Measurement of the differential cross-section for pi- p ---> n pi0 at 317, 452, and 491 mev/c

Berardo, P.A. ; Haddock, R.P. ; Nefkens, B.M.K. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 6 (1972) 756-766, 1972.
Inspire Record 73968 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.3558

Seventeen differential cross sections of the pion-nucleon charge-exchange reaction have been measured at total center-of-mass energies of 1245, 1337, and 1363 MeV. Most measurements are based on the neutron-photon coincidence method, using carefully calibrated neutron counters and an efficient, large-area photon detector. The results are used to test the predictions of charge independence, with which they agree. The results also confirm the Ayed-Bareyre-Sonderegger phase-degeneracy hypothesis at θ̃π0=180°.

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Measurement of the pi- p ---> n pi0 and pi- p ---> n gamma differential cross-sections near the resonance p(11)(1460)

Cheze, J.B. ; Codreanu, N. ; Hamel, J.L. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 72 (1974) 365-375, 1974.
Inspire Record 94658 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.7810

The π − p→n γ and π − p→n π ° differential cross sections have been measured for −0.9< cos θ ∗ <−0.45 (θ ∗ c.m. scattering angle) at 475 MeV/ c and 550 MeV/ c incident momenta. The π − p→n γ measurement is a good check of the detailed balance principle in the electromagnetic interactions of hadrons at these energies and is in good agreement with Walker's analysis. On the other hand the π − p→ π °n extrapolated values of 180° allows one to verify that the phases of the A 1 2 and A 3 2 amplitudes are equal.

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DIFFERENTIAL CROSS-SECTION FOR PI- P ---> GAMMA N FROM 427-MEV/C TO 625-MEV/C

Kim, G.J. ; Arends, J. ; Briscoe, W.J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 40 (1989) 244-247, 1989.
Inspire Record 285141 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23110

Differential cross sections for π−p→γn have been determined from 427 to 625 MeV/c, mainly at 90° and 110° c.m. The data were obtained by combining measurements of the Panofsky ratio in flight with known charge-exchange cross sections. The results are compared with γn→π−p data derived from γd experiments; the difference is typically 30%. The radiative decay amplitudes of neutral πN resonances are therefore uncertain by at least 30%.

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PRECISE MEASUREMENT OF THE PION CHARGE EXCHANGE FORWARD DIFFERENTIAL CROSS-SECTION AT 522-MEV/C

Gaille, F.C. ; Highland, V.L. ; Auerbach, L.B. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 30 (1984) 2408-2410, 1984.
Inspire Record 215121 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23596

A precise measurement of the differential cross section at zero degrees for the pion charge-exchange reaction π−p→π0n at pπ=522 MeV/c has been made. The result is dσdΩ (0∘)=4.32±0.11 mb/sr.

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The pi- p ---> pi0 n charge-exchange cross-sections between 90 mev and 290 mev

Bugg, D.V. ; Bussey, P.J. ; Dance, D.R. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 26 (1971) 588-596, 1971.
Inspire Record 68770 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.21877

Measurements have been made of the total charge-exchange cross section π − p to π 0 n over the laboratory kinetic energy range 90 to 290 MeV. The data have an absolute accuracy of typically 1%, and have here been used to determine the pion-nucleon P 13 phase shift.

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Analyzing power for pi- p charge exchange in the backward hemisphere from 301-MeV/c to 625-MeV/c and a test of pi N partial wave analyses

Kim, G.J. ; Arends, J. ; Engelage, J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 41 (1990) 733-743, 1990.
Inspire Record 301242 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.22935

The analyzing power of π−p→π0n has been measured for pπ=301−625 MeV/c with a transversely polarized target, mainly in the backward hemisphere. The final-state neutron and a γ from the π0 were detected in coincidence with two counter arrays. Our results are compared with predictions of recent πN partial-wave analyses by the groups of Karlsruhe-Helsinki, Carnegie-Mellon University-Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (CMU-LBL), and Virginia Polytechnic Institute (VPI). At the lower incident energies little difference is seen among the three analyses, and there is excellent agreement with our data. At 547 MeV/c and above, our data strongly favor the VPI phases, and disagree with Karlsruhe-Helsinki and CMU-LBL analyses, which are the source of the πN resonance parameters given in the Particle Data Group table.

