pi Mesons from Hydrogen and Deuterium in the Energy Range Between 250-MeV and 790-MeV

Fujii, T. ; Kondo, T. ; Takasaki, F. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 120 (1977) 395-422, 1977.
Inspire Record 108476 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.8405

The differential cross sections for γ p→ π + n from hydrogen and the π − π + ratios from deuterium were measured at nine c.m. angles between 30° and 150° for laboratory photon energies between 260 and 800 MeV. A magnetic spectrometer with three layers of scintillation hodoscope was used to detect charged π mesons. The cross section for γ n→ π − p was obtained as a product of d σ d Ω (γ p →π + n ) and the π − π + ratio. The overall features in the cross sections of the two reactions, γ p→ π + n and γ n→ π − p, and in the ratios, π − π + , agree with predictions by Moorhouse, Oberlack and Rosenfeld, and Metcalf and Walker. An investigation of the possible existence of an isotensor current was made and a negative result was found. In detailed balance comparison with the new results on the inverse reaction π − p→ γ n, no apparent violation of time-reversal invariance was observed.

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Measurement of the $x$- and $Q^2$-Dependence of the Asymmetry $A_1$ on the Nucleon

The CLAS collaboration Dharmawardane, K.V. ; Kuhn, S.E. ; Bosted, Peter E. ; et al.
Phys.Lett.B 641 (2006) 11-17, 2006.
Inspire Record 717523 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.6726

We report results for the virtual photon asymmetry $A_1$ on the nucleon from new Jefferson Lab measurements. The experiment, which used the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer and longitudinally polarized proton ($^{15}$NH$_3$) and deuteron ($^{15}$ND$_3$) targets, collected data with a longitudinally polarized electron beam at energies between 1.6 GeV and 5.7 GeV. In the present paper, we concentrate on our results for $A_1(x,Q^2)$ and the related ratio $g_1/F_1(x,Q^2)$ in the resonance and the deep inelastic regions for our lowest and highest beam energies, covering a range in momentum transfer $Q^2$ from 0.05 to 5.0 GeV$^2$ and in final-state invariant mass $W$ up to about 3 GeV. Our data show detailed structure in the resonance region, which leads to a strong $Q^2$--dependence of $A_1(x,Q^2)$ for $W$ below 2 GeV. At higher $W$, a smooth approach to the scaling limit, established by earlier experiments, can be seen, but $A_1(x,Q^2)$ is not strictly $Q^2$--independent. We add significantly to the world data set at high $x$, up to $x = 0.6$. Our data exceed the SU(6)-symmetric quark model expectation for both the proton and the deuteron while being consistent with a negative $d$-quark polarization up to our highest $x$. This data setshould improve next-to-leading order (NLO) pQCD fits of the parton polarization distributions.

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A1 and g1/F1 for the P target at incident energy 1.6000 GeV and W = 1.3100 GeV.

A1 and g1/F1 for the P target at incident energy 1.6000 GeV and W = 1.3300 GeV.

A1 and g1/F1 for the P target at incident energy 1.6000 GeV and W = 1.3500 GeV.

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