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MEASUREMENT OF THE ASYMMETRY PARAMETER A IN PI- P ELASTIC AND CHARGE EXCHANGE SCATTERING AT PION ENERGIES T (PI) = 98-MEV, 238-MEV, 292-MEV, AND 310-MEV

Alder, J.c. ; Joseph, C. ; Perroud, J.p. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 27 (1983) 1040-1055, 1983.
Inspire Record 192365 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23839

The asymmetry parameter A in π−p elastic scattering at incident pion laboratory kinetic energies Tπ of 98, 238, and 2922 MeV and in π−p charge-exchange scattering π−p→π0n at Tπ=238, 292, and 310 MeV have been measured over a wide range of scattering angles (typically from about 60° to 130° c.m.) with a polarized proton target. The data have been used in an energy-independent phase-shift analysis to improve the precision of the pion-nucleon phase shifts, to set new limits on violation of isospin conservation in the pion-nucleon S wave, and to confirm significant charge dependence in the P32 wave.

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Analyzing Power for $\pi^- P$ Charge Exchange and a Test of Isospin Invariance Up to $\eta$ Threshold

Wightman, J.A. ; Eichon, A.D. ; Kim, G.J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 36 (1987) 3529-3532, 1987.
Inspire Record 255689 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23322

The analyzing power for π−p→π0n has been measured at five incident momenta from 547 to 687 MeV/c using a transversely polarized target. Data were obtained with scintillation counters at 10 angles simultaneously covering the range −0.9≤cosθc.m.π≤0.9. Our results and those of Kim et al. are used for a model-independent test of isospin invariance which is based on the triangle inequalities applied to the transversity-up as well as the transversity-down cross sections. No evidence is found of isospin violation.

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$\pi^- P$ Charge Exchange Analyzing Power From 547-{MeV}/c to 687-{MeV}/c

Wightman, J.A. ; Eichon, A.D. ; Kim, G.J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev.D 38 (1988) 3365-3374, 1988.
Inspire Record 270260 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.23237

The π−p charge-exchange analyzing power has been measured from 547 to 687 MeV/c in the center-of-mass angular range -0.9≤cosθ̃π≤0.9 using a transversely polarized target. The recoil neutron was detected in coincidence with a photon from π0 decay. The results are compared with the three recent partial-wave analyses (PWA’s); the VPI analysis is most consistent with our measured distributions except at 687 MeV/c where no PWA agrees with our data. The charge-exchange transversity cross sections are evaluated using the differential cross sections of Borcherding et al. These transversity cross sections are used in conjunction with earlier π±p data by our group to test the triangle inequalities which are a model-independent test of isospin invariance. Our data satisfy these inequalities everywhere; in contrast, Abaev et al. have reported a violation of more than 5 standard deviations at 685 MeV/c.

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Measurements of the pi- p --> pi0 n Forward Scattering Cross-Section in the Energy Region 400-MeV-600-MeV

Kravtsov, A.V. ; Kuzmin, L.A. ; Nemozhenko, O.N. ; et al.
Nucl.Phys.B 140 (1978) 279-284, 1978.
Inspire Record 135966 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.34984

The forward charge-exchange differential cross section has been measured using two Čerenkov spectrometers at five energies of incident pions. The resulting cross-section values are 4.02 ± 0.22, 3.61 ± 0.13, 4.19 ± 0.13, 3.91 ± 0.12, 3.02 ± 0.14 mb/sr at incident pion energies 400, 450, 500, 550 and 600 MeV, respectively. These values are in a good agreement with dispersion-relation predictions.

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DIFFERENTIAL DISTRIBUTIONS OF NEUTRONS IN INELASTIC pi- p INTERACTIONS AT 374-MeV, 417-MeV and 454-MeV

Kurz, Richard J. ;
PhD Thesis, 1962.
Inspire Record 1087520 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.18512
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PION-NUCLEON SCATTERING AT 310-MeV: NEUTRON POLARIZATION IN pi- p ---> pi0 n AND PHASE SHIFT ANALYSIS

Hill, Roger Eugene ;
PhD Thesis, 1964.
Inspire Record 44241 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.18615
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Real Parts of the Pion-Proton Forward Scattering Amplitude

Engelmann, T.R. ; Hendrick, R.E. ;
Phys.Rev.D 16 (1977) 2891, 1977.
Inspire Record 119142 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.75552

The most recent total-cross-section data are used to calculate real parts of the forward elastic π±p scattering amplitudes from threshold to 240 GeV/c. Using statistical and systematic uncertainties of the total cross sections and their momenta, along with uncertainties of the subtraction and coupling constants, unphysical cuts, and cross-section extrapolations, we calculate the uncertainties of the real amplitudes. Our results are compared to experimental and other theoretical determinations of the π±p forward real amplitudes.

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Angular Distribution of Charge Exchange and Inelastic Neutrons in $\pi^- - p$ Interactions at 313 and 371 MeV

Lind, Don L. ; Barish, Barry C. ; Ku, Richard J. ; et al.
Phys.Rev. 138 (1965) B1509-B1517, 1965.
Inspire Record 1186787 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.467

Neutron angular distributions from the charge-exchange (π0n) and inelastic modes (π0π0n,π+π−n) of the π−−p interaction have been investigated at 313 and 371 MeV incident-pion kinetic energy. The data were obtained with an electronic counter system. Elastic and inelastic neutrons were separated in the all-neutral final states by time of flight. At both energies the charge-exchange differential cross section at the forward neutron angles differs from that determined by Caris et al. from measurements of the π0-decay gamma distributions, but generally agrees with the phase-shift-analysis calculations of Roper. The distribution of inelastic neutrons from both modes shows a strong preference for low center-of-mass neutron energies. The distribution of these neutrons does not correspond to that expected from the I=0, π−π interaction (ABC effect) suggested to account for the anomaly in p−d collisions observed by Abashian et al. Finally, all available charge-exchange differential-cross-section data from this and other experiments were combined by at least-squares fit to a Legendre expansion of the form dσdΩ*(cosθπ0*)=Σl=0NalPl(cosθπ0*) with the following results (in mb/sr):

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Charge-Exchange Scattering of Negative Pions by Hydrogen at 230, 260, 290, 317, and 371 Mev

Caris, John C. ; Kenney, Robert W. ; Perez-Mendez, Victor ; et al.
Phys.Rev. 121 (1961) 893-904, 1961.
Inspire Record 944987 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.805

The differential cross section for charge-exchange scattering of negative pions by hydrogen has been observed at 230, 260, 290, 317, and 371 Mev. The reaction was observed by detecting one gamma ray from the π0 decay with a scintillation-counter telescope. A least-squares analysis was performed to fit the observations to the function dσdω=Σl=15alPl−1(cosθ) in the c.m. frame. The best fit to our experimental measurements requires only s- and p-wave scattering. The results (in mb) are: The least-squares analysis indicates that d-wave scattering is not established in this energy range.

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Charge-Exchange Scattering of 240-300 MeV π- Mesons on Hydrogen

Zinov, V.G. ; Korenchenko, S.M. ;
Sov.Phys.JETP 11 (1960) 1010-1015, 1960.
Inspire Record 1407581 DOI 10.17182/hepdata.70216

The results are given of the measurement of the differential cross sections of charge-exchange scattering of 240, 270, 307, and 333-Mev 1r- mesons on hydrogen.

